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PARTNERSHIP
NATIONALISED BANKS (Indiain Bank PO Exam. 17.10.2010)
& IBPS PO/MT/SO 6.
Gina invests Rs 48,000 to start a business.
1. A, B an d C starte d a busi ne ss wi th Four months later Shrayon joins her by
in ve stme nt in the ratio 5 : 6 : 8 investing Rs 62,000 and another two
respectively. After one year C withdrew 50% months later Deepika joins them both by
of his capital and A increased his capital investing Rs 80,000. At the end of one year
by 60% of his investment. After two years the business eams a profit of Rs 20,661.
in what ratio should the earned profit be What is Deepika’s share in the profit ?
distributed among A, B and C respectively ? (1) Rs 7,668 (2) Rs 6,603
(1) 2 : 3 : 3 (3) Rs 7,240 (4) Rs 6,390
(2) 4 : 3 : 2 (5) None of these
(3) 13 : 12 : 12 (United Bank Of India
(4) Cannot be determined PO Exam. 14.11.2010)
(5) None of these 7. Mrudul invested an amount of Rs 29,500
(Syndicate Bank PO Bxam. 10.10.2004} in order to start a business. Shalaka joined
2. Tanvi started a business investing Rs. her 4 months later by investing an amount
45,000. After 8 months Anisha joined her of Rs 33,500. If the business earned a profit
with a capital of Rs. 52,000. At the end of of Rs 1,20,575 at the end of two years, what
the year the total profit was Rs. 56,165. was Mrudul’s share of the profit ?
What is the share of profits of Anisha ? (1) Rs 60,725 (2) Rs 61,950
(1) Rs. 21,450 (2) Rs. 24,440 (3) Rs 59,250 (4) Rs 58,625
(3) Rs. 27,635 (4) Rs. 31,765 (5) None of these
(5) None of these (Indian Bank PO Exam. 02.01.2011)
(Orientai Bank of Commerce 8. Rs 73,689, are divided between A and B in
PO Exam. 21.12.2008) the ratio 4 : 7. What is the difference
3. Karan starts a business by investing Rs. between thrice the share of A and twice the
60,000. six months later Shirish joins him share of B ?
by investing Rs. 1,00,000. At the end of one (1) Rs 36,699 (2) Rs 46,893
year from commencement of the business, (3) Rs 20,097 (4) Rs 26,796
they eam a profit of Rs. 1,51,800. What is (5) Rs 13,398
the Shirish’s share in the profit ? (IBPS Bank PO/MT CWE 17.06.2012)
(1) Rs. 55200 (2) Rs. 82800 9. Three men A, B and C start a business
(3) Rs. 62500 (4) Rs. 96600 together. They invest Rs. 30000, Rs. 24000
(5) None of these and Rs. 42000 respectively in the begin-
(UCO Bank PO Exam. 22.03.2009) ning. After 4 months. B took out Rs. 6000
4. Prakash, Sunil and Anil started a business and C took out Rs. 10000. They get a profit
jointly investing Rs. 11 lakhs, Rs. 16.5 of Rs. 11960 at the end of the year. B’s share
lakhs and Rs. 8.25 lakhs respectively. The in the profit is
profit earned by them in the business at (1) Rs. 2700 (2) Rs. 2803
the end of three years was Rs. 19.5 lakhs. (3) Rs. 2900 (4) Rs. 2785
What will be the 50% of Anil’s share in the (5) None of these
profit ? (IBPS Bank PO/MT
(1) Rs. 4.5 lakhs (2) Rs.2.25 lakhs CWE-III 26.10.2013)
(3) Rs. 2.5 lakhs (4) Rs.3.75 lakhs 10. Geeta, Shweta and Sita started business
(5) None of these with investment of Rs 4200, Rs. 8400 and
(United Bank of India Rs. 5400 respectively. In the end of the year,
PO Exam. 21.06.2009) there was a profit of Rs 24000. Sita invested
5. Sonu invested 10% more than Mona. Mona 32% of her share in profit in the business.
invested 10% less than Raghu. If the total The remaining amount of profit with Sita is
sum of their investment is Rs. 5,780. How (1) Rs. 4986 (2) Rs. 4689
much amount did Raghu invest ? (3) Rs. 4886 (4) Rs. 4896
(1) Rs. 2010 (2) Rs. 2000 (5) None of these
(3) Rs. 2100 (4) Rs. 2210 (Corporation Bank Speciallist Officer
(5) None of these (Marketing) I Exam. 22.12.2014)
LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)
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1. A man has divided his total money in his OFFICER EXAMS
will in such a way that half of it goes to his 1. Raksha invested an amount of Rs. 60,000
to start a software business. After six
2 months, Kamal joined her with an amount
wife, rd of the remaining among his three
3 of Rs. 90,000. After one year from the
sons equally and the rest among his four commencement of the business, Raksha
daughter equally. If each daughter gets Rs. put in an additional amount of Rs. 20,000.
20,000. how much money will each son At the end of three years, they earned a
get ? proflt of Rs. 71,20,000. What is Raksha’s
(1) Rs. 50,333.33 share in the proflt ?
(2) Rs. 48,233.33 (1) Rs. 35,20,000
(3) Rs. 53,333.33 (2) Rs. 26,40,000
(4) Data inadequate (3) Rs. 27,00,000
(5) None of these (4) Rs. 38,40,000
(SBI Banks PO Exam. 20.08.2000) (5) None of these
2. Sunetra invested an amount of Rs. 50,000 (RBI Grade-B Offìcer Exam. 2008)
to start a software business. After six
months Nikhil joined her with an amount ISURANCE EXAMS
of Rs 80,000. At the end of 3 years they 1. A and B started a partnership business
earned a profit of Rs. 24,500. What is investing some amount in the ratio of 3 : 5.
Sunetra’s share in in the profit ? C joined them after six months with an
(1) Rs, 14,000 (2) Rs. 9423 amount equal to that of B; proflt at the end
(3) Rs. 10,250 (4) Rs. 12,500 of one year should be distributed in what
(5) None of these proportion among A, B and C ?
(SBI Associate Banks PO Exam. (1) 6 : 10 : 5 (2) 3 : 5 : 5
21.07.2002) (3) 3 : 5 : 2 (4) Data inadequate
3. Mr. ‘X’ invested certain amounts in two (5) None of these.
different schemes ‘A’ & ‘B’ Scheme ‘A’ offers (LIC Assistant Administrative Offìcer
simple interest at 12 p.c.p.a. and Scheme (AAO) Exam. 24.04.2005)
‘B’ of offers compound interest at 10 p.c.p.a. 2. Sunetra invested an amount of Rs. 50,000
Interest accrued on the amount invested to start a software business. After six
in Scheme A in 2 years was Rs. 3,600 and months Nikhil joined her with an amount
the total amount invested was Rs 35,000. of Rs. 80,000. At the end of 3 years they
What was interest accrued on the amount eamed a proflt of Rs. 24,500. What is
invested in profìts of Anisha ? Sunetra’s share in the proflt ?
(1) Rs. 4,800 (1) Rs, 14,000 (2) Rs. 9423
(2) Rs. 4,200 (3) Rs. 10, 250 (4) Rs. 12,500
(3) Rs. 4,000 (5) None of these
(4) Cannot be determined (LIC Assistant Administrative
(5) None of these Officer (AAO) Exam. 2006)
(SBI PO Ezam. 09.01.2005) 3. A, B and C started a business with their
4. Ninad, Vikas and Manav enter into a investment in the ratio 1 : 3 : 5. After 4
partnership. Ninad invests some amount months, A invested the same amount as
at the beginning. Vikas invests doublé the before and B as well as C withdrew half of
amount after 6 months and Manav invests their investments. The ratio of their profits
thrice the amount invested by Ninad after at the end of the year was :
8 months. They eam a proflt of Rs. 45,000 (1) 5 : 6 : 10 (2) 6 : 5 : 10
at the end of the year. What is Manav’s (3) 10 : 5 : 6 (4) 4 : 3 : 5
share in the profit ? (United India Insurance Co.
(1) Rs. 25,000 (2) Rs. 15,000 (AAO) Exam. 11.03.2007)
(3) Rs. 12,000 (4) Rs. 9,000 4. Dheeraj distributed his total assets to his
(5) None of these wife, three sons, two daughters and five
(SBI PO Preliminary (Tire-I) grandchildren in such a way that each
Exam. 27.04.2008) grandchild got one-eighth of each son or

## LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)

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one-tenth of each daughter.His wife got 40 (General Insurance Corporation
per cent of the total share of his sons and AAO Exam. 11.12.2011)
daughters together. If each daughter 7. Tanvi started a business investing Rs.
received asset of worth Rs. 1.25 lakh, what 45,000. After 8 months Anisha joined her
was the total worth of the assets received with a capital of Rs. 52,000. At the end of
by his wife and the three grandchildren to- the year the total profit was Rs. 56,165.
gether ? What is the share of profits of Anisha ?
(1) Rs. 32,500 (1) Rs. 21,450 (2) Rs. 24,440
(2) Rs. 2,57,500 (3) Rs. 27,635 (4) Rs. 31,765
(3) Rs. 2,82,500 (5) None of these
(4) Cannot be determined (United India Insurance AO Exam.
(5) None of these 26.05.2013
(LIC Assistant Administrative 8. A, B, C started a shop by investing Rs.
Officer Exam. 2008) 27000, Rs. 81000 an d Rs. 72000
5. X, Y and Z were sharing profits in the ratio respectively. At the end of one year, B’s
4 : 3 : 2. Y retired from the firm and X and Z share in total profit was Rs. 36000. What
decide to share profits in the ratio 3 : 2. was the total profit ?
Calculate the gaining ratio. (1) Rs. 108000 (2) Rs. 116000
(1) 7 : 8 (2) 5 : 9 (3) Rs. 80000 (4) Rs. 92000
(3) 4 : 7 (4) 5 : 8 (NICL (GIC) Administrative
(LIC Assistant Administrative Officer Exam. 15.12.2013)
Officer (AAO) Exam. 07.06.2009)
6. A, B and C enter into a partnership. A
invests some money at the beginning, B
invests doublé the amount after 6 months
and C invests thrice the amount after 8
months. If the annual proflt be Rs. 27000
C’s share is:
(1) Rs. 9000 (2) Rs. 11250
(3) Rs. 10,800 (4) Rs. 8625

## LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)

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SHORT ANSWERS 4. (2) Ratio of the equivalent capitals of
NATIONALISED BANKS Prakash, Sunil and Anil
= 11 × 36 : 16.5 × 36 : 8.25 × 36
& IBPS PO/MT/SO
=4 : 6 : 3
Anil’s share in the proflt
1. (3) 2. (5)
3. (5) 4. (2)  3 
5. (2) 6. (4) = Rs.  4  6  3  19.5 lakh
8. (5) 9. (2)    
10. (4) = Rs. 4.5 lakh
50% of Rs. 4.5 lakh
SBI PO EXAMS = Rs. 2.25 lakh
1. (3) 2. (5) 5. (2) Let Mona’s investment = Rs.100
3. (2) 4. (2)  Sonu’s investment = Rs. 110 and Raghu’s
100 1000
investment =  100 = Rs.
RBI GRADE-B OFFICER EXAMS 90 9
1. (1)  Ratio of Mona’s, Sonu’s and Raghu’s
investments
INSURANCE EXAMS
1. (4) 2. (5) 1000
= 100 : 110 : = 90 : 99 : 100
3. (1) 4. (2) 9
5. (1) 6. (1) Sum of ratios = 90 + 99 + 100 = 289
7. (5) 8. (3)  Raghu’s investment
 100 
EXPLANATIONS = Rs.   5870  = Rs. 2000
 289 
NATIONALISED BANKS
6. (4) Ratio of the proflts of Gina, Shrayon and
& IBPS PO/MT/SO Deepika
1. (3) Total equivalent capital of A = 48000 × 12 : 62000 × 8 : 80000 × 6
= 5x × 12 + 8x × 12 = Rs. 156x = 48 × 12 : 62 × 8 : 80 × 6
Total equivalent capital of B for 1 month = 36 : 31 : 30
= 6x × 24 = Rs. 144x Sum of ratios
Total equivalent capital of C = 36 + 31 +30 = 97
= 8x × 12 + 4x × 12 = Rs. 144x
 Deepika’s share
 Required ratio = A : B : C
= 156x : 144x : 144x  30 
= 13 : 12 : 12 = Rs.   20661 = Rs. 6390
 97 
2. (5) Ratio of the earned profit = Ratio of the 7. (2) Ratio of the equivalent capitals of Mrudul
equivalent capitate of Tanvi and Anisha and Shalaka
= 45000 × 12 : 52000 × 4 = 29500 × 24 : 33500 × 20 = 354 : 335
= 45 × 3 : 52 Sum of the ratios = 354 + 335 = 689
= 135 : 52  Mrudul’s share
Sum of ratios = 135 + 52 = 187
 Anisha’s share  354 
Rs   120575 
 689 
 52 
= Rs.   56165  = Rs. 156180.07 = Rs. 61950
 187 
8. (5) Required difference
3. (5) Ratio of the proflt = Ratio of the
equivalent capitals of Karan and Shirish 7 4 
=   2   3
= 60000 × 12 : 100000 × 6  11 11 
= 720000 : 600000 = 6 : 5
 Shirish’s share in the profit 2
= × 73689 = Rs. 13398
11
5 
= Rs.  151800  = Rs. 69000 9. (5) Ratio of equivalent capitals
 11  = 30000 × 12 : (24000 × 4 + 18000 × 8)

## LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)

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: (42000 × 4 + 32000 × 8) =3 :4
= 360000 : 240000 : 424000  Share of Sunetra out of
= 90 : 60 : 106
3
= 45 : 30 : 53 Rs. 24500 = Rs. × 24500
Sum of ratios = 45 + 30 + 53 = 128 7
 B’s share = Rs. 10,500
3. (2) Let the amount invested in scheme A
30 be Rs. x.
= × 11960 = Rs. 2803.125
128
x  12  2
10. (4) Ratio of share of proflt  = 3600
= Geeta : Shweta : Sita 100
= 4200 : 8400 : 5400 3600 100
= 7 : 14 : 9 x= = Rs. 15000
24
Sita’s share
Total investment = Rs. 35000
9  Amount invested in scheme B
=  7  14  9  × 24000 = Rs. (35000 - 15000) = Rs. 20000
T
 R  
9
= × 24000 = Rs. 7200  C.I = P  100   1
 1 
30  
Remaining amount after investing 32%
2
= 7200 × (100 - 32)%  10  
= 20000  100   1
 1 
7200  68   
= = Rs.4896
100 = 20000 (1.21 - 1)
= 20000 × 0.21
SBI PO EXAMS = Rs. 4200
1. (3) Let the total money be Rs. x 4. (2) Let Ninad invest Rs.x
 Vikas’s investment = Rs.2x
x Manav’s investment = Rs. 3x
Half of the total money goes to wife =
2 Ratio of the equivalent capital of Ninad,
Vikas and Manav respectively
2 x x
of the remaining = is divided equally = x ×12 : 2x × 6 : 4 × 3x
3 2 3 =1 :1 :1
among three sons. Clearly, the proflt will be shared equally
 The share of each son  Manav’s share
1 x x 1
= × = = Rs. × 45000 = Rs. 15000
3 3 9 3
x x x
- = is divided equally among four RBI GRADE-B
2 3 6
daughters. OFFICER EXAMS
 The share of each daughter 1. (1) Equivalent capital of Raksha for 3 year
= Rs. (60000 × 1 + 80000 × 2)
x
= 20000 = Rs. (60000 + 160000) = Rs. 220000
24 Equivalent capital of Kamal for 3 year
x = 480000
The share of each son 1
= Rs. 90000 × 2
2
x 480000
= =  5
9 9
= Rs.  90000   = Rs 225000
= Rs.53333.33  2
2. (5) The ratio of capital invested by each Ratio of capitals = 220000 : 225000
partner i.e. Sunetra and Nikhil for in order = 44 : 45
to get the same proflt is : Sum of ratios = 44 + 45 = 89
36 × 50000 : 30 × 80000 Total profit = Rs. 7120000
LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)
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 Raksha’s share 2
 Wife’s share = × 5.5
 44  5
= RS   7120000 
 89  = Rs. 2.2 lakhs
= Rs. 3520000 Share of three grandchildren
= 3 × 0.125 = Rs. 0.375 lakh
= Rs. (2.2 + 0.375) lakh
1. (4) Let the amount invested by A and B is
= Rs. 2.575 lakhs
3x and 4x respectively after 6 month C
= Rs. 257500
joined amount equal to B.
5. (1) Gaining ratio
Then, Ratio of A, B and C in profit
= 3x × 12 : 5x × 12 : 5x × 6 = 6 : 10 : 5 3 4 2 2
2. (5) The ratio of capital invested by each =    :  
5 9 5 9
partner i.e. Sunetra and Nikhil for 1 month
in order to get the same profit is : 27  20 18  10
36 × 50000 : 30 × 80000 = 3 : 4 = : =7:8
45 45
 Share of Sunetra out of 6. (1) Ratio of profit
3 = x × 12 : 2x × 6 : 3x × 4
Rs. 24500 = Rs. × 24500 =1 :1 :1
7
= Rs. 10,500 1
3. ( 1) Let their initial investments be Rs. x,  C’s share = × 27000
3
Rs. 3x and Rs. 5x respectively. = Rs. 9000
Then, A : B : C 7. (5) Ratio of the earned profit = Ratio of the
3x equivalent capitals of Tanvi and Anisha
= (x × 4 + 2x × 8) : (3x × 4 + × 8) = 45000 × 12 : 52000 × 4
2
= 45 × 3 : 52 = 135 : 52
5x Sum of ratios = 135 + 52 = 187
: (5x × 4 + × 8)
2  Anisha’s share
= (4x + 16x) : (12x + 12x) : (20x + 20x)  52 
= 20x : 24x : 40x = 5 : 6 : 10 = Rs.   56165  = Rs. 15618.074
 187 
4. (2) Share of 1 grandchild
8. (3) Ratio of their profit
1 = 27000 : 81000 : 72000 = 3 : 9 : 8
= × 1.25 = Rs. 0.125 lakh
10 If total profit be Rs. x,
 Each son gets = 8 × 0.125 = Rs. 1 lakh 9x
 Share of 3 sons = Rs. 3 lakhs then B’s share = = 36000
Share of 2 daughters = 2 × 1.25 = Rs. 2.5 20
lakhs 36000  20
Total share of sons and daughters = Rs. 5.5  x= = Rs. 80000
9
lakhs

## LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)

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MODEL EXERCISES 7. X and Y entered into partnership with Rs
1. Rs 770 nave been divided among A B and 700 and Rs 600 respectively. After 3
months, X withdrew 2/7 of his stock but
2 after 3 months, he puts back 3/5 of what
C such that A receives th of what B and
9 he had withdrawn. The profit at the end of
C together receive. Then, A’s share is the year is Rs 726. How much of this should
(1) Rs 140 (2) Rs 154 X receive ?
(3) Rs 165 (4) Rs 170 (1) Rs 336 (2) Rs 366
(5) None of these (3) Rs 633 (4) Rs 663
2. A sum of Rs 370 is to be divided among A, (5) None of these
B and C such that 8. A, B and C are three partners. They
A 's share B 's share
altogether invested Rs 14000 in business.
3
= = . At the end of the year, A got Rs 337.50, B
B 's share C 's share 4 Rs 1125 and C Rs 637.50 as proflt. The
Then, A’s share is difference between the investments of B
(1) RS 240 (2) Rs 120 and A was
(3) Rs 100 (4) Rs 90 (1) Rs 2200 (2) Rs 3200
(5) None of these (3) Rs 4200 (4) Rs 5250
3. A and B enter into a partnership with Rs (5) None of these
50000 and Rs 60000 respectively. C joins 10. Anu is a working partner and Bimla is a
them after x months contribuing Rs 70000 sleeping partner in a business. Anu puts
and B leaves x months before the end of in Rs 5000 and Bimla puts in Rs 6000. Anu
the year. If they share the profit in the ratio receives 12.5% of the proflt for managing
of 20 : 18 : 21, then the value of x is the business and the rest is divided in
(1) 3 (2) 9 proportion to their capital. What does each
(3) 6 (4) 8 get out of a proflt of Rs 880 ?
(5) None of these (1) Rs 400 and Rs 480
4. Ajay, Aman, Suman and Geeta rented a (2) Rs 460 and Rs 420
house and agreed to share the rent as (3) Rs 450 and Rs 430
follows (Ajay : Aman = 8 : 15, Aman : Suman (4) Rs 470 and Rs 410
= 5 : 8 and Suman : Geeta = 4 : 5. The part (5) None of these
of rent paid by Suman will be 10. X and Y are partners in a business. X
(1) 24/77 (2) 13/66 contributed 1/3 of the capital for 9 months
(3) 12/55 (4) 13/77 and Y received 2/5 of the profits. For how
(5) None of these long was Y’s money used in the business ?
5. Three partners invested capital in the rado (1) 4 months (2) 3 months
2 : 7 : 9. The time period for which each of (3) 2 months (4) 5 months
them invested was in the ratio of the (5) None of these
reciprocal of the amount invested. Find the 11. Two companies A and B quote for a tender.
share of the partner who brought in the On the tender opening day, A realizes that
highest capital, if profit is Rs 1080. the two quotes are in the ratio 7 : 4 and
(1) Rs 120 (2) Rs 360 he nce de crease s its price du ri ng
(3) Rs 540 (4) Rs 420 negotiations to make it Rs 1 lakh lower than
(5) None of these B’s quoted price. B then realizes that the
6. A man left one-half of the capital for his final quotes of the two were in the ratio 3 :
wi fe . On e-thi rd to hi s son and the 4. By how much did A decrease its price in
remainder to his daughter and her share order to win the bid ?
was worth Rs 45,000. Find the total capital. (1) Rs 7 lakhs (2) Rs 4 lakhs
(1) Rs 245000 (2) Rs 260000 (3) Rs 9 lakhs (4) None of these
(3) Rs 270000 (4) Rs 275000 (5) None of these
(5) None of these

## LEARN MATHS FROM S.K. RAJU (9811549822, 9811649822)

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SHORT ANSWERS  Share of each partner
1. (1) 2. (4) 1
3. (1) 4. (1) = × 1080 = Rs 360
3
5. (2) 6. (2) 6. (3) Let that man left Rs x.
7. (3) 8. (2)
9. (4) 10. (2) x x
 Share of daughter = x - -
11. (2) 12. (2) 2 3
x
EXPLANATIONS  45000 =
6
1. (1) According to question, x = Rs 270000
A + B + C = 770  ...(i) 7. (2) X’s investment = (700 × 3)
2 5   3
A= (B + C) ...(ii) 
9 +  700   3  +  500  200   × 6
 7   5
From Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
= Rs 7320
9 Y’s investment = 600 ×12 = Rs 7200
A  A = 770
2 X’s share from profit
 11A = 770 × 2 7320
 A = 140 =  7320  7200  × 726 = Rs 366
Thus, A’s share is Rs 140
2. (4) According to question, 8. (4) By question,
Ratio of investments of A, B and C
A 3  3 9 B 3  4 12 = 337.50 : 1125 : 637.50
= = : = :
B 4  3 12 C 4  4 16 = 27 : 90 : 51 : = 9 : 30 : 17
 A : B : C = 9 : 12 : 16 Let the investments of A, B and C be 9x,
9 30x and 17x respectively
A’s share = × 370 = Rs 90  9x + 30x + 17x = 14000
37
3. (1) According to question,  x = 250
Investment of A = 50000 ×12 = Rs 600000 So, required difference
Investment of B = 60000 × (12 - x) = 30x - 9x = 21x = Rs 5250
Investment of C = 70000 × (12 - x) 9. (2) By question, 2.5% of profit

## 600000 20 = 12.5 × 880 = Rs 110

 60000  12  x  = 18 100
Remaining = Rs 770 is divided in the ratio
 180 = 240 - 20x = 5000 : 6000 = 5 : 6 Proflt of Anu
x =3
4. (1) According to question, 5
= × 770 + 110 = Rs 460 Proflt of Bimla
Ajay : Aman = 8 : 15 11
Aman : Suman = 5 : 8 6
Suman : Geeta = 4 : 5 = × 770 = Rs 420
11
 Ajay : Aman : Suman : Geeta 10. (2) By question,
= 8 : 15 : 24 : 30
1 2
 Part of rent paid by Suman Ratio of capital of X and Y = : =1:2
3 3
24 24
= = 3 2
8  15  24  30 77 Ratio of their proflt = : =3:2
5. (2) According to question, 5 5
Ratio of capital = 2 : 7 : 9 Let Y’s money was used for n months.
 (1 × 9) : (2 × n) =3 : 2
1 1 1
Ratio of time = : :  n = 3 months
2 7 9 12. (2) A quotes Rs. 7x initially.
 Ratio of investment B quotes Rs. 4x initially.
1 1 1 The new ratio changes to 3 : 4.
=2× :7× :9× Change is decrease of Rs. 4 lakhs.
2 7 9
= 1 :1 :1