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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
Health is a healthy state, both physically, mentally, spiritually and
socially, which enables everyone to live productively socially and
economically. Resources in the health sector are all forms of funds, personnel,
medical supplies, pharmaceutical preparations and medical devices and health
and technology services facilities used to carry out health efforts undertaken by
the government, local government and / or the community (Depkes RI, 2009) .

The hospital which is one of the health facilities, is a referral of health


services with the main function of providing health healing and recovery for the
patient (Depkes RI, 2004). The role of the hospital is urgent, so from the hospital
know not only seen from the number of patients, but more to the benefits and
the role and function.

Nursing is one of the professions in the world of health. As a profession,


of course, the services must be professional, so nurses must have competence
and meet the standards of nursing practice, as well as pay attention to the code
of ethics and moral profession so that people receive quality nursing services
and care. But if we look at the reality that exists, the world of nursing in
Indonesia is very apprehensive. The phenomenon of "gray area" in various types
and levels of existing nursing as well as with other health professions is still
difficult to avoid.

As a prospective health workers it is appropriate that we know,


understand and learn how the hospital and profession that are in it. So this paper
will explain more about many hospital departments and professions, along with
addition materials such as grammar focus (preposition of place) and giving
direction.

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CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION

2.1 Department
Hospitals offer widely services where there are some departments we
can see there. Hospitals usually have acute services such as emergency
department, burn unit, surgery, or urgent care. These may be backed up by more
specialist units such as cardiology or coronary care unit, intensive care unit,
neurology, cancer center, and obstetrics and gynecology. Dr. Roger Henderson
stated that there are many hospital departments, staffed by a wide variety of
health care professional, with some crossover among departments. For example
physiotherapists often work in different depeartments and the doctors do same,
working on general medical ward as well as an intensive or coronary care unit.
Here is the list of hospital department you will see in hospital:
NO DEPARTMENT EXPLANATION
This department provides an ambulance in emergency
situation, it is also where you should come if you have
Accident and
1 accident but make your own way to hospital. The patients
Emergency
will cntact this department once they have emergency
situation such as accident on the road, etc.
Doctors in this department give anesthetic for operations.
They will be responsible for the provision of acute pain
2 Anesthetics
service (pain relief after operation), chronic pain service,
and critical care services.
This unit functions for screen women of breast cancer,
either through routine mammogram examination or at the
3 Breast Screening
request of doctors. It is usually linked to an x-ray
department.
This department has responsible to take care of patients
4 Cardiology
who have problem in their heart or circulation. It treats

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people on inpatient and outpatient basis. This unit handles
patient with electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, stroke,
and provides 24 hours blood pressure test, insertion of
pacemakers and cardiac cauterization.
Chaplaincy promotes the spiritual and pastoral wellbeing
of patients, relatives and staffs. They are available to all
5 Chaplaincy
members of staff for confidential counsel and support
irrespective of religion or race.
Sometimes called as intensive care, this unit is for the most
Critical Unit / seriously ill patients. It has a relatively small number of
6 Intensive Care beds and is manned by specialist doctors and nurses as
Unit well as by consultant anesthetics, physiotherapists and
dietitians.
Formerly known as X-Ray, this department provides a full
range of diagnostic imaging service including: general
Diagnostic
7 radiography, scans for A and E, mammography, ultra
Imaging / X-Ray
sound scans, angiography, interventional radiology, CT
scanning, MRI scanning.
Many hospitals now have discharge lounges to help your
Discharge final day in hospital running well. Patients who don’t need
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Lounge to stay on the ward are transferred to the lounge on the day
of the discharge.
The ENT department cares patients with a variety of
ENT: Ear, Nose, problems including: general ear, nose, and throat disease,
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and Throat neck lumps, cancer of the head and neck area, tear duck
problems, facial skin lesions etc.
This department looks after a wide range of problems
associated with the elderly. This includes: stroke medicine,
10 Elderly Service
gastroenterology, diabetes, locomotors, continence
problems, syncope, and bone diseases.

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This department investigates and treats upper and lower
11 Gastroenterology
gastrointestinal and pancreas disease.
The general surgery ward provides a wide range of
12 General Surgery surgery, thyroid surgery, kidney transplant, colon surgery,
etc.
This department handles patients with problems of the
13 Gynecology female urinary tract and reproductive organs such as:
endometritis, infertility and incontinence.
Haematology services work closely with the hospital
14 Haematology laboratory. These doctors treat blood diseases and
malignancies.
Maternity wards give antenatal care during childbirth and
15 Maternity postnatal support. Antenatal clinics monitor for both
routine and complicated pregnancies.
The microbiology department looks at all aspects of
16 Microbiology
microbiology, such as bacterial and viral infections.
Neonatal units have a number of cots used for intensive,
17 Neonatal Unit
high dependency and special care for newborn babies.
This department monitors and assesses patients with
kidney problems. They also supervise the dialysis day unit
18 Nephrology
for people who are waiting a kidney transplant or who are
unable to have a transplant for any reason.
This unit deals with disorders of the nervous system
19 Neurology including the brain and spinal cord. It is run by doctors
who specialize in this area and their staff.
Trained dietician and nutritionists provide specialist
Nutrition and
20 advice on diet for hospital wards and outpatient clinics,
Dietic
forming part of a multidisciplinary team.

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Obstetrics and
This unit provides maternity services including antenatal
21 Gynaecology
and postnatal care.
Unit
Occupational This profession has to be physically or mentally impaired,
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Therapy including temporary disability after medical treatment.
This department gives treatment in radiotherapy and a full
23 Oncology range of chemotherapy treatments for cancerous tumors
and blood disorders.
This department provides a range of ophthalmic services
24 Ophthalmology for adult and children including general clinic
appointment, laser treatment, optometry, etc.
Orthopedic department gives treatment to your
25 Orthopedics musculoskeletal system. That is your muscles, joints,
bones, ligament, tendons and nerves.
Pain This clinic is run by consultant anesthetists. This clinic
26 Management cares patients with severe long term pain that appears
Clinics resistant to normal treatments.
Dentist Dentist department gives treatment to our teeth and jaws.
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Department They promote oral health and disease prevention.
Pediatric Pediatric department gives treatment only for kids with
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Department age under 5 years.

2.2 Grammar Focus (Preposition of Place)


Preposition is used to describe the place where it is located. The types
of English prepositions are in / on, top of / bottom of, inside / outside, near, next
to, by, in front of, behind, opposite, under, over, at, on the right / on the left. It
can be seen from an example, Lily ward is located in front of Emergency Unit.
The prepositions used to talk about movement are up / down, into / out
of, away, from, to, through, across, along, past, back to, around. For example:

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go along the corridor, and the coffee shop in front of you. Preposition of
movement are used with verb of movement such as go, come, take, push, carry.
For example: Can you take these files back to the office, place?
Preposition of place is used to show where something is located. Here
are the kinds of prepositions of places including the examples provided in the
column bellow.
PREPOSITION OF PLACE EXAMPLES
Breast Screening is located in front of
In Front of
anaesthetics.
When I was in classroom, I used to sit next to /
Next to / Beside / By
beside / by you.
On A handsome boy was sitting on the cair.
The sign poster is hanging above the
Over / above
whiteboard.
We should be here because the temperature
Under / Below
outside is below 0o.
In I live in Surabaya.
Between I sat between the two nurses.

2.3 Giving Direction

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1. Giving and Asking Directions English Lesson
Beare (2017) said these dialogues focuses on asking for and giving
directions. There are a few important grammar and vocabulary points to
remember when asking for and giving directions. This lesson you will be
learning how to give directions to another person when they ask you for
directions on how to go somewhere, and also give examples of how to ask
for directions as well.
2. Important Verbs and Prepositions When Giving Directions
a. Questions you can ask about directions
1) Can you please tell me how I can get to Arjuna Street?
2) Where is the nearest supermarket?
3) How can I get to the local market?
4) I’m trying to get to Nakula Street.
5) How do I get to the office?
6) What’s the best way to get to your house next?
7) Where is Mc Donalds can you tell me please?
b. How to give directions to somebody else

1) Go straight on till you see the hospital then turn left.


2) Turn back, you have gone past the turning.
3) Turn left when you see a roundabout.
4) Turn right at the end of the road and my house is number 67.
5) Cross the junction and keep going for about 1 mile.
6) Take the third road on the right and you will see the office on the
right.
7) Take the third road on the right you will see the shop on the left.
8) Take the second road on the left and you will see the house on the
left.

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9) Take the second road on the left and you will see the hospital
straight ahead.
10) The hospital is opposite the railway station.
11) The shop is near the hospital.
12) The house is next to the local cricket ground.
13) The shop is in between the chemist and KFC.
14) At the end of the road you will see a roundabout.
15) At the corner of the road you will see red building.
16) Just around the corner is my house you will need to stop quickly
or you will miss it.
17) Go straight on at the traffic lights.
18) Turn right at the crossroads.
19) Follow the signposts for Manchester.
c. Question you may hear
1) How do I get to Main Street?
2) Where is the closest gas station?
3) Can you tell me where the community centre is?
4) I’m looking for Jane Street.
5) Are you from around here?
d. If you know the way
Use basic English to offer directions. Short phrases are best. Speak
slowly and use very careful pronunciation. Spell out a word if
necessary.
1) The easiest way is to…
2) The quickest way is to…
3) The best way is to…
go + direction (right, left, down, up, through)
take + road name
turn + right/left
stay on + road name for + distance or time
Examples:

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1) The easiest way is to go right on Commercial Avenue.
2) The quickest way is to take Road Number 1.
3) The best way is to turn right on Main Street.
4) Stay on Route 1 for about ten minutes.
e. If you don’t know the way
Don’t guess! Don’t just shake your head and walk away. Use one of
these phrases:
1) I’m sorry, I’m not from here.
2) I’m afraid I can’t help you.
3) Sorry I don’t know my way around here.
Offer another solution:
1) You could ask the bus driver.
2) Ask the front desk clerk.
3) Follow me. I’ll show you the way.
4) Do you want me to draw you a map?
Examples:
1) The easiest way is to go right on Commercial Avenue.
2) The quickest way is to take Road Number 1.
3) The best way is to turn right on Main Street.
4) Stay on Route 1 for about ten minutes.

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CHAPTER III
CLOSING

3.1 Conclusion
Hospitals offer widely services where there are some departments we
can see there. Hospitals usually have acute services such as emergency
department, burn unit, surgery, or urgent care. There are many departments that
we can see in hospital, such as: accident and emergency, anesthetics, breast
screening, cardiology, chaplaincy, critical unit/intensive care unit, diagnostic
imaging/x-ray, discharge lounge, ENT, elderly service, gastroenterology,
general surgery, gynecology, haematology, maternity, microbiology, neonatal
unit, nephrology, neurology, nutrition and dietic, obstetrics and gynaecology
unit, occupational therapy, oncology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pain
management clinics, dentist department, and pediatric department.
Preposition is used to describe the place where it is located. The types
of English prepositions are in / on, top of / bottom of, inside / outside, near, next
to, by, in front of, behind, opposite, under, over, at, on the right / on the left.
The prepositions used to talk about movement are up / down, into / out of, away,
from, to, through, across, along, past, back to, around. Preposition of
movement are used with verb of movement such as go, come, take, push, carry.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Beare, Kenneth. 2017. Giving Direction. In access: www.thoughtco.com on


September, 10th 2017.
Depkes RI. 2004. Sistem Kesehatan Nasional 2004. Jakarta: Depkes RI.
Depkes RI. 2009. UU RI No. 44 Tahun 2009 Tentang Rumah Sakit. Jakarta: Depkes
RI.
Easy Pace Learning. 2017. Giving and Asking Directions English Lesson. In access:
www.easypacelearning.com on September, 10th 2017.
English Club. 2017. How to Give Direction. In access: www.englishclub.com on
September 10th 2017.
Juliarta, Made. 2017. English For Nursing. Denpasar.

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