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Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas

Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

Determine the distance H from the


Determine the x- and y- coordinates
bottom of the base plate to the
of the centroid of the trapezoidal area.
centroid of the built-up structural
section show.

The 400 mm * 400 mm aluminum plate is 6 mm


thick. A steel wire which has a mass of 0.5 kg per
meter of length is welded to the plate as show.
Dimensions in millimeters Determine the required position s of the 50 mm-
radius hole if the mass center of the entire unit is
to be at the geometric center of the plate. Neglect
Determine the x- and y- coordinates of the the diameter of the wire relative to the 400 mm
centroid of the shaded area. dimensions of the plate, and check to see that the
hole clears the wire.

Determine the coordinates of the mass center of


the welded assembly of uniform slender rods
made from the same bar stock.
Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas
Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

The welded assembly is made of a uniform rod


weighing 0.370 lb. per foot of length and the
semicircular plate weighing 8 lb. per square foot.
Calculate the coordinates of the center of gravity
of the assembly.

The assembly shown is formed of uniform rod.


For what value of the length l will the mass
center be located at a height of 3r/4 above the
supporting surface?

Determine the reactions at the supports of the


beam which is acted on by the combination of
uniform and parabolic loading distributions.
When the truck is unloaded, the total
reactions at the front and rear wheels are
A=54 kN and B=36 kN. The density of the
load of gravel is ρ=1600 kg/m3. The
dimension of the load in the z direction is 3m,
and its surface profile, given by the function
shown, does not depend on z. what are the
total reactions at the front and rear wheels of
the loaded truck?
Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas
Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

Determine the force and moment


reactions at the support A of the built-
in beam which is subjected to the sine-
wave load distribution.

The quarter-circular cantilever beam is


subjected to a uniform pressure on its upper
surface as shown. The pressure is expressed
in terms of the force p per unit length of
circumferential arc. Determine the reactions
on the beam at its support A in terms of the
compression CA, shear VA, and bending
moment MA.

El primer momento del área sombreada


con respecto del eje x se representa en Qx.

a. Exprese Qx en términos de r y θ.
b. Para qué valor de θ es Qx máximo y
cuál es ese valor?

Para el área mostrada en la figura, determine


la relación a/b para la cual x = y.
Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas
Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

Determínese por integración directa el Cicloide:


centroide del área o línea mostrada en x = a (θ-senθ)
cada figura: y = a (1-cosθ)

Localice el centroide del área y la


curva mostradas:
Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas
Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

Determine la carga distribuida Wo en el extremo


D de la viga ABCD para la cual la reacción en B es
cero. Cuál es la reacción en C?

La intensidad de la carga distribuida que actúa sobre el


borde de la placa semicircular varía según W=Wo*(y/a),
donde Wo es una constante y “a” representa el radio de la
placa. Use integración para determinar la fuerza resultante
y para localizar su línea de acción.

La compuerta de madera que restringe una


masa de lodo esta soportada por pernos de
anclaje BC con separación uniforme y
empotrada en la roca C. El apoyo de la
compuerta sobre la roca en A es equivalente a
un pasador. Cuál es la separación segura
mínima de los pernos si la tensión permisible
en cada perno es de 40 kN?

Nota: ρagua = 1.0 Mg / m3


ρlodo = 11.76 Mg / m3
Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas
Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

En la figura se muestra la sección transversal de una presa


marina de concreto. Es segura la presa contra el volteo
alrededor de la orilla A?

Nota: γconcreto = 2.4 kN / m3


γagua = 10.3 kN / m3

The cross section of a fresh-water tank


with a slanted bottom is show. A
rectangular door 1.6 m by 0.8 m
(normal to the plane of the figure) in
the bottom of the tank is hinged at A
and is opened against the pressure of
the water by the cable under a tension
P as show. Calculate P.

The hydraulic cylinder operates


the toggle which closes the
vertical gate against the
pressure of fresh water on the
opposite side. The gate is
rectangular with a horizontal
width of 2 m perpendicular to
the paper. For s depth h=3 m of
water, calculate the required oil
pressure p which acts on the 150
mm diameter piston of the
hydraulic cylinder.
Lista 4 de Ejercicios de ESTÁTICA: Centroides y Cargas Distribuidas
Prof. José Miguel Benjumea

The Quonset hut subjected to a


horizontal wind and the pressure p
against the circular roof is
approximated by p0 cos θ. The
pressure is positive on the windward
side of the hut and is negative on the
leeward side. Determine the total
horizontal shear Q on the foundation
per unit length of roof measured
normal to the paper.

The forms for a small concrete retaining


wall are shown in section. There is a
brace BC for every 1.5 m of wall length.
Assuming that the joints at A, B, and C act
as hinged connections, compute the
compression in each brace BC. Wet
concrete may be treated as a liquid with
a density of 2400 kg / m3.

The upstream side of an arched dam has the form of a vertical cylindrical surface of 500-ft radius
and subtends an angle of 60o. If the fresh water is 100 Ft. deep, determine the total force R
exerted by the water on the dam face.