Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

2/18/2015

Challenge

Identify the graph of the following equations. As fast


Unit 1.5 as you can.
1. x 2  9 y 2  9 Ellipse
 x  2   y  1  25
2 2
General Second-Degree 2. Circle
Equations 3. x 2  4 y  4  0 Parabola
 x  3   y  2  0
2 2
4. Point
5. 3 x  y  5  0
2 2
Empty graph

1 2

Conic Sections

Non-degenerate Conics:

6. 9 y 2  16  0 Parallel Lines

7. 9 y 2  4 x 2  36 Hyperbola
2 2
x y
8.  0 Intersecting Lines
4 9

Parabola Ellipse Hyperbola


3 4

Degenerate Conics General Second-Degree Equations

A general second-degree equation in x and y


is of the form

Ax 2  Bxy  Cy 2  Dx  Ey  F  0

where A, B, C , D, E , and F are constants


Point Line 2 Intersecting and in which not all of A, B, and C are zero.
Lines
5 6

1
2/18/2015

Theorem
Ax 2  Cy 2  Dx  Ey  F  0
A second-degree equation in two variables
x and y, say In particular, if
i. AC  0, the graph of the given equation is
Ax  Bxy  Cy  Dx  Ey  F  0
2 2
either a parabola, a line, two parallel lines
or the empty set;
where A, B, C , D, E , and F are constants, ii. AC  0, the graph of the given equation is
B  0 and not both A and C are zero is either either an ellipse, a circle, a point or the
a conic or a degenerate conic. empty set;
7 8

Example

Determine the graph of the following equations.

Ax 2  Cy 2  Dx  Ey  F  0 1. x 2  y 2  4 x  10 y  25  0
AC  0 : ellipse or degenerate
iii. AC  0, the graph of the given equation x 2  4 x  y 2  10 y  25
is either a hyperbola or 2 intersecting lines. x 2
 4 x  4    y 2  10 y  25   25  4  25

 x  2   y  5  4
2 2

Therefore, the graph is a circle.


9 10

3. x 2  4 y 2  2 x  8 y  3  0
2. 9 x 2  4 y 2  36 x  8 y  76  0
AC  0 : hyperbola or degenerate
AC  0 : ellipse or degenerate
9x 2
 36 x    4 y 2  8 y   76
x 2
 2 x    4 y 2  8 y   3

9 x 2
 4 x   4  y 2  2 y   76
x 2
 2x  4 y2  2 y   3

9 x 2
 4 x  4   4  y 2  2 y  1  76  36  4
x 2
 2 x  1  4  y 2  2 y  1  3  1  4

 x  1  4  y  1  0
2 2

9  x  2   4  y  1  36
2 2

Therefore, the graph is a pair of


Therefore, the graph is an empty set.
intersecting lines.
11 12

2
2/18/2015

End of Slides

13