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EXPONENT RULES & PRACTICE

1. PRODUCT RULE: To multiply when two bases are the same, write the base and ADD the exponents. ·

Examples:

A.

·

2. QUOTIENT RULE:

Examples:

A.

B. 2 ·2 2

C.

To divide when two bases are the same, write the base and SUBTRACT the exponents.

B.

3

C.

3. ZERO EXPONENT RULE:

Examples:

A.

1

Any base (except 0) raised to the zero power is equal to one.

B. 6 1

C. 7 1

4. POWER RULE:

Examples:

A.

To raise a power to another power, write the base and MULTIPLY the exponents. ·

B. 3 3

C.

5. EXPANDED POWER RULE:

Examples:

A. 2 2 8

B. 6 6 36

C.

D.

6. NEGATIVE EXPONENTS:

If a factor in the numerator or denominator is moved across the fraction bar, the sign

of the exponent is changed.

Examples:

A.

D.

F.

B. 4

G.

C. 4

E. 3 2 6

2

CAUTION:

REMEMBER:

For example: 3

An exponent applies to only the factor it is directly next to unless parentheses enclose other factors.

Examples:

A. 3 3 3 9

B. 3 9

Simplify:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

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12.

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14.

3 · 4 4 ·2 · 2 ·2

8

9

2

2

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

192

8

4

36

7. 1

8.

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11.

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15.

1

3

2

4

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EXPONENTS PRACTICE

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7

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33. 2

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35. 4

36. 5 2

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16

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28. 4

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31. 2

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