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Learning Objectives:

• Create Linear pattern.


• Create Rotational pattern.
• Create Reference pattern.
• Create Table-driven pattern.
• Create Fill pattern.
• Control the size of the pattern instances using constrains in sketcher environment.
• Use the Copy option.
• Use the Move option.
• Use the Mirror Tool option.
• Create section of the model.
 Patterning the Features
Patterns are one or two dimensional incremental array of features created from a single
feature called the parent feature or the leader. When a pattern is created, the leader
also becomes a part of the pattern.

• Uses of Patterns
1. Patterns create multiple copies of a feature, and hence save time of creating the
features individually.
2. All the instances in a pattern, including the parent feature, act as a single feature.
Therefore, they can easily be suppressed or mirrored.

3. All the instances in a pattern are related parametrically. Hence, you can modify
the number of instances in a pattern, the spacing between the instances, and
other parameters.

4. If the dimensions of the parent feature are modified then the dimensions of the
child features are also modified.
• Creating Patterns
In Pro/ENGINEER, patterns are created by choosing the Pattern Tool button
from the Edit Features toolbar present in the Right Toolchest. This button is
object-action tool. When you choose this button, the Pattern dashboard is
displayed.

Pattern dashboard
There are four types of patterns that can be created in Pro/ENGINEER.

1. Dimension pattern

Hole patterned in
Hole on a surface two directions
2. Reference pattern

Rib feature referenced to Rib feature is referenced


the hole feature patterned

3. Table pattern

Table-driven Coordinate values


feature of instances
4. Fill pattern

Fill pattern in Square Fill pattern in Diamond


shape on the square shape on the square
sketched area sketched area

Fill pattern in
the Triangle
shape on the Fill pattern in
sketched Circle shape on
triangle the sketched circle
• Identical Pattern
The Identical option is used to create an identical pattern. You need to select at least
one incremental dimension to pattern the feature. Depending upon the incremental
dimension selected, the resultant pattern will be linear or rotational. Figure A shows a
hole feature on the base feature and Figure B shows holes patterned linearly.
Similarly, Figure C shows a hole feature on the base feature and Figure D shows the
rotational pattern of the hole feature.

Figure A Hole on the Figure B Hole Figure C Hole on the Figure D Rotational
base feature patterned on the base base feature pattern of hole
feature feature
• Varying Pattern
The Varying type of pattern is used when the instances vary in size. In this type of
pattern the instances can be placed on different surfaces and can also intersect with
the edges of the placement surface. The feature shown in Figure A is patterned using
the Varying option and is shown in Figure B.

Figure A A rod on Figure B Varying pattern of


the base feature the rod
• General Pattern
The most complex patterns can be created using the General pattern. This is used to
create patterns in which the instances touch each other and intersect with other
instances or the edges of the surface. The hole shown in Figure A is patterned using
the General option and is shown in Figure B.

Figure A Hole on the base feature Figure B General pattern


• Creating a Rotational Pattern
To create a rotational pattern in Pro/ENGINEER, you need to remember three
important points. These points are discussed next.

1. There should be an angular value that is directly related to the feature to be


patterned.

2. When you enter the sketcher environment to sketch the feature to be patterned, the
sketch of the feature should be referenced to the axis around which the feature will
be patterned.
3. For creating the rotational pattern, the entire group should be selected from the
model.

• Deleting a Pattern
You can delete a pattern by selecting it from the Model Tree. Select the pattern
feature from the Model Tree and right-click to invoke the shortcut menu. Choose the
Delete Pattern option from the shortcut menu.
 Copying Features
The Copy option facilitates the model and speeds up its creation by
copying and mirroring the selected features. This option reduces the
time required in the model creation and also helps in maintaining the
symmetry of the model. When you choose the Copy option from the
FEAT menu, the COPY FEATURE submenu appears. The various
options in this submenu are discussed next.

• New Refs
The New Refs option is used to copy a feature by varying the
dimension values and by selecting new references. The references
can be edges, axes, or placement planes.
COPY FEATURE
submenu
• Same Refs
When you use the Same Refs option, you have the flexibility to vary the dimensions
of the copied features. You need to select the dimensions you want to vary while
copying a feature. The dimensional and placement references of the copied feature
are the same as for the source feature.
• Mirror
The Mirror option is used to copy a feature by mirroring it about a specified datum
plane or a planar surface. When you invoke this option, you are prompted to select
the features to be mirrored. Once you select the features to be mirrored, you are
prompted to select a plane or create a datum about which the features will be
mirrored. Figure A shows a rib feature that is to be mirrored and Figure B shows
the model after mirroring the rib feature.

Figure A Rib Figure B Rib


feature and feature after
the mirror mirroring
plane
• Move
The Move option is used to copy features by translating or
rotating them. When you invoke this option, you will be
prompted to select the features to be translated. After
selecting the features, you are prompted to define the
movements by combination of translation and rotation. The
MOVE FEATURE submenu is displayed.

• Rotating Features MOVE FEATURE submenu

You can select a feature from the graphics window or from the Model Tree and then
rotate it about an axis, edge, datum curve, or coordinate system. Using this option
you can select multiple features to copy.

• Translating Features
You can select a feature from the graphics window or from the Model Tree to copy it
by translating it. You need to specify a perpendicular plane and the direction in which
the feature will be copied. You can also select multiple features to copy.
• Select
The Select option provides the flexibility of choosing the features to be copied.
When you use this option, you need to select the features either from the graphics
screen or from the Model Tree. You can select any number of features to copy.

• All Feat
The All Feat option is available only when you copy a feature using the Mirror or the
Move option. When you use this option, all the features created are copied.

• FromDifModel
The FromDifModel option is used to copy a feature from a different model. This
option is available only when you are using the New Refs option of the COPY
FEATURE submenu.
• FromDifVers
You can copy features from a different version of the current model using the
FromDifVers option.

• Independent
The Independent option specifies that the dimensions of the copied features are
independent of the dimensions of the parent feature.

• Dependent
The Dependent option specifies that the dimensions of the copied features are
dependent on the dimensions of the parent feature.
 Mirroring a Geometry
The MirrorGeom option from the FEAT menu mirrors the whole model
about a specified datum plane and the mirrored portion is automatically
merged with the original portion. All the features in the mirrored model are
related to the parent model. Figure A shows a model and a datum plane
for mirroring the model. Figure B shows the resultant mirrored model.

Figure A Model and a Plane Figure B Resultant mirrored model


 Creating a Section of the Solid Model
The complex geometry of a model sometimes needs
sectioning so that you can understand the inner sections of
various features that are not visible from outside. Choose
View > View Manager from the menu bar. The View
Manager dialog box is displayed as shown in the figure.

• Work Region Method View Manager


This method of representing a model is very similar to dialog box
removing material (creating cut) from a model.
Solid model Sketch of the section lines

Sectioned model
 Tutorial 1
In this tutorial you will create the model shown in Figure A. Figure B shows the top
view, front view, and the right-side view of the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the Figure B Top view, front view, and the right
model side view of the model with dimensions
a. First examine the model and then determine the number of features in it. The
model is composed of four features.

b. The base feature is an extruded feature. First the sketch of the base feature
(Figure C) will be created on the TOP datum plane and then it will be extruded
to a depth of 9 (Figure D).

Figure C Sketch for base feature Figure D The default trimetric view
of the base feature
c. The second feature is also an extruded feature. The sketch of the second
feature (Figure E) will be created on the right planar surface of the base
feature and then it will be extruded to a depth of 9 (Figure F).

Figure E Sketch for the second Figure F Model after creating the
feature second feature
d. The third feature is the same as the second feature, and therefore, a copy of it
will be created by defining new references (Figure G).

e. The fourth feature is the same as the third feature and therefore, a mirror copy
of it will be created (Figure H).

Figure G The copied third feature Figure H Last feature after mirroring

f. Save the model and then close the window.


 Tutorial 2
In this tutorial you will create the model shown in Figure A. The dimensions of the
model are given in the top view and front view of the model shown in Figure B.
(Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Drawing views of the model
a. First examine the model and then determine the number of features in it. The
model is composed of ten features.

b. The base feature is an extruded feature. First the sketch of the base feature will
be created on the FRONT datum plane (Figure C) and then it will be extruded to
a depth of 60 (Figure D).

Figure C Sketch for the base feature Figure D Trimetric view of the base
feature
c. The second feature is a round of radius 5 on the top portion of the base
feature (Figure E).

d. The third feature is also a round feature of radius 10 on the bottom portion
of the base feature (Figure F).

Figure E Round of radius 5 Figure F Round of radius 10


e. The fourth feature is a hole feature (Figure G) and then this hole will be
patterned. After you pattern the hole feature (Figure H), the hole and the
pattern features will be combined in a single feature.

Figure G The hole feature on the Figure H Model after patterning the
base feature hole
f. The fifth feature is a rib feature. The sketch of the rib feature will be created
on the FRONT datum plane (Figure I) and then the given thickness will be
applied to it (Figure J).

Figure I Sketch of rib feature Figure J Model after creating the


rib feature
g. The sixth feature is the mirror copy of the rib feature
(Figure K).

h. The seventh feature is an extruded feature. The


sketch for this feature (Figure L) will be created on
the top planar surface of the base feature and then it
will be extruded to the given distance (Figure M).

Figure K Model after mirroring


the rib feature

Figure L Sketch with dimensions and constraints Figure M The default trimetric view
i. The eighth feature is a cut feature. The sketch for this feature (Figure N) will
be created on the bottom planar surface of the base feature and then it will be
extruded to the given distance (Figure O).

Figure N Sketch with dimensions Figure O Model after creating the


and constraints cut feature
j. The ninth feature is a hole feature created on the seventh feature (Figure P).

k. The ninth feature is a hole feature created on the seventh feature (Figure Q).

Figure P Hole feature on the extruded Figure Q The copied hole feature
feature

l. Save the model and then close the window.


 Tutorial 3
In this tutorial you will create the model shown in Figure A. Figure B shows the top
view and front view of the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Drawing views of the model
a. First examine the model and then determine the number of features in it. The
model is composed of five features.

b. The base feature is an extruded feature. First the sketch of the base feature
(Figure C) will be created on the TOP datum plane and then it will be extruded
to a depth of 32 (Figure D).

Figure C Sketch of base feature Figure D Base feature after extrusion


c. The second feature is a cylindrical extruded feature. The sketch of the
second feature (Figure E) will be created on the top planar surface of the
base feature and then it will be extruded to a depth of 58 (Figure F).

Figure E Sketch of the cylindrical Figure F Model after creating the


feature cylindrical feature
d. The third feature is a hole feature and this hole
is coaxial with the cylindrical feature (Figure G).

e. The fourth feature is a hole feature and will be


created on the top planar surface of the base
feature (Figure H). A rectangular pattern of this
hole will be created (Figure I).
Figure G Coaxial hole on the
cylindrical feature

Figure H Hole on the base feature Figure I Rectangular pattern of the hole
feature
f. The fifth feature is also a hole feature and will be created on the top planar
surface of the cylindrical feature (Figure J). A rotational pattern of this hole
will be created (Figure K).

Figure J Diametrical hole on the Figure K Model after patterning the hole
cylindrical feature feature

g. Save the model and then close the window.


 Tutorial 4
In this tutorial you will create the model shown in Figure A. Figure B shows the top
view and front view of the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Drawing views of the model
a. First examine the model and then determine the number of features in it. The
model is composed of twelve features.

b. The base feature is a protrusion feature. First the sketch of the base feature
(Figure C) will be created on the TOP datum plane and then it will be extruded
to a depth of 4 (Figure D).

Figure C Sketch of base feature Figure D Base feature after extrusion


c. The second feature is a set of rounds created on the edges of the four corners
(Figure E).

d. The third feature is a cylindrical feature and is created on the bottom face of
the base feature (Figure F).

Figure E Model with rounds Figure F Model after creating the


cylindrical feature at the bottom face
e. The fourth feature is a revolve cut and will be
created on the plane passing through the center
of the cylindrical feature (Figure G)

Figure G Revolve cut feature

f. The fifth feature is a fin that later will be patterned. The cross-section of
the fin (Figure H) will be sketched on the plane passing through the
center of the cylindrical feature and then the sketch will be extruded on
both the sides of the plane, see Figure I. A pattern of this fin will be
created by constraining the sketch, see Figure J.
Figure H Sketch for the fin feature Figure I Fin created on
with two weak dimensions the base feature

Figure J Pattern of the


fin feature
g. The sixth feature is a cut feature that will remove the projections of the fins that
are projecting out of the base feature. This cut feature will be created on the
bottom face of the base feature, see Figure K.

h. The seventh feature is a circular cut that will be created on the top face of the
base feature. This cut feature cuts the fins in the circular shape, see Figure L.

Figure K Model after trimming Figure L Model after trimming


the fins by creating the cut the fins by creating the cut
i. The eighth feature is a cylindrical feature that will be created on the top face of
the base feature. The sketch of this feature is drawn by using the edge of the
circular cut feature, see Figure M.

j. The ninth feature is a cut feature, see Figure N. This feature is reference
patterned after creation, to create its other instances, see Figure O.

Figure M Model after Figure N Model after Figure O Model


creating the cylindrical creating the cut after patterning
feature the cut feature
k. The tenth feature is a cylindrical feature and is created on the top face of the
base feature, see Figure P. Later, this feature is referenced patterned, see
Figure Q.

l. The eleventh feature is a coaxial hole. After creating the feature, create a
reference pattern of this hole, see Figure R.

Figure P Model after Figure Q Model after Figure R Model after


creating the cylindrical creating the reference creating the reference
feature pattern of the cylindrical pattern of the hole
feature feature
 Tutorial 5
In this tutorial you will create the model of ratchet wheel shown in Figure A. Figure B
shows the front view and the right-side view of the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Drawing views of the model
a. First examine the model and then determine the number of features in it. The
model is composed of three features.

b. The base feature is an protrusion feature. First the sketch of the base feature
(Figure C) will be created on the TOP datum plane and then it will be extruded
to a depth of 15 (Figure D).

Figure C Sketch of base feature Figure D Base feature after extrusion


c. The second feature is a cut feature that will be created on the top face of the
base feature (Figure E). The datum plane on-the-fly will be created that will
reference the sketch of the cut feature. Then the pattern of this cut feature will
be created, see Figure F.

Figure E Cut feature Figure F Default view of the


model after creating pattern
d. The third feature is a cut that will create the keyway in the ratchet wheel, see
Figure G and H.

Figure G Sketch of the keyway Figure H Model after creating the


keyway
e. Save the model and then close the window.
 Exercise 1
Create the model shown in Figure A. The top view, front view, right-side view,
detailed, and sectioned views of the model are shown in Figure B.
(Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Top, front, right-side, detailed,
and sectioned views of the model
 Exercise 2
Create the model shown in Figure A. Figure B shows the top view, front view, and the
right-side view of the model. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Top, front, and right-side views of the
model
 Exercise 3
Create the model shown in Figure A. The top view and front view are shown in
Figure B. (Expected time: 30 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Top and front


views of the model
 Exercise 4
Create the model shown in Figure A. The front and sectioned right-side views are
shown in the Figure B. (Expected time: 45 min)

Figure A Isometric view of the model Figure B Top view and the total aligned
sectioned view of the model