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August 28, 2018 Mr. William Kolibas Director, Facilities Brick Township Schools 346 Chambers Bridge Road

August 28, 2018

Mr. William Kolibas Director, Facilities Brick Township Schools 346 Chambers Bridge Road Brick, NJ 08724

Dear Mr. Kolibas,

This report summarizes the results of the August 23 and August 26 mold sampling conducted at the Emma Havens Elementary School. This sampling was conducted following discovery of mold-like discoloration on some desk surfaces in several classrooms within the lower 100 wing on or around August 20, 2018. Upon discovery, Brick Schools’ custodial staff cleaned surfaces using a disinfectant solution in accordance with mold cleaning training previously received. Dehumidifiers were installed in the impacted classrooms and temperature and humidity monitored.

Air sampling was conducted in the impacted classrooms on August 23, 2018 and samples were hand-delivered to an AIHA Accredited Environmental Microbiology Laboratory for spore trap mold analysis.

Background on Mold Spores in Normal Indoor and Outdoor Air Mold spores are present in normal outdoor and indoor air. Outdoor air sources of mold spores include molds that feed on soil and plants and disperse their spores into the air. Normal outdoor mold species commonly found in indoor and outdoor air include Cladosporium, Alternaria, Aspergillus, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, Pithomyces, myxomycetes, ascospores, basidiospores and many other mold species. When outdoor humidity remains chronically high (> 70% relative humidity), such has been common over the course of this summer, outdoor and indoor mold levels tend to increase. These higher outdoor mold spores can settle on indoor surfaces can cause surface mold growth within 48 to 72 hours.

Results Laboratory results revealed high outdoor mold levels at 19,560 to 28,620 spores per cubic meter predominated by ascospores, Aspergillus/Penicillium-like spores, basidiospores, Cladosporium and other common outdoor mold types.

Indoor air levels of mold spores in the impacted classrooms were comparable to or lower than outdoor mold levels, ranging between approximately 12,000 to 25,000 spores/m 3 in most classrooms with one room slightly higher at 43,000 spores/m 3 . Indoor air levels of Aspergillus/Penicillium-like spores were 10 to 30 times outdoor levels. No water damage indicator mold types were detected in any of the indoor air samples. These findings are consistent with mold growth of common outdoor mold types associated with elevated humidity indoors and outdoors, which settle on surfaces indoors.

Based upon these findings, it is my professional opinion that the likely cause of the elevated indoor levels of common outdoor mold spores was the high chronic outdoor humidity over the past several weeks and the presence of shrubs and soil along the rear exterior wall covering the fresh air intakes for classrooms in the lower 100 wing.

Based upon these findings, the following actions were taken:

Brick Schools Facilities Staff removed shrubs and soil from the exterior wall of the lower 100 wing.

A professional mold remediation contractor was hired to HEPA vacuum and HEPA air scrub each of the classrooms throughout the lower 100 wing of the school beginning Saturday August 25 through Monday August 27, 2018.

Supplemental dehumidifiers were also installed to reduce airborne humidity in non-air- conditioned areas.

Unit ventilators throughout the school were re-cleaned

Follow-up Sampling On Sunday August 26, 2018, follow-up air sampling was conducted in all rooms of the lower 100 wing as well as representative rooms in other areas of the building. Temperature and relative humidity were also measured and determined to be in the normal ranges and not supportive of mold growth.

Laboratory results revealed that outdoor mold levels were approximately 50% lower than previously measured on August 23, ranging between 12,000 to 13,000 spores per cubic meter. Airborne mold levels in all rooms within the lower 100 wing ranged between 970 to 3,600 spores/m 3 (approximately 1/10 th to 1/3 rd of outdoor levels) comprised of common outdoor mold types at levels typical for outdoor levels in August 2018 in New Jersey, and considered normal. Airborne mold levels in random comparison classrooms and the main office ranged between 430 to 2,600 spores/m 3 also comprised of a subset of common outdoor mold types and considered normal.

Based upon these findings, the following recommendations were implemented:

1. Continue to operate HEPA filtered air scrubbers in remaining rooms throughout the school through Monday August 27, 2018

2. Keep classroom doors open and window air conditioning units cycling at approximately

75 o F with vents closed until outdoor temperatures and humidity reduces to normal.

3. Keep unit ventilators off until the start of the school year when students return.

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4. Continue to periodically clean classrooms to prevent dust accumulations until high outdoor temperatures and humidity return to normal levels.

These recommendations should be followed for all Brick Schools to reduce the potential for mold growth due to high outdoor mold levels and high humidity throughout the remainder of the summer.

Based upon all of the above, it is my professional opinion that airborne mold levels in Emma Havens School are within normal ranges. No abnormal mold hazard is indicated.

Thank you for the opportunity to assist you with this evaluation.

Sincerely,

Richard M. Lynch Richard M. Lynch, Ph.D., CIH, CMC, CMRS, CHFM AIHA Fellow Certified Industrial Hygienist Certified Microbial Consultant Certified Microbial Remediation Supervisor Certified Healthcare Facility Manager President

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