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PREPARED BY : pril

DATE : 19-Jan-12
CHECKED BY : AK
REVISION : A

PROJECT : TOPAZ ENG'G.


JOB NO. : XXXX
TITLE : SPREADER BAR DESIGN FOR VESSEL 35-C-0001C
REF. DOC. : AC-35-A1C-0-15751, rev. 1

I. Material Properties
E = 29000 ksi = 199948 Mpa Modulus of elasticity of steel
Fy = 34.81 ksi = 240 Mpa Yield strength of pipe material (Assumed material strength)

II. Section Properties


Do = 323.8 mm Outside diameter of pipe (PIPE 12" x SCH. 60 A106 GR.B)
t = 14.27 mm Wall thickness of pipe (FROM GOC STOCK REF: 12002240-1000-G001-100282)
Di = 295.26 mm Inside diameter of pipe
A = 13876 mm2 Area of section
I = 166538319 mm4 Moment of inertia of pipe section
S = 1028649 mm3 Section modulus of pipe section
r = 110 mm Radius of gyration of pipe section
wp = 108.9 kg/m Unit weight of pipe
LBP = 4800 mm Horizontal distance between lower padeye holes
X1 = 125 mm Edge distance of padeye holes
L = 5050 mm Total length of pipe
LUP = 4300 mm Horizontal distance between upper padeye holes
X = 250 mm Horizontal distance between outer lower padeye hole & upper padeye hole
Y1 = 130 mm Vertical distance of padeye hole to face of pipe
Y = 291.9 mm Vertical distance of padeye hole to center of pipe
PET = 25 mm Padeye Thickness of Slot-thru Main Plate
PEh = 73 mm Padeye Hole
YPE = 583.8 mm Vertical distance of padeye to padeye hole
APL = 12770 mm2 Shear Area of Slot-Thru Plate

III. Design Loads


Below Spreader Bar
SWL = 60.000 MT Safe Working Load
PL = 90.000 MT Proof Load for Testing 150% of SWL
PA = 45.000 MT Vertical load in padeye below left of spreader bar
PB = 45.000 MT Vertical load in padeye below right of spreader bar
W PT = 0.55 MT Total weight of pipe
R = 90.55 MT Total Working Load (SWL)
XR = 2150 mm Distance of resultant load from upper left padeye hole
LUP-XR = 2150 mm Distance of resultant load from upper right padeye hole
ex = 0 mm CoG offset from centerline of spreader bar due to unbalance load
ØA = 60.0 deg. Sling angle (min.)
ØB = 60.0 deg. Sling angle (min.)
DAF = 1.15 Dynamic Amplification Factor
CF = 1.00 C.O.G. factor for 1-crane lift
TF = 1.00 Tilt factor for 1-crane lift
CoF = 1.30 Consequence Factor
FOS = 1.495 Total Design Load Factor
= 1.500 Total Design Load Factor Considered

C-XXXX TOPAZ Spreader Bar Design.pdf 1 of 4


PREPARED BY : pril
DATE : 19-Jan-12
CHECKED BY : AK
REVISION : A

PROJECT : TOPAZ ENG'G.


JOB NO. : XXXX
TITLE : SPREADER BAR DESIGN FOR VESSEL 35-C-0001C
REF. DOC. : AC-35-A1C-0-15751, rev. 1

Forces In Spreader Bar


Reactions, R1 = [W PT(LUP / 2) + PA (LUP + X) - PB X]/LUP = 45.28 MT
R2 = W PT + PA + PB - R1 = 45.28 MT
Shear Forces,
V0 = 0.00 MT V3b = V3a + R2 = 45.04 MT
V1a = -wp X1 = -0.01 MT V4a = V3b - wp X = 45.01 MT
V1b = V1a - PA = -45.01 MT V4b = V4a - PB = 0.01 MT
V2a = V1b - wp X = -45.04 MT V5 = V4b - wp X = 0.00 MT
V2b = V2a + R1 = 0.23 MT Xa = [V2b / (V2b - V3a)] LUP = 2150 mm
V3a = V2b - wp LUP = -0.23 MT Xb = LUP - Xa = 2150 mm

Bending Moments,
M0 = 0.00 MT-m M3a = Mmid + 0.5(V3a) Xb = -3.63 MT-m
M1 = 0.5 V1a X1 = 0.00 MT-m M3b = M3a - (R2/tanØ2) Y = -11.26 MT-m
M2a = 0.5(V1b + V2a) X = -11.26 MT-m M4 = M3b + 0.5(V3b + V4a) X = 0.00 MT-m
M2b = M2a + (R1/tanØ1) Y = -3.63 MT-m M5 = M4 + 0.5(V4b X1) = 0.00 MT-m
Mmid = M2b + 0.5(V2b)(Xa) = -3.38 MT-m

Forces In Spreader Bar


Fv1 = R1 = 45.28 MT Vertical load in padeye above spreader bar
Fv2 = R2 = 45.28 MT Vertical load in padeye above spreader bar
T1 = (Fv1/sin Ø1) FOS = 78.42 MT Sling load in padeye above spreader bar
T2 = (Fv2/sin Ø2) FOS = 78.42 MT Sling load in padeye above spreader bar
T = max(T1, T2) = 78.42 MT Maximum sling tension above spreader bar
TA = PA FOS = 67.50 MT Sling load in padeye below spreader bar
TB = PB FOS = 67.50 MT Sling load in padeye below spreader bar
Tb = max(TA, TB) = 67.50 MT Maximum sling tension below spreader bar
Ts1 = T1 / DAF = 68.19 MT Minimum shackle capacity above spreader bar
Ts2 = T2 / DAF = 68.19 MT Minimum shackle capacity below spreader bar
TsA = TA / DAF = 58.70 MT Minimum shackle capacity above spreader bar
TsB = TB / DAF = 58.70 MT Minimum shackle capacity above spreader bar
Fh1 = Fv1 / tan Ø 1 = 26.14 MT Horizontal load in padeye above spreader bar
Fh2 = Fv2 / tan Ø 2 = 26.14 MT Horizontal load in padeye above spreader bar
Fh = max(Fh1, Fh2) = 26.14 MT Maximum horizontal load in padeye

Maximum Forces in Spreader Bar


Along segment 0 - 2 (cantilever left)
M(0-2) = max(M0:M2) = 11.26 MT-m
V(0-2) = max(V0:V2) = 45.04 MT
Along segment 2 - 3 (mid-section)
M(2-3) = max(M2:M3) = 3.63 MT-m
V(2-3) = max(V2:V3) = 0.23 MT
Along segment 3 - 5 (cantilever right)
M(3-5) = max(M3:M5) = 11.26 MT-m
V(3-5) = max(V3:V5) = 45.04 MT

IV. Acting Stresses


Axial Bending Shear Stress on Pipe
Axial Force, Bending Shear Force, Shear Stress on Slot-
Compressive Stress, f b (as per API-RP2A
Segment Fh Moment, M V Thru Plate, fvPE (Mpa)
Stress, f a (Mpa) (Mpa) Sect. 3.2.4.a), f v
MT MT-m MT Fh (FOS) / A M (FOS) / S V (FOS) / 0.5A V (FOS) / APL
0-2 11.26 45.04 160.99 - 51.88
2-3 26.14 3.63 0.23 27.71 51.87 0.50 -
3-5 11.26 45.04 160.99 - 51.88

C-XXXX TOPAZ Spreader Bar Design.pdf 2 of 4


PREPARED BY : pril
DATE : 19-Jan-12
CHECKED BY : AK
REVISION : A

PROJECT : TOPAZ ENG'G.


JOB NO. : XXXX
TITLE : SPREADER BAR DESIGN FOR VESSEL 35-C-0001C
REF. DOC. : AC-35-A1C-0-15751, rev. 1

V. Allowable Stresses
1.0 Allowable Axial Compressive Stress (API-RP2A Sect. 3.2.2.b)
AISC Sect. E2
Do t AISC Sect. E2
Segment l r Cc Fa
K Kl/r < 2 0.5
(mm) (mm) Do / t < 60 (mm) (mm) (2π E/Fy) (ksi) (Mpa)
0-2 323.8 14.27 22.7 < 60 2.00 375 110 7 < 128 20.61 142.09
2-3 323.8 14.27 22.7 < 60 1.00 4300 110 39 < 128 18.66 128.67 > fa2 OK
3-5 323.8 14.27 22.7 < 60 2.00 375 110 7 < 128 20.61 142.09
Fa = [1 - (Kl/r) 2 / (2Cc2)] / [5/3 + 3(Kl/r)/(8C c) - (Kl/r)3 / (8Cc3)] (Fy) if Kl/r < C c
Fa = 12π2E / [23(Kl/r) 2] if Kl/r > C c

2.0 Allowable Bending Stress (API-RP2A Sect. 3.2.3)


API-RP2A Sect. 3.2.3
Segment Do t Fb
1500/Fy > Do / t < 3000/Fy
(mm) (mm) (ksi) (Mpa)
0-2 323.8 14.27 43.09 > 22.7 < 86.18 26.11 180.00 > fb1 OK
2-3 323.8 14.27 43.09 > 22.7 < 86.18 26.11 180.00 > fb2 OK
3-4 323.8 14.27 43.09 > 22.7 < 86.18 26.11 180.00 > fb3 OK
Fb = 0.75Fy for Do/t < 1500/F y
Fb = [0.85 - 1.74 (F y Do) / (E t)] F y for 1500/Fy < Do/t < 3000/F y
Fb = [0.72 - 0.58 (F y Do) / (E t)] F y for 3000/Fy < Do/t < 300

3.0 Allowable Shear Stress


Fv = 0.4Fy = 96 Mpa < fv1 = 51.88 Mpa OK
> fv2 = 0.50 Mpa OK
< fv3 = 51.88 Mpa OK

VI. Stress Ratios


1.0 Bending Stress Check (API-RP2A Sect. 3.2.3)
fb Fb
Segment fb / Fb < 1.0
(Mpa) (Mpa)
0-2 160.99 180.00 0.89 < 1.0
2-3 51.87 180.00 0.29 < 1.0
3-5 160.99 180.00 0.89 < 1.0

2.0 Combined Axial Compression and Bending (AISC Sect. H1 / API-RP2A Sect. 3.3.1.a)
Check Unity Check
lb rb F'e
Segment fa Fa K Cm
fa / F a < 0.15 (UC1a) < 1.0 (UC1b) < 1.0 (UC2) < 1.0
(Mpa) (Mpa) (mm) (mm) (Mpa)
0-2 142.09 2.00 1.00
2-3 27.71 128.67 0.22 > 0.15 1.00 1.00 4800 110 536.32 0.52 <1 0.48 <1
3-5 142.09 2.00 1.00

Unity Check (UC): 2.1 When f a/Fa > 0.15 fa / Fa + Cm fb / [(1 - f a / F'e) Fb] < 1.0 (UC1a)
fa / (0.6Fy) + fb / Fb < 1.0 (UC1b)
F'e = 12π2E / (23K l b / r b )2
2.2 When f a/Fa < 0.15 fa / Fa + fb / Fb < 1.0 (UC2)

3.0 Shear Stress Check


fv Fv
Segment fv / Fv < 1.0
(Mpa) (Mpa)
0-2 51.88 96 0.54 < 1
2-3 0.50 96 0.01 < 1
3-5 51.88 96 0.54 < 1

C-XXXX TOPAZ Spreader Bar Design.pdf 3 of 4


PROJECT : TOPAZ ENG'G - SPREADER BEAM DESIGN JOB NO. : C-XXXX PREPARED BY : pril

CLIENT : TOPAZ ENG'G. CHECKED BY : AK


SUBJECT : PADEYE DESIGN FOR SPREADER BAR, SWL = 60MT: PROOF LOAD = 150% SWL (90 MT) DATE : 21-Jan-12

PADEYE DESIGN CHECK


PADEYE ORIENTATION DESIGN PARAMETERS
y-axis
P • LOAD FACTOR LF = 1.50
P Fy P
• LIFTING ANGLE ß= 60.00 Deg
• OUT OF PLANE ANGLE : ø= 3.00 Deg
Fy
α α=
α x-axis • SLING ANGLE 60.00 Deg
Fv
Fx
β • MAX. VERTICAL LOAD R= 45.00 MT
Fh
Fx COMPONENT FORCES
φ • PULLING FORCE P= 77.94 MT
• VERTICAL FORCE FV = 67.50 MT
HORIZONTAL POSITION VERTICAL POSITION • HOR. FORCE FH = 38.92 MT
FyT
• PADEYE ORIENTATION [ H ] [ V ] >>: H
z-axis Sling
Fy P FORCES AT PADEYE
ds Fy2
• VERTICAL FORCE Fz = 38.92 MT
Rm Shackle • HORIZONTAL FORCE Fx = 67.50 MT
Rc2 α lm
• OUT OF PLANE FORCE
%P
Tc1
> (At Pin), Fy1 = 5 Fy1 = 3.90 MT
Rm
Rc1 > (At Shackle) Fy2 = 2.04 MT
Fy1 D FyT =
• TOTAL FORCE AT PIN 5.94 MT
Fx
w1
H Tc2 SHACKLE AND SLING DATA
• TYPE: BOLT-TYPE SHACKLE - CROSBY G-2130
> Capacity SWL = 55.00 MT
w2 > Pin Diameter Pds = 70.00 mm
> Jaw Width Js = 105.00 mm
NA ex ex1 or Tm Tc > Inside Length Hs = 267.00 mm

T > Sling Diameter ds = 64.00 mm


z • MAT'L PROPERTY Fys = 275.00 Mpa
Tm
• PIN HOLE DIAMETER REQUIREMENTS:
bs (max)

INPUT Tm IF > Pin Hole, 1.03Pds D = 72.10 mm


X NO STIFFENER
X > Pin Hole, PdS + 2mm D = 72.00 mm
ex1 : Pin CL to outermost fiber • REQUIRED PADEYE TOTAL THICKNESS :
> 90% Js (Max.) Tt max = 94.50 mm
sn sn > 60% Js (Min.) Tt min = 63.00 mm
Xc2 Xc1 > Tt = P/(0.9FyPds) Tt reqd = 44.13
PADEYE GEOMETRY : ( INPUT )
T prov = 55.40 mm OK !
L
D= 73.00 mm • MIN RADIUS, Rm min=1.25D Rm min = 91.25 mm
d(max) Tm = 25.40 mm Rm = 110.00 mm • MIN. CLEARANCE, lm min=0.5ds lm min = 32.00 mm
Tc1 = 15.00 mm Rc1 = 95.00 mm • ACTUAL CLEARANCE, l m lm = 129.50 mm OK !
ELEM. THK. WIDE Xn † Zn † Tc2 = 0.00 mm Rc2 = 0.00 mm • CHEEK PLATE THK. 0.5Tm = 12.70 mm
Tm 25.40 470.00 250.00 0.00 T= 55.40 mm OK ! < Js 0.75Tm = 19.05 mm
s1 15.00 150.00 7.50 0.00
s2 15.00 150.00 492.50 0.00 L= 470.00 mm d = 500.00 mm (max) • MIN. BASE LENGTH OF PADEYE
s3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 H= 130.00 mm bs = 150.00 mm (max) > 2Rm L = 220.00 mm
s4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 > Due to tension, P/(Tm0.6Fys) L = 182.44 mm
s5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ex1 = 110.00 mm Xc1 = 250.00 mm > Due to shear, Fx/(Tm0.4Fys) L = 237.00 mm
s6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ex = 140.00 mm Xc2 = 250.00 mm • MIN. PIN HEIGHT 3/8+R m Hmin = 119.53 mm
• STIFFENER REQUIREMENTS
2
† Xn : Distance to centroid of element from outermost fiber. At = 16438.00 mm > Max. Effective Width 2H = 260.00 mm
† Zn : Distance to centroid of element from centroid of main plate. Sx-x = 1.21E+05 mm3 Ax = 11938.00 mm2 > Area Required As = 347.55 mm
2

3 2 1/2
Sz-z = 1.94E+06 mm Ay = 4500.00 mm > Local Buckling Limits, 171/(Fys) =b/t= 10.29
> Max. Width bs = 154.38 mm
CHECK STRESSES AT PIN HOLE CHECK STRESSES AT BASE
§ BEARING STRESS : § SHEAR STRESS: PADEYE WELD SIZE REQUIREMENT
• Ap = TPdS Ap = 3878.00 mm2 • fsx = Fx / Ax fsx = 32.02 Mpa OK ! AT PIN :
• DUE TO Fy2 • Fv = 0.4Fys Fv = 110.00 Mpa • Weld Strength Ftw = 482.65 Mpa
• BM = HsFy2 BM = 5.34E+06 N-mm § TENSILE STRESS: • Allow. Shear, Fsw = 0.3Ftw Fsw = 144.80 Mpa
2
• fp1 = 2BM/(T Pds) fp1 = 49.73 MPa • ft = Fy / At ft = 40.28 Mpa OK ! • Shear Factor, Fs = SQRT(1.8) Fs = 1.34
• DIRECT FORCE • Ft = 0.6Fys Ft = 165.00 Mpa • Pc1 = [P(Tc1+Tc2)Fs]/T Pc1 = 28.31 MT
• fp2 = P/Ap fp2 = 197.17 MPa § BENDING STRESS: • Pc2 = [PTc2Fs]/T Pc2 = 0.00 MT
• fp = fp1+ fp2 fp = 246.90 Mpa OK ! • IN PLANE : >> MIN. FILLET WELD SIZE :
• Fp = 0.9Fys Fp = 247.50 Mpa • MZ =FxH-Fyex MZ = -4.30E+07 Nt-mm • w1 = Pc1/(4.44Fsw 0.7Rc1) w1 = 6.50 mm
§ SHEAR STRESS : • fbZ = My / Sz-z fbZ = (22.19) Mpa OK ! • w2 = Pc2/(4.44Fsw0.7Rc2) w2 = 0.00 mm
• As = Tm (2Rm-D)+2Tc1(2Rc1-D)+2Tc2(2Rc2-D) • FbZ = 0.66Fys FbZ = 181.50 Mpa AT BASE :
As = 7243.8 mm2 >> OUT OF PLANE : • Weld N.A. to Pin Center Line e= 140.00 mm
2
• fv = P/As fv = 105.55 Mpa OK ! • Mx = Fy1H+Fy2(Hs+H) Mx = 1.29E+07 Nt-mm • Weld Treated as a line, Aw (WELD) = 1.59E+03 mm
2
• Fv = 0.4Fys Fv = 110.00 Mpa • fbx = Mx / Sx-x fbx = 106.67 Mpa OK ! Sw x-x = 1.71E+04 mm
2
§ TENSION STRESS : • Fbx = 0.75Fys Fbx = 206.25 Mpa Sw y-y = 2.22E+05 mm
• At = As At = 7243.8 mm2 >> UNITY CHECK • UC = ft / Ft + fbx / Fbx + fbz / F• Bending f1 = Fze/Swz-z f1 = 4.2E+02 N/mm
• ft = P / At ft = 105.55 Mpa OK ! UC = 0.88 < 1.0 OK ! f2 = Fx H/Swz-z f2 = 224.16 N/mm
• Ft = 0.45 Fys Ft = 123.75 Mpa § VON-MISES YEILDING CRITERIA f3 = Mx/Swx-x f3 = 757.03 N/mm
§ CHECK BENDING DUE TO F Y2 : • txz = fsx txz = 32.02 Mpa OK ! • Parallel f4 = Fx/Aw f4 = 240.32 N/mm
• Ixx =[(Rc2T3)/6]+[(Rc1-Rc2)(Tm+2Tc1)3/6]+[(Rm-Rc1)Tm3)/6]-(DT3)/12• Fv = 0.4Fys Fv = 110.00 Mpa • Transverse f5 = Fz/Aw f5 = 416.25 N/mm
2
• DUE TO Fy2 • fx = ft + fbz fx = 62.47 Mpa • Resultant, fr = [(f1-f2+f3+f5) +f42]1/2
• BM = HsFy2 BM = 5.34E+06 Nt-mm • fZ = fbx fZ = 106.67 Mpa fr = 1,388.21 N/mm
Ixx = 1.7E+06 mm4 • fc = [(fx2+fz2-fxfz+3txz2)]1/2 >> MIN. WELD SIZE :
• fb = BMT/(2Ixx) fb = 87.11 Mpa OK ! fc = 108.14 Mpa OK ! • w = fr/[(0.3Fsw( 0.707)] w= 13.56 mm (FILLET)
• Fb = 0.75Fys Fb = 206.25 Mpa • Fc = 0.66Fys Fc = 181.50 Mpa • w = fr / Fsw w= 9.59 mm (GROOVE)

C-XXXX 35-C-1C Padeye Design.xls


C-XXXX TOPAZ Spreader Bar Design.pdf 4 of 4