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Matriculation Programme

Examination

Semester I

Session 2013/2014

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

5 3 0 3 0

1. Given matrices = 3 −1 0 and = 3 0 . Find the values of c, d and e

0 0 2 0 0

such that AB = 14I, where I is the identity matrix. Hence, determine .

Hence, evaluate (3).

= ( ) , > 1.

a. Find the value of k if ( ∘ )( ) = .

b. Find the value of k so that ( ) is not a one-to-one function.

6. Given ( ) = + 4, ∈ ℜ.

a. Find ( ).

b. On the same axes, sketch the graphs of ( ) and ( ). State the domain of

( ) ( ).

(14 )(8 ) = 7.

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

vitamin D and calcium to improve bone density. In a week, the patient has to take 8

units magnesium, 11 units vitamin D and 17 units calcium. The following are three

types of capsule that contains the three essential nutrients for the bone:

Let x, y and z represent the number of capsule of types P, Q and R respectively that

the patient has to take in a week.

(a) Obtain a system of linear equation to represent the given information and

(b) Find the inverse of matrix A from part (a) by using the adjoint method. Hence,

find the values of x, y and z.

(c) The cost for each capsule of type P, Q and R are RM10, RM15 and RM17

respectively. How much will the expenses be for 4 weeks if the patient follws

the doctor’s advice?

9. a. In an arithmetic progression, the sum of the first four terms is 46 and the

seventh term exceeds twice of the second term by 5. Obtain the first term and

the common difference for the progression. Hence, calculate the sum of the

first ten even terms of the progression.

b. A ball is dropped from a height of 2m. Each time the ball hits the floor, it

bounces vertically to a height that is of its previous height.

ii. Find the total distance that the ball will travel before the eleventh

bounce.

i. 2x – 1 < 0

ii. >2

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

5 3 0 3 0

1. Given matrices = 3 −1 0 and = 3 0 . Find the values of c, d and e

0 0 2 0 0

such that = 14 , where I is the identity matrix. Hence, determine .

SOLUTION

= 14

5 3 0 3 0 14 0 0

3 −1 0 3 0 = 0 14 0

0 0 2 0 0 0 0 14

5 +9 15 + 3 0 14 0 0

3 −3 9− 0 = 0 14 0

0 0 2 0 0 14

5 + 9 = 14 =1

15 + 3 = 0 = −5

2 = 14 =7

∴ = 1, = −5, = 7

= 14

1

=

14

1 1 3 0

= 3 −5 0

14

0 0 7

1 3

⎡ 0⎤

⎢14 14 ⎥

3 −5

= ⎢ 0⎥

⎢14 14 ⎥

⎢ 7⎥

⎣0 0

14⎦

1 3

⎡ 0⎤

⎢14 14 ⎥

3 −5

= ⎢ 0⎥

⎢14 14 ⎥

⎢ 1⎥

⎣0 0

2⎦

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

Hence, evaluate (3).

SOLUTION

Method I Method II

= ln + 1, ≥1 ( ) = 1 + ln( )

ln = −1 ( ( )) =

= 1 + ln( ( )) =

( )= ln( ( )) = − 1

= { : ≥ 1} ( )=

(3) = = = { : ≥ 1}

(3) = =

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

= ( ) , > 1.

SOLUTION

= ( )

= ( )

9

= ( )

3

= ( )

2 3

= ( )

2

= 2( )

=2

2 − =0

(2 − 1) = 0

=0 or (2 − 1) = 0

=0 or =

= 0 or =

=3 or =3

=1 or = √3

> 1, ℎ = √3

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

SOLUTION

2 − 2 = 2 − 2

2 2 − 2 2 = 2 − 2

(2 )

− 2(2 ) = 2 − 8

4

=2

( )

− 2( ) = − 8

4

− 8 = 4 − 32

− 8 − 4 + 32 = 0

− 12 + 32 = 0

( − 8)( − 4) = 0

−8=0 or −4=0

=8 or =4

2 =8 or 2 =4

=3 or =2

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

a. Find the value of k if ( ∘ )( ) = .

b. Find the value of k so that ( ) is not a one-to-one function.

SOLUTION

5a.

+8

( )=

4 −5

( ∘ )( ) =

[ ( )] =

+8

+8

4 −5 =

+8

4 −5

4 −5

+8 8(4 − 5)

+

4 −5 (4 − 5)

=

+8 5(4 − 5)

4 −

4 −5 (4 − 5)

( + 8) + 8(4 − 5)

4 −5 =

4( + 8) − 5 (4 − 5)

4 −5

( + 8) + 8(4 − 5)

=

4( + 8) − 5 (4 − 5)

+ 8 + 32 − 40 = [4 + 32 − 20 + 25]

( + 32) + (8 − 40) = 4 + 32 − 20 + 25

4 − 20 = 0

=5

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

5b.

+8

( )=

4 −5

Let ≠ , but ( ) = ( )

+8 +8

=

4 −5 4 −5

( + 8)(4 − 5) = ( + 8)(4 − 5)

4 −5 + 32 − 40 = 4 −5 + 32 − 40

32 −5 − 32 + 5 =0

32 − 32 + 5 −5 =0

32( − )+ 5 ( − )=0

( − )(32 + 5 ) = 0

− ≠ 0 32 + 5 =0

−32

=

5

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

6. Given ( ) = + 4, ∈ ℜ.

a. Find ( ).

b. On the same axes, sketch the graphs of ( ) and ( ). State the domain of

( ) ( ).

SOLUTION

6a

( )= + 4

Method I Method II

Let = + 4 [ ( )] =

= −4 ( )

+ 4=

ln( ) = ln ( − 4) ( )

= −4

3 ln = ln ( − 4) ( )

( − 4)

ln =

3 = ln ( − 4) ( ) ln = ( − 4)

3

1

= ln ( − 4) 3 ( )= ( − 4)

3

1

1 ( ) = ln ( − 4)

∴ ( ) = ln ( − 4) 3

3

6b

y f(x)

y=x

( )

4 5 x

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

(14 )(8 ) = 7.

SOLUTION

7a

5

+ =1+

4−2 4+2 2

(4 + 2 ) + (4 − 2 ) 2 + 5

=

(4 − 2 )(4 + 2 ) 2

4 +2 +4 −2 2+5

=

16 + 8 − 8 − 4 2

4 +4 +2 −2 2+5

=

16 − 4(−1) 2

(4 + 4 ) + (2 − 2 ) 2+5

=

20 2

2[(4 + 4 ) + (2 − 2 ) ] = 20[2 + 5 ]

20

[(4 + 4 ) + (2 − 2 ) ] = [2 + 5 ]

2

[(4 + 4 ) + (2 − 2 ) ] = 10[2 + 5 ]

[(4 + 4 ) + (2 − 2 ) ] = [20 + 50 ]

(4 + 4 ) = 20

+ = 5 ......................... (1)

2 − 2 = 50

− = 25........................ (2)

(1) + (2)

2 = 30

= 15

= −10

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

7b

2= , 7=

[2 7 ][(2) ]=7

[2 ][7 ]=7

[2 ][7 ]=7

2 + 7 = log 7

(9 + 10) + (3 + 1) =

9 + 10 +3 + =

9 +3 = − − 10

(9 + 3 ) = −10

−10

=

9 +3

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

vitamin D and calcium to improve bone density. In a week, the patient has to take 8

units magnesium, 11 units vitamin D and 17 units calcium. The following are three

types of capsule that contains the three essential nutrients for the bone:

Let x, y and z represent the number of capsule of types P, Q and R respectively that

the patient has to take in a week.

(a) Obtain a system of linear equation to represent the given information and

(b) Find the inverse of matrix A from part (a) by using the adjoint method. Hence,

find the values of x, y and z.

(c) The cost for each capsule of type P, Q and R are RM10, RM15 and RM17

respectively. How much will the expenses be for 4 weeks if the patient follws

the doctor’s advice?

SOLUTION

8a

2 + +4 =8

+ 2 + 6 = 11

+ 3 + 10 = 17

2 1 4 8

1 2 6 = 11

1 3 10 17

8b

2 1 4

= 1 2 6

1 3 10

3 10 1 10 1 3

| |= 4

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

2 6 1 6 1 2

⎡+ 3 10

−

1 10

+

1 3 ⎤

⎢ 1 4 2 4 2 1 ⎥

= ⎢− + − ⎥

⎢ 3 10 1 10 1 3 ⎥

⎢ 1 4 2 4 2 1 ⎥

⎣+ 2 6

−

1 6

+

1 2 ⎦

= −(10 − 12) +(20 − 4) −(6 − 1)

+(6 − 8) −(12 − 4) +(4 − 1)

2 −4 1

= 2 16 −5

−2 −8 3

2 2 −2

= −4 16 −8

1 −5 3

1

=

| |

1 2 2 −2

= −4 16 −8

4

1 −5 3

1 2 2 −2 8

= −4 16 −8 11

4

1 −5 3 17

1

= 2

1

∴ = 1, = 2, =1

8c

= 10, = 15, = 17

4 = 4[57]

4 = 228

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

9. a. In an arithmetic progression, the sum of the first four terms is 46 and the

seventh term exceeds twice of the second term by 5. Obtain the first term and

the common difference for the progression. Hence, calculate the sum of the

first ten even terms of the progression.

b. A ball is dropped from a height of 2m. Each time the ball hits the floor, it

bounces vertically to a height that is of its previous height.

ii. Find the total distance that the ball will travel before the eleventh

bounce.

SOLUTION

Arithmetic progression = [2 + ( − 1) ], = + ( − 1)

= 46

4

[2 + (4 − 1) ] = 46

2

2[2 + 3 ] = 46

4 + 6 = 46

2 + 3 = 23 .................................. (1)

=2 +5

+ (7 − 1) = 2[ + (2 − 1) ] + 5

+ 6 = 2[ + ] + 5

+6 =2 +2 +5

− 4 = −5

2 − 8 = −10 .........................(2)

(1) − (2)

11 = 33

=3

=7

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

()

1st bounce =2

2nd bounce =2 =2

3rd bounce =2

3 3

=2 , =

4 4

3 3

= 2

4 4

3 3

= 2

4 4

3

=2

4

( )

3

2 2

4

3

2 2

4

3

2m ……………… 2 2

4

3 3 3

= 2+2 2 +2 2 + …+ 2 2

4 4 4

3 3 3

=2 1+2 +2 + ⋯+2

4 4 4

= 2 1+2 + + ⋯+

⎧ ⎡ 3 1− 3 ⎤⎫ = , =

⎪ ⎢ 4 4 ⎥⎪

= 2 1 + 2⎢ ⎥

⎨ 3

⎪ ⎢ 1− 4 ⎥⎬

⎪

( − )

⎣ ⎦⎭ =

⎩ −

= 13.324

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

i. 2x – 1 < 0

ii. >2

SOLUTION

|2 − 3 | < | + 3|

(2 − 3 ) < ( + 3)

4 − 12 + 9 < +6 +9

9 − − 12 − 6 + 4 − 9 < 0

8 − 18 − 5 < 0

(2 − 5)(4 + 1) < 0

5 1

= ,−

2 4

1 5

−

4 2

1 5

∴ :− < <

4 2

()

2 − 1 = 2 + 2 − 3 = 2( + 1) − 3

∵ + 1 < 0 2( + 1) − 3 < 0

∴2 −1<0

PSPM I QS 015/1 Session 2013/2014

10b(ii)

2 −1

>2

+1

2 −1

−2>0

+1

2 −1 (2 − 1) − 2( + 1)

−2=

+1 +1

2 −1−2 −2

=

+1

−3

=

+1

∵ +1 < 0

−3

>0

+1

2 −1

−2>0

+1

2 −1

∴ >2

+1

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