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Schistosomiasis as an STD

William Miller
September 2, 2018

Schistosomiasis as an STD
Schistosomiasis Haematobium lifecycle without a snail.

Schistosomiasis Haematobium can be passed sexual between


partners of 1st world countries without travel history to endemic
countries. What I am proposing is transmission from one
human to another can be accomplished during intercourse or
fellatio directly without exposure to freshwater infected with
schistosomiasis.

Traditionally schistosomiasis required the lifecycle of the


parasite to use genus Bulinus (snail) as a host until it further
transforms and infects its intended host of humans. The eggs
excreted into fresh water can hatch within 15 minutes and
become miracidia. Miracidia then go on the search for genus
Bulinus and penetrate it’s skin and migrate to the liver. Once in
the blood rich liver the miracidia transform into sporocysts

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Schistosomiasis as an STD

where they will divide cells for 2 weeks. During this time period
they have become mother sporocyst producing daughter
sporocyst that form cercariae, each mother sporocyst is capable
of producing half a million cercariae. It takes 4 weeks for the
sporocysts to rupture and free the cercariae from the liver of the
genus Bulinus into the water. Once in the water the cercariae
swim with a forked tail attached to a tear shaped body that will
search for a human host and penetrate the skin. The cercariae
loose their tail upon entrance into the skin and make their way
to the capillaries just below the surface and are now
schisotomulae. The schisotomulae use the circulatory system
pushing them first to the heart then the liver where they use the
portal vein for transportation. Now with full access to the body
schisotomulae prefer the veins surrounding the lower part of the
bladder and mature into flukes. This process takes between 4-6
weeks from initial infection and where the flukes pair off into
male/female couples for mating. Each female fluke is capable of
laying 500-1000 eggs a day with a life expectancy of 3-4 years.

What I have observed to date are people of schistosomiasis


regions spreading the disease to people in 1st world countries

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Schistosomiasis as an STD

sexually. Traveling people have been infected with


schistosomiasis in the usual manner of exposure to fresh water
that has free swimming cercariae. Once infected the people
travel to 1st world countries where they are capable of
contaminating fresh water sources or having sexual relations
with local residents.

It is not the snail but its liver that is the key to perpetuating
schistosomiasis. In intercourse between male and female the an
infected male ejaculates infected semen into the female caring
the schistosomiasis eggs. The eggs have a perfect environment as
its designed to perpetuate human life. The vagina is warm and
having a moist environment for the egg to hatch in 15 minuets
where the miracidia penetrates the vaginal wall and makes it
way into the surrounding tissue to capillaries or veins. Once in
the circulatory system it settles in the liver and in the liver it
transforms into a sporocysts then mother sporocyst and then into
cercariae and schisotomulae ultimately becoming a fluke.

I have also observed female to male infection of


schistosomiasis. Eggs from the infected female are spilled during

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Schistosomiasis as an STD

urination into the vagina and upon intercourse the eggs are
forced into the opening of the penis. Once in the male urethra
the eggs hatch quickly and the same infection process takes
place.

An oral route of infection is not out of the question as well,


though only hypothesized it also has an hospitable environment
for the short time span needed from egg to miracidia.

Now that a person has become infected by the traveler they


are capable of further spreading the disease to others. You have
an individual with no travel history to schistosomiasis infected
regions becoming infected and capable of spreading the
infection to others.

References:
1. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schistosoma_haematobium
2. ^ Observed cases