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EOllL~llia

BEKOB¥I APAfYTHH AHACTACMJEBHll.

113J~aBa{J Eeorpan, 2004.


CBET KJ-bUrE
Beorpan
JE,UI1HA B113AHTl1JCKA QAPI1QA
CP ITKI1Fh A')

H3aHTHHl~H cy, xao HaCJlC~HH~H crapor


Pnucxor napcrna B crape rpxxo-puacxe

n;HBHJI.H3aqR]e, II xao rnamm H3rpa}lHTeJbH
xpamhaacxe upxne II npocnere, OAYBeK rnenana C
BHCHHe aa lvJJIa~eCPCJ(lhOBCKOBHCaapone, na cy ax xax,
Ii nonrro cy OBn jenan no jenan YIDJIH Y xpHIII5aHcKY sepy
H KYJITYPY, cxarpana sa nenornyno o6pa30BaH H sa
HH)I(H, napsapcxa CBCT. Taxohc cy OHR H ,I\BOpOBe 1'HX
napona patIYHaJIII xao CaCBITM aepannoponne C EbHXOBlI~{
BaCeJbeHCKHM napCKO-PID1CKHM }:{BOpOJ\1 YIlaparpany, H

npcaa xao uenocrojue na ca 'fIlM ffiHXOBm1 ABOPOM
1'OMC
crynajy rryrea 6paKa Y cpomnrtxc BC3C. TIa anax cy

IIOJIlIT~IKe H)')KAe II pa tI)'Hll jour uspaaa HaTepHBaJIB
•• •
no] e;U:HHe BH3aHTHjCKe caxoupnme na crrycre cno J
~apCKo-pHMCKH H rp-rxa IIOHOC, Ii Aa nOHeK)' CTPaHY
• •
npamtcsy HatIBHC CBOJOM )l(CHO~1H BH3aHTHJCKO~1 napa-
• •
nOM a TaKO BCTO II na no KOJY BH3aHTHjCKY rrpHHQe3Y
ynajy sa no xora aaocrpaaor snanaoua. IIpH TOMecy,
pasysre ce, npHH~c3C ca ucxpurrcaax nsopona 6HBaJIe
• •
nOKp1Il1'aBaHC npc aeu-ran,a ca CBOjln{ u;apCKO-BH3aHl'l'I) -

(K(;HHPdO
TEOB,OP dHdrHOCT Pacnpasy Jec)lf!to eusauiiuucs:« l(aplll(a CpllKl!fba
AHaC1'a~Jue_Blth JC ofijnauo y 6corpa)J,cKoM .. 6P(lCl'HY
llOarYTJ1H
xXX'. r9J9.
rOAlIHe./ffalL yp./

5
Jl" Anacracujcanh ('/'11 KJ.1Ib/1 - B113A1ITJ1Je'KA IJAPI1 UA

CKR~1BepeHHKoM. A rrpenas if B(f'3aH'rllj~Ko npasocnasrse BojJICnaB ycrarrxov npornn Bmatrrrrje, a xoja je non
33X'1'CBaO CC J-\0K jc Bnaatrrnja axrana nonoxaj
fOA xpan.exr Muxaunou H J:bCrOHH~1 Cl1HO!v1, KpaJbCM
csercxe BCJIeCl1nC, 11 O~ crpaanx nnanapa, J(a 61! 6AIIIJ EOAIIH<')~f, yjeAHHBJIa fOrfOBO CDe cpncxe 3C~1Jbe. OCBO-
npwJ\'fJbCHH sa 3eTORe nmanrnjcxor nnopa. TeK Y IIOCJICA- jlfnl1 C)' )1 XII nonono B113aHT11H~JiI, can nOA
BeKY
l-b11~I cronchaxa cpcnn.cra nexa. KaJ{ je BH3aHTIIjy BO~CTBOtvf cBOjHX Cl1JlHl1X uapena KO~1H11Ha.AJlI1, ()1'KaKO
6aUi'IJla y 3aCCHaK ocsranmrjcxa nenecnna. no-rena cy je no cnpra Maaojna 1 KO~lHHHa (1180) Henan-a

B~[3aHTHJcKM HMTICpaTOpl1, xao II npyrn TaJ{aUIlhH KOHalJHO ocnotionao Cp6e JICnOA BII3aHTIljcKe BJlaC1'H,
nnanapn 6aJIKaHCKII~ Gl1n() 113pa llYHe:l finno
XPlllIIFtaJICKJil snanaona 113HOBe Re~lathI1hKe Il03e, a sa H.,VIt\flc.l
H fbHXOI3H
H3 HY>KAe,cnarn caoje xhepu Ii Y xapeue aexpurrcaax I-I HaCJIC}.(HII~lI no pacnany ,[(YUlalIOBa I~aI)Cl~Ba, {ICCrrOY3H-

HCHCPHHX oC~laHnHJCKfJX CYJ1Talla. ~lajy BII3aHTl1jcKe npaauese aa )I(eHC.Ben 11ca~1Heuaa,a
OTKaKO cy no 11aAY 6yrapcKor napcrsa non je O>KeHHO csor CHHa H HacneAIDIKa Crerpasa npaauesou
BII3aHTlljy, CTaJIH aa BaJIKaHY AI'I3aTH rnasy Cptiu, ro EBAOKHjO~1 113ranaunsc snsanrujcxe uapcxe nanacrnje
jeer on Xl BCKa na HaOBa1fO, BII3aHTIIjCKlT je JlBOp CKJIO- AHreJIa. A roxe npaaepy cnenyjy rrocnc cpncxa H APYfI1
TIRO M ca cpeAH)OBeKOBHll~1 CpIICKI1~1 ABOpoBH~la ananapu, CBe AObyplja BpaITKOBHlia, xojn je yseo JepHHY
I1pHJI~Ia}[ 6poj rrOJlllTWIKnX 6paKOB3. Ho, nourro je 113 noxra KaHTaKY3Jllia, H AO rscrosa CHHa Jlasapa, KOjH ce
HH)l(HM cpnCKIDvI ABOpOB1I11a OlIJIO KYA~[Ka~'10 smne

O)f(eHlIO Jeneaou naJIeOnOrOBO~·1.2
crane na cc oponc C BMWJIIM nH3aHTIIJCKII~t ABOpO~1,
RerOJIH 06pa'l'HO, yrJIaBHO~1 cy TO CBe cajro >KeHH~6e

cpnCKHX nnananaua BH3aHTHjCKla1 npaaueaaaa, a He 11

y,[{a~6e cpncxax upuuuesa sa BH3aHTHjcKe uapese. Taxo,
sa IJPH~'1ep, aKO je aeposarn Ilyxrsauauy, I sch CC 3CTCKH
span, MHXaHJIO BojHCJIaBJI>eBlIh Y npyroj TlOJlOBHHH Xl
sexa O)l(eHHO, Ii TO Y npyroa 6paKY, jCJlHO~1 pobaKoM

nexor ranarmser HeHMeHOBaHor B1l3aH'fMJcKor axmcpa-
'fopa. 3a rHM HeMa BHIue HRKaKDHX npyrnx )l(eHII~a6a
r

3e'['CKl1X ananapa BH3aH111jCKH~'1npannesaaa. Yocranon,


3C'1'CKY CPIICKY AP)l(aBY, xojy je 61ilo CTBOPlfO CTe¢aH

2 M.. Ilacxapuc, Bll.~alll7il(ICh·~J


fipcI/f1{eJe )' cpeouoeexoeuoi Cptiuin,
I <1>. W~IJUl1h,JJeluoiilJC itoiia Ilytouinuna. Bcorpan. I Y2X. CTP, 357. Ecorpan, I Y2o.

6 7

1\ CprICKHX. uax, npnnucsa cpcan.cra BCKa,
•• • •
cave JC JCAHajcnuua, 11 ro 'J'eKnpcu xpaj
XIV BCKa, KaA jc sch B1I3aH'J'Mjll 3ana3HJI{)
cyane, n~fana cpehy ~a ce yna sa jenner unsatrrajcxor

cauonprrrna H Aa cc nonnc no nocrojaucrsa Pl1J\;ICKO-
BH3aHTHjcKe asrycrc. Ta jcuuaaua jc JCJICHa, )KeHa
Masojna II Ilanconora, KOjM jc CC):(COua BH3aH~1'HjcKo~1
npCCTOJIY on 1391. no 1425. ronane. Jeneua je nOHI1KJIa

H3 jenne on •
HaJHITIlJnx nnaCTeJIHHCKHX TIOpOAKna
Ilyurauosa xoje cy nocne CMpTH Ilynranose
L(apCTBa,
3aBJIa,naJIe casrocranno Y CBOjR~f 6aIIITHHa~fa. To je
uoponnua AYIlIaHoBor ccsacroxparopa Ilcjaaa: KaKO ce

YOJIII[TC Y3IDfa, rserouor sera no npyroj My cecrpn
Teonopa; rocnonapa K)'MaHOBCKe 06naCTH. Ibera cy
HacnenHnH lberOBH CRHOBfI JOBaII Ilparanr, KOjH je on
napa Ypoma Ao6RO HajBIDllY ,necnOTCKY THTyny, H "roc-
nOAHH" KOHCTaHTIDI. MaTH liM ce xao ynosana noxany-
~ep.HJ1aIlOA H}'1eHO~fl\fOHaXHlbe EB,nOKHje, a THTYJIHCaJIa
ce II nan.e "L(apHL(a cpncxa'', Spalla cy parosan.eu ca
cycenaxa, a :H HaCJIe~e1\-1 OJTIIBepOBe J{ecnOTOBHHe,
seoxa yseha ..13 CBOjy ~p)KaBY,TaKO )~ajc OHa 06YXBaTa-
na nourapox nojac OKO naHaIIIH>HX rpamma JY)J(He
Cptinje" H Byrapcxe. Y Fhy cy YJTa3JiJne seun.e OKO

Llapttipao (zpoaypa)
(L. Brehier, Le monde byzantin, I, Paris, '948) (; JY>KHtl Cp6Jfja - y aY"opOBO speve UaJIlB sa nauuunsy Penyfinnxy
MaKcAoH U1Y./ it all. )'p./

8 9

J\ Auacracnjcnnh ern KyllIJA -IJU:JAI/"f'11.fc'KA UAPI1[jA

Kyuanoua, Kparona 11 Ta\fOllJlT)HX PY~II~IKa, OKO necno ra ncnononecxor Teonopa ", a TaKO ucro 11
Ko-rana, Illrnna, CTpY~fm~C, Ilcrpa-ra, Tiycrcunana, cpncxc snanaonc nccnora Crerpana Jlasapeauba 11
xojn CC If Ha3HBa{) 'raKC) no KC)HC'J'aH'l'lIHY, je OH
11 rnc KOHc'l'a'rI1Ha Ilcjaaosuha. I1() CC~1 ()BJ[X~ nobome K
crononao, H'l'~,II()CJlC
Mapnsxc 611TKe (1371), 06a cY Baja3HTY Y Cep jour nna BII3aH'rHHu;a. J CJ~aH 6enre
fipara. xao 11 Kpan.canh MClPK() Y IIPlIJICJIY, ~10paJIa BJIaCTenliH 113 IIenOIIC)HC3a Ilasnc Ma~1()IJa.KOjH je, xao
npI13Ha'r~1 unacr OC~laHJ11Ij(\, ofiaucsauinu ce ~Cl 11~J H n.eros orau npc a.era, ynpaan.ao, IIC) LJ;('lPCKOj lrape,[{6H,
nnahajy nauax II na ~f~1C BC)jCKC)?\1IIO~la)KY Y parouaua. nenonOHCCK11M rpanou MC)HC~1BaCJljo~r, ana ce, na
Cuphy JOBaHOHO~1 (: 378'?), KOHc'raH'rUHY je ocrana ~OCHOByre nyrospe ..rene ynpase u.erosa oua Ii n.erone
ucna lberOBa npxaua. OH jc Y lboj BJlaAaO CDC AO 1395. BJIaCTII'fe, noxyurao Ta~10 OA~IC'l'HYTII Keto C(:l~fOCTaJ1aH.
r())~11He,KaA jc, 3ajC}~HO c Kpan.csnheu Mapxoxr, norrm- Ilpyrn je 6110 Manojnon cIIHOBa~, 1aAalllJ-b11 rocnonap
yo Y 611~~1aa POBIIHa~la, fJ_{C cy 060jl1U.a nO~1araJIH CRnHBpMje Ha Mpa?\IOpHO~1 xropy, npcrcnucnr na BR3aH-
ocaaunajcxoa cYJ]'raHY
Eaja3HTY rrporns RJlalIIKOr THjCK» npecro J OBaH VII) ClIH y~1PJIOr aajcrapnjcr 6paTa
nojnone Mnpue. Bajaaur je 3aTIIM sayseo 3e}\fJbC otianna MaIlojJIOBa, rtecyhenor BH'3aHTIIjcKor napa Aunponaxa
ra cpncxa snanaona. Cpncxa napomra nccxra OIICBana IV. Osora jc orau, uap J013al{ V Ilaneonor, rrocne CYKO-
je, cev Mapxa , II ,,6cra" Jcnena je
KC)HCrl'aHrl'~IHa.3 6a C lhM~1 OKO npccrona. 6110 IICKJT)y-mo 113
6ulla xha KOHC1'aHTI1Ha Ilejasonnba. Kan je ~I KaKO rrpecrononacneha y xopncr MaHojnOBY, HO J~OU;Hl{je ce C
uouino ,[{O 'fora Aa !by ucnpocn Y OT~a n ysue fbR~1H3~IJiPHO, TlOCTaBJIBllIH fa sa ynpasnaxa CHJlHBPJ,I-
MaHojJJO 11, 0 TO~1e Ha~t npnnajy B33alfTHjcKl1 jcxor. Ma~IOHa je npen Eaj'13HTO~1 OJlTY:>KMO neJIO-
ncropn-rapn XV sexa <I)paHI\a ~I XaJIKOHKOH):.(HJl, nouecxor ACCIIO'l"'a Tcouopa, na My jc onaj orco
npcupasaaajyha BaJhAa 3aje,[{HO HCKII crapnju 1I3ry6J1>etm MOHeMBacHjy, II oryna ra orepao ca 3J]OC1'aBJbal-beJ\i,
M3BOp. Ouu Ka)J(Y na ce TO cnpumno KaA je Eaja3HT, o6emlJalIrheH)e~f H cpanon. A JOBaH ce Bajasary :>KaJIMO,

6anehH ce jenaou nplfJ11JKO~f ca CBOjO~( BOjCKO~( Y ~laKC- na JC HC3aKOHBTH~I HCKJJ)ylleIhe~1 a.eroua oua 1[3
AOHCKO~f rpany Ccpy, nossao Ty X~I'rHO npcna CC, xao rrpecrononacneba aaryrino 1'I OH ca~'f npaao aa uaparpan-
C130je xnerncnaxe, Manojna II M n.crosa 6pa'ra, CKH npccro, JIa jc MOJIMO Bajasara na npnsua 11 ~OBCAC
a.era sa BM3aH'1'RjcKor uapa, ~1eCTOCTp1-I~a ~lyMauojna.
Kao pauajc uap JOBaH V lJ KalITaKY3}IH, TaKO cy 11can
3 0 Ilejauoanhnaa n~taC\,o\10HorpatP"jy J. Xauu-Bacu.uenuha Ilpauuu II
KouciiuiniuunIleianoeuhu. Bcorpan, 1{)()2. ~bU\()BY ponocnonuy Tu611UU.Y BHAC-
Til KOA J UPCtICKtl, Die 11uve und die SOIIlII! des Despoten Esau von Epirus. 131'1.ncugr,
Jahrbuchcr I (1920) 6 r()J\I1I1Y 6u'rKe lin Pl)Hllllil~10, y xojoj cy na.1J1 Mapxo 11 * AYT()P ynorpefirsaaa (l611~IK Tonop. iIf'J,l\(lua'l CC. y osoj KH>JJ:iH, onpe-

K()IIC'T'U!lT~11iBlIlle1'" Kt)j\ n. CII. Pa}\c)j'lllfttl Y .Borocnoan.y"!l (1927),293. II J~. Ae11Ho 1a 0611I1K TCOAOP. IJI(ll' .. VI).I

LO 11
,a,. Auacrncujcauh
~~---------------------------------
ORII necpe hH 1'1 B lI3aH'1'lJHl.\11, aacn CrIJl>CIIII En aC1'()-
Jby6.;nC\1, crann ynna-mrn caojc aajcrpaunuijc HCIlPll-
jarcn.c. Ocxra IIJIHjC. y cnoje CB(,~e, 11JlynIJ 11~1 ruuc ~l
caxm Hd PYKY, AGl ocnoje Bl13a TfTlljCKO na pCTBO. VI '3
)KHB()'l'()IJllCel necnora Crerpa na Jlaaapennha 0,[\
Koucrarrrnua Cl).HJI030Cpa suave ~a cy ]J HeKl1 CpIICKIJ
Ben axam ~l 6'fJIl[ OKJIeBCTanll Crediaaa KO~ Baj a3JI'!'(\, ua
rajao urypyjc C Yrpuaa. rn, jc 3aTO IJ Crcrpaa ~10pao IIftH
Bajasury na CC 0)( 'rora orrepe. Cauo TJITO KOHCTaHTHH
<PI1JI030CP He Ka)KC na jc TO 61IJIO Y Cepy. A cnaxaxo ,je
CJlII'laH 110B0)1 6HO J.f no..1acKY KOHc'raHTIIHa Ilejanonuha
xa Bajaanry y Ccp.
Ha CBe OBC )l(an6e, o6ecHII ocuaunnjcxn cYJI'I'aH
ce. KaKO nan.e BeJIe 06a uoxcuyra eusam ajcxa n~ICI(a,
Y)Kc\CHO pa3JbYTHo IIa OTIT)')Kclle cnoje XpTfTJlhaHCKe
KJ1C1'BCHHKC 6anKaHCKe, II o6acyo IlX jc HajYBpCJ~JbllBII-
jH~1 pe'{[II~Ja II HajQPlhlll\1npcnsaxa. Ban cc6c OA r1-ICBa,
. "
OH jc, urrannme, 3aTH~f aapenno .JeAHo~1 CBO~l BOJBO~M
yIIl KOrrJl)eHMKY, na FIX npexouob KPllll10~1 CBC rrorytia.
Cpehox, raj sojaona, KOjM ce jour O}~ rrpc ~1J10rO noneo c
MaHojJIO~1 II npanao OA a.era ~1Hore nOKJIOHe, He
II
1I3BpIl1113anOBCCT caora rocnonapa, Bajanrr ce, nax, IlO
yj}"rpy sch 6110 OAlhyTIIO, na ra 3,1 Ty HCrJ{JCnYIUHOCT He
cauo nuje Ka3HllO, Hero ra jc jour 06}~apIio. A H
caKYIIJbCHC xprnnhascxe BJTanaOI(C jc nO~JJIJIOBao. ornyc-
'rilEIlll1 lAX C ~1HpO~1 xyha, CC~1 M anojnona 6pa1'a
Tconopa, Thera je, KaKO Hal\l AUQH1Ijc npu-ra C(1~1 uap •

MaHojJ1() II y CB()~1HaArpo6JIO~1 cnony y~1PJl()~1 Tconopy,


Busaniiuticku uap Mt1110jJ10 Il Ilaneonoi
sanpxao KOJ( ce6e xao cyxn.a: 11,\ ic, BOJ~chlI ra ca cotiou,
(I'. OCTp()r{)pCKH. kicutopuia Busonuui]e, Ec()r·r(lJ~.1959)
ynao Y Tccanajy, H lIpHfly~JII() ra na ycryrm Me' MOHR

12 13
A. Auacrucujcuuh ('1)11K J1 MA - BI1.]Afll'I1J(_'KA usrnu»
Moucxrsacnjy. CC{\l 'fora, JIOKYlllclO jc M3HYJ~11'J'11~1)' H mrrapa Ilauapcra. na je OHa UlJJl3 xhn rpancayrrrcxor
rpan Aproc. 110, K()A 'rccancxc PCKC Cncpxnja, TCOAOP napa AJlCKcH.ja [II Koxramra (yxrpnor 1390). a YAoBa
jc YCIIC()yrchu If'3 Eaja311ToBa noropa, rypxsreacxor cxmpa Tauucnnna (nonmy nor 1386 )~.
Mchyrnu. no ~a1hC1\1 Ka3HBaJbY cJ>palll\C 11 KaJ{ je Eaja311T onpxao CKYII ca cnojn» XPI11II-
XaJJKOIIKO}1~IJIa. Bajasurouc KJlCTBCIIIIKC jc IbCr()BO haHCKl11\l xnernennuuua 6aJIKaHCKl1~f Y Cepy? IIo
06CClI0 uouauran,e upesia fuH~la y CCIJY 3l16oncJIo AO KOHC'1'aH1'~[HY (I>HJl030CPY, )1CCnOT Crcdiau .ie pauu
cpua. Crora cy ce OHII, npe Hero llITO he ce oryna orrpannau.a on xnenera 0 CB()~"I iuyponarsy C Y rpnsra,
pc13J1h11, rajno noronopnnn Ii ~~LKJTeJllf ce jCAa11 npyrou 1"(a O'I'I'llUaO xa Eaja3H'I'Y npe fiJITKe Hd Ponnnaua - naKne.
he npnou 3rOA0{\{ orrracrn OA Bajasnra, ~Ina he ce K30 IIpC ~1aja 1395. rO):(KHC. A Eaja31IT }'1)! jc aa n.erona npan-
caBC3HMl\H yaajauno nOAP)KaBa'I'll AO csrprn. A nap A3I-ba ouronopno: .Ko jc OA OHJ1X KOjH cy npmoroaunu
Manojno CC, IIPl! rosr, joiu H OPOAlfO C KOHcfraHTITHo~1 rJIaBY Yrpuaa, nocrnrao urro Y csojoj AP)J(aBI'l?~~ Ila
Ilejanonnheu, JICnpOClIBIllJI a.crony xhcp JCJICHY, C IIO~1CHYBIIJ~I 6yrapcKc uapene I) octane, caeeronao ~Iy jc
KOj01\f CC 3,1'1'1-11\1 seuuao Y Ilapurpany. Xanxouxounnn. na OCTaHC scpaa Jbe~fy. IIo T01\le IJ3fJICAa na je cxyn y
nax, uonajc Aa je Manojny BeB pannje n.eron OTaI~ JOBaH Ccpy 6110 nocne Bajasnrcna noxopcn,a Byrapcxc. TO
V 6110 nonce aa )KCIIY xhcp rpnxor napa 'rpaIlc3YH'j'CKOr, jeer nocne jyna 1393. ronmre. Jnpeucx fa II 113 APyrllx
xrnany 11Ht06lIlIHO nerry YAOBHI~y jenner rypcxor euupa, pasnora sancra (1 CTaBJba Y 31i~fy 1393-94 fOAl-IRe5.
no nxreny 3C~'JlIIHa. ARM ce Jonan, KOjH jc 6HO spno cna- Ilpeva 'f01\fC 6R R nap Maaojno 11CllPOCllO Jeneny )' 1'0
nocrpacran lIOBeK II KOjl1 ce aajsan 360r rora paseoneo speue. AJlK JlpO'I'JIIB rora rOB()pH cnenouria <DpaH~IIHa,
OA pCy~1aTH3~1a1 nc Mory};}, YCTaTH ~II[ Ita uorc, 'rOJII1KO na je Manojnon ClfH 11 npsa HaCJ1C,l.(HHK,nap JOBaR VII]
3(:11hy6~IOY A~IBHY BepeHI1I(Y cnora cuaa, na jy je ca11 yseo, II aJIeOJTOf, KaA jc 31. OK'I'o6pa 1448. rOAHHe JlpOMeHRo
OTeBWH je CHHy. (_l)paH1~a TO npchyrxyjc, xao urro jc
npehyrao 11 npacycrso JOBaHa VII y Ccpy, II a.erona
Tal\.10ITIJ-ba pOBCJ-ba KOIl Bajasura npoTIIB crpnna 4 BUJ,eTII0 CBC~fy roprse« cJ>pnllu,y. 113Aillb<! fin{;I10oiiv.10, I (Jlajuunr.
Maaojna II. (ppaHI~a je 61JO nsopjanun nocncurscr B113aH- Teubner) 1935. crp. 02. 2~. II A.: XUJ1KOIfl\OH,ll,lfna. IIJA. llapuo, I (I Y22) 74. 17 JI
It· )/('IO(JILtOIILIC CITtecpolloJlasapeeuka vo Kouciiunuuuua ([JlI.IOJocj1n, HJJt
rnjcxor napa K011cTaH1~rfHa Xl, cnua MaHojJIOBa, 3 yHYKa loiut; r.laCHItK 42 (IX75) 267/H (npea fl. MllpKOBUh. Eeorpan 1930. CK3
Jonana V, ITa uchc ~a npaua 0 'l'11~1py)I(H11~1crsapnaa 3a 6poj 265, crp, (5/6) lIa/~rpo6Ho ClIOB() Mauojna II 6P31'Y TCOAOPY. J13A.
na.1f6poc )' 3611{J/'ll u.seopa JO lICIII()Pllj}' ollllnClltllie Ilaseonoia II
uapcxa Ilanconora,
J~()~I Anl1 AOl.\HlIjH XaJIKOHKOrl}lHn IIe.l()I((}II{·,Jll, III (1926) 53 n n; TpanC:JYHTCKY XPOIlUKY Ilaaupe rouy, II:5A. A.
HeMa TaKBe 063Hpe. Illro CC, nax, 'fl-lt[C }]()l\lCHY1'e Xaxauo« ( c PJCKI1M npcsonoa JI oGjaUJI-bClbllf>1U). Ml)CKIlCl. 1~)5. rn. 49. " 52
(ynop,« r.i. 2), \)9. " 32).
aecybene npnc )f<CIIC Mauojnosc, xojy My jc yrparino ) K. Jnpeue«. /1cllroplJin C/J6(J, (npcuco J. PaAl)II~,I;) Kill. fl. Eeorpau,
• • •
orau, ~f~{o n.oj jour Ca3HajeMO on 1'pallC1)'IITCKor xpo- 1923: II RYl. Zcitschr. 18. SR4/5.

14 15

A. Auacrucnjeauh enI K MILA - BH3AfITHICKA L(APl1111l

cscroa ~ aaapurno 56 rO,UI1H<l, 10 MCCCl(l1 M 15 nana AP)l(C, CaCBI1Nl paann-mo on Jape-rexa, na cxyrr y Ccpy
)l{Hl30T3, IDTO 6H: 3HalII1n(),ua ce PO}1HO 1391. ronane (14. cnana Y 1391. rOJ{H1Iy. M()){(Aa C upauoa, Jep ITO,ie,UHo~!l
~er~e~\'f6pa)o. 3aTo nan.na Jnpc-rex II ysasra na je AOCTa CTapC)M rptIKOM neronacy ro Hm<aKEOr rypcxor
Maaojno yroHOp110 fipax C JeJTeHO~f,He aa n01vtCHy'l'O~1 YIlenonoaes nnje 6JiIJlO 1394, nero 1391. ronaac.
y118)..{a
cxyny y Cepy, HHTH 1393-94 ronane, Hero npe 1391. Hajian, Il poplje ret\1~IC1' Y CBOM HeKpOJIOry ~apIIQH
rouune'. Ho, no npyron jC)~HO~1nonarxy <PpaHI{IIHOl\1x, JeJleHH xaxe H3pe JHO, A8 jc OHa IIOlIlJIa sa Manojna
t

10Bal-I VTIl anje 6HO Mauojnoao IlpBO nere, neB je nacxopo [10111'1'0 jc OH HaCJIeJ(HO oua, IllTO raxohe sarsna
MaRojJIO npc iscra ustao H jell}!)' xbep, a n jenner Cl1HCl, 3Ha t[Ii 1391. ronase II.
• • •
o KOJHl\la ce 1l0CJlC BI1Ule HIIIIJTa He \IYJe, Jep cy BaJb~a
pano rrO~'{PJIH. AKo 611 l1 ro 6~IJIaManojnona neua OJ:(
J enene, a He OJ1nexe a.erose. Ha.r..1aHCII03Ha1~C, pauaje
)((CHC. oaua 6w Jcneny ~'fopao Y3eTH 6ap ~Be-rrpl1
OH
rO~ffHe rrpe 1391. C upyre CTpaHC, no Ilenrepy", 0 •

HeKaKBOM cacraaxy Manojna II, lherona 6paTa Teoaopa,


Josaua Vll H KOHc~faHTfIHa Ilejanonnha KOA Bajasnra
rosopa MaHojJIO II, He caxro y ropenouenyrou nanrpofi-
HOlvi CJlOBY 6paTY Teonopy, np)T{aHOM HeKO H313eCHO
npeue no Teonoponoj C[\1PTI11407. rOAHHe, Hero H y jen-
HOM nHCMY, KOjC jc AClIffMlr~e B3,Uao B. de Xivrey Y cnojoj
MOHorpa¢II.iH 0 MaHojJIY II (IIapH3, 1953), a sa xoje •
Ilcnrcp MDCIIH ~a je H'3 1390191 ronane, Haxanocr, lvll1
He",{a~{o TY crapy [.f BCOMa peTKY MOHorpacpHjy y
Beorpany, re He Mory B.HAC'l'H urra ynpauo y PC\lCHOM
IlJiUIC. Ha jsan, HCKH ncropa-rapn (JIaM6poc, Bacarsen)

6 Bnnern <l>pallUY Y u:JJta1bY flaiinoOll)',ttO I (Jlajuuar, Teubner) 1935. 124,


15. H ~.
K. Jupeuex, /1CUlO. crp. 71.).
I

X BIIACTII <l>paHl,Y y 11:i,QatllY T/llltlll){)tl)'.'lO I ( Jlajuuur. Teubner). 1935, 10 BUACTIt Y 60HCKO~1 111AalbY ,UYKC. C1'p. 51 0, ~. ~I
~,
124. 15.11)1,. II SIIJ1c'ru: JlaM6poc, 36uPKO LIJ60pa sa lICITi()Pl.Ljy Olfll£lCICIIIJ)'

Y JJ.t;J1fCP JOhClll(!SS 1'111. Byz. I.eilschr.) 1 (1931),27. Ilaneonoia (I Il enoiionesa, III, crp. 272.7. ~IIt.

16 l7
>KI1HOTY J CnClflIHY Y B JI3ctH'I'IIj JI HC 311a CC
~tH()rO. AJIH~ l1 II) rora lIITO CC 3Ha,
nponapyjc na jc ro OllJla, KaO Ii I-I,el-I ~ly)J{.
uap Manojno. encprmma lI, npu rou, npJIO ~'fYl~pa,a
BHUIC cncra nyna B})JTIIHa II nllC)(»I<lll)C'I'll I~JT3aH'1'JljcKa
uapnua, 11 ,~ajc Y CBO joj H()BOj O'I'cll,l6rTHII C'I'CKJIa BCJIITKll
yrnen If OJIIIJ're IIOIDTonaIhC. To joj, yocranoxr, xao IIITO
hcxro BlJAC'ffJ, upusuajy II CanpCl\lCIIIIJ~II. 01:a cc ynana sa
Mauojna, Ka,n cy Brr3aHT~HU;11 II OC'I',111116aJIKaHCKH
XP1I[Uft<lH11 Jlpe)!(lIBJT>aBa.iI11 najrexa npexicua. Bajasar je
6HO CBCO BTI3aHTIIjcKo ~apCTBO r01'013() casro aa rrpe-
CTOHIU(Y Ilapurpan II ua ITe1l011011e3, na jc npcnyanxrao
~lCpC M Aa fa CaCnIIl\1 36pIIlllC. A (1'r~10C(pepy cy TpOBaJIC
II ~(Jlore cBalje caxnrx Ilaneonora. Ilonyure,
113~'le}jy
lIOCJIe Bajasnrone nponacra KOA AHrO]"e (1402), ~1clno je
naxsyno BM3aHTI1H~H~ia. AnM nOCJIe 20 ronaua, lbcrOB
yHYK M ypar II one'!' uann Bl1'3aurnjy. YOTIIU'l'C, Jcneua je
H~lana Y BIl3aH'rI1jH SHIne ropKIIX HCr()J1M cnarxnx A3Ha.
Ho, OHa je 11ca CBojl1I\.1 l\ry)l(C~J, II rrocnc n.era ca CI30jlUl
cuuosmra, xpa6po ,Il,CJll1JTacsa J1 CnOJT)cllIIH)a H yuyrpaunsa
ana. Yormrrc CC ~10)l(e pehu ga cy Bmairnnum, ~faJTO KaJ~
• • ••
Y CBOJOJ XI1J])anyrO,AIIIIIH,O) lICTOPllJI1. Jf~faJ111sa uapuuy
OBaKRY jenny cscrny .i111\IHOCT, KaKBa jc 61IJla 6allI I1pCn
nan B1l3aH1'Iljc OI~a IbHX013a jenarra ua puna CpJICKOr
pona. HaKO je Gnna KM KOHC'J'aH'rHH()Ba~ OITa CC no
crpnuy ssana Ilparamcsa. A 11 H)eH CI1H. nocJ1CllJ-J,JI 11,)i/HI, if iipunucso II.Juopooui« IIlIJ1{J().1()lll
RJiI3aH'l'11jCKJlfuap K()J-IC'l'aII'rl-fH Xl, 11,1'~I'[Ba()cc t,Aparcllfl". (~lJ1H~rj(:lrrYI)a.oxo 14()(). ron)
(D. Talbot Rice, The B)JZOI71117es. l.ondon 1964)

18 19
A. AII(tC'J acajenuh crnsnts» -BJ1.3/tHTH1CKA LlAPUf{A

Jcneua ~'fe~y I'pmrua nnje satiopaan.ana HH crsapn, OAROCll na uapuuy JC.rICHY, na cc TaKO C:'vfaTpa
Cp6e. Harrpornn, OAP)KaRaJla je 11 AaJbC >KlfBC sese ca CRe no ~aHac.13
Cp6IIjO~I,1.lHHClilI 3 Ta~'ro CBaKO uoripo. 11 y-mpurhyjyhu KaA jc 3al'I1~1 uapuua Jcncua 113ry6HJla OI~a
CprrCKO-BH3aH'1~HjCKO npnjaren.crno. Taxo, ua npnuep, y 6HIlJI na PORWRaMa, OHa je JOIU Y oKT06py
KOHCTaH'I'IIfHa
OH<:l CC OKO 1394. rO):{HHC. sajcnnc C ~ly)l(e~l. sayacna KOIl 1395. rOJ~I1He,oner aajenno c ~l)')Ke~1 Maaojnoxi, npao-

ranamu.er uaparpancxor narpajapxa ga cpncxoxr rOCIIO- JlO)KHJIa ua purpancxou
3Ha~ICHIlrl'()~1 ~lalJaCTHpy Cn.
napy y ABJIOHR MpK1ll11. CHI')' sojuone )l(clpKa ca yrnha
t JOBaHa Ilperexe Y xsapry Ilcrpa, xojn jc ~'laHaCTIfP H
Bojane, H Teonopc AejaHoBIIll~BC. 'J'CTKC JeJTeHJIHe, aaa-re mrao TeCHHX nesa ca Cp6H1vla, 500 3JIa'j'H}JX IICp-
nOTBPAD 11 OR, Ben 3aKJb)(lICHJ1. Ii OJ( OXpl1ACKOr apXJI- rrepa, C TI~l ,Ua ~faHaCTITpCKa 6paTITja 1a raj HOBa~ KyIUJ y
enncsona 6JIarOCnOBJbeIDI, 6paK ca Pyranou (Pcrnuosr), Ilapurpany HCKO m1aIDC OA xora he nyha orono 50 nep-

xhepjy Bamne Banuraha n KO~1HlIHC, HaCJIellHH~e nepa ronauuser npuxoua, na na 1'aJ IIpHXOA 1'porIfH na

otinacrn OKO ASJIOHe, l\1a,I(a 'raj Mpxunm fipax Hnje 6HO caaxonenen.ne nrrrypraje H na CBaKOrO~lfl1l1bH nOMeH sa
npaaanaa. Jcp ce Teonopa Ilcjanounhena, xraru MPKillH- AYWY ,,6.1laJ/Ceflo2 II 8eJlllKOCJ1aBIl02 iociiooapa Cp61tie,
na, no C11pTH )l(apKoBoj 6JfJTa npeynana sa Banmnna 20ClioOLlHa Konciiianiiiuna, ot~a .A10nHe u ceeuie HaM 20C[iO-

6paTa Bopha BaJIII1Hna, xojn je 'I'H~fC nocrao O'(IYX oaptce It enaoapke". 0 rove l-{a~r ce ca-tynao aKT caaor
Mpxnrmr. Ha sanarau,c napa ~I uapauc, narpnjapx je l\'faHaCTIIpa Ilpere-raaa, 1I3 xora cy
OBe pelill.14 If

saacra H nacao MPKTUH, na, r]01lI1~O jc M pxma crynao Y Me~YTH~I, Baja3HT je llOCJIe rrooenc HaA
osaj 6paK KaKO GH 3arOCIJO.f\apIfO otinaurhe ABnOHC Ii xpcratuxoa sojcxoa yrapcxor xparsa )l(IITMYH~aKOA
6paHHO ranonm,e xpuurhane O~ senepnnx Typaxa, TO Hnxorrorsa (1396) CTaBffO BH3aHT.HjH HO)J( non rpno,
•• •
narpajapnrnja HHTH l1CnUTYJe HlITB Hl111l1'~I 'ry n.erony Typua cy HeIlpeCTaHO nycronmnn OKOJllIH)' Ilaparpana,
)KeHK):{6y. A OH HCKa ~ionMTBa~la 11 noopo-rrmcrsaua rrpecexasnm Llaparpabanaua cBaKY Be3Y C KOIlHOM, Ii
33CJIY){(H OA Bora onponrraj csojoj nyrnn: napy, nax, Ii
spctiajyha IIPHJIHKY ]la nponpy H )' rpan. A H Manojnon
caaosau, upereanear JOBaH VII. Bajanrros nrrahenax,
uapaua uexa 6y,Ue aaxsanaa sa ony narpujapxony •

norrycnsanocr npeva fhC~f)7. Y rmcay narpajapxony ce


Mpxuia Ha3l1Ba napeunu, a HC u.apH'IFfHlf~1 6paTO~1 OA
TCTKe. AnH je jom 11. PYRapaQI2 csiarpao J~a ce TO, Y
13 B~1Ae'111 rp-rxu TeKCT narpnjapxoaa nUCMa KOA Mnxnoumha 11
Munepa, . leta patriarch. II. 230 "J~; 0 MPKWIl II IbcrOBo!'.t 6paKY c PYfUHOl\1
(Peruaou) BUAeTu TeKCT K. Iupeuexu Ciioseuuuu ('{JlICI{{I, CnOl\tCHIlK CKA,
XI. 1892. CTp. II. 11 A.
12 klnapnou Pysapau () Klte.J)' Jlasapv, HOBIJ CaJ\, I XX7. 14 Bnaern ~toj cpncxn npeaon ror a...ra y .,b( )('()C.'I()J!JL y" II ( 1927).297 - 300).

2() 21
CPIIKIJlb,1-BJ1.JAIII·UJCKI111APJ1IIA
.-•

'"
l
t • to nOl10BO je n()KYITJaBclO na ce no-rena IlpCCTOJTa. I10JI())l(clj

-t- sa BII3aHT~lH~C nOCTa o-raja H. Cpchou, Ha l\fon6y

MaHoj.TJOBY rppamrycxosr xpan.y Kapny VI aa TTO~f()h,
.(. - Aolje 113 (l)paHI~YCKC srapman EYCIIKO ca MaJIO~l, ann
••
• • jYHalIKOt.1 lIC'l'()~l cppaHI~)'CKIIX BIITe30sa. OH ca cnojuu
xpatipmr Typxe OKO Ilapurpana, A
p(11'HJ1~1l){('i cY3611

yjenao YCIIC l13~fHpIITJIuapa Manojna ca JOBaHo~1 VII, rc
osaj ornane ())~Typaxa IJ OIl ()A Maaoj.ra npunrseu )'
Ilaparpan. Jla aJIaK, CBe T() 6ClllC casro npaapeucno
onaxurau,e uporus cnnnor Bajanrra. Crora ce nap
MaHojJ10. no casery EYC1IKoa, KPC1'C, 3ajeJ{HO ca fhHl\1. ua
3allaA na Ta~ro rpaxn Betty Tl()~10h npOTIIB rypcxe onac-
HOCTM (xpajcu 1399). Ilapcxa npecro Ii o}.(6paH)' npc-
cronnue nonepa CBOl\l cnnosny JoBaHY VII. Ca cotioxr
nosene II )l(CHY C nenoxr, Gojeh ~r ce Aa Eaja3JJT Y
~fcljYBpe~ieHY fIC OCBOjH UaplITp<IA J1 He 3apo61I lIX.
3aTJThf nx y3 rryr OCTaBII Hd -rynan.e KOJ.( csor 6paTa,
necnora Teonopa y fIenOIIOHe3Y, a OH sa EyCIIKOO~1
upouyxa nY'I' Y 3arraJJ;HY EBPOIIY. Ho, 3anYA jc OR TaMO
ofiajao nparouc IIpBO IJTaJTHjaHCKl1X, na OHJ.(3 cppaH-
~ycKor R CHrnCCKor KpaThCBCKOr ABopa. CBM cy fa
06aCRnaJIli nouacraua, noxnouuaa " o6chalbHl\fa. AnII

noxroha ~ly }{IICY nann. 3aI1anHa Eupona 6CIIIC raua
acysnure 3a}'3CTa croronmnu.aa paron 11APYflTh1 CYK()-
nOH()l~O npM1'CCHll Ilaparpan .

• 61Il\fa. Eaja31J1', nax,


113rJ1CAalIO je )la jc ca crapoxr Basaarajosr cnpIIlCHO .
Ana OHa 611 ll3HeHal~a cnaceua C aaujcxor MCTOKa, na jc
Mct1IUjJ10 II Flanconor n3~le})y cnnouua Jonana VII It )I(llBOTapHna jour nona CTOJICfia. MOHrOJTCKII KaH TH~1YP
CIIHa JOBaI[cl VIII (Ta~fCPJIaH) P<;l36JT II sapotiu Ea.ia3JTTa Y xpnanoj 611l~11
(L. Brehier, L(I civilization B}1:(117Iille, Paris. 1950)
KOA Aarope (28. jyna 1402). Eajasarosa ocsojcn.a y
22 23



b __
II' -,


)If

Manoj A3HjB OH 3aTlL\1 IIOBpaTJJ Ta~10111fbJIl\f pannjaa


CMllpHt.fa. Aaajcxu ACO OC~{aHJIHjcKor napcraa 6u TFll\fe
seoaa oxpa.ea. Y OC'l~a'J'Ky.nax, 1'Orucna ~Iy eBpOIICKO~1
AeJIY HaCTa jCAaHaCCTOrO)lJIllIJha 6op6a OKO npeCTOJIa
H3~lC~y 'IeTBOpHQC Eaja3WfoBIIX cuaona. Xpmuhaucxmr
KJICTSeHHqID'la OC~laHJIJlja na EaJIKaHY npyscrna CC npa-
• •
JIHKa Aa ce CJIO)K}{OAHfHy H nporepajy cnoje ynscrare
83 EBpOfIC. Ho, xpaurhauu CC He CnO)K1IIIIC. neh ce,
RanpOTHB, sa npaspeaene KOPHC'fH, H casn: rroxrcnratne y
6op6y Eaja3H1~OBl(X CIIHOBa, nO~la)l()'hH jenua jCAHJI]\la, a
APyrH APyrR]\'fa OfJ, fhliX. TaKO cy OHM paJ~HJII1 AOK HJ1CY
oxoryhana Cyncjnany na carpe Hey, Myea na YHMlII'!'H
CYJIej11aHa, H Haj3afJ, Hajl\{JIa~e]\i Mcxsreny I na no6eJ~11It
fIory6H Mycy, II na Ca]\1 saunana 1(enO~1 Ocaaanujcxoa
AP}KaBOlvl H na je OTTeT oxpena (1413). A nOCJIe je sa
xpaurhaae 6HJIO ):(o~KaH.
y spexc anropcxe 61iTKC Manojno II cc aanasao
y Ilapmy, KYAa cc 6RO sparao H3 JIoHAoHa. Ha a.erono
rauaunsc 6aBJbelbe y cppaHI~ycKoj npCCTOJr}Il~H noaceha
• • •
Hac H naaac jenan rp-rxn PYKOIlIIC, KOJH JC OH 'rOM rtpa-
JIHKOM nOKJIOHHO rra]\10111lhC~f tIYBeHO~i ~faHaCTHpy CB.
AHoHHcHja (St. Denis), 11 KOjM CC can tlYBa y xrysejy y
JIYBPY. PYKOllHC jc anycrponaa. A jenaa on cnaxa Y
lbCMY rrpaxasyjc Ca]\10r Manojna, sajcnno ca )KeHO~1 ~fy
uapanou JCJIeHO~t, ca 1'pOjIIl(OM lbCrOBI1X CmIOBa,
H
I1peCTOJIOHaCJJC~HHKOJ\1 II 6YAyftl1M BH3aH'fHjcKHt-ft napex
JOBaHoM VIII, )leCnOTOM TC()J\OPOM 1-1 npHHJ~e]\1 Llap Mauoino II u I(Q{Jlll(CI Ienena Ilpaiatu co cuuoeuua
AHAPOHHKO~f, xojc cy OHM AOTne H11aJII1. Ha CJIH1(11jc JOBallOM, Teooopou II AHOPOHllKOM
03fO Borosrajxa ca Mna~CHl~el\f XPHC'fOM y xpnny. (~fHHllja1'ypa OKO 1400)
Herron fbe, nax, CTojM ua xoraua ]~apCK(1 110pO~HI~a y (I', OC1'porOpCKJiI, Jt/CiU()Pllill BllJ(1lliullicl, Beorpan, 1959)

24 25
A. Auacracujeuuh

BJ1aJ(anc\lIKII".J O}le)K)(al\la. ca xpyuaxia na rnasn. a


Maaojno, Jeneua Ii JOI3aH JOIl1 TI ca Hlll\16ycH~{a OKO
rnane, It CEIl ca cxnrrrpnva y )~CCH()j pynn, Ilccuo ()J( oua
je J OBa II Vlll, a TCOAOP II A IIJ(POHIIK cy JI3l\Iel)y otia
pouurcn.a. ~Iro IIPl~lI(cpenisu 110 ronnaaua) no OJ~a,a ~ nac Bajasnrosoj nponacru II sapotiaca.y
0
npyru (uajunahn) }~()~1aTcpc. OIJIJ C)f C13cl rpojnua jaw K(»)\ AHf()PC CTIJra() je y Ilapns TCK IIOCJle
neua. Borouajxa jc IfCIIPY)l(IJJlcl ofic pYKe no 113Hal( rnana 'L'PH tvleCClI,a trpcxo Mncraxa: H a 1'0 ua p
napa n uapuuc, (inarocan.ajyhn J),eCII()C\1 Manojna. a Maaojno, nyu paAOCTI1, IIO~C narpar xyhn (y HOBe~r6py).
J1CBO~1 J eJICH}'. VI cro cy 1'aK() JICfIP)')l(CHC II I1C)'COBC AOIIJJOBlllilliH y nCHony II uojaxauuin OnaTJlC Y MnCTKC,
pytIJ11~C, ro jeer )~CC1{a y npasuy rnane MaHojJl()BC, a nc- OIJ CC 'ry YKpI\a aa Ilapurpan. Kyna npucne rr()\IC'!'KO~t
nana y IIp,lJ3I\Y J cncuanc f11a I~C. ITpIt BIJXY HH]\'f6yccl, ()K() H}~yhe1403. rO}lJIHC. Ycnyr jC Aa6()r~le, oner CSpa'l'IIO xa
1

fRaBC Boroponn-mne. IlI1liIC cxpaheuo rp'fKiI C jeuuc 6parry TCOAOP)I y Ilenononea, TC jc oryna yseo ca co6o}.:t
cTIJaHc.Maru'', a C npyre c'rpaHe "fiu)Kja·'. A Ii RJllIIe )KellY li neuy. Y Ilapurpany, OH IIPH~1Ii BJIaCT 01\ csor 3ac-
rnana CBlfX ucr tIJIaHOBa napcxc IIOPO)(III\e nanasc CC 'rYIIIDfKa J08alJa VII. Ho y6p30 ce C lhM~1oncr sanana, na
[-1rrrrynana. CI[H~taKone
narnncn C lblIXOBII[~'f ~I~lCHH~1a ra nporepa IIa JCARO rp-rxo OCTpBO. 3aT~Il\'f ce noronn ca
cnnxe noncnn cy Y aaurc BpC~'lC IIOK. Jlauripoc y CSO~1 Cynejxraaoxr. npH3HaBIIIlIfa xao aajnpener HaCJleAT[})K3
AJI6y~ly nuxoaa nmanrujcsux napena 11A. Bacnn.en y Bajasurcua 11 ofiehamun xry IIO~fOh IlpOTIIB OC !'aJ1e r

cppaHu.YCK()~l l131\a If,Y csojc CHfJJeCKC MC'I'OPI1je 6pcllie. A Cynejuan My sa ro ycryrm }ICKOnJ1KO rpaxxnx
BH3aHTl1jcKOf uapcrua". rpanosa na UPHOt.1 ]II Mpaaopnosi ~10Py H H~ KonTI)', 11
ConYH ca C13eTO~(rOpO~1 (yrosop y Ilepa 01\ JYHa 1403).
Hajsan cc KOHatIHO a3~llfp111i ca CHHOBI~e~1 J OBaHO~1 V1I~
nOCnaBIIII1 fa na )lO)KIlllO'rHO uapyje y COJI)'HY H HaA
CBCTOlvl Fopou. Q'l'KaK() jc Cynejaaua cxraxao Myca
(1411), Manojno ce xropao 6paHIl'fll on Mycc. Ann n ro
npohe, KaJ~, saxean.yjyhn cascsy C BM3aHTRHl\Hl\1a 11
Cp6H~'la, Mexven 1 pa36H H y611 Mycy (1413). JC? HOBfl
CYJlTaH He cavo urro je ()J~~laX nOTBpAIIO Mauojny CRe
* A YT()P onac uanouuu.e ua y J onunuxmauu Tt!KCT pacnpasc HIIJe . '3e~1JbCxojc ~1Yje 6I1o nao Cyncjuan, Hero jc H aa J(CJ1C
()6jaBno C:lIl"'Y. ~6()r cnafior orucs,a Y onoj l\J-bIlJII c.'lnt..y l)6jaRfuvjc~lo ua CTp. •

25. npcva l11'lIcKY It] "tuJlfC Feopruja OCl poropcxor l1elltopuio Busanuuue. csoje BJla)~C (1413-1421) OCTa() Y ~11TpyIi IIpIIJa1'CJbC'rsy C
CK3. Ecorpan, 1959./f·jaii. )'1)./ fhJtllvf.

26 27

A. Auacracnjennh •

ronmra 6HJle cy najcpchaaje A06,\


TJ-IX ocaxr
Manojnoso II JCJ1eHlJHO. TIo C~lp'J'II cnor Gpara. uccnora
nCJlOnOHCCKor Tconopa (1407), Mauojno rave nocranu
sa ACCIIOTa caor npyror CHHa. 110 11~1eHy raxohe Tconopa,
xora CJ\10 nell uanpen Ilo~1eHyJlI1. A no C1'.tPTH CIIHOBJ~a:
conyacxor uapa Jonaaa VII (1408), OH Y ConYH IIOC.TT3,
oner xao necnora. csor rpeher caua, ropcnoxcuyror
. AH1~poH~rKa. Kp03 HCKOJII1KO rOAIIHa (1414) ()~I H cau
nOCC'll1 C~lHOBe Y ConYHY H Y Ilcnonoacsy, IIOKOpIIBlU~1
ycnyr OCrrpBO Tacoc, l'AC cy CC 6TlJIC OA~fCTHyJIC HeKC
SeIltvtO)l(C.CrnraBII[H YIlenonoaes, ()J( jc 11rauo casnanao
113BCCHe O)~~feTHIIKc. A Kcl,I{ jc ynupno 11 1'y 0611aC1'
ynyrpa, OH Je ocarypa u on CIIOJbHIIX nponana. orrpa-

BHBIIIIJ crapa JYC'l'I1Hl-rjaHoB 3Jln XCKCal\IIJJIHOII na KO-


p11111\Cr<0~1 3ClvrJJ)OY3Y. no IIOBpaTKY o'I'YJ(a y Ilapnrpan
(1416), OH II Jencua Kp03 HeKO npeve O)KCHliJUe najcra-
pajcr CHHcl~uapenaha Jonana VIII, TanlljaHcKorvl npanuc- ~-.....---... ---.
• •
._ -
30~t COCPlfjO~i Mompcparcxoa (1418). AOAYIue. Corpsja
je nocnc HCKOJIHKO ronuna, 360r HCBcpcTBa csora ~ly)Ka,
KOjH j)' je saaeuapao xao HC~OBOIhlIO neny H 3a6aBJhaO ce
C JleIIII[l1~1 >KeHal\1a,oJ(6erna o~ n.cra narpar xyhn (1426.
1lOCJIC caprn Mauojnonc), a JOBal1 Vlll cc HRCKOPO O)J(CHtJ ,
__ . •

nOH()BO xhepjy rpanesyarcxor napa Ancxcnja IV (1427). ..


f:!....
Ilorne neh 6elllc Y}'1PO upnjarcn, Maaojnon . .1-..
Mexuej; I, a HacnCAIIO ra je eRH Mypar II (1421-1451).
IT()A }herOBlI~f BO~C1'BO~1OC~IaHJ1HjcK() uapcrso, nOW'fO
cc sa BJIclAC a.erona oua onOpaBIIJIO 0).( asropcxor ynapa
Ii OA l\tCl)yC06HliX 6op611 OKO rrpCCTOJ1a, HaCTa13l1 crapy Llap JOHa~1VIII, eRR uapnuc JeJICJle )J,paral11

()CBaJallKY IIOnH1'HK)' IJa CBC crpanc, C HCTl1l\1nonerou (R. Browning, The Byzantine Empere. Vaschington. I ()92)
xao nOA Myparou I .H Eaja311'r{)M. Mypar II cc yripso

28 29
('1)11Kif Ibl1 - BJ13AH-!'fJ.fC·K A {[APr! IJA

oxperc IIpOTIJRBnaarrraaaua. sa lTITO xty OITlf ca~l11 npehc xa Mypary. Ho cpehou, ou cc uoxaja, 11,\ ~leC'J'Oxa
Aa){()IIIC nOBO)J,c:l, OHTT nYC'I'IIlITe nporun n.cra I-hGf()n()f Typuaua, one y YrapCKY. 3a H)I'f~l,KP()3 xojn xrcceu,
naxuor C1'pR~(1MYCTacp)', xojn ce join ())~ IIPC GII() CKJ1()- '1'a~10CTIDKe II J OBaH VIII Aa ~fl).nIi Y rpc aa nouoh npo-
HIIO K(»)l H>IIX. 3a TO ll~l on oricha r'lJlIJTlOJh. Ha J~Jf'3aH- 'I'tIB Mypara. A yjenno B~13c\H'1'MHUll fIOCJIalUe cYJITaHY
rujcxoxr J\J30py cc sa Mycrarpy sanarao napeunh ]()13(ltI join jCJ(HO TTOCnal[CTBO, C IIOHORHOt-.[ ~lon60i\1 3,1 ~IJJP.
VI)I, K() xrc jc ocrapenn MclIJ()j.TJ() BC t1 6110 II pcnao JC)~aH ()A nocnanaxa 6110 jc ~f ncropnnap <I>palll(a 15. O~T
AP)I(clBJIC nocnonc, a raxobe 11 HCKlf 13CJ1MKaIIJJ-T.I1CKYCHlf xaxe J(a jc nourao OA crparre rta PIII\C JeJ1CHC, uocchn
IT 06(13p~II~1) MaIfojJJO jc 61-10nporusan roj ouacnoj }lfI)II. fuCHY rv10JI6y n.enoj cynraaoaoj ~lahecII
Cl)\.))~tl~ll~l),
AJ1J-f jc HalIOCJJC1'KY nOJIycTJIO CIJH)'. 1-10, nrpa ncnane Mapa, KaKO 6H ce VI OHa K()A Mypara 3aY3CJ1a sa 06HOBY
HaOlIaK(). Mycradia rrpe cscra DIJeBc\pJ1 B II3aH'rl[Hl~C If IIC ~lIIpa, IlITO jc, BCJIli, Mapa ~l ypannna. 1-10 6l1hc na je
l(a)~eJf~t fclJIITnOJb. A 3aTII~t OH Oil TIt)6eljcH 11 y61ljeH O)~ <I)pall~a 'l'}' aanpamro HCKY 36pKY ca AOl(HI}jO~[
M ypara II. 3aJIy}~ can Bl13aHT~rjcKll rIOCJlaHM~11 )(O ljoITle MYP'lTOBO~f )f(eHO~1MapO!\1, xhcpjy nyp~a Bpanxonnha.
C)'nrany C ~fOJI6o~1sa TI3Jt.11IPCfl>C.OIl IIX OKOna II 6cll.(11 y Jep ~ftlHe saasro na je Myparos cran MCX~1CT( I nxrao 3a
T3 ~(Hlll(y, 11,1nane non Ilapurpau, onccnajyhu fa rpu )J(CHY HeKaKBY JeneHIIHY P()9clKY Mapy. Kaxo 6JiJ10 Aa
~fCCCI~a (ncru 1422). Ha 1'0 BlI3aH'1'1IHI~11 AJ1rOlIlC IIP()TlIB 6IlJlO. rex onora nyra cynraa npncrane na ~111P,rra OCITO-
n.era thCr()BOf 6pa1'a, Mycrarpy ~IJTa9cr. OA OJ31fX norpe- 60All H OHe panaje BH3aH1'JljCKC IIOCJlclHllKe (1424). Ho
ca: crapor Maaojna ynapu KarIJJ)a. Mypar, nax, cannana ~CHa 6eII1C csyna. B~!'3aH1'MHJ~n
~1()paf(OTTTe nOrlOBO TTpR3-
}II 1[()ry6~1~J ror upyror Mycrarpy, ITa 3(1 Ka3H}', IIOCJIa IIaTJ1 HaA C0601\1 OCMaHJIHjcKY nnacr xojy cy 6IIJlH crpccna
jC~H(.)r cuor BOjBOAY, xoja pasopa OIl MaH()jJIa nortpa- nocne 6HTKe KOA Anropc. Hacxopo ce J ouan VIII npara
BJJ>CHIJ 311T(Ira KOP.l1H']'CKOt\1 3Cf\1JI>OY3Y,II yuanc )' flJJ3aH- 113 Y rapcxe, HO npasuax uraxa. A Bpa'L'110 cc H Al1!\1I1 J'PHjC. r


TlfJCKY nccnoronnuy ]IeJJOnOHCCKY, re jc crpannro Mauojno, nax, yMpC (1425). uourro jc 61:10 yuiao y 78. rOA-
OJIJ1)(l-IK'l. Y.iCJ~H() Typ~11 npurecn IIIIIC II necnorouuuy HHylo. Ha ABa nasa rrpen C~(PT ce aaxanybepno non
CO.f1yHCKy. Ta~10111}bJlnecnor. CJlcl6YH,al3H Manojnon C}IH 11~leHO~1 Marej. Ilapmta JCJIClia ()C1'a ynosa.
AH}lPOHIIK, IIOITJJalllM CC na ce nchc l\fc)hll o)~p)[(arr}[, OH
IIpOJ~aAe COJIYH Mnc-mhuua (1423), KOjJI cy ra JJ.P)l(clJIlf
uo lI()lfORHOr rypcxor sayseha (j 430). Ysa CBe T(). OA~1C'1'-
15 BII)\e'l'lI ct>paH~Y y l13AaJ-bYIltliillVo{i )'.10 I (Jlajnunr. Teubner) 193S. 121,
uy cc npcrnocneuu,n CITH Ma H()jJIOn, IIP1[H~ Ilnunrpujc, 25 II ,\.

K()j~Ij()III uc 6eIIle )~06HO HIlKaKBY otinacr aa ynpany, n Ilap Maaojno II cuarpa ce, IIC'll)Jlpe~Jt:IH1. jCJlllll\1 ('li\ nujnehux nllJUII·
')'ujCII.IIXrurcaua. bUD jc 'IOBCI-. 8I1COl\IIXuurcnexrynauux II vopn ..auux npnnua:
3ajC}{I-(l) c HeKH~1 npncrunnuaaa, ()}I npcricxc ~J'3 6l.lBI((1 cc II TconOWKIIM T1HTaH.II~tH. it IIUClI1Cal)je II uuure ne.ia II j 06JlUC1'U

UclpMfJ)a)(a y ljcHOBJbaHcKY Fanary, Y Ha~'fCplJ na ()Jla'I'JlC 6cCCAHIlWTH3. Ilponarupao je xy~tatlll'jnl\llI llJTIITIiO xy~'taHIICTc.IJIllll, )'1).1

3U 31
• •
aa 3aTJr~1 ,nOtICKa jour uexrcpanjc naue.
My-nina jy je, llpe cnera. suurc aero npe
6op6e:l cnnona OKO BJJaCTII. ITo C~tPT~I
ouesoj. ,~pyrH no peuy 6tJaT, t(ecno'l' rrCJ10nOHeCKll
Teonop, KOA xora ce Hana3110 Ii Haj~Ina~ll fipar, npuau
Toua, jaBII uajcrapnjexr 6pcl'ry, uapy Jonany VIII, na ce
)l(CJlI1 aaxronaunrra. Ha '1'0 Jonas 0AY3C -rernproa 6pa'I'Y,
necuory I~PHO~10pCKIIX rpanona KOHC'I'aH'fJIH)', H,erOBY
nCCflOTOBIIHY, IIa MCCII~fBPJijy )~aJ~cnpnnuy Iluxurrpajy,
HalL\iCIIOBaBIIDl ra yjenao aa necnora. A C KOIrCTaHTIIHo~l
one y Ilcnonones. na 61-l !hera nOC'I'aBllO sa ]\1eCTO
Teonopoao. Ho, Tconop cc rrpcnostucnu, TC If3~le~y 6pahc
~fopaJ.{c }~OhlfAO none noronoc. Ilopen Teonopa H TO~1e.
Ao611can If KOHC'!'aH'flfII neo y I1CJIOIIOIle3Y (1427), a Josan
cc 3a'I'M~1IJpaTH y Ilapurpan. He npobc MHoro spesrena
a JCJIClla caxpaaa csor Tpeher CIlHa, 61fBIIJCr COJIYHCKor
AeCII(}Ta AH~POH"K(l (1429), ITo nponajn conyncxc
~ecn01'OlilIHe Mncunhnaa, OH ce. 360r CBOjC 60.i1e-
UJJbHBOCrrH, Geltie IIOB)'KaO y 6na)J(c nonnerin.e ncno-
IIOHCCKO. Ho, nOCJ1C cc npeCeJIIIO Y Ilapurpan 11 sauo-
naumo CC IIOT( 11]\1eHO~f AKaKMje, na je T)' IJ y~lpO. TPH,
nax, 6pa1'a y I1C]J()JIOHe3Y pclWJIpUIUe raxro BJIaCT it Hall
nenonaua 'raM()IIIll)JIX JIaTHHCIUIX rocnonapa, sauna-

uauum ua ra) ua llliH CKOPO Han uenan lICJIOrrOHeCKII~1
fJOJTyOC'1'PB()~1, CC~t nan ~IJIC'l'atIKR]\f npnuopcxua rpa- Llap J(')BaII VIII, CHH uapmte Jencnc
'~OBHt\1a. Y Be311 C rI'II~f TI)rfXOBll~1 ycrrccnxra, Joaa H VIII (VI. 'lsypah. C)'.ltP(IK Busatuuuie, GC()I~paJl.. 1984)

32 33
.Q. Asacracujenuh CpnKJ1JbA -llI13AIIJ'1-1JC'KI1 llAPHUA

npomnene Ii TO~fY J3 ACCIIOTa. A.I1M CC roprsa noronoa aero 3110 na KOCOB)' (l448). HlilJIT3 He 6"R HiI o~ dmo-
rpojuuc 6pahe IIOKBapn. TCO}lOP II KOHc'raHTIIH ce penrrmcxc yaujc. Jep npaROCJlaBHII cy
B}13aH'rllH~11

nocsahaurc OK() npecronoaacneba. Jep J()BaH VIII nnje sunrc f\,1P3C111Inancxo T\PKRCHO, aero JIll rypcxo nOJIIJ-
l(~taOneue, a nuruc jc HOJ1eO J~aOCT3Bll1lPCCTO cnocotinn- TIJlJKO rocnonapcrso. IIITa nmuc, 360r ynnjc OIl O~fP3HY'1'

je~'l KOHCTaHTIIHY HCrOJ1II crapujeu on osora. TCOAOPY. n Josau xao rnasaa KpJIBan II li3}~aJIllfKIIpaBOCnaBJha, II,l
J13:\lcljy TCOAopa C jC}lHC CTP3HC, II KOHcrraH'I'IIHa 11T()~1C ~ry6paT All~l~1.'rplije,
KojJI y <DJ10PCHl\lI He X')'C uoruacaru
c npyrc, 113611 rpabaucxa p31'. JeABa je JOBaH usxmpno axr 0 yuuja, Ben npe rora IIo6C)l(C y Ilaparpan, ynano He
6pahy jCAHO~1 HOI~()~1 uorontio», no xojo] KOHCT3H'I'1IH (JTe npecro, Ila 611 sa TO aamao OCJTOIll\a KOn Busau-
Ao~e Y Ilapnrpan. 3 ueo Ilcnonoacs ocrane cauo TIIHa~a, nccnor All~1111pnje, nOTUTO xry 6alll rana yxrpc
TCOAOPY If TO~III (1437). npsa )l{CHa. 3a1by611 ce He casto 113 cpua, Hero
H3 II
AM najrope 6erne IUTO jc ocuannnjcxa onac- pauyaa, Y xhep jenner norpseaor Acenonuha, no POJ~-
lIOCT CRe sehaa pacna. Mypar II Y3e Mncuahnxra COJIYH 61IHCKII~1 BC3af\1a BpJIO srohaor 'IOBCKa. na ~1aJ~a
HII s.cro-
(1430). lOBaH ce no6oja II sa Ilaparpan. Cuac jc ~Iorao
AOHe'flI Cal\10 HOB KpC1'alllKII par 3anaAHoeBpOIICKIIX
xpmnhaua nporna Ocuaannja. Ann OH jc 61-10 HCKlbytlcH
6e3 nperxonsc ynuje upxana, IlOClIC BJIIllerOJlIIUlfl:,IIX
npcrosopa C II3IIC'l'BO\f, JOBaH VIII najsan, ca uapnrpau-

CKlIM narpajapxoa, C ~rnorll~l BJIaARKa~1:a. C AccnOTO~1
,URMHTpl1je~{ If C npyru» BeJIHKaI1IH~J3, OTI1JlOBli y
Hranajy sa l\pKBeHH ca6op, KOjH je nOtICO y <I>cpapli: a
saapunro CC y <PllopeHI\lI, na C narroxr JCBljcHRje~1 IV II ca
ocrannxr npencraanmmaa pll~ICKC UPKBC CKJIOnJf CP,,10-
perrraacxy YHHjy (1439). Ho Y3aJIYA. Jep xpcramxa B{)jC- .' •

xa non-cxo-yrapcxor xparsa Bnanacnaaa, xoja IIOCJTe


HCKOJ1IIKO ronnna nohe na nporsa OC~1aHJIlfjc 113 EBPOIIC,
pa3611, acrmra, najnpc Mypara 11KO){ KYHOBH1~C. J1 nauer-
HY ~ly ccrenaucxa ~1HP:ana 3a'fHf\f rrponauc y 6Jll~11C •

H~R~f KOA Bapnc. ~13ry6HBIlllf na 60jHO~1 nO..l,Y Ii cauor Jonan VIII 11 AHa OA PYCHjc
Bnanncnasa (1444). A II ~1aJIO nouxnju 11()XOJ( J anxa (VI. 'Bypxh. C\').fpOK Busauiiiu]e, Eeorpan, 1984)
Xyu.anaja, KOjH je IIMclO na ocncra 'raj nopas, lIPO~C raxo

34 35
ern KfI lb,1 - Bfl.]AJ 11'J1J('KA 1l.APfJIJA

na ~,ra9liI, uapuua J enena, 11)16paha !\'lY J OBaH II KOI1C1'a-


H1'1IH,He xohaxy HI-I Aa llyjy sa raxan IbCf()H 6paK, ()H
o~jYPH ca CBOjO~l H3aGpaHHt(O\[ R IbCHJI~t oucu Y CBOjy
neCn01'()HIIH}' Mecmrnpnjy, II rasro ce C H>O\I TajII() BCH -ra.
3aJ]Y)..( ~lyje KOTICTaH'I'J1H. KO.j~I yroxr 6CIIIC O'I'liIIIao Jla
nOCC1'li Ilenonones. IIOHY,[.(llO, c ;uonYIII'I'CIhCf\! napa
J OHi:1Ha,J(Clr..1Y, y 3aMCHY 3(1 u.erony ~CCII{)'l'()BMHy ~{eCIIM-
npnjcxy, na CBOj TIenOJIOHC3. ,IJ;H~11I1'P{ijc On6H, na 110-
Tpa)l(~lnIII1I ocnoaau Ii CTTOJhaKO,L(Mypara
II~If J(0611BlIJli
OJ{ a.era HeIIITO BOjCKC, OIICe,L(e 6paTa JOB aHa VIII y
Ilapnrpany. 1111aK,OH He ycrre nponpcru y rpan, Heft ce
HeKaKO lf3~111Pli c 6paTO?vt, na ce Il(.)BY1.1e narpar }I Me-
CHMBplljy. AJIll Jonaa sa CBaKI1 cnyuaj II03Ba K ce61!{
KOHCTaHTIIJla 113 TIeJIOIIOIJC3a, Aa 6H ra asrao npn pynn
npOTIIB AM~t[t'I'pMja, aKO GIl ra osaj 1l0HonO y31Ie~1HplfO, a
H Kao 6ynyhcr HacneAHHKa npCCTona. KOHCTaHTnH
• •
normoan y npCCTOHIIUY, nOIIITO JC ycnyr
BH3aHTHJCKY
cpehuo 1I3lvfaKao TYPCKOj cpnO'flJ, soja ra jc aauana na fa
sapotia, ann jc 6Ilna OT(JI,Cra cY36HjeHa. OH can ]:(06« na
ynpasy CI1JTHBpnjy Hd Mpavopnoa sropy (norabaja
1441-1442). AlI~1.H1'pHje 3aHCTa OIlCl' sarpoan Josasy.

Ana 611 on a.era YXBahc11 H saraopeu. Mc9YTli~1. OH
YTClIC J13 saruopa xa nCHoI3n,aHH~Ia y I'anary, Hajsan ce
6paha j0111 jCJ\aHflYT napannaure, na J OBaH OCJIo60~u
AmfHl'pllja, a JlOBpa1~H ~'1y Ii Mccaxmpajy. 360r yuajc.
JOBaH VIII je noruao y c)'K()6 11ca 1fajKo~1 Jeneuoa. Kao
crpora npanocnasxa. OHa jc 11 caua OCY9lIBana yuujy
EIIClIlll.'OBa/LO VI" nOfleO.l1020
JOBaHOBY ouaxo HC'fO xao CKOPO I~COrp-txn aapon, na IT
L.. Brehier, Le monde 8";(//11111, Paris, J 948) cpncxa CHCrl', 3a,jeL(RO C ACCII{)'I'Ofvl Bypbeu. A ITO C}'lP'1'11
JOBaH()Boj~OHa ~ryuax sa 11313CCHO Bpe~1Csatipaaa 11(}MeH

36
37
A. A H3 cracnjeunh

!\fe~y npasocnasnmra. 1-10, nOCJJe je, C lIOrJ1CAO~I aa CRe


TC)J(C nOJIHT1ftTKC npunaxc, IIOBYKJTa T)' 'Ja6paH)'. y H3AIi
ua he CC BH3aJ-ITHja nouohy JI,lIIC'J'Sa !\rl()){(na HITaK CTTaCTJ1
OJ{ Typaxa. To Ha!\1 cue Ka)J(C Jonan EBrCHliK Y IIC)C~1p'r-
HOj 6ece)UJ 0 JeJIeHIII7.

'1'0]\1 no~e )~O Honor pasnopa H3Mcljy


TCOAopa rreJJOflOHCCKO!"' C jeunc crpane, II
J OBaRa Ii KOlICTaH'!'liH,l C ~pyrc. Jep je
Tconop, KaC) crapnjn (ipar on KOHcTaH'I'HHa, HCTaKao
cnojc upe-ie npauo npecrononacneha, na jc, )KeJIeh"
360r rora 6IlTI! urro 6JJlf>KC Ilaparpany, saxrcsao na ce
lbe~fy ua KOHCTaHTJIHOBa CHJIRBpJlja, a KOHCTaH1'IDl ,o;a
HJ.(enarpar y cuoj neo Ilcnonoaesa. Ilap Josan VIII, ~{a
11 nepano, npncrane, TC raxo ra 1'])H 6pa ra aaxn.ysmne 11
r

rpehy noronoy Y TO~'1cuncny (1443). KOHc'raHTHH 3aTm1


rrpche nOH0130 y Ilcnonones. na raxo BJIaAa C Haj~lna~HM
tiparox Tovox, a Tconop ,f{09C y CHJlHSPJ1jy. TOMa ce
3aTHM OpO,D.II ca CPIICKMl\1 necnorox 'Byp~eM Bpaa-
KOBBtiehtt, ynaeuru CBOjy xhep 1C)1CHY, naxne yHyKy
uapauc Jcnese, aa Bypbena erma H casnanapa Jlasapa

(1446). Teonop, nax, y CH.TIlIBPHjH y~'1peOA xyre (1448) .
Hacxopo uapnua Jenena H3ry611 11 aajcrapajcr ClIHa,
Ileiiia eoiua Katlilln y 1I.apllzpaoy «a «ojo] ie 11021"')'0uap napa Jonana VIII, Y n.crosoj 57. rOAHHH)KHBOrra (1448).
KOilCIUaJI1UliH XI Ilpauuu. 29. Jtaja J 4.53. ioo. npRC1'aJIlf~C necnora AH~IHTpHja, KOjH no Cl\1PTH
(E. Foord, Tile Bvzantine Empire, London, 1911)
TCO]lOPOBOj ficiuc Ao6HO H CHJ1~IBPHjy, sancurc na OH
6YAc HOSH BII3aHTHjcK~f uap. AJI" HajYTHUajHYljJ1 BeJIM-
KaUIR, xao H necnor TO~1(l,KOjR, II He snajyha sa JOBaHOBY
17 BIIAcTU: flu\1Gp()c.,161Ipl<tI II.l80/Jil sa IIClll(){Jltl)' oll/tartUlll<' cupr, 6allI raua C'l'IDKe y Ilaparpau pana AOr()BOpa C Jo-
llaneo ..10IIIIf Ilenououe.ui. (ol.!ccAa y 080J KI-bIlJII HU CTp. M-lJ7. - Hall. YIJ).
BaHO~ 0 JleKHlVl uenortonecxnu IIOCJlOBH~fa, tta II caaa

38 39
,U. Anacracnjcauh
-- ( ,

napaua, ~1aT'H JeJ1CHa, 6exy OJ~CynHO sa Koucrairrana.


OHM npeonnauauic, a nspanume n Myparon npncranax.
Ita uossaure KOHCTaJITIIHa 113 Ilenouoacsa. IIa TO OH uch
'l'aMO 6H 11p()fJIaITTeH sa l1!vlIlcparopcl. A 3aTll~1 uobc y
Ilapnrpan H JaY3c upecro (1449). Ali~111'1'I)lljy, rtax, it
TO~IIInornpun ACCflOTCKO A()CTojaHCTB(), IIa I[X 06()jllI~)1
11()Cna na snanajy y neJ10rrOfIC3Y. TIIJC'T'XO,I{H() JIX Y npn-
CYCTBY srarcpe 11CCHaTJ CBe1.IclHO saxnc na raxro ne 0'111-
"1ajy jCJ(aH Apyro~13C~IJby, uch na ce cnaxy If sajenuusxn
611aHcon nenpajaren,a. Ho, OH}I He onpxanrc saxncrny,
neh cc xpnn.axy ~fC}jy C060~1, Typmrua na KOPIIC'1. •
Mcbyra», KOHcTaH'I'IIII Xl ",D;parallJ'~ 6elllc IIOCJ1el(H)~1
BH3aH1'HjcK1I uap. OIr rrorn6c jYHa1.IKJ1 (29. xiaja 1453),
6paHefili on Myparoua cuna Ii HaCnC){HI1Ka Mcxuena' II
Ocnajaxa, Ilapnrpan, xojn Mexacn yTO~1 saysc. ~I

Joean Viii Ilaneonoi (l\1C;"lJhOH)


(Hap()}lHH M)'3Cj, <I>l.fpCH~a) , •

(.:
AY1'OP ynorpefin.ana 06,llJK 1f~ICHaMyX3\II.!Jt. ~1'Jl~aIHl'lcc onpCJll.JIII()
Oiicaoa Llapuipaoa
'Ja ycrun.euuju oGn"" -Ml!x\1cJt.lllali. >1).1
(N. lorga. 1.~·IOI·i(lvtetii BI:(/I7Iil'liJ, Bucurcsti. 1974)

4() 41

A. Auacracujeanf c J' 11/(11 //)A - /1n ,'JA H'rU./C'KA IjAPUIJIl

)'HIIIIfTll Bl13aHTHjcKO uapcrso. 3aTII~1 011 OCB()j R Ii lllro ce THtfe napnne Jeneae "Aparclw", lbOj 6M
TICJ10IIOHC3 TO~Je (1460). AII~lj11'pJ1ja,
On AI1~tllTpllja 11 yurrcbcao ua AO)l(IlBI1 lJ 1311)~IlMCX~tCJ.lOBO ocsojen.e Ila-
«ojn ~1yxrano npc ~J()pa)l;e nocnara csojy xhep y xapeu, parpana Ii rparn-ury 110rI16!1j)'csor CHHa KOHc'raHTJ,IHa
yxnaru ~I onneuc ca C060~1, If a f\ly OAPCAIl rOAll11III,e l13- XI ",[(paraTlla". (DpaIIJ~a jc 3a6cJle)J(I'lO J{a je OHa yupna
AP)I{al1alht! II rpan EHOC sa yurhy MapIIQe, sa CT3HOBaH>e. 'I'pM rOAI1HC upc 'rora (23. xtapra 1450), xao ~fOlTaXHfua
H 0, A~If\1~ITpnje HC '3aBpIIIII )f(HI~OT TY, nch YJ enpcay. xao I1IJO~10Ha. (f)paH~a jc 30HC, He JC.llCHO~I, Ben I1PmIO~'I,
l\"IOHclXAaBll}~ (1471). TOMa, nax, HC rtane uiaxa MexMcJ1Y, Crora ce OHa 11 y aouujoj HaYlIH()j KthM)I(CBHOCTl.f tJeCTO
nch YTClIC sa Kprp, ua rrOCJ1C y 11ranujy , rne r a jc no II01\IHlhe xao Hprma. Heneponarao jc na <l>paH~a HHjC
C~[PTIJ aanpxasana rrarrcxa xypnja. Y~tPO je y Pn~1Y suao npaso "hie Jcnena, JTJ1H na jy je notipxao Ccl
fbeHO
(1465). Iberos crapaja cnn Auupeja. KOjl1 neh Gcme HCKO~i upyrox l1PHH()rvl aa BH3aH1'lfjCKO~1 ABOpy. Ilpe he


Ka1'OJlIIK, OC'raB110 JC cnoja aacncnaa npasa na BH3aIITH- TO 6RTR HJIB nexa npenacana llKa rpeurxa Y PYKOlll1CH]\{a

JCKH H 'rpaIle3YHTCKl1 napcxa upecro 1I na AeCIIOTCKM (I>paHl~a nena; JIJIH je MO>KJ{aJenena npso npaauna
cpncxu, npso cppaHl~ycKO~( xpan.y Kapny VIII, a 3aTII~I I1pHHa, na rrocne npen
~1anl1l\10HalllKH 1.IRBrIO)~"~1CHO~1
<pepJ.llfHaHUY llInaHCKO~1. 11 OH jc yNlpO Y PI1~IY (1502), H Cl\{PT Hnovoua.
BeJIHKH l\{OHalIlKl1 saner non ~1l\!CHO~J
'1'0 6C3 neue. TO~1aje HMao II ~tna~cr CRHa Manojna, xora lbCHY cy CMpT OIIJIaKaJTHnapouarmr rosopava HCKOJII1-
jc ncnpaa 'raKol)e nsnpacanano lIarrCTBO, HO KOjH IIOCJIe •
xn onnaunea 3HaMeHHTII BH3aH1'lljCKJ1 KlhH)l(CBHIJt~II, re-
one Mcxneny II Y Ilapurpan, na A06H OA rsera IIICliR yjenao 11 CHHa joj, napa KOIJCTaHTHHa, 360r ry6H1'-
Ti3J1.p>KaBalbe.11 OA Manojna OCTane je~al~ cnn, no lI~iCHy xa l\{a'rcpe. Haaa cy cc cauyaane 1'PH TaKBe 6ece,:{e,
Annpcja. Ho, OH cc nOTyplIHO nOA HMeIIOM Myxasren. 3a J ellHa je OA 'Bopba Cxonapnja, )(O~HI-Ijer npuor UaPH-
TO~U{HY xhep Jcnesy, sch csro PCKJIII na ce ynana y rpancxor narpsjapxa 110 Mex]\1cAoBO~1 OCBOjCfJ>Y Ilapa-
Cptiajy sa cana necnora Bypba Bpanxoaaha. Jlasapa rpany, II jennor 0,0;najy-reaajax Ii HajIlJIOAHMjl1X BH3aH'ffl-
(1446) IX. Ilpyra Tosuraa KhH 30,ia, nomna jc sa f\10CKOB- jCKHX nacaua XV sexa. HCKH Jr,erOBH CURCH YWJllI cy H y
cxor ucrmxor xncsa I1BaHcl IIJ~ na cc Ta~10 aasnana crapy CPIICKY npeaomry Klhl1>KCBIIOCT. nOIiITO cy JOITI

Corpnja TIaneOJIOf()Ba (1472). I·la OCHOBYrora cc nOCRe onna npeseneax aa cpncxn. Ilpyra jc 6ccc"a on 'Boplja
Mocxsa cMaTI1aJIa xao HaCJ1C)lHJ.I~a Bnsairrnje }f xao
rCMRcTa, ssaaor "nJ1HTOHa" (no CPIIJ1030CPY IlJIa'I'OHY),
"Tpchll PH~{)'. TOf\1a jc HMao jour xhepa. OH}~alJ1H>Crnajcnasaajcr CPHJ1030cpa nnarouauapa, M
aajtion.cr II03HaBao~a KnaCHIIHC rpnxe crapmre. ITo
nany BU3aHTHje non TypKC, OH je uiapuo II()3HaBal{)C
IH o Aa.'b()j Biuaniiuucxe
M. Jlacxapuc.
IbCHOj CYA611HIl BII/\l:1'1I:
crape rpnxc Kfhlire ~fxynrype Y Hranaja, Ii 6110 je Ta~10
fipllll~(e.le v cpebuoeexoeuoi Cptiuiu, Beorpan, IY26. crp, ll() II A; " 13.'1.
Fiopoanh, )/(ellllo6a oeciiouu: RllJllpa. rnac CKA ISo, 6eorpaA. 1933. jcuaa OA IlpJ1IIpC~1aJ1aI~(1 pcuccancc. Tpeha je 6ecena OA

42 43
A. Auacracujcanh

peropa J()BaHa Enreuaxa, fipara najxcurhcr 60pI~arrpo-


THR cpJIOpeH'l'H.HCKC YHTJje, ~111'rp()nOJIflia erpccxor Map-
xa Enrennsa. 11 JC)Bal1 je GMt) I(PO'J'lllBJ[Hl< )IHIIje. lbCrOS3
nocxrpraa (icccna T(3PIIll,11 J CJlCHll CaCTaBJbCHa jc sa yre-
xy, He uapy KOHc'r'alrTITHY! Hero jC)~"JO~J O}l IherOBC JJ,BO-
jJI~C 6pclfic ACCIIO'l'a, CBaK,lKO uccuory Aj,I~111'1'Pl1jy,jcn-
1IOl\ffllTIJ1.,c~rIIKy JOl3aJIOBY R MclPKOBY Y rnrraa.y yaujc".
CBC cy OtIC npaBIr ()611aC~11mnanrnjcxor 6CCC,(lHlf[]ITna.
Ilucaac C)' BllCOKli~l cppa3aCTII~1 CTIlnO}'t. Hd CTaporp- EECEaE
lIKO~i je3IIKY t ca 06J1l-II~J.1J\1aII KOHC1'pYKl~~rjal\1a ,Qa13HO 11111- nOBOD,OM CMPTJ1 BM3AHTYlJCKE /J,APJ1LJE
lle3J1]I~tY IIal)O)lHOM rp-rxou ronopy. Y ~bll~face xnann 11 JEJIEHE aPAfAIll
Y3AW)I(C Jcncaa xao uapuua 11xao ~rOllaXl1l:ba. AnI! Ha~1ce
1'Y lie najy 061lJIH11jc nojennuocra ~I3 u.cna >KJ1BOTa. Kao 11
llH3tIC PCTOPCKfI CaC1'a1311, BPJlO cy TeWKC sa IlpCBO~.

• I(: Beccaa je. IInaK, lIa~fCI-bCHa uapy Kl)IICTllHTIlUY. Bunern U)'TOP()S3


06JilllJluCIbil ua CTp. hh - ny. one xn.nrc illau. ~V')./

44
C'PflKJ!JlhA -lJfl.J.4}{"'J1JCKA• llAP111~A

'3a6cJlc)I(Jrnrrm ra osy xaprnjy 11 yucuiua ra Y ORY


Hd
KH)~Try, uran.cu TIl ra ". Oeo ean.oa suauu oa je
Cxonapuie OOPJlCao tieceo» 0 xoio] ie pe-t, ue ua cauou
OHOCl/MO oeoe )1 y
CPlICh"OA1 iipeeoo iioipetiy uapuue Jeaene, ueio ILa nsenau ioouuuse»
Cxonapujeey tieceoy'. Ilpeeeo cau je iipeua iioue« )/, II oa ie uiy C80 ;)' tieceiiy jotu ouoa 6110 iipeoao
HOBOM KPllITill'IKOM [IJOalb)' iP'IK02 opuiu-
uapy KOHCluaHiIillllj'; anu oa i)' ie Konciiianiitun )'
HaJ'La, ii.P.lf ebeuo» na OCIIOO)' ceoiep )lllflOZ iipeiuica ~teb yepeueuy saiytiuo, LIO ce otipctituo Cxonapujy sa
Cxonapuieea, it uuiiauiianos. )' tseioeuu "U;CJ10KynHH~f jeoa« noeu iipuuepa«; ua uiiiu: i)J ie Cxonapuje 11011080
~aciUa8ll0 no cehtu« )J, L{fITiO ie eepuu ie uoiao, (la j)' ie
~CJ1II~1a" completes de G. Scholarios) «oja C)'
(O:uvres
iiocneou.ux ZOOl/flG usauina lTip)'OO)'f iio«. Jl. Ileiiiua u llOCJ100 uapy, II lUO sao oeo pytcoiiuca «oiu je caopscaeao
~P)'lll,'( yneuux acyutiuuonuciiio IV. Kao )' MOAf
AtOHG.ta
LI bpyie neioee ciiuce. CXO.'10IJllje8G je tieceoa uaiieiuua
Iipeeocy, iiuuco je it )' iiouenyitio» ceoiepvnnou C.tOAa- 00 C(Jltj~' llOMeH)'llJll.'(. To ie ooa )' llpOJll Ienenuno] Llpe-
puieeou iipeiiucy ZP'[K02 opuiunaaa uacnoe .Yrciuaa eucoxot epnuuu; n.eno] oanouotiuoi C.1)1)/(6l1 sa ootipo
pen uapy KOHCTaliTIlHY npunuxou C~1P'1'11 rocnobe Busaniiiunaua - .Poueja llllli lenuna ', KaKO KaJICe

u.crouc xrarepc''. Cauo ilia; HaC.10B lie ciiioju Hao lueK- Cxonapuie; teenu» ~ta30 o-uuuhen.e ceoje oyuu:
11006[IJll ..

~l7iOAt, neio ieouuo )' llpe2lzeoy caopscaia uenoi Pj'KO- " sa ae:_'IO .6Ila)lCeHClU80 na OHO.AtCBelU j'. A.flll Cxonapuie
llpeli)'lllKYJe Ienenuno CPllCKO tiopexno. Ciiiun It caopsca]
uuca )' KOMe ce tieceoa IIQJlaJll. Hao iIieKclTioAl, iia«
- . ' )' 6eceOLI uctcuhen je otipiiiusu: it uoeiasu: us Ilnaiiiona II
CLlIOTLI, uecuio nacnoea, OBO tieneuuca 00 Cxonapujeee
PYKe: fIOIJJ'J'O CM ncli. TaKO If3BOllCO, rocnouapy ~fOj
!I
noeoiinaiiionu-utpcxux tpunocotpo it uuiiuuiiuu« us
cnern, BCJlC~{O)l(H~Ill.ape, euo can ce ceruo, K()]J UKO ~IH je BLl6Jlllje.
6JIJIO ~10ryhe, rosopa, xoja casr ycveno onna OAP)I(ao,
Kat( cc nanao nO}'1CH, II KOj IT Cal\1 3a~J'II~f 6110 II0~Heo
uapcruy '1'11:H TO, CeTJ.IO caxt fa cc Bet; IIIIO~l Y 01III~I IICTI1~r
pc-iuxra, xao urro CC ~rHCJIl-l~l,IJ ca~t onoxian.cur; ITa

t
6ccCJ,l<1je oGjaslbcHo Kat) CaCI'UUHI1 ACO pacnpaue Ieouna (JlIJOIIIItI'iCKO
l(lll}tl'\l~(piil\l'lb{1 Y "SpaCTBY" XXX. [939 tueo. )'(J.I
13uncrn Oeuvres completes de C. Scholarios: T()~' I r 1aprn 192~ CTp
202" 27(). . . . .

46 47
cnt K Jl1hA - BfJ.'311II '['J1J('KA LlAPy[ IJA

HIt sutoro je nposohcu.c )J(TlnOTa Y BPJIJ.JHH.


TC)I(a CTRap
nOPbA CXOJ1APMJA Crora, xao Iff TO nenu jcnuo cnen01I3HC'lBO, If jccre OHO
• •
"YTcIIIHa pen uapy KOHC'l'clH1'IJHY 11PllJ1IIKO~1 C~(P1'11 npno npeue OJl osor npyror 3,1 CBe OHe, KOJIDla jc J{OHCK-
••
tbCrOBC xrarepc ne crane na ce 0 J-bH~(a nerro ~IIICJlll J\leby .rbYAHJ\la,

nOIDTO cy Jbynn nanuxnu, KaKO JC HeK() pcxao, J:(a 110

nOCJlelJ.lhC~IIICXOJlY cyne 1.ICC'f() II 0 OHO~l urro jc npe 'fora
Gnno. AOAYwc, ncmana ce BJ111IC IlYTa: rna HCKI11~OC1'IIrHy
JCa)KCHa II cnasna nnanapcrua Til If
~fa'rII no raxsor xpaja )J(IIBorra: He no He:lrOHY xa 60Jbe~1.HliTli
rocnouapxa CI~IIX Poucja, npccscrnu no OABa)l{HO~1II AyroroAIIIII1J)e~f ne)l(6aJbY y TO~lC, 1'aKO

cauonpurse, xao HII JcgHa npyra On nrna na KOn TaKBIIX JbynJf noxsanaa sanpnrerak )l(Jlfta nsrnc-
• •

6~IBIJI~IX Y 'fO~1 paary, H3a311Ba yjcnno JI1 >KanOC1' CROJO~I ua BIfIIle xao np0113BOj{ cpehaor cny-raja Her011~1 II0JlBH-
cuphy, ,1 11 yrexy IlpCBCJlIIKO~l BpJIIIHO~1. ynnsajyhu ro ra. An", 611RO 3aTO urro cc u.nxono paanjc )J{llnOBalhC HC
• •
JlI30CTPYKO pacnonoxerse H,} cauo cnou HaJ~IIlnI{Je~t 3Ha, 611110 urro je nplIKplIBCHO 6JICCKO~1 lhlIXOBa xpaja,
ClIHY 11 napy - roeopnu 0 Tc6H - Hero ~I ucnou OBO~I nnax CC KOn CB1IX OHliX KOjM cy lI~laJ]ll cpehy ua ce ca
rpany, na 11 cunsra Posrcjnaa nnu J cnaunxra. KOjlJ he )J(lfBOTO~f aa OBO~1 caery paCTaHY Y BpnliJI1J. CJ1aBIJ ue

nocnc casaaru sa crsap. Jcp, xao ITITOrctic npnponna cauo 'I~O,Hero ce 11 ucnoxyna H tblIX()B )J(IlHOT XB<:lJIll,jep
• •
nesa C IhO~l. sajenao ca CIIHOBlhO~l Jhy6anlhY npexta n.oj Ha~f ce tlllHH na Je TeKao carnacno C 'raKBII~J xpajesr: IJa
II CCl norperiou sa lr)o~l, TaKO II Hac KOPliCT on n.c, n TO crora 0 nehllHII y~fPJTJfX y Bp11IIHll najeuo '!'aKBY OneHY,
raxobc HC 6C3 JbyGaBII Hll1'" 6C3 IJplipOAHC BC3C, norpc- He narajyhn HIfMaJlO KaKO croja C'I'Bap ca IhlIXOBlr~1
cajy, KaO nrro jc no ccfin pa3y~fJI>IIBO: Heo6JI'IHO~1 C[11111- uenuxa xoja cy IIOtIII1IIIJlB nOK cy 61lJIlf )l{IIBli.
HO~f, II01ll1'O ce ry61lTaK HaIII~IX HajKopIICHlljIIX 11 Kan, naxne, Y'I'Oj CBCTJ10C'l'11 npaxaayje uoscunjn
aaj IIPIICHlljllX He ~10)KC IIOJ.(HC1"116e360JIHO. H0, npene- )KliBOT pacranax on a.era y Bp.llIfHR, KOjII 6lfna cauo
nnxa spmnra. ca KOjO~1 je OHa >KJIBCJ1a TOJIIIK() uyro jcnauuyr, KOJIHKO jc sehxra '1'0 'I'aKO. KaJ( CC uenora
upcxrc, If Y KOjOj jc oraurn a ua onaj CBe1', A()BOlhHc\ jc )KRBO'l',l )KIIBli Y rsojl J cp OHO npno J1HlIII cauo aa HCKY
caxra C060~f,na Hac nynrcuao pasramt. Jcp, OHt) IIITO jc II()3JlaTY KpaCOTOM npnaac. Oaaj, nax, KOjlI je BpJIHHy
CBaKO~1t()BeKY sajcnabc sa ce6c castor. ro jeer cnecr }~a )lO)l(HnOTHO otiaarsao, nocehu jc y cetin K,lO HCIIITO Il11'O
y~1"pe }' BpnllHI1 - ronopua 0 lIac.III~t J1)Yl~ll~fa - 'roo san jc Ay60KO npOHHKJIO Y n.era. 'raj He caxo ua OJIHC1'(l
CC jacuo J31iAH 11 [[PII y~111patb y upujarcn.a liJIIl CpOAH1IKcl. snarou, Hero je n npaso 3JTaTO. YOC1'clJIOM, HCJ1a>Klla
. .. . ...
yHOC~t K()Jl OHIIX xojn sropajy 360r rnx f}'61ITaKa rpncrn BpJUIHa je xtnoro CJaJHlIJa 11 on }{aJ1IlIC'I'IIJcr snara. 11
6()JI, xao upornarer I~CCeJIOCT. AJIIl. ()A y~[llpalhcl y apnn- uparoucunja je aa IJa~ICTIle n.yne ()A najnehux 6()raTC1"el-

48 49
C'PIIKUIbA -BJI:JA111·J1.IC·KA usrnu»


aa, na ~la Ha~l ce nouenyna 11 KpC3()SCl fiora'rcraa. lJOBeK OJ{JIHKYJe He cave )' CBaK{)~f Oil ra ABa xnnora
MHOf()CTPYKY. nax, CJla13Y J~O.IOCli OB() AOOpO OC06r[TO Tloce6JII.I.c. )' ,Tlo6a nOJ{CCH() sa cnaxa OJ.( H')[1X. Hero CC c
()1IlJ~1aKOj~1OC'I'clH)' y ()BO~l >KUHO'I')' II no npno nyOOKC jCAHe crpauc, ~OK je y CJIY)1(611 OTTTTITIJX C~I~Rap~I. crapa
• • •
C'I'apOC1'11. Jep, o H,Ill\ta je xroryhc J~a'rII curypuujy Ol~CHy. yjenno H 0 11CTTlHCKII csojmra OHaKO~ sao lTCKC) KOJI1 cny
fIOIIJ'r() cy ce ucnora (3CKel IIOKc:l3IIHaJl11 npnu, II Y cnaxo na){(H»' oopaha jennno Ha csoje BJIaCTli]'O o-nmtherse, a C
cy J{o6a yapacra II)' CBaK()~l ()6p'1'Y CYJ\611HC ca-rynann "pyre crpaac, It nox caxioryjc IT na ~lllpy CC OlIITlllTIyjC,

ncxpcny CPJ(a xa 6 o JI>C\1.
II I-ICll()Kl)J1COJbMBY rcxosy IIIlaK 11e npecrajc KOPIICTHrrll Ii npyrmra .

Hapo-nrro ceo na K, cuarpa xao npxyaau CJlaBC. aKO J~ E1'o. TO Cy O~JlIIKC CnaDHC noxojnnnc, xoje jc ona
HeKO. 11~laj)'hII non.y aa 06aJ{13a nyra K,i nucanuo» nsrana r01'OBO jenuua ~lC9Y JbYJl:JJ~la. Jcp, II ]lOK je )' ~Ol\-

xpnmhaucxo» )KIIS()'} y. upcurao YCIIClllHO II jcnan II HlljJI~t CBOjUl\1 fOJ{IIITa~la 6Ma 3aY3eTa CJIY)J(60l\1 BHIlllhC11

,~pyrH 1IOCc6l1.Qc. 11()paAHBlliH OAJITl'JII() na OI1[I]'r11~1 II ycaapnranan.exr J.(YIIICRHIU1, I1IIaK HIlJe HI-lOA onora
C1'B(lp~1~f(1 y aa ro Jl0"eCHO ),o6a a, a
JbYACKor yapaci IIITO je OJ.{OIIIJITe KOPIIC'l'lJ, HIJIIITa 3aHC~lapJIJ3(1J]a: sch je
rrOBYK~lBJIIII ce y 11p~lC'raHII111'I'C noxoja y c·rapOC1'JI. A ..TJII II 'fO aeyvopao BplIIIJJIa II nperpecana. If AOK je HeKaJ~

nocroju 11 npexo rora oner nenrro BIJlllC) '1'0 JCC'!' KaA cc 611JTa cynpyra noxojnor scnnxor napa, H snanana sajcn-
110 C lbH.l\l: oua ce npn C13C~1TOt\l 6pIIHyna II aa nyuicsny
nenory OHIIX KOjIJ frpIIBO,T{C Y ne.TIO uncane xpnurhaucxor
)KUBOTa no ycaursenuxr xrecruxra. TIoKa3aBIIIJ-1 ce uenor
• •
))(HBOTa BPJI3. OHa JC, 3aJCJ{HO C BpJ]lfJJO~t, m.faJIa HCCy~Ub}tIH
cyn 0 sarpotinoxr 6J1a)J(CHC'fBY, na joj je, xao WrJ'O CC
xrorno O'ICKJJBaTH. CBC IflIIJIO cpehxo, II ):(OK rOA jc 6Trna
3aY3eTa C~1PT}fJI~t rrOCJIOBII~la. On ).(06pIIX OC()611Ha OHa
jc rrocenonana, HC ORY npcrcpano, a OHY cnatinje, HIITIJ
• • • • • •
nax nOCTO]!! nexa KOJa JOJje caCBII~l uenocrajana, nero
C}' cue OHC, nanasehn CC Y aoj paBHO~1CpHO, 611JIC K()A
lhC cnO)J{eHC Y HCKY aenapeuasy carnacaocr, ~faAa CC,
xao nrro jc 110 ce611 nconxonao, paanaxyjy no CallP)f(HHJ1,
re je TaKO. yormrre pchu, y TOj ).(HBHOj nYIII11 uaurc npeuc
H3Hcno ua BlfJ.(llK ne cauo Ilpll~fep )f(eHCKC BPJllJHC, (I He
Busanitiuicuu KpciTl • •
cauo, 1II1'() .Je JOw BIITJle, uapcxe, nero 11 Rpnl1HC
(G. Schlurnbcrgcr, Un empereur bvzantine ....Paris.l Svtl)
CIJCYKYIIH()r tf(1netIaHCK()r pona, YK{))JHKO OH ofiyxaara

so 51
LI" .L\ UaCT3Cn iCBI If) L"'IJ K J11bA - BfJ:JAIITI1}C'K.4 UI11J/llllA


csaxo nOpeKJT() 1'1CBaKO cras,c II 3aHH~laJbe. A yuano He Han14l3UIll CC lbCHO~i nOC1'().Ic1Hc'rI3Y 11 ca!vIOYBepCHOCTM, 1'1
3a6opaBIIX, xao apxyaau, jour HerIITO OrpO~fIIO. ro jeer, ~IIIJl()crrHB je H3JIa3110 j()JII rrYHHjI[ Ca)KaJbCIT,a. ~IPOAOJhy6
na jc y ()BaKBO~1J_(ClHaIlIlher..1ornannanrrey OA cscra urro je BchJJxap,
C'}'II~at) 11 ouaj KOjl1 ce npusonco 1l0Hl-13HOC-
, .
je noripo, n Y 0130j crpauruoj OCKyJ_(I1~H y ~bYAJI\laKOjTI ce '1'11casuanao je ua JC, npe cycpcra C H>Of\i, C(1~10 Y3aJIYA
onajy OHO?-tlC III'I'() jc nJlC~1eHII1'Jlje, li36no, KaC) ycpcn )l{cnco na TO 6YAe; 11 ouaj xojn je ropco sa 6JTar()Bepje~1,
anxre, jenan J~I1Bali KPllH~ 11.1'111xao aacpen TBP~C scun.c acnauao je, saxaan.yjyhn n.oj, jour HaTPCIIJlj~1 Y ucpn; ~f
jenna cscra ~f(lCJIHHa,~lnl1xao Kl103 OKonIIC ()6JIcl KC II onaj xora je pacrpsao K3Kan 60JI, spahao ce OA n.c
srarny jenua cjajna 3RC3na, nnn xao jCJ~HO jenauo spi«. aa y6JIa>KeH~ II nanynen.ax jc orpaunnaaao upercpany Ha).{-
, , ,

rp03AY, na ynncrcvo J-l '1'0 uopcherse H3 Cneror rmcna MCtIOCT~ H youurre ITe~1a HIIK()r KO]H mIJe, npnuraumn a.o],
(Hcanje 65, 8), I1p11Jla3CnI1 xa TOj 6J1a))(eHoj. II yueu.ax je rrocrajao onennnao 60lJllI,
oJ~J1a3HO 3anll1~JbeH,Jl nO)lBJDKHTfK spmme CC ynarsauao Ilposenum )l{liBO'J' Y 1'OJTl1Km.l ).{06PHM Oco611Ha-
nocrnbea, ~I ~ry"paT~ CC ocehao Y HCKO~f Ao611'1~KY,II CCH- !vIa, Ii TaKO, c jenne crpauc, uorepamua cc6c cavy AO
arop je rrocrajao AanCK013~IAHi1.i11, If cynnja je nnncc )J(RBJ-I uexor Jla1l3e~1aJhCKOr canpmeucraa SpJIHHe, a c J(pyre,
• • ••
3aKOH npaI311tIHOCTJf. If jYHaK jc 6118ao IIo6c~eH, 11'3He- nOCJIY)l{lIBlllH TaKO H3]KOprICHHJe ~eJ1oJ 3aJeAHH~H
Jenana, xao 11 nonaocof CBaKO~f KOjH ce aa l:hY uauepao,
Jf OCTaBHBIIIH onaj 3ajCJ~HII\rKII c Ha~la )KJiBOT C Haj6oJblf~f
aanaua aa '('0 otiannoje. OHa jc can aeocnopao oxpyxena
CBHM OHHi\f 'le~1y ce uanana, H cjaja y XOpOBH~1a 6na-

)J(eHTJX, a sa u;apCT130 ItI sa xpyne H aa csa OAJIMlf)a onora
csera HCTO TOJIHKO ~1apJ.I KOJIHKO MH aa OHO 1lI1'O HC noc-
, . .
TOJD, C'I'CKaBIIIII xao sarpany aa 1'0 lJlTO JO) ce HH osnc
aaje nenana uasrer aa re crsapn, ynanpchcn,a II OnnHKO-
B,llha, xoja Ha3Hsar-.IO IIe6eCHHM 11 yonurre
J(apCr('BOM
BpXyHll,CM CBHX n03II(:lT~TX HaM pauocrn, He Y~lcjyhH
,

t ApyKtIHJC CnaSHTH re HCI13pCtIHBe H cBaKO~1 pasyuy HC-


CXBaTfl)lIBe cnacrn. Jep, J~aoaa R naJbe )1(HBli, H na H narsc
IlOCTOjH, 0 rove ne rpetia HII cysm.arn, IIOIlIT() Hac 11
,
cnerc KHlJ.Ire y 1'0 ysepanajy. a 11 ~fHora Hai\1 JbYJ~CKa
BIIJ{lHlltlljCKI( /uoitipuiapuiuicxn' KPClU
xasnnan.a norsphyjy '}'O YHcpCT.J)e. 11 3aJ1C'J'a KaKO ?-tfO)J(C
f

(G. Schlurnberger, V/7 empereur bvzuntine ..., POI'is. 1(~9()) yrHIIY')'1'1 -tosc-rja nyiua, Kcl~ jc OITa pasyaaa? KaKO ce

52 53
Il. AIIUCi3ClljCBUh crtixnn;« -IJII.JAII"f·II./('KA llAPMI1A

~fO)l(C C tbO~t 36~ITI1 RerrITO rope no H~CH()~l OUllaCKY 3ay- JIO I\lal-T,Y on lbIIXOBC.
Crora ce 1a n.y II rperia. KaJ\ nef
sex "3 Tena~ Ka;~ ~tll3Ha~ro na ce ona ~J osne na 3C~fJhII OHa unusa y panoern. panonat ~111'J C61111 JIa~Ja, npecnernu
ycanpmana )~{)HCKJlC y naynn rif Y npJTI11111 OallJ 3aXBaJbY- nape, na HahJ CC rpetia 11 ~rOJrlTTJIna 11~111uocraneuo lIl'IO
jyhl1 TO~IC IJITO ce. YKOlli1KO joj je norybe. OTp)J(e O}1 IlP116JIlf)l(J11Tjn n.oj 6rrC1\10 ~JHOrO
~' BPJlIJHJI, KaK() lie
'!'C11a ? CC~t HH'f L1 GH OHa Y3clJTyn rcxnna
,'()fcl, aa 1130C'l'anH IJ3a rse HTT Y 6na>KCHC'J'BY: jcp CBe:1KaKO xropauo
Be tlHO IJJh y, IIIf'rM 6u cxsarana P,13Y sro ~t11JIKOnC 6CC~'lPT- YHCK{)JIIIK() 1130CTaiJT IT3,} H(ljOJ13)1(CHJljC. Te6JtI, nax, II II()
HJilX 6J.1JlaIf cue urro je 6eC~lp1'HO, K(l!~ ~I 'fa j l1a3Y~1 HC 6H rrnOM y31111WCHO~1 lTHHy KOjII rl'~J jc naposao Bor, 11 no

11C(1~10110 raxan, ITa IIC 611 ~lI1J[()lJI'I'() Hil rpaxana J-.(ace BC))CJ(Oj PCflHOCTtl IIPCKPctCll()r xopena OHOr 113 xora en

3a~111111Jb(1na ,je HCKa cncpruja, II )~cl jc, xao raxna, 6eC]\.f- JI()HlIKaO. If no nosuauau.y CH~IXJl>ynCKI1X CTBapl-I K()]C ClI

praa, xana 611 ona Gnna cuprna, nurn CC yornrrrc ~10)!(C caKYII1I0 II3ytlaBal-r)e~f II ucxycruou, aancra Je nyxaocr
rtojsmru K()jH 6li Y3POK on CBI1X K()jII cy xanpu ua pasopc, na rcurxoha
CHOCHlll 6C3 onaj Yl(ap: a II CHOClfBeJIJ ra
6IlO y cran.y a.oj HaHe1~II csrpr, KaA GIl OHa ~lclc xojmia saucno. y3 noxroh uonuraaa 6JIa)l(Clle.
• • •
OA lblIX nouma y )~OAHP; Jep HIITH nocrojn IJeIIITO [lITO JC AJ11I, rrOT1TTO je sa aac. )~OK ron ce 06phe~10 ua
• • • •
H>OJ 11p()'rIIBH(), IIOIJITO je 011a cyurracrno, HIITI! CC OHa OBOj 3e~faJbCKO.1 1103()pHllI~lr,)J(JIBOT HenpCKHAHO nonon

najc pa30plITTI lTaK }-IJi BJIaC'J'HTOl\l csojc« snohou; a " 3<:1xcanocr, If rrourro, xao urro sa remnra, Kan CIIJa cyrrne,
0110 JJITO }bY casnaje, jecre ne'III1'O. CI3C OBO Hl1jC 'fClllKO (IJ(Y Y crony CCHKC, TaKO H Hac npare )l(anOC1'H; HJIlI, sao

omuapnnje paIII1rnalI11TH. a H11 AOAe:\'rlJ nyuo IIITOIIITa 111'1'0jc HC]\1orytie na CC upu JIOJ~HCI~Jf()jnprmenn He saxapn
CJIII\[IIO, 113 ucra 6l1C~fO ce pa3J10)((l-10 YBepIlnJII na Harne Ba31(Yx, raxo jc fT 33 rrac HeI136c)I(HO na CC CBaKO):(HeBHO nc

nymc ocrajy )J(HBOTa; aJ1JrI uaaa aaje J(O
1-1nOCJIe osora )l(aJIOCTR~{O~ rra KaKO Y )KanOCT cnana HCCYMlhHBO 1I JeJ(
rora ~a 0 011()~1CW'fO HHKO He ocnopa 13a,can pa3BJIa- 360r ry6If'l'Ka IIaUTTfX Haj~lJIIJIHj~IX; a OHl-I cy Ha~1 ~1HJllf
\IJr~roIJa3rOBO}). Hara, naxne, none Cy!\III>a~iO J~a6na)]{eHa 360r npJIO 6nllcKIlX aesa rvle~Y'1'H~1, nax, mrje
C uaxia:
can )]{11Bl1 ~1HOr()caspmeaajc Hero nn Y cpIJ3[flIKO~1cnery, ~1()rytlc ua 6y~e]\fO neuno ca H)Jrl~fal neh ~fopa~10 111111 ~fJI,

HIITH jc ~1oryhc )~a OHa, OtrnCTIIBlr[~I ce {)BAC no xpajn,c }10K ()HlI OC"l~aJYOBJle, OJ(.na3~11'lr OJ.{f-bJIX, na TeK nocne ua
~10ryhHoc1'11~ OHAC ~IC 6Jlaryje on npsor TPCIIY'I'Ka, \{lI~fje JrI OHIf CJICAyjy sa Hahla, IIJTII C\JO nplIHY~CHII na, nOK jour
• • •
rauo crnrna KC1 ce6n CpOAH~I~1a. Jep, KYJ~ je II xauo rpaJC uam )l(HnO'r, rneuasro xaxo <-)HlI ]e.naH JIO jcnan
• • • •
aesroryha«jc, 611JlO Aa He 6YAY 3ajeJ.(HO C BlilJlfblI~1 6am nYTY,IY, JCP ]C TaKBa 11 naura Ii H}I.fXOB'l npnpona: uajsan,
• • • •
OHM KOJ11 cy CC 11 Y CBO~l 'J'CJ1CCHO~1 IJ()C'I'0JaH>y J1.p)1(aJI.M, KaKO ra] ynap nOAjeAHaKO CHclJle1311 II npnnarne JbYAC H
KOJIIIKO l1~t jc fOA '}'O fiUJIO Y ~101,1.f. TI()'rIIYH() oKpeHyTII K liJTaCTOApUJIJ:C t Ita TCIJIKO noraha 11 'L'c6c napa KOjl1
tbC~1Y, 6HJlO 1(,} nc 0YllC cupcrasa C Haj6Jla)J(CI[MjM~fa crojnui Jla}\ CHJ1f\'fa, 6ynyhlJ ~a jc ()JI IJCllfTO HajlJPMpOJ~IJJ1-
oallI ona xoja {»)~aBAC J._(OHOC~1ca C060~1 rrpnnpcuy IIJtl~l(l- jc: 11 IJOllJ'I'O Tpe6C1 npO'J'l1B there}, xao PI ([PO'I'liB

54 55
CP1IKJ1ILA -BJ.1:JAIITM.rCKA IlAl>HIlJ1

lTIKOAJhHBliX nOCJlC}.lHU;ci on n.era, cupamrra HCKO oA6pa~1-


6eHo CpeAC'l~BO~ - TO ja H lIpOTlID canannse OBe )J{aJIocr(~HH
,•

I I npOTFIB CB3Ke npyre canasr FI TROMe BJIanal)CTBY Ii OBHM
i I

cnymaounva osaj nex - OBY, aKO 611 je lfOBCK Morao 1'aKO


H33BaTll, cncry ~{enm~RHYo~ neser pa3HHX nnonosa, na

}'111CJIHMna ona IIp~JnFll]" H3KflOHOCTID-lc\ cnasac noxoj-
HlIUe, a ua ;.{OlllIKyje Ii fIOCJlY KO]\1ecy nocsehenn OBltI AaHH,
fI "ajc yjep;Ho 6JIHCKa ~IOMe rr03~lBY,IJ8 11na onrosapa llIDlY

OBlJX CBe'I'HX oraua KO)II cy ~tC aa aBO nOJ(C'J'aKJlH, npc-
sasanaseha y csesry TO~1eMa xoja Apyrlf TICK.360r Tora ce
sacan H OCTaBJba na CTpaHY CBaKM APyrl1 O~ TaKBHXneso-
na, na ce R Te6JiI 11 csaaa npacyruasia
rrpHHOCI1C,lMO onaj
)l(eJIHrre TIM casnara cacrojxe rora JICKa?To cy: Jby6aB,
panocr, MBP, Ayro'rpaJbIIBOCT, J(06pofiYJlHOc r, Ao6poTa~ r

• nepa, 6narocT, Y3).{P)l{Jl,HBOCT (faJIaTID.1a 5, 22-23).



npOH3BO~a tI je THX nnonosa Ilyx CBC'l'l1, sao ron urro je
~CJIOKyIIHJ1 rrocraaax 6JIJhaKa, lIJIOAona H ?\mHCpana xojc

..
f cariapajy ncxapn, neno ror rrpBo6JITHOr yspoxa CBllX
• •
crnapa; -rysapxa, nax, Ii ~OJHJha Ibl1XOBa je AYIua, OHaKO
HeTO xao sa ORe npne 3eMJba, na aKO xohenr, nyma je H
nexap xojn HX Merna, noyuasm« CC Y 'I'O~1e Ilannosov .M
60)l(iiHCKOl\1 pc-urroinhy, R yxpacaaura PClIH'!'(.)C'r KOj)1
KMa y ceria, TaMOIllH)HM rOBOpH¥J1IKHN[scurraaaua. CBaKJ1

on 'rRX IlJlO,QOBa BpIIIH y HaMa, KaJ( ra y3}.{e~10,H cBOJe
3acc6HO KOPHCHO AejcTBO. Iloacuiajy JIH ce, nax, paJ(H
ynorpeoe CBHcxyna.na 6H cc 1I3 l:bHX caC1'aRMO jCAaH jena-
liM JIeK, OHR Hac ocnooabajy 01.( cnaxor 311a, 3 C npyre

crpane 0ACTPalhYJYCBaKY yxnapenocr nyuresnax cana y
BI(3QHiii.lljCKO uapuua .y CBe1lGHoj OOC)J(OII
naxa II cnpenaaajy CBaKY npcsnacr onopnx COK()Ba.Eno,
(G. Schlumberger, Un empereur byzantin .. , Paris, 1890)
na Bl1,QHTC y KpaTKHM I10TC3l1J\1a.

56
,IJ,. AHGCl ucnjcsul,
crtirnu» -IIII.JA1IT/lIJ(_'KA U(4 PJ1I(A

. III'fO ceo }\aKJIC, npc cscra rnuc ~11)10aBJf,6y)~yli~1 1f llTTO TC aarpanc ).(o6Ifjaj)' uarnpnponuo OH~T xoju rcsce
J{a IC oua aaron cpna xa If}lCclJIHOf\l yxuuarr, y y Eory, xa CBO~f K{1aj J-be~f ycaspuranan. Y~ a C npyrc crpa He. ITIT()
J1aJ{Il cauor Bora (jcp OH cnaua y 611ft,l Y xojuna ce If'~C- C)' ro yjenno AapORH 6o)l(jer Ilyxa y naua, ynaxnyrn Y Hac
aJIH~) Y)l(IIRa: ,I uc Y oua xoja cy sa )'nO'l'pCOY, 11()IJI'I'() jc xao ysnapje aa HCKY npyry BPJIJfIiy. xojy ron CI\1() }' cran.v
xpa IH>C caaprucucrnn): TO uac ona noncrn llC ~(l CJI,IO() nOKa3aTlI'l13 llHCTe JhYJ~CKe no6)'}~c. AJT~f, HCKa .;e sacan
r..l(lp[r~10 11 aa ouaj IKlfH{)T JI 3c1 onaj cupruu CBC')' u 3el nocra 0 TO~fC, IIOIIITO Ha~l ce nan-a )!()'pJITJI.
JrOnc1I~ n 3(1 lIP()Jlc13JIY CJIaBY II Y()JIIII're 3,} Cl1C cnon.anrn,c. PaJ~OCT, nax, jccre npccraaax CBaKC )KCJT1C, {lltl~l
11 J{Li 'r(tKJlll~r cruapuva pacnonaxccxro CC1l\() Kelt, npCJ3()3- csro CC C'I'aJIJIO 3,~py)J(IIJIll ca Onnv xora acern.xro: a 1'0 je
~lJI~f CPC)~C'I'T1JI~la, a na Te>KItf\10 3a nocrurnyhcxr 6o>I<jcr OHO urro Ka>KC 6na)J(el-fI1 lOBaH: "K() upctirma y Jby6anII,
uapcrna, IIOIIJ'rO Ha~r jc Ta~lO IJ{)J10)l(CJI KOHaI~ lJ naruer 11 Eor je y H)Cl\lY" (Ilpaa Josauosa 4, 16). 11 3aJ1C1'a, KO cc
BCtIHC)r GopaBK3 11 ne-ruor )J(tIJ301'a nanrer. 11 ~lJJOrJ1 060raTl10 HC1'HIlCKO~t panonrhy yCJ1CJ~ 'I'ora, rrrro cc
6JIa>KCHIJ. cy 'raj llaj60n)11 ~I Jf(l.icna~JI ~lCljy
}IOIll'rO n.eroso CPI(C ocnorionnno )l(eJJ)e sa nponaaumr crnapn-
nno}.{()nJr~la - ITJIO)( JJ>y6anlf, llellrl~l - caripann ll3 CBC'JlfX ~fa, raj rmjc npnnonao ce61T OC()61ITY nosy narn.y, nrro
xrsura. KOjC nOC'I'aI3Jl>a jy xao 3aKOH:.Jb)'611 rOCII()J~a 11X jc "13ry6Ho, jep jc sa Ib ~tAan)c rnaBHII npcuner
Bora 113CI3e AYJIlC Cl~OjC", TO jCCT C JrJ{eanHlf~f y)£(MJ~aI-bC~1~ n.eroue Jby6aBM, xojn xry ce He ~fO>KC onyaern, II KOjII t\1y
If 3a'I'IJl\J: ~.I16JIII>KH>era csora JI) YOl: xao C,1~10r eeoc" je caxr C060~f ~OBOJhaH. A narpaua sa paJ~{)C'I'je ynasax y
(Marcj 22, 37: Mapxo 12, 30; .TJYK(1 10, 27), 1'0 JCC1 113 panocr y Bory. Jep OH scnn: ~,Y~lly panocr rocnonapa
norpcoc - OJraKO, naxnc, xao CBOjy nyniy II cnojc 'I'ClIO: csora' (Marcj 25, 21, 23), nourro 11 jecre HCKO paspa-
ocrasnnn cy CJ3e pctJ{I[ Jby6aBII rracnpan Xpucra; 11,1 je ljRRalhC II ynehaa,c naaor Ha~l on Bora xarurrana, Ka).J,MJ.f
rrpcxra 'J'(>~IC npauo }{a I\fTI 'J axohc TO J~()6pOBOj])HO He sarpnasaao

R HC caKpHBaJ\10 HCtllfCTTIl\:f TIO~i~IIIIJl)aJlf~la:
,
OCTaI3n)a~1() paJ(JJ HaKlIOHOCTl1 K tbe~IY Ii na npaxraxro Hero HallpOTJIB paumpyjcxro II O'fB()PCHO nOKa3YJC~10
60)J(.jIJ CY/~ C Ilor~ly1'Jf~'1 Bpa1'Ot\1 n cpncu. A can )_{a BlI}l~I'I'C ycahcny Y HaMa on npnpone srncao 11){<YAlbY sa 60JbIL\1.
II Hc.trpa)(y sa Ty 11PJJIIHY. To jc: ..Ko xrcne Jl)y6l1 - scnu HCC~feTaHO, nax, li ucnoayheno rtpucneuan.e xa
OH - rora he ..fJ,yorfTll OTa~ uoi, II jet hy J\1Y cc )Ken>CHOJ\feneqmxame CC Y Caerosr nncuy xao ~lHP, KOjl1
jamrrn ~'(Jonan 14, 21). 11 36JIJl,a jc rperiano naj SIllIlY ()l{ ~1lfIIOJ\1yhyjC~fO, Ha)KaJI()C'I', tIH~f xohcxio na 6YI(C uaura, a
CllIIX npnnna aarpannr» rnCJ(('llJ.>C['.l 'I~IC'J'C ncrnnc 11:3 He I'ocnomsa BOJha. A KO tvIMP uapn.nno Tpa>KJ1, Ao6~lja
HC[I()CpC}~Jrc 6J1IJ3HHC. JIOIIT'!'() jc 1'() uajncha narpana, ro xao aarpany 6o>Kje YC1IH)elbc. Jcp OH nena: "OJIa)l(eHH
JCCT raxna Y KO.jOj CC HclJJa3C CHa ~()6pcl. C'l'()ra 11 lillje ~11IpO'rB()PUlr"- npe cnera OHll KOjll )' Ce61J Ca~1Hl\fa I\:IIIP
lIY1\() LIl'l'() cy Ii 'ra Jl>yGan 11 H)().i Cp()nlf~1 JIJ1C))(()13.1:1 C jC}{lre 1'B()pe, a 3a't'11l\'1 ra fI lIpe~la "p)'ril~1a, I1J11-1~l Y }~pyr~(l\la.
C'l'I)clIIC KCl() IrCKe IlalUc BpJl~IHC 3a K(>jc ce }(cljt; Harpa}(el. PC13HOCH()Hcryjy - "jep he ce fla3Bcl'J'I1 CUHOB11fvlCl 6l»KMjII~t"

58 59

.[1.. Auacracujeunh

(Marej 5, 9); a on rora neua HIllIer satner YK()J1IfK() CC O)l(aJIOC'1'11'!'If 360r ryrinrxa ~1a -icra urro ~fY je nparo, a
rnuc 6JIarOnOJbClba 6o)l(jcr n I3C3C C Boroxi. napo-mro nc 36()[ ry6ll1'Kcl JT>ynCKHX crsopcu,a, 110W'I'O
Ilyrorpun.ueocr, IIa K, urra je npyro He r()J1Jf sa IhlIX()BC J~YWC 3Ha II 113cneTTTX KH)Jlra na C)' 6eC~1pTHe.
II3).\p)f(Jl)~Ino J!()nHOTUClhC 60lltt xojn Ha~t sana jy f)'6IIUI1 a sa IbIIXORa 'rena scpyjc ,ua he orrer ycrarn 11 6111'11

ITP()lle13lnIX ]lOGel pa, ann KOjl1 Ha~f ne naua reurxo 3aTO BelIHO sajenno C nyuiaxra; TaKB)', nax, 13CPY upne 1[3
(IJT() Y aaxra npCOBJ1al) yjc 'IC)J(tbcl sa BC\IHJI~l }106pll~ta. A 60>KaHCKC nayxc xoja CC o-nrryje nenou. II xoja usia xao
~f TO jc J(CJIO JICKpCfIC Jby6aIl~r. Jep Ilanne BCJIII: ,.1by6an nOTBpJlY If pe-r noneuancxor caupmcncrsa, xohy peha
.JL. nyrorpun.una " (npaa KOpIIHlla HII~Ia 13, 4) . "A Y TO~lC
Hcyca Xpncra. 3a OBY Y3BllWCHY BPJIIIHy H"rpaJ(a Ra~rjc
ac ~fO)J(e GIfTII JJ)yJ(11~la nehcr ofipacua O,U a.era. HII'i'11 onpasnaa,e. Jep CB. Jlasnc BCJllI: :,I10IDTO C\fO ce ortpan-
ll~ta xora KOjl1 jc JIOAHeo ~IHoro6pojHllje rcrofie 113 nanl! Repo~1 y Xpucra Hcyca" (PR~I.TT)al[II~la5. 1). A
XPHCT)/. 11 aa nyrorpnn.uaocr " .
J1)y6aB~1 npeua 110CTOjll • ,,01IpaBAa'!'ll ce cacroja ce y TO~IC urro H,l~1 ce same
aarpana. To jc finarnapexreno If aCtIHo cnacen.c OJ~IICKy- ncno ypa-ryaana y BPJJIIHy. Jcp, xaxe raxobe CB. Ilasnc:
IIICl-ba. Jep BenJ1 Focnou: .Ko npcrprrn .uo xpaja, cnarnhe "Eli ~1y ypa-ryuaro y onpannan.e (Plf~1JhaHl1~la 4, 3),
cc' (Marcj m 22~24.13; Mapxo 13, 13). urro 3Ha \11[:y BPlIlfH)'. A ro HC~IO)Ke61lTli 6e3 nepe. J cp,
,lJ:06pohY,UHOlllhy, nax, II ]106pOTO~f nasnnauo no IICTO~f CB. Ilaany, ,.6C3 acpe je ueuorync CBITJ(CTTIcc
nonaomn.aso II HeYBpeA..'hIIBO nonanrau,e npcxia 6.flff- Bory' (Jenpejnxra 11,6).
)KfbJl~faycncn rora llITO ce aaura ynyrpaunsa ~fJJCaOHa Bnarocr, nax, 1111'a 611 npyro 61IJIO JICrOJlll, TaKO
HCy3IIe~1IiPJbI1BOCT npoumpyjy If aa aam CTclB upexra na Ka))(C~fO,ycnaan.auaae ruena, "JIll CB()~C}bC iscroeo
cnon.aunsca csery. A Ao6pohYAHOC f je OIIIIITHja on
r aa rrpany srepy. A TO jc 6alIl raoja upnaaa, CIfJIHH nape.
notipore II uporexe CC aa BCJ1Ji 6poj Jb YAII. J ep Jcp 1'11 IIpaBlflIHO onuepanam men TBOjc pe-ru, Ii He naru
,~no6pohYAaH jc Focnon CBH~ta, a noepo \IlIHII }l06pll~fa:', joj ua cc 6)'1IHO H pa3Y3naHO xpchc H ynapa. EJ1ar l[OBeK,
13CJlJl J.{o6p()5y,UHlf If xrexocpnau, xao II rn, uap AaBII,l.(. naxne, ne fT)'HH Ba3AYX BlfKO~f: He napa ynm oxomne
KOjIJ jc 6arn 3a1'{) II 60)l(jlI Jby6lI~1alt II rrpopox (Ilcamrn ysnacana: He npaxa Bora XJ1aJ\HHjII?\i pc-nixra: jep ruxo
144 1145/, 9~ 124 1125/: 4). 113 rora, IIaK, OllCBllnHa jc II pane OHIf KOjlI 6ecHe xao nYJ~a~M~ Hero OH orpanmana

aarpana, KOJa uexa JI~1aO~C OJ3IIX BpJII1Ha. pasyxioa J(KBJbHH)' CTpaC'I'H, n1fajyhil na y~ly "a 11lIIIITa
Bepa jc .,no'rBP1~a 0 craapmra Kojli1\fa CC HaJ(a~lo, Oil OHara W'!'() jc fl'3f}'6IIO anje n.eroao. J cp Cs. ITaBJIC
A()Ka3 0 oauxra xoje HC B~J(lf~10" (Jenpcjmra ] 1. 1), A{)Ka3 Ben": .Jllra lL\fallI a na TO HlICH J{06IiO? A ~l aKO CH
sa BCPO]lOCTOjH()CT Onora KOjJI Ha~1 0 l-hlL\fa rOl3()pIJ, II HeWTO .[.(06110. 1111'0 CC xnanuiu, xao na rn 1'o6o>Ke H~ICl-l
t[~fja ce BCP()Il()C'I'()jHOCT ourryjc lhCrOBII!\f HC()CTI()PHIltvt ,,0611()" (npsa Kopuahaaaua 4, 7). Toste 6~ C(;, nax, ncno
}{CnI1~'fa II 3H(1~1C.I)H~1a.Ko I'OA 11~la flpasy nepy. Hene CC srorno J~{},Lla'J'fJ11OBO: "AKO JIM ca HeI1l1'() 11'3rYOll()t urro

60 61 •

A. AHaCl ucnjcsuh

ce Jh yram, K30 ua 'I'll je oayscro TleTTJTOraojc T" 3a o 3)1


BpJlIIHy Ha~f je narpana uacnchc 3C~IJT)e. Jep BC11~I
I'ocnon: .,E.rra)KCIIIT rinartr, II()(IITO he HaCnCllnTII 3C~lJb)/··
(Marcj 5. 5). IT any ()BJ~C, II OHY '1\a~10,lIC1'IIHCKY 3C:\fJT>}'
6JlarlLx: J_()K he cacBll~111pOTJlnHO OJ_( rora ,TlO'IeK3'!'11 oun
xojn cc Hco6)73~aHO JbY'fC. a II OHJI KOjlJ npexo ~[CPc
pooyjy raxsoj jcnuoj crpacrn xao urro jc )J(aJlOC1"'. J cp,
CB. Ilasnc xaxe: . )Kanoc'l' osora CReTa AJHOCll C~IP1'"
(npyra Kopnnhaunua 7~ 10), '1'0 jCCT nYIIJeBHY C~1pT. xao
urro )Kc\llOC'1' y Eory }~OHOCII noxajau,e pa~li 6ecnoK(ljH()r
cnaccn.a. 11 sancra. OHl1f\(cl xojn cy aapotirsexu 1'O~1
crpamhy nnje BlIUIC sroryhe J~CJTaTli )KIIBaXHO, nou ITO cy
II~f 110A tbCHll~f ynapunaa ona6a13JbCHC H)JIXOBe yHy-
rpanm.c cane. CC~1'fora, ,~~IH()rC jc yrinna )l(aJlOC'I"', BeJITI
Cl'ap033neTIlH IlPOIIOBCJl;HIIK. )lIIll1'{I nxra KaKDC KOpJIC'J'IT
on a.e' (He IIpOIIOnejlHIIK. aero Mynpocr Capaxona 30.
25), 1101[11'0C)' 0]1 60J1CCTIl xoje OHa uopaha, CBI! OHII npc-
paao 11'3r),6JIllJI)J(IIBOT, KojJI ce rOJ{ HilCY omrax CHa)l(HO
}lIJrJIH nporas lbC.
Hajsan, Y3JlP)J(JbllBOC'I'. TO je yuepeuocr xojy rrpe
csera Y .iCJ1Y 11 nuhy, na OH,Qa Ii y csexry npyrou, aaxtehe
l)a3Y~1.3a n.y Hac O(»I(jJI npostucao narpahyje ruuc lI1TO
Ha~f IIOIIYlhyje HCAOC'I'a'J'Ke IfClJIIC CPII'3lll1KC cnatiocru,
rrOIIITO je. no HCKaKI~O~f BI1IIIC\t norrynrrca.y, CYJ~61IHa
HCy~fcpeHJIX Act CBe )~y6Jbe "OH)' Y CBa ropa 3JIa.
cc nnonoua, K30 llJ'J'O IJlfAIiIII~ aajnnc-
E1'C), li31'MX
~lCHIJ'r~lj~1nape, npasu SlCK xoju Jl()HOCIJ 6C36oJIHOCT, IJJl~
6011>C pcha CTPIIJhJfl~OCT y 60JIY, II KOjTf onsrax, a He TCK
IIOCJIC J~)')f(cr npcvcaa, OCJI()6alja OHC K()jII cy Bon)HII Ceeiiui (~'OCPlli{1)1 Llapuipaov (rancpnja)

Y3C'!'H ra, (})~sana KClKBa nx cnonanajy ycncu npcrcpauc (E. Foard. The Bl':;CIIlliI1f! Empire. London. 1911)

62
,[I,. Auacracujcanh


)l(aJTOCTft, nJIM KOJll tlaK He Act HIt na IIX no-ray Cl10nanaTIJ,
jep OH 11~1a, xan npcayupehnna-rxy ~loh.
cc IIO[lIIjC, Ii
Hsera je y3H~[aJTa nporus CBIIX HC3fOAa Y )KUBOT)' cnanna
IIOKojHHI\a, Halla uapnna, najcscrnja ~tcby napauaua.
Cacrasou TIlX JlYX{)BHIIX nnonosa )'jC}~HO, OHa jc
ncrepuuana 113 ce6c csaxy {)TI)OBHY )Kan{)CT, npnnoccha •

ra nenpecraao C13(.)jOj llYlllR. Taj cy JIeK II npe lbe TIHJTH


CBH nacmrrananu 6{))J{jH. Y 311~1a j)'h Ttl 1(1. 11 'J'll hem,
• •
uajapcnnjn nape, Ilt»){H()CnTJI J1aKO CBe IJITO TC CHana31I, 11
ynpaan.ahcm Ha!\1a lIYHll~I Ila>Kfue ~1lICJTlf?\ra II 6Y/l.Hll~f
()tIHf\{a cpua. Jep Ilyx CBe')'II nehe )la'l'~1J(3 CC TH, TaKO
uaxpan.cu lberouuu nJTOAOBII~la, 0ABllfUC y3Hc~IIlpaBal[1
OBH~f 6eCOBlL\la KOjl1 nysajy cnon.a, nero he, YTHllIaBUlJI
I{X,yrrpann.ara 'l'BOjOr..{ J{yIlJO~1, IIa hem KP~1cllbCHIb Il~fe,
ycucrx na cnaccu: oaaj l\1HOrofuYUI£fl ,~p)J(aBHH 6pOll.
Taxo nocrynaj, ~10JIII~fOTll CC. H ce6e caaor H Hac pann,
a ~IonH~10 H bora J{a Hseronoa uosrohy ~10)J(elll 'raKO
IlOc1'YIla'I'Jf, jep fbC~fY npnnana cnasa Kp03 BeKOBC,
A~1l{ft
.

(rpauypa)
ll.lIPI12/){1()
(G. Sch lum berger, V,7 empereur bvzunt in..., Paris, I(~90)

64 65

Crtt KJ11IJ/l - BJ.-!3AHTl'!lCK,4 llAPI111A

H.GBeOeH.O.,~tnnantcy", jep ce II ueuu -uuiuno oa He uosce


tiuiiiu OP)IKtlllje. Ho, )'IIOJHOBlllll ce, iipu ltpe8obelb)'
JOBal-lOBe tieceoe, ll36JlliJICe ca l-beHO}'f C{IOPJIClll-lO.:\t, uanas-
llAt oa Jlastipoc neua upaeo, Bell oa ie II J06(II-I, KOO u

yrA EECEll,A ie 00 ,..JGKOI{O.tPOH.IIIUe.IbO ". Cxonapuie, uaueuuo C60i)' tieceoy l~OP)' Konciiuiniiusn».
iiu: ieciii l(apCK02 iipaeosaciuyiinusa, EBO IlJ (lela iiio usnasu:
ba KOHa J OBaHa EBrCfIl'IKa'::, 6pa iiu: It u jeo- Petl,.):(ecnOT" uutuo ie /-COOBusaniiutnaua )' 006a
nouuuuueu uca 211a8/t02 tiopu« Iipoiitu« dmopeniiiuucxe
I
Ioeaua Eeienuxa, ceu Af./lofjez sua-testa «oie CMO naiipeo
)'ltlJie eipec K02 M uiiipoiio nuiiui
I Map KG E 82 euuxa. iiouenynu, uio jecii! ceM snanen.a uaieuiue onoauuse
II peeeo ('QA1 je co 2PllK02 lTieKclua «oiu ie 06io6JbeH )' (UlllUYJle iiocne uapcxe, ioui yee« ciiiapo snonene II

36J.111L(11113Bopa sa JICTOPlfjy ]lIIH3C'1'11.ic TIanCOJIora 11


"rocnonap", )' C.~-flIC.n.)J "ltp)KaBHII nornasap ". t,~ap "
ITCJIC)[JOHC3a 00 lIOK. iipotpecopa aiiiuncxoi ynueepeuiiie-
TaKaB ie CIl yna], ua iipuuep, )' ciipoeoouou 11lIC.~iY, xoiu«
iiia CII..na\t6pOCa,)1 ilio)'IY I, usoaiiio» Roc.ie Jlnutipocoee ie Cxonapuie iiocnao l(ap)' Konciiicuiiiuuy ieoa« iipeiiuc
CAtpifill )' AlUlilllL 1922 (ClTip. 56-61). ceoie yiiieuiue tieceoe, 06paliaj)IIiLl ..~t)'ce OBaKO: .. nOllILIIO
Kao uiilio ce euou us caue J08a/L08e tieceoe, II iiu: Cll Beli iiiaxo useoneo, necnore \iOj CBCrrJI. nenexroxon:
I~ape. " Oseeuono, J,~ecn01'C CSC'I'll,. sna-ut iu)] .. rocno-
ie ,.)'lTtellllla pen" jeono» 00 Jeneuuuux cuuoea lt08000.At
CA1Pill u «eioee MOlTiepe. A iiouuiio )' IIOC;108») iuuue napy CBC1'H" OHaKO na iipuuep, Y AtOA6ll C8e-
uciiu: KaOJ

..necnory fI, Ilautipoc ie CAla iIi pao «ao iio Y,JOaH020 00 je ili020PCK02 catiopa 00 1198. ioouue eusaniiiuicxou uap»
lTin j J eneuuu CLlll ieoau 00 beojuue ),tJlabe 6pahe uapa Aoexcuiy /11 AII2eJl)', zoe ce Oil MOJlII oa llOKAOHU
K~/(cillalllTtlll1.a, unu aLI~~~l(lTipllielll1 u TOA10, KO jt I C)' saiiyciuenu XLlJUlH.Oap utuueu Ca. Cuueony II Ca. CaBlI, it
saieouo C KOIIClTiOILlullllO},t uaoxueenu uaiiiep, a uocunu ioe Y llolLelUK)' ciiioiu: " Ycyb )'j),lill ce MLI H.eoocl71ojNe
(.')' iTlOO(lllll-b)' uaieuury BlLJGHIUlljCK_\' IUllllt)IIl)' .. (Jecllolu ". cnvie it uonuiueenuuu iiieoia cunnoi it ceeiitoi uapciiiea,
«oja ce oceana uapcxuu pObal(II.~ta1/ nuuu»..ta «nesceecuoi iioouocuuo iiiu 08)'/dOJl.6)1, nCcnOTCIIaIU CBC'I'll, "2/ Ilpeua
pal-lin. naM6poCOBO ca« suuun.eu.« ,)'(.'80jl£0 u ja )' tope-

,: .
~: Anacracujcanh ~tIlCJl" Ha OCHOBHJI TCKCT OBC pacnpaae xojn jc y
>:: ..6pllCTUY XXX. 1939. nOJ\ HaC.flOBO~1JeOIIH(I 611JlIHllillicKfI l(a[)lll(ll Cpiisuua I

npc80A EafCHIIK()He Gecene. ca npoupat lIJ1f11 ()6jallJlhClbll~ta. D.. O()JaB~rH rOAIfHY naaa npe npceona. 1/ lou. )'1)./
Auacracnjcuuh JC OGJDOIIO non HilCJ10BC)fll J()III It'()/{ll r;('Ct!C)ll II()(IC)()(}..H cupiiu! BUAcTU y rp\IKlIfl1 aKTII~1a '<1I.1a"J~arC"II~1, II 'jlta H>C L. fe/;I.
Je'lel'~(1~/)nl(/11i Y .. 6pn~TBY" XXXI. 19~O.llf(II{, 1'1)',/ ncrporpaj.\. 1911. c'rp. n. ~1I)l<':TII j~"tl .Iel(.,,, ·"" ....dB ItpllMt!p Y IIIJ"Jalll'lIjcKor
CII. Jla~16poc. :J611PI{Q IIJaol)(1 JCllll'IIl()I)IIJ~' ()IIIII'l"ltlflie l/a.'l('().'lUl{llf HCTl>P11 1upa X BeKU relleclIJu,
1 6(UICI\l) "IJ~II",l.·(I P 5: nYlIl) J~pyrll'< npl1~1epa y
ni'.'l()(f(Jlle.J(I, "l'Ol\t I. A'( 1111,1.1922. corp. 35, Porphyr()g, IJe cerirl1. UTA. . J

66

A. Auucracujcnuh
(·PIIKf/llh.4 -RI'f.'3.4JI·"I1.!C'KA J{APl1l[A

iiioue, Ha('.108)~ Joeanoee tieceoc, He .;\101)0 ce iioo


II )'
Kao )' Cxonapuieeoi tieceou, uiaxo II )' Eeie-
,. llOOpoJ)'Ate8allLll
,,}~eCll0rro~1 ieoau or) oea peuena 6pailia IlLIK080j, inaeuo je peiiioputca, a uciiiopuicsux iiooaiiia-
KOI-ICLUaHillllllOBa, L100{)n<J)'~We6(llTiII u C{IJ~tuap
Ben ce ,J~10JlCe
«a It.WO lU)' }da.J10. Ieoan CJ\~Oeel: IloJweIJ)'J1LI. To ie 00 ie
Konciiuiniium. A ()a ce sauciiia sauuuuu; Iioscsy-
OH iUl'

It
Ienena itoc.ie tb nopeniiiunci:e ynu]« (1../..19), L1P80
ie JOCllO uapo-tuiiio Op)12aiionoeuua tieceoe. £80 KGKO:
ustiauima CllIIO, uapa Ioeaua VII I, KOill ie sa «n,ynuo iiiy
Y iiu: i iionoeuuu Joeau iTt pOJIClL or) IlelIAteH0(30J-l0 2 )11£ll;)I, IlJ iioueuuxa iipaeocnaeuux; anu 00 ce ()OL{flllje II
CltHO Je.(leHIIHa bee ciiieapu. leona ie, oa 6eJ 00.(I(12aI'60 OHa oasut )'aeplttltll )' llolTtpe6)' Yilitie C I(QLltO.llllL(ltMG J602
ysune (p.llopellLltllftCK)' yuuiy ceoia iioxoinoi tipaiiio, oiiacuociiiu 00 Typoxa, 110 ce £1 ('GM{l ospeuyna iipoiiiue
uapa Ioeana VIII, it oa l(PK8)' epauu: )1 Llpa80CJ1a8,J'be C(302 60POl(0 J{I iipaeocnaene, lIJ,,~feb)!ociiianoi u itpoiitue
Ol{a Mauoina II. Jep he LuaKO otcaiaitu! suiiiiepun ipex, Ioeana EB2efll1KG. Ilopeo iiioia ce )' tieceou Eeieuuxoeo]
KOjl1 ie ONa )'IIIIHllJla iipuuiaeiuu II caua ynuonuctiuuui, iiouuu.e it ueuuuo uuuo ce 110 ceoi iipunuu« iiiuue nac.
.~1aoo je ua iiipe, J602 yuuje, (fa K It cuua loeaua
6ll.flO LIC-
K.Ib)"fllJla us iiouena iipaeocsaeuux. A iiiaxo lte Ilaj60fbe
t. oa
HeKI1o~ napnapa .., 30 «oie OH KaJICe I/OK HLl OHII Helie
00 tl)'j)1 JO yuui», iia uu 30 llPlIBllOIL)', C(jaKaKO CMO lviil
300080JbLllUll II O)'lile ceoje 6pahe esaoanaua. Kao (1{lltO Cptiu it uaut 13)lpab EPOHKOBllli.
ce iio cetiu pasyue, uu oecllolu Iluuuiiipuie nu oeclloili
ToJrt 0, Alooa ce nucy cnaianu c YJ-lLlioA1, ue 6ll je uoinu
)'Kllli}'lTtll, iia, oaxne, uu Eeieuu« ue 6Lt uoiao uiako
uiuioioi: iUpaJKlliul1 00 u.ux, ueio CQAtO 00 epxoeuoi bp-
JICa8flOi iioinaeapa, n.uxoea 6paiTla uapo Konciiia-
-
HIUllHa.
Ceu iiioia, )J peuenoi iionoeuuu ceo]e tieceoe
saxiiiee« Eeieuu« 00 ueuueuoeauoi Ie.ienunoi CLIHa ioui
II iiu: 00 00 Boia it 00 JaKOHO oapoeauy ..\1)' 8.1{IClIi yiio-
iiipetiu Itt )IOPO oe..iehu iionoscaje II 0P)'20 ootipa iipa-
iiuuco
BlfLlIIO, oa
OPllCLTiOKPOlTiCKO J\fOfblIHO He ootiu]« C)'-
euute, ueio oa 6,lloe stipuuyiiui It ociiiana HapOOHO Maca.
Hu ilio Ice 611 uoiao Eeieuu« 30,tlTiea{llUll 00
KOflCLU{IHIUllHoee MJlobe tipahe ililltflilupllia u TOAte, «oie
je Kouciiuuuiiun iipouseeo sa oecllolue, ueio 00 CO.«02
uapa Konciiianii) una.

68
JOBAHA EBfEHV1KA, 'BAKOHA VI
3AKOHOXPAHI1TEJbA~
Yiiieuina pen Iociiooapy

ajcnaroscpunja MIl ]1 Haj6oroJl)y6HBlIjH


Focnonapy - a fIOIIJTO cy HajBHTTIC JiI naj-
• •
nparoueunje on CBliX 'I'B()j11X BpJIIIHa C

Je~HC CTpaHe QHCTa Ii nOY3naHa Ha~a iii HCKpCHa nepa
xojy 11~falIIy Bora, C npyrc nax CTpaHC IflfTO~I()CT 11
6JIar()C'I', KO.iO~J ce He cauo 110 npapona onnaxyjeui, Hero
ce Ii rpynnm na je ua neJIY nOKa)J(CIJI, vorao 611X,~aKJle,
nch JlOnaTIT rOPJh¥I~f IJa3IIBH~Ja jour II Haj]106pOAYUllfJljH
If Haj6na)l(H, If Oaora Jenner R Je}lJlJIOr Ilotipor IiI
Bnaror uajncrannrujn Jhy611'rcJbY! AOUJao 'I'll jc OllCT
'1'PCHY'J'aKAa cc IIOKa)l(Crn uotiap nornasap II rocnonap,
unpcropyxa cavcnnanap nan CJIeIIH~1CTpaCTH]\1a, npann
• •
snauanau, y~{aH xao KaKaB JYHatIHIf BO]BOAa npHJIHKO~1
onaCIlOCTM iii 6lfTKe, liJIIl xao neurr xpxrap y tracy
HCnOrO}lC, 6ypc R OJIyjliHC~ HJII1 xao acxycaa ncxap y
reurxoj II CMP1'HOj 60nCCTH. Iloinao 'I'll je oner TpeRYTaK,
cnyuaj Ii nonon, saucno He HC3HaTaH. HTTTlf CHTITlljn
scronn ~iHorM npebatrrn.a, na lf3HCCCUI na BH)~CJIO
BCJT~ltI"Hy, Y3BHIlleH()CT If ja-rnay cpua 11 Aa o-nrryjeiu
3aXBanHOCT npcua Bory II C'J'prIJbHBOC'I', KaKO 6J.1 He cauo
ce6Jtl Ca~1()~1KOPHCTlfO, IJJTO CRaKJ-I on nac 06(ltlfllfX JI>ynH Xpucoeynsa uapa Konciiianiiiuna Xl Ilaneonoia
)!(CJIH~1() CC611. U KaK() 011 cc caste BCH~C~1 BCtIHC cnasc Ilpaiauia, LI30aiTia Il)J6po8IlL(KY 1452.
(T. Ocrporopcxn, Hciuopnia Busaniiuue, Beorpan, 1(59)
MI1CJ1CHO3aKH'J'Ho, Hero KaKO 611 M f£3Hal\ 06~lllHor CBeTa

7() 71
)J.. All acracujcunh C'PllKJ1lhA - B/t[.3AHTI1JCKA ILA 1)1111A

IIOCTao camra npnuep nynreuuc xpa6pOC'I'H, II06ybllBat) rrpapone, H KaKO 6R ce suncno na cn upasu HacneJ(IDTK
II
cnera npoturrauuor 11 oripasau ~f y30p anOCTOJICKe MYf{pOC1'H11 SPJIllHC 06a~Ba T~i ponwren-a, a 11 KaK() 611
sanouecrn 0 3aX13aJlHOC'!'11 aa csa ll~~1. He rpefia, naxne, Eor 6110 npocnaan.en, on xora je Jh ynIIl\la CBaKlI nap
na npencepcrncm ~raKaB TpetI}'T3K, Hl'ITll ,qa rrponycruur canprncH .

Je,qaH TaKO JICTI uaner ca naruapa OI30ra CBeTa JI osora Tpu cy ~naxne, crsapn napo-raro -jtexa jc M can
cyjeraor )l(IIB()'ra~ HlI'I'J.l nax f\a CC 60raTCTROl\[ n 6JIarO~1 xacr 6pojy Tpojnue - xoje Te nosanajy Ira C1'pnJbClbC 11
lIOBHX H CTap~JXIICTlfHa. xoje ell AaBHO ca6pao Y nynrn, He AYIlleBHY xpaopocr, To cy: ~a je norahaj osaj BOJha
ll()CJlY)Kl111I can Ka~ jc T3pC~Je. A TO jc ~a, xao urro 'I'll CC 6o)f(ja~ na je Hac'rYII110 110 upapouu, 11 ~a ce He na H3l\lCHfI-
Y paAOC'I'11~1a If 3anOBOJbCTBIIl\1a Kp03 >KHDO'f He sarsa TH.
HlIKaKO nOHCTJI. TaKO ru HH Y rcrotiaxra 11)KaJ]oCTII~(a He Illro ce rnae onor npuor, rrocrojn jenaa H3pCKa,
rpcea KnOHYTH., Hero Y necranaocru IKHBOTa ca'IYBa1'11 xoja ce OCHJma sa ny60Kll:\f H uajnenorpciuanjux naunur

cranaocr, llSPC'fliHY 11 JCnaH RCTIl CTaB Y OKOnHOC'fH1vla, ysepcrsnna. A 1'0 jc, ~a scpauxa, Haj6oJbR)1a iii najrrpac-

llITO OAa.Jc caKpl1BCHO l\1y)KCBC1~BO Y naxra fJ ua lily HHjll~faBory, xao fOA IllTO In1 OTT onpebyje CBe nrro ax

yayrpaunsy CTaJIO)l(Cl(OCT M HCITOn)ana cnyrauy Y aauroj CHana3H y ~eJIO~i )J(KBO'I'y - a jacno je na je 6am 0 H>JiIMa
AYlllIf THllll1HY 11 ~lliPf[ohy. pe-reuo: .Baua cy lIaK H CBe A.I'1aKe na rnann H36pojaIIc"
MCTflHa, He 6JITfi
6ecTY)l(aH 11 HeOCCTJhWB,
CaCnI1l\1 - lICTO TaKO H]\1 OR onpchyjc H xpaj, 1'C lbHXOBa Cl\1PT
HHKO Tlf He npcuopy-iyjc. Jcp TO aaje -rone-mo, nonrro je 6llBa 110 TherOBY 6narOBOJbefhY. H TO ne Cal\10 xao
necaocehan,e >KHBOTIIlbCKa, HCJlJIe~(CHJt'ra If on Harne yuanpen nosaara, Hero xl xao npenonpehena, ,QOK Haupo-
npupone nancxa ocofiana, HHTH je mra-re IIOXBaJIHa. A THE 061flIHY CBCTHHY, xoja )l(HBH nepasyauo, 011
3aTnl\t~ H KaKO 6~1rn TaKaB r..forao 6U(1'11, xan nco CBCT nperrynrra cprry 011IlITe npnponc. Ho, Y OBe je neuao-
OKO Te6e cynenyje Y rnojoj nOTIIIIlTeHOCTR Ii 60ny, II cnasae Tocnobc 3a~eJIO CBC H3BPCHO:sepa, nena, nopex-
• •
sajenao C To6ol\1 ounaxyjc OIlllI'rI1 ry61ITaK! Y~lepeRo, JIO, aal.IliH nonauraa,a, )J(HB01', pel] - CRe je TO 3aJC~HO
nax, J(a ee aspunaur II HCIIJlalreUJ, 11 na uaur OJlYJIIKC 6HJIO KOA H,e OAJTWIHO n 6o.>I<je6prrrc rrOTllYHO uocrojao.
IIPllpO~If. xonnxo je pen, ITa 3aTH~1 na nary oner cnecpn- 11 xao llITO jc lhCHO )l(HBOSalhC uyuo npoxacna 6o>Kjer,
• •
HO onani 38XB8JIHOC'I', xao H na ofianmrr, lUTO npnrmsra H IICTII Je cny-ra) can H ca lbeH}Itvf cxonuarsea.
Tc6u caMOM H noxojuoj ~Ia'rcp¥I 'f11 w fOCIIOljl1: C'I'O TO je IIITo ce TMtle oaor npyror, TO jeer }~a cc C'I'Bap

OH(), aa II (T() rrc CUll ~fOJIJ,1~10Ii upcxnuacao 11LllTO TI1 npc AOrO~HJIa no npapona, TO 3Ha'ITI He cairo ua JC oua, xao
cscra Cal\-l ce6~1 nyryjem, KaKO 6fT ce f[ can nOTBpnHJIa OHa llOBCl[aHCKO 6~lhc, Ii xao 110AJlO)KHa TOj sa Jby~CKH pon
y cnnxa ocranuu 11CKYlUClbll~la OCBCAOlICHa nyrorp- orunroj xasnn, 6RJIa nY>KHa cnenonarn Ii 3aKOHJ,ltvla
TIlhHBOCT H Heo6li'IHa 113J~p)l(Jb1-1Bocrl' rsora uotipor cp~a npnpone. Hero M na jc. O]lCJ1Y)l(I1BllIl1 CJIY)J(6y xojy jc O~

72 73
A. Auacracnjenuh C PIIKIIIf>A - Hfl:JAfl'I'tJ,fC'KA IlAPl1UA

n.c rpaxno >KlInO'r, ua ()[IUITY KOPIICT ~Ii npouceura }\OBO- onuuasa 6(»)l(jcra l[C)BCKa, IJ IIOlli1'() je, y He,nOCTaTKY
. '
Jl,HO BpC~'ICIIa y nars.axra onora CBC1'a, na J(OCTIrrclBWll ]eJ{1IOra on rora JlBOJer. 01(0 npyro 1\fPTB(), HCIIPC)1l3BO,UHO
}~yGOKy C'1'ap()C1'. Il ()CJl()OOAlfRUJll CC HGBOJba c'raI)OCTTI. H n 3a.iIYJ~Ho,Yrncnaj cc II aa ocrana a.ena upcusryhcrsa,
1'() 3ajC]{HO ca jom nexonuxua SCJlIIKll}'J 60ro.rb)'Ill~ll~ta Ii na II aa }heRO crpmsen-e y xanocrnva II Ira IhCH)'
6()rOJby61I'rCJJ>Ka\la, raxmn: ucrun xao ona, xropana nytnesny xpafipocr )' uccpchaua. Cchaj CC lbeHI1X
, ,

Ha.l'3aJ'jcnuo» nnaTl11'TI onurrn Jby~CKII J\3HaK ITPJlpO~IIII Jllf'lHRX KpaCITHX H nCTI1TIo.n)y6JIB~lX pCtII1 () 6CC1\Jp'1'HOC'1'11
~13~f11pl1'rll upaan-um Ii fTeJI36e)J{HII uyr. xao 11 IICKYCliTll AYWC II 0 onurrcu nacxpccn.y. Yrnenaj cc aa fbCHY aexa- ,
II1'r() je
He~IJJHOBHO3(1 CBC IIU'rO!\fKC AJla~IOBc AU aac, nannsy pesaocr sa npany sepy II ua TO KaKO Je ona pana
Illro CC. nax, ru-re osora rpcher, '1'0 jCCT urro lbe 'IaK cnora ClIHa II uapa, II TO TaKO xpaciror cana, KaJ\
13CJIII~10 na jc noraba] on 'I'clKl~IIX xojn ce He xrory je OH 6110 CKpCH)'O na crpannyrmty, 11 nonyurrac Aa cne-
113~leHll'1'lf,'I'll H can snam na npcrepaao )KaJIlf'l'll ~fryfO- uyje 'l'aKBll~lcatinasuaaa. JI111lll1Jla 110~lCHa npaaocnannux.
narn aa H3ry6J])eHII~la~ II 360r rora rOTOBO o-rajasaru Ii nperrrocrannnura npnponnoj ~faTepHHcKoj n.yriaan
rpynarn CC sa l:J,II~ra, TIJ noxyuraaarn Aa cc npenaaue npHBp>KCHOCT Bory. AKO jc, nax, OHa uounujc, 3,l'I'0 W1'0
o~pcn6e npnponc, C(\CBII~I jc necnojcrseuo, Blf'J'ClIlKO~J H je 6nna rrpnaybeaa 11 onaxuu aaseneaa cancraxra phannx
anananausou ncneyuy, na crora cncnyj nocnyuruo ).(11- ynpann.aua, HeKOJJI11(HHYH)IIX. ~lelj)l xoje 61iX CC ~1orao
BHlf~f 60)Kjll~t O)~JlIIKa~ta. I) npnxraj II )Kenll lICKPCHO, IUTO paxyaara II ja, aeurro srano YBpCAI1Jla, npenannru 6o)l(jy
, ,

Bor xohe, a nexroj }l(ene'l'll II C OABpaTHOOJhy II01'IiyHO npxay yBOT{HHI{H~la I10BOTapHJa,


,
xrana TC n.yne naje
.
~la-
OJ\6~ljaj llITO je r01\ If Ibe~IY He~UiJlO. A TO je 1£11'0ron H pana, T~I raj fbCH srarsax ncno HaKHaAH, 11 nocrapaj CC ua,
OR II npapoua 3a6paJhyjc22. Jcp 611 61lJIO npaso na, xao najyhn, TIO npanannoj 60)J(j()j onpenrin, pyKy ITO~fOhHl-ITZY

urro Ha~J jc IhCH OBJ(aIllH>H ){(IIBO'f pabao CBaKII~l J(06pO~1, H3HeMornoJ crpaua, ucupasum ouacuy norpcurxy, aa
11CTO TaKO 6YAC sa Hac xopucran 11 H)eH OAJIa3aK y lICTlfH- xojy cy 6e3 cy~flbe noaa jaunie KplIBII caun OCHIIBatm rux
, ,
CKII )J(lIBOT, HenpaBOCJJaBHRX HOB01'apIJja: n tlyBa] OTatlKO npano-
Yrncnaj CC, noumsyhn. Ill'I'O HO Ka)KY. on cnasn,e KOHCltlHOAO JIOCJlCAfhCr uaxa. A cauysahcur fa HC
nouersora, II ua scpy n na nCJIa ne-mocnaanc rt)CIIOljC Ii cauo ocrajyha y a.exry, xao urro nOHeKJ.:t~fYAPyjy, HRTIif •
srarepc TIl, KaKO 611 He caxro rrCJ101\1, nero H AYXOM 61-[0 casro H)\yftH y3 a-era xao H,erOB cneJ(6eHrIK, Hero H
IbCII npanu ClIJ) , nOIIITO TeK TO otiannojc cavmsasa H 6paHcfi11 ra, 60PCBH CCaa n.cra xao n.croa npsooopau, 11
cascsuaxyjyha panu !hcra ca InCf()BH~l IIOKJIOH~H~la,
.,TIO,[(BIIKHTI 3BepOBII~fa nepa: y3l\.11f H3 ce OKJlOrr n llTIIT
~1l:iCnCHII If YCTaHH ~fr1)' novoh", onouan.e TC XPJ1CTOC n
22 Y II'JAUtby runuc "npcnopyuyje Anu csrucao UIICBIfAHO JaXTeSa
"'ia6pall)yjc ". upxsa, "TprHl1 ca6Jb y 1~}'X() BHy H jypnn IIP()'J'HB MOjHX

74 75
('PI! j ....J11bA- BH.3AHTUJ('KA 1111PflllA

r{)HIJJ1aJ~a''. Taxo heur it Bora JIP()CJIclBMTH. ~II~rJ(B~1 hem


novohu, H cc611 hCIII najnnrne yromrrn, 11 uyure hew
cnoje fipahc 11 BJlaAaJI(lI~a '3aJ{oROJI)fTTTI, nl)IIIT() ce, xao
urro acupccraao cnyurasto, Bor Hl1lle~I)' ronuxo HC

panyje, KOJIJIKO nonpanun 11 cnacen.y lIOBCKa,pauu xora
je Ii nocrano ucno Cscro nncxro ~fnena cnera 'rc11Ha.
Mp3}1 113 AHa uyiuc If cpna cyjcrne cancrc 6e)UIllX
Iby61I'l'Clha caxo onora cnera, xoju crpaxyjy ()A -rcra He
rpetia crpaxonarn, a aa Bora Jl sa 6y Ayli}1 )l(1IB{)1' uirrn
rrrro ~1HC.I1C, HH'J'li urro pane. Fnc je rasro crpax O,[l
Jlarnna? I'ne rpener, 6()ja)l(lbJIB()CT If onacnocr OJ(
Typaxa? III Ta~10 je jCJ{JIHO Ouaj crpaurau, K()j11~ IlO1lI1~O
Hac yC~1pT~I, M~ia BJIaC'r na uac Oal\11 Y naxao. Harne jc,
nax, IIpaBI-lJIIIO H snpano ~{~'IllJbelbe ua fiche ()A flamer
npasocnaun,a, H1ITH OJ{ KOHatIHe OA6paH~ 11 ()IIC'raHKa
lhcrOHa, IlOfiH Y onaCHOC'1' natu aapon II nama ()Tau6HHa
-TO He ~IO)l(C 611'1'11;HC[() ()l\ uaonaxe l(PKBCHC IIOJ1II'J'.llKC
Ii OJ( 113rHaH)a Bora 11 lbcroaa
npouacna li3 Harne
AP)l(anc 36()[ OBaKBor xpnnoucpja, y xojc lIaK 11MHCKH Oll
• ••
eapsapa Ire npHCTaJY uu na BCpYJY HII J(a ra penjy
HCII0BcAajy. HlfT" na noxyrnauajy 611'flf jCJ{HO H31Iy"pa. a
HelITTO npyro cnorsa.
TOJIHKO 0 OTatIKOl\1 '('11 JIpaBOCJ1aBJJ,y If nepa. A
• •
urro CC 'J'11tIC '!'BOJlfX Ae.TJa. CDIIl\I3 CBOJl1M AIIBlllrl~f TIOABH3-
•• •
rf~fa ~ona.JM ODa] y canaum.ocru, KOJI-I uapo -urro ca CB()~1
HconXO'~IIO['Ihy H3HCKyjy IIpIIJ1MKC, na f\;IHOre~ IIJIM ynpa-
BO CBC r[()J~aHRKe csojc upzcauc H36anH on >Ka.l10CTII,
6oJIa, porrran.a, II()BJIKe ~I cnaKOnpCH}IX ~1yK(1, ~I IIp~f6aBH
·3ajcAJ.llf1IKY panocr 11 CJl()6l)}~Y cnnaa. On Bora 11 0)(
Ilnan Llapuipaoa l/,l J -120. ,
3aK()Ha nc11IY "1'11BJIaCT, Ma K()J1l1Ka.~'la xa KI~a II{ .f\,(a xojer

76 77
A. AHtlC'racujcBuh ('PI I KJ1lbA -11l'I:J/111·fJ1.!C KA UAPf111A

()IICCfa oua scpaa uoxroynpaunrcn, uoopo 11


6IIJI,1, xao norpcurxc. llJ111 113 xaxne rrpeTcpalTC crpacaocrn.
xtynpo ynorperin, ~oJ(eJl)yjyhTJ cnaxoxr nrro \fY [lOJIIIKyje, ,uorOJ{lIJIO H nonerrrro nrro ~lyHelie 611'1'11npano. xao ITJTll
HC ~1())I(f(a xonuxn CBaKIl )[(CJIJf. HCf{) K{)Jl~lKO rrpllpoJ(a TO, nariorxrc. II {[HalIC 611Ha l\lcljy JllYUII~ra, 60JT,C je na cc
• •
cruapn saxrcna n KO.iIHKO AOTIT\lHIl nonoxaj mra rpojaua 111111 -reraopnna IIan,Y1C, aero na cc csu n01'}Je-

3Ha ([ella; lIe onnmne, HJIfI r01'OBO CBC~1aJr)lrll~I, Hero nexa cajy. Jcp OHO }IITO je sa xrano l-bl1XOOJ1HO, 6C360ITHO je. fJ
ItJnpcuoh KOA l\1,lllllIlIe 6y~e pa3Y1\111a II upann-ma, a ~J naxo ce CT~IIIIa na, nOW'I'O 113,131113<1ocehaj xparxe He3-
OC1'an,1 xtaca nexa jc, KonHKO jc ron ~1()ryhc, 30pJ.[Hy'ra. rone, xao ua IIPli~1Cp npn ~'lecTlI~Ill'rHlf~1 nospcnaaa.
He rpcfia J~a cc, saro WTO cc 'l~la 3)~p(lI~O ()KO llnM HOC Ann KaA pana saxnarn rorono I~C:IO 'rCJI(), 1J KclA JI()C'raHe
• •
11nll pyxa, 3aHC~'JapY.1e sora nnn npcr (fJll1 HOKa'r ann HCli3J1e'lHBa. 1'ana je Cy~{JI)lfBO Jla nc 1IaC'1'YIlll 11 uorny ua

HCKlf OT{ CTl()PCflIIJIJ fIX uenosa Tcna, nero HCKa ce ono nornoao. TlI~l, ~aKJIC, ASa1\1a BCJlliKJI~t ~eJ1II~fa.0 TI1
• •
I~C.rIO ynocrojasa upaaauao IIa)l(lhC 11 acre, KOJ,l onro- IIaj60Jbl1 fvlC~Y rocnonapnua. rr01'pYJ{II CC l\a yxpacum
• •
sapa CB,lKO\f nCJIy, Jep ce n nemma cacrojn 113 nenona. csoj lIeCTIITli 11 cjajna )1(IIBO'r 6C3 uan.ux ounarau.a II
,IJ.OKllC be cc nponyxirru OBO sa Hac TaKO >KaJIOC- OJ{Yf()BJIa'ICl-ba, KaKO 611 ce, nOKa3aRIUJI ce na raj nannn
H() crau.c Illra he Ha~f CnaKOl{HCnHO JIOTH-
C1'BapII? OIIW'J'Oj 3ajeAHHUH J{p)J(ane OrrIJIT~1 nofiporuop H nyuia II
Ul'I'CH()C1'. jcn, 60.Tt! ponraa.e, xryxa. ysnnca H)C, nna-r, rena, yxpacuo nnocrpyxaa BCIII~1111a~I OJ~ Bora II OA

331ICBKa IJ jayx, na ce IlocnY>KH~10 pe-uuia Cscror [IIIC~'Ia? CBHJY uac,
Ilene ca yotnrtajenrnr onnaran.eu! HCKa ce jenHo~fnpc-
xmre ca tIC~,(epIIB~1cyrpal HCKa najiau csa HC CJI,lTKO
nauacl HCKa 6y;,e W1"O CBD C HCCTpJIJLClbC~f HIIItIeKyje-
~fo23,KaKO CC He 611C~,tO, nyurra jyha ua uponasa \llf'raBa

BClJHOC'j', ~laJ\a CMU xparxorpajaa II ~·(anOBCtIHII,~I
sypehn aenpccrano C Ha~O~f y 6ynyh1IOCT, IIa xpajy
3aTCKJIIJ y ()fTaCH()~1 DOJIO)J(ajy, na 6YJ~C~ll) HCt\10hHlf aa
()AnyKY! Ilourro je )J(11BO'f xparax, nexa CC JIOAapI! Ha]\Ja.
xoju ronnxo l\IHOrO narmro, HeKII, xra II Kpa'raK oncjaj. A
aKC) 611 ce. npn T01\1, cny-rajao fI()HeKO~f, Guno 113 HCKC

23 Y U'jflUlhY rnuuc ... WT() je p,1oryhc". AnI! cxnrcao (.)'[CBIIAH{) TPU>KH: .,IIITO
ce 11"1~lcKyjC".na je 1'UK() 6ej cyl\llbe crajano II Y npB(.)6IrrHI.)~1rp'IKO\1 PYK()rtHCy.

'78 79

PE71A EECE1(A je 00 cjJLlJ10JOcjJa iino:
iiionu-uipa XV BeKG Eopha I'caacra-,
11poJ6all02 fIJII1TOHa24 UO J-bei080M
.rb )16Il.iW l()', ciiuipoopeenou Il naiiion )1. 11J0080Ha ie euute
iiyiiui, HO naiiocneiiixy Ll Ilaj60lbe 00 [lOK. OlULtllCK02
itpotbecopa Crr. Jlaxrripoca.j' n.eioeo] 361IPI~11CIlO~1eHli-
xa sa acropajy Ilaneonora II Ilenonoucsa (III, ATJ1Ha
• 1926). 3HalltHG ie napo-uutio LLO iiioue lLLlUO 113 !be
LL31lG3ll 00 ce Ieneua Ilpaiaiu yoana 30 8113aHUtllicK02
uapa Manoina 11 Ilaneonoia, lie iipe 1391. ioouue, KaKO
ie uucnuo Jllpe lex25, ueio unu 1391, unu ).10JICOa II
l

neuuiio oounuje, neioe )1 Meb)'8peAtell)' 00 1_191. 00 1394.


200LtHe (iiocne cepcxoi catiopai].

~ .
npCBOJ{ 6cCCAC nopba a, ca ()BO~I 6C.lJCWKOl\1 KOJY Jll)I!()CIt\tO Y
fCt.fllC'1
fljBOJ\Y. Anacracnjeanh je ofijuuno y .. 6pacTBY" XXXI. 1941. II()J~ aacnoaoxr
Tpeh« IIOC.ul}ITifin 6eceoa Je.1('JIlI J(/JlIZ(flllf!ll(Jj. /Haii. )'p./
2-1 0 Ihc~1yuuneru : A. n Jlc!ot!AeBa. I1Cl/IOPII I/. onepcsu cocti: BII.JaHlTi.
OOCIUO'/. llerJ1\611 ... MOCKBiJ. I !)()2. 2. I1:lA. 279. 11 A.
Iloeen.a Xt Ilpaiatua XIIJl{1110ap)J
((OPO KOllclTialllTillllO
25 K Jupeuex, MClltOI)II/l[ C',Jfia (npenco J. Panonuh). "Iu. II, Bcorpan
(n.1Jopl)~'h, Hctuopu]a cpitcxe hupunuue, Beorpan, 197 L) lV23. crp, 79.

80 HI
ern KJ1fbl1 - BM3AHTl1JCKA llAPM I (A

'BOP'BA fEMMCT A ETO OA 'fora


je napona 61iIO orau uapaue xoja je
/1 aoipotiuu »amoiio i Jeaeuu (11iiououu) II aneono iunu can rrpOMeHHJIa cBeTOM, a 6ellle TO B nnananan orinacrn
He 6e3HatlajI-Ie npa pC~H Bapnapy, qHja BOlla cnana CvlC1jy
uajoon,c H aajsnpaunje PCllHC B()Ae sa nahe, 6YAYftll R
. .. ... . ..
Cal\1 jenaa O~ HaJJYHaTIHHJl1X I1 Ha]IIpaBe,[(HHJHX JhyT(T1 11OA
• • •
HaJBepHHJHx y OmJOCH~1auacnpaa npajaren.a.

ap ~fa'I'CPJlnauurx napcna II KHC)l(CBa, KO]a Pohena OA raxsor oua, OBa ce ~1aTH HaIJ[HX nape-

fTHJe npCAHO
can ()AlTa311 H3 OB(Jf'a >KJ1BO'ra, sa R KHe>KeBa ynana sa H,0:XOBa oua, lttlliOrO smner TIO

0Aa1'~1 rroxnany, HJlIl aap raxo IDToroJ.{ HllJC paary H no CYJ.{6HRCK01v1YAecy HCrOJIli lbeIrn ponaren.n,
naxo sa xora 611110 xsanouojua? Ta saacra, HC ~fO)J(ece jep je He caxo caM 6HO xpacaa 11nan-an nap, ITa fI nOTOMaK

sutoro Hall" rI~aKBIIX KaO OHa MC~y OHH]\1a xoje cy p09CIJe He ~1aJJOrHH3a TaKBYX HCTHX uapesa, Hero JC H naposao
y raxsou crancxy, Hl-ITM cy ~1aJIo6pojHC OAlTHKe xoje cy HaA OBHM HalIIHM PMMCKHlvl flapoAoM20, 0 tII1jeM 611 nexa-

H>O] npananane. JJ;aIIIllieM uncrau.y, a yjeJ1HO H BPJIIIHH, 6HIJO CyBHIIIHO ro-
DHa jc, uan tvrc, no HapoAHOCT~[6HJIa Tpa -iauxa. BOPHTH, [IOIll'fO TO ueo CBeT 3Ha. Ho anax, Gap TOJIHKO
Tpa-raua cy, IIaK, HapOJ~ KOji'I je Ii crap 11KOj}1 ce panyua Helie OBOM npHITHKorvl 6HTJ1 CyBMIJIHO nOl\feHYTH, na, HaKO
y uajachc napone na cnery, He Cal\'IO saro urro C OBe je y ~eJIOKyllHOM apexeay xoje ce naMTH, 6HJIO MHoro
crpaae Ilyuasa )..{OlIIIPC O}1 Ilpuora ~10p(1 CSC AO Hramrje, npscaaa H uapcrasa, remxo jc aaha ~1axoje, rne cy apna-
• • •
nero H 3aTO iIlTO IIPCK() Ilyuana \laK AO rra~forllH)er na H IJ;BeTaI-be Y TOJIHKOJMepli HlIIJIe sajemro, xao Y crapo]
oxeaaa, 11 \IaK AO xorma xoje je r()'rOBO HCHaCeJbeHO 360r PH~1cKOjAP)l(aBH, rpajyh« yjenno Kp03 spno nyro npexe,
xnannohe, )l(FIBJI I1CTa 110 jC3HKY ca OElIMa OB~e HapO}1-
aocr, A II OHa je ~11[Oro6pojHa, 11IlITaBHme, on osora jc
orpauxa na OBOj crpaua AYfiaBa KYJJ:HKat.10 6pojHHja. ITa
.. .
20 nOTII8SIlJU jow npe XPUCT2I nOJ\ Puun.aae, H HacnC,[lUUILlU :xrrl1~t no
.., nponacra P.'~tIbal-la P~I~1CK()uapcrso, Fpua cc jow Oil, cpcmser OCKU, no HCKa·
IJHje IIH nom JOIn 0,(\ C'I'apI1HC TaJ TpatTKH napon, nero Je AtlWfblft.1 cnojm« rocnonapuaa P.iP.1Jo31JUfo,ta,H331fBajy PJ't.tJhau.1 (•.Poueju"), ua
Ii xpa6ap " nyxo« IIC Heo6pa3013clH. TaKO je, aa npaucp, ~1 caoj jC:JU.K ~1 cnoje HaCJle~eHO PIlfo,1CKO U.aPCTBO lI}lU Bmanrujy If csoje
("poMejcKHfo,,"), ()HaKO UCTO xao urro cy ce. H3 npuaep,
uapese :.iOBYpJ-l~1CKH~j
EBl\10JITI, xoja jc KO~ ATltH)aJla 3a13CO CJlCBCI1tICKe CBe- 6yrapCKJ1 CnoBcHII, no cBOjH~1 UCKaJl8111fbnM rocnonapnaa, TypCKJI~'
rxosnne sa crauau,e 6CCMP'I'HOC'rli nyure 6HO Tpauamnr, Byrnpaxa, npOJBUJ111 6yrnp~l, a n cnoj CJ1()UeHCKll}l.lIjaneKaT crann cy Ha'JII-
uarn 6yrapcKlf",1. H csojy AP>K3SY 6 yrapcxou: lI11ft xao IUTO cy ce PYCKII
a neJI~Ice Aa cy If xop Mysa I'pun HaY\IHJlH060)l(al~aT}f OJ{ Cnosenu. no CBOjHI\' rocnonapnaa, repxancxn» Pycnaa, npeU~1eHOBaJ11I y
Tpanana. Hapon, nax, KOjH cc xnaisa Mysaua, HI1je neyx Pyce. Ha:JHnajyhll ~I csoj je:!JIK P),CKUM 11CBOjy npxaay PYCtljO!\1; JilIn xao urro
cy 11,1'1'.11111 y lIeK8Jtallitboj PU\1CKOj ran ••[n. no cnojuv AOl~HI'ljU~t rocnonapuaa,
HlJ aenpocuchca. HM1'Hjc OI-Iaj xapon KOjH uepyjc y 6eC1vf-

repaaucxuv (l)palll~~ll\tl1,YCBojllJl11 Ul\(C <1>paHLlY'jll. souyhn It cnoj je:J~IK ¢pnH-
PTHOCT nyure Jb yucxe, upocra tIKII CO]. 4yCK~1~t, ~tcsojy )\P)f(£lSY <l>paHLl,ycKol\1.~laAa cy II AClJbC OCTanJ1 Jl 3THHI1.

82 83
,

A. Anacracujesuh (. "11/\ 1-1Ibll - BfJ.]A II'/'j uct» llAPJ111A

YI 'I'aKOje napmta xoja jc can rrpenucr Il()X13clJIa. HCr()J1II He 6mB B()Jb(lH H~TKan Hl1KO~l Y'IMJfliTl1 3Jl(), a
nxiana npc cscra 'ry cpchy na, uonnxanmn on B3Jb,lHIIX II )loGpo NfHOrHMa? Ho, 11C)pe}1 xmorux npyrux CpChH1IX
11C IJe3HaTI-lllX PO~}JTCJT)a, IJC)C'rllfHC jorrr xmoro 6()Jbll crsapa. najneha jc tbeHa cpeha 61lJlcl ra. lIIT() je OHa.
fipax, nero Ill'I'O je ca voj n.oj ouronapano. ce sa
Yl~clI311111 nocrasum xtarn ~IH()rllX naJT)alIRX cuaoua, xrorna Aa ax
napa pnucxor. KC)jl1 je aenanuo 611() lIpJI]\flJO napcruo II() CRC BH}.\M. KaKO ce "1aX()~1J1CII() CJTa>KY ~lCi)y c()60~{. a axo
o-rcuoj Ilonyuie, 3a'l'lf~1 cpchuu
C~1p'rJI27. AaHII nncy ce KOjH Ilyrr II norabano na cc HCllITO nosananc, KaKO ce He
ocrann HCIIO~'IClIIall~1 ca onopnua, 360r 11pe).~y'j~I~1ciHJ[X najy 3<:lHe1'IJHH y xakne ncnonpaaaae cyxotic, xao W'I'() ro
()~ napnapa oncana Ilaparpana, 3 Hap01IJlrrO HC ~lHoro 110 pauo 6Hna KOn xiaornx K()jJ1 cc nanase Hd Cn~llrJlIl!\l BJIaC-

nO'ICTKY BJIaJ~aBI{IJe napcxora napa, KaJ~ JC 11,1111rpan THl\tcl, Hero xao 6C3 tnyua nsrnabyjy CB()jC cnopone.
113Jlp>KaO HajnY>KY II HajCTPaIIJI1Iljy oncany-". AJlII jc ona Ero, naxnc, ra 110 J~yIJll1 TaKO xpacna II narsaua, a
napnna, xao IIJ'r() cy CBIl BMJ{CJlIl. He ~10)t(e 61fTl1 C1'p- 110 C)/n6IIHH TaKO cpehua CK()PO y CBCl\IY ocooa OTXO~11
• •
Jlfl,IiBII]e ~lyIJIKH C1-[OCJIJI3 fI JeJ~HC 11 npyre npcoxpcrc can y ronaaaua He l\lnaJ\~I~,t113>KllBOTa aa OBO~1 C.Be'I'y, TIa
CYJ~6JfHe, HMTJif CC IIOHIIIllTanajyhIJ y accpehn, IIJITfl CC uaje, J{OJlYIllC, JIaKO Il()}lllC1'11 raj noraha] 6C360JIHO,

uoropbyjyhn y CpChIJ, Hero llynajylill J.{OcTO.jaHcTBCJI()Crr nOlII1'O JC Ha~la n}Y}l~If\I'l Y IIPIIpOT(Jl na Hli OCTane
II y jenHJiI~\'f II y Ap)'rll~l cnyuajeuaua. Jcp OHa 6elJle If no ~1e~yco6He pacranxc ~1 ()AJTaCKe KOjH CC nciuanajy osne
nauera II no cpuy jaua, Hero lIIT() 611 CC 1'0 O~IeKllnaJIO ()Jt ua 3el\tlI>H. a uapo-urro raxne KOjlI nsrnenajy J(a he 6111'1l
)f{CHe. a Ii rro C~tCpHOC'l~IJanje nsocrajana 1133 nCHcnOfIc29, no,uY)J(H, HC lIO~HOCHl\fO 6C36oJIHO, Ben CC, uauporas,
fIpaSWII-IOCT, IJe-1K, tbCHa aap Hl1jC 611Jltl caapnrcna, KaA 6a][1 panyjeao na cao 6JlIi3Y ca uaum» t-,1HJIlrlMa,raxo na

3Ha~10 na ona llHJC HIIKe\A IIJ1KO~1 nn OJ_(1bYJ~I1HH O~ )l(CHa OH]::\a,cacsau npnponuo, 11360r uaumx ~lcljyC()6HHX pac-
Y'IHHITna HJ.JKaKBO 3JIO, a Ao6p() ~1H()r11~1a
If on jennnx If OJ.{ ranaxa ocehauo 6on. AJll-1 y~flJpalne If CpO):{HMKa Ii npa-
upyrnx? }II xoja jc upyra rnasnnja OJ~nIIKa rtpanu-ntocrn, jarersa IIallJI1X, xao J1 Hac ca~11IX.rrpc6a raxohe 3a~1R-
• •
na JC ro OJ~JIa3aKcanpmeuajcr 11 rna-
lIIJI)aTTI Ii 1'aKO, KaO
• •
nmrjer naurer CaCTt)]Ka y IICKO lhe~.fyrrpHKJTaAHO ~1eCTO.
a HC xao Aa je TO yrnuyhc uenor namcr 6Hha. Jep jc
27 Ilpeua 080.\t. Jt'IKJ1C.ouu ce YAa.1U. He IIpC 13~1. rOJ\III1C. xaxo J~ \TIIC- OnaCII(1 acponaa,e cuarparn C~IPT sa yrnnyhc csera
J111(.) J upe-rex. nero UJ1lt 13YI. KJA je If>CH ~ty)f( Mauoj.ro J I Ila.teonor HaCn~f\1I0
()L1.a. !tJ1!1 \la}10 f1(}CJ1C rora. (Y nCJII cu ()all\1 IlUIlCTIl CTp. 15-17. //lI11. )'/)).
aamer 6115a, 11 KOn KOj~IX CC f(»)J. OHO nojanu, KaKO nojc-

2XIlonparyvcaa CC, O\ICHIIJ\II(). }lyr{)rplljlfa oncana ... ojoj je 6dja'JIIT non- nrmaua TaKO 11npscana. IIpaHl111X nOrIJUJIY\ta 11accp-tarm-
nprao I~ClpHrpaft 13Y~.rOJ\IIIlC. uacxopo no ()CBOjCtbY Byrapcxe 13t)1. fOJlIfHC.
2~)l(elln rpuxor JYHilKil 111'1 P()juIICI\()r para. xpan,n Onucc]» II.flJtl fa jc
j~~1clon OHlfX ITITO rajc cynporno yncpCtbc. 3aTll~1,
2(1 ronuna crpnrsuuo
. .
'ICKrlni.l KOll "ync ()J46I1ji.1Jyhfl CIlC rrpOCH()I~C. Jll)K CC OH pClICJlO neponan,c jc n3)1(HO. Ilpe cscra. 110 Ca~101\1 'rO~l
HIIJClIaJ~a!l "paTItO y Jl()~lorll[lIy.

84 85
.[l. AUOCT3ClfjCBUh


CC Bll,llH }1a Je JIa>KHO, llJTO 'IlfHli JhYAC ropuxia 0).( OHIIX
KOjH ncnoseaajy IlpOT~lBHO ncposau,c. Jcp je aenpnpon-
HO na JIa)KHtl sepa npasa D}YAC 60JhH?vra, a rrCTHIlHTa
• •
ropmra. Hero Je y CrJ'Bap}1 OHa nepa yjemro ~I naxaa. IIO~
•• • •
tmJH~f yruuajeu Jby):{ll IIOC'l'aJY ropa, a HCTHHHTa JC ona
xoja (IX tlHHII 60Jbli11a. 3aTll~1, He cxre ce, IJ~raj)lhli Y I3WJ\Y
• •
cane OH() UlTO JC Y nac 3aJC~H}I'lKO ca )K~IBOTHH)a~1a,

3a~1IfU1Jba'rH ,qaje Y nac il ~eJ10 CYiliTaCTBO CnJI'IHO OHO~fC
Y )J(lIBOTHlba, Bell ce xropa. y'3II~(ajyhlf y 063Up If csa
npyra nama nenan.a l[ casaau.a, C:\faTpaTI1 )1a )' naua IIOC-
TOjH ({ 11CKO npyro CY1TITaCl'BO, xnoro 60)J(aIICTBcHHjc OA
oaor y )l(HBOTIIlha. Jcp, eRO KaKO je C TJ11\l:
Ila HeKaKaB jenan Bor nnana HaA CB111\1aCTBapH-
~fa Ii Aa I{~fjc ruopau M npomaoha-r, II TO Kpajtbe noGap,
HeMallHKoraKojHYTOHellcpyje.6¥IJlOAajccaM.ro
YSH):(eo, 6HRO na ce, lIyjyhII npyre na 1'aKO cyne, C TH~f
cnoxao, ocau aKO anje ynenuxo nopcuchca y nanern.
A 11,Qa ce H3rvfC~y Ibera Ii nac J-laJ1a3Hjow HeKH npyra
cser, 6HJIO OA jenHc jenaue spore, 6~lJIO pasnen.cn y
RHIIIC spcra, H caspurcnaju O~ Hac a OJ~ Thera 3HaTHO
uecaepuiexnja, HCMa raxobe HIIKora KOjII Helie H y TO
scpoaara. 1cp Hcl1C HIlKO MIIlC)] H'rH Aa C~10 6aTJI ~tM
najcaspnreaaje 60>Kjencno. 0 TlfrvJ OA Hac CaBpIJleJ-IMjwM
CTBOpCH>II~fa HHKO HC ~fO)J(C Ka3aTH, a ro RIlCY HCKC
nasrern HJIli lraK nyure, caspnrenaje on na lIIHX. A KO cy,
nax, raxna ra craopeu,a, nrra 611 npyro 680 JI>J1XOB
• • •
HajrJ1aBHHJH pan H nocao RerOJIM Ca3Hal},C jecracrsa H

OCH~t rora IIOHMalbe TBopl~a, ()J~ -rera sa CBC KOJH cy y l lapuipao (rpanypa)
C'l'aH>Y 1'0 nOCTII3aTH, He MO)KC 6l1TH HHKaKBor npyror (G. Schlurnberger, [1/11 etnpereur byzuntin.... Paris, 1890)

86 R7
A. Anacracnjeuuh (_'pnKJ..III,A -BM.JAIII l/./CK.4 IlAJ'J1LlA

nmner nenan-a Gna)[(CHl-Ijcr. A OtlCBI1AHO jc )(a If -to-


Hll'I'11 )J(e fbC~IY. AKO cy, nax, oaa Gecupraa. onna 611 II "CO
BCK, IIOPCA ocranor casaaa,a jecracrna, 11 TO nOCTlI>Ke3(). Harner C)'IU1'aCTBa. xojn je cnn-ran 1hIl~la, 6110 6eC~1p'l'aH,
AaKJTC. HIfCY tlOBeKY caojcrucaa cauo ncnaisa nOIliTO C\lP'l'HO 1111KaA He 611 ~lorno OlI'!'li C.11f11110 6eC~f-
>KlfBOTHlha, panu OH cauo OH() urro 11 )f(IIBO')'lllbe.
~l HC prnoue, HliT11 61) Hone ()HO [lITO ll~la orpamrucny 11KPlbY
. ,
Hero cy t.fY CBOjC'l'SeHe Ii pa,qIbe canpureunjnx on Hac ~10h nocrojau,a, l\IOrJIO 6I11'IJ CJllltIHO OH()~1C, Y 'Iera je
upcra, 110111TO ~I OH. KOJIIIKO ~f)'je Y ~10hn~nOCTIJ>I<C AO ~loh nocrojatsa ueoxpu.eua 11 6ccKpajlIa. Ila tJaK II OHI1
ucrora xao 11 Y H)lfX casaan.a. A xoja ron 6Jfha axrajy xoja asspuryjy ca~10y6HC1'BO, "'1a TO 1111Hl1111"y~'fCCHO I1JIH
. "

3aJeJ:{HlI'IKora Y ncnau.nxra, xtopajy 11~la']'11sajcnanuxora He. nourro 6TI 1'0 6BflO cscjenno sa C1'Bap xojy xoheuo na

If Y cynrruaaua. Jcp je HeOnXOAH() na 11 cyurracrsa onro- nOKa)l(Cl\iO, l\lory nocnY)I(lITII sa AOKa3 na JC uonex cac-
sapajy ACna}-blJ~la. II ncnaaa cyurracrumra. Ilpexia roue, TaBJbeH OA usajy cyurracrana, Ii TO on jenner 6ec~fpTRor,
xao IDTO. C 063JlpO~1 na TO na lJOBCK )' ~enafbIJ~la li~1a 11 npyror cuprsor. Jep ncxra HI! jcuaor 6lffia xoje je
sajcmuotxora ca )l(ill30Tlllba~la,npanunao CYAcnl1 TBpn1f- CKnOHO na cc 6aQa cauo Y CBOjy nornoao, Hero CBa,
~10, na pacuonaxc If cyurracrsou, CJIH'THHi\f )J(~fBOTl{- KOJIIIKO H~l je ron ~loryhe. rexe H na nocroje 11 Aa ce
H,)CKO~f, 11C1'Oraxo, C norncnosi sa TO lIITO cy IhCt.IY CBO- OAP)KC. Hn {IOBCK, uaxnc, Y9I1jajyhl1 ca~1 eerie, He y6Jija
• •
JC'fBCHa 11 ncnau.a caapureuajnx OA Hac BpC1'a, nan.a CBOjIll\! C~fPTHlil\l CYllITaC1'BO~1 cauo TO C\1PTHO CYUITaCT-
• • •
npeTIIOCTaSHTII na OH nocenyjc If CYlllTaCTBO KOJC JC BO. nero CBOjK~1 6eC~lpTllll"'l C}'lPTHO.
CIIJltIHO lbHXOB()~l, je He~loryhe na O~ CJlJI'IHOr
IIOlliTO ETO, H3 TIIX 11 l'aKBIIX pasnora, xoje OBO~f npu-
cyurracrna He 6YAY 11nenan-a CJIlf1IHa; re BaJI)a BcpOBaTH JIJiKO~f HHjC 11JeHYTaK H11pchara CBe, lIaK u HapOnI1aajc-
na ce uosex cacrojn 113ABaJY CYUI'raCTaBa, OJ~ KOJHX Je
•• • •
TapHjI-1 no nosrcay II HajllpOCJTaBJbCHHjI1, cuarpana cy,
jCJ{HO HeKaKBO 60>KaHCKO, a npyro )J(HBOTHlbCKO~ 0]10, xao DITO 3Ha"'10. Hallie nyure sa 6eC~tpTHe: I1JIHp~H,
nax, xoje Ha~t jc 60)KaHCKO, jccre 6CC~IPTHO, IIOWTO je H KeJITH, E'rpYPl\H, Tpa'IaHW, Jexana, PlL\tJhaHIJ, MHCHPl.(H,
CYIIITaCTBO casputcnujux OA Hac BpCTa 6eC~fpTHO. Jep MII~aHli. I1HAHjaImH, II 0,[( OCTaJIHX csaxa uapon, yrnena«
HMKaKO He 611 611JlO pa3Yl\-lJbHBO. nR Bor, xojn je xpajn.c ~1eljyn)YAli~la.
notiap Ii cJ1060J~a}1 on CBaKC aaaacru, uaje, IIOpcA cera- C npanox CMO, naxne, If ~fR sa C}'fPT narnux CPO,Q-
flora, ytlIIHHO I{ 6CCl\lpTHH~1a cyurracrsa xoja C'I 0 jc 6JllI- HTIKa II npnjaren.a, xao II Hac caaax, pcxnu ,na je rn
• •
OAJIR3aK aauiera rJTaBHHJer CaCl'O]Ka Y lICK() lhe~IY npnx-

JIaAHO ~1eC'r()11. pacrauax JCAHHX on npyrux sa H3BCC-
HaiTI
3()~1josora cc ~1CCTasUAII. KaKO n,
rC(\1I1Cl' rneua AUcnojn xpumhascxo HO BpC~1C. a He 3aYBeK, TaKO Aa 6J.I Tpc6aJI() na cc csaxn
BCPOB3.ne 0 nOCTauKY cacra ca HOBonnaT01l11cr11'1KII~1 Il.io 11I11()1111~1.Ilpo- tl()BCK rrpcua 'l'aKnH~1 norahajieia OAHOCll C )"rCX()~I, ~fna
"ne)BII". UTA. :.i60r -icra cc npOTHB rC"1J1Cra nurao y cnojus CI1I1CII"1&.1
D()pbt!
Cxonapnje. AOUHIIJII narpujapx Fcuanuje. He cuarpa uajnehou necpehon C~1PT CBOjliX CP(.)J(fIHKa, a

88 89

,U. Auacracnjcauh

HapOl1lJTO He OHl{X sa KOjC IT()CTOjII sana na he 360r cnoje


BpnHHC 11 ncnpannor >K:IIBO'l',\ 611'1'11IITa~IO norcxanu
Ao6pOAOWJIlI~O}'1. TaKRO~I. IIctK. lIC~fy cno60AHO jc

aanarn CC H sa OD)' uapnuy KOJa call onanne OTXOJ_(lf.fI()IlI'l'O
• • •
Je OHa raxo CJaJIIO yxpaureua BPJIIIHO~lH TaKO )'30PHO
)J(l1Bena. xao 1111'0cnn 3Hal\{C). Jcp HII TO He ~:O)Ke HIIKO

rrpeTllOC'J'aB1l1'II, KO rOA mra xta If na J ~lafbe pasyua, na
1l06pll Helie II T(\~{O IIOJIY'Ilf'I'II 6oJI)e aarpauc, a ropn
phanc. rrOJTlTO je Bor C1fa'!'paH 3a najnpaaenaujcr II HCy-

~iHTHorCy}~lIjY.
llPl1HOr

9()
BJ1a"lJ~111PM()WIIH

KPCT UAPI1UE JE.rIEI-IE, KllEPJ1 K~IE3A


APAfAllIA*

Ha jyroacro-moj CTI)aH~1 CBC'! c I'ope. y IIOJ~HO)l(j)'


MaJI()f Areca, TIJJH YIUft)' A)'6oKOr xnanua KOjII npcnasu

y 1\1pa'1Hy KJIIIC)'PY> 11,1BIICOK().J C'reHII II3fla,u cane ]\10PCKC
otianc, KaO xaxan CPCJ~lhCllCKOl~HJ[ 3a~laK AIDKCce xrana-
CT~IP CU. Ilnonucaja. Y OJIT,\py fJI,lBHOr xpaxra, IIa IIpC-
• •
crony, nexa 1\p,lrOI~C~Ia penlIKBITJa, KO.!" uxia nese ca CPII-
CKO~[ IIPOlllJI()JIIh)'. To je KpC')' 061ItIJ-I()f npanocnasuor
THIIa BPJIO ncnc }~(c'rH'1\IKe nspanc. CaC1'aJJll,t!11 je OJ.(
1

3na'l'HIIX nnonnta ca pc.rbe(pH~'~r CJ111\[111\a~la.KOjC cy CII'f-


HH~ItlaBJIliftll1\Ja npntiajcne Y CpC~I1-
sa npseny ()CHOBY.
HHxpcra, C npcua,e crpane, IIaJTa311cc pacnern Xpacroc
C 0611 IJ[ln1 npcxpurrcumr IlIf}'fOOlvf 11 C A,\a~10nl)~1
t rJlaHO~1
non KPCT01\1. Ha xpajenmia CPC).tlhC l\eJ11TKenpc-rxc cy
Boroponnna M anocron Josau. Bpno je ID'ITCpCCaH l'Ha r

~pa~1a1'Ti(ITlaum'cprrpetaunja nccuor pen.crpa, K()jIJ


rrpuxasyje cn. JOBaHcl y jaK()f\,1 noxpcry ca 113pa30~1 yscaca.
I'na na II)er013cl, xao 11 rnana Boroponuue, nonnruyra jc
• •
YHllC, llITO I10Ka3YJC Aa je yxrermtx K()1\ITIOHOBaO OBe

4:
T t!KCT Kpc III Ie.iene, n:"e/JII h·II(,.JlI ,T(/Jll nu 1111 Bnanuxtupa
I(O/JIll,('
MC)Ull1UU ()6jau.bcli jt: y Gel!! l)tlACh.O~t "Y~fClHII'I""()\1 npcrncny". 5i ItJ3X crp,
IJh - 137. Illnli. \'1)/.
M(IHG(:ililIPCa. Iluonucuja It{1 C'6ellIO; rOpLI
(A. Ilepoxo. ceetna /O{JO, bcot pan. 1977) 93

JI,. Anacracujesuh

CJIIIKe npeva HKOJIOrpacpCKC)j rpanunaja koja YBeK CpCAJIHI1. raxohc je upaxasa H X PHCTOC, ann ca cnYTTITCHIIl\1
Ilp11KCl3yjC EOrOpOJllIIZY Ii arl()C1'OJI3 KaKO Cl'OjC }' IIl)AO)1(jy pyxava J) nOl'IIyHO uar, 6e3 noneaa Ifa 6CllPI[~la. TaKO cc
xpcra 11 rnenajy
lope na Pacncrora, Ha KP'ljCBII~let ropisc XPl1CTOC upaxasyje cane ~, KO~tTT03Ul~1[jJ,i KPIIITCH>a.
l\IclJIC npc-rxc cy ~{CAaJbOHll apxaabena. Ha npxy xpcra YICIIC)J~l-bCrOBlIX aery nnjyracrnu upraua npuxasaua jc
pcn.erp npnxasyje BOljCfuC HCYC()BO ua Tonrory. JeAaH aona, a none - paoa (CIIM60JT Xp~IC1'a nn II CII~16on
noj IJIIK BY'JC Xp~ICTa 3a pyxc, nsa J.bcra. C JICBC crpauc Jopnana"). Ha BpXy xpcra pen.erp npaxasyje KpIITTeH,e
nI1~~1cc cpi'lrypa c Hl1rvr6otvf - BCp013a'rHo, Tla.j~{lln}ljMy-rcnax Hcycoso y rpamrnnonanaoj CXC~ll1, ca cs. J l)13aHO~f KOjIl
VI CY:OBCB. J onan (cnere )1(eHe y nsonorparpnjn O(lIlIlIO ce A~))l<JIpyxy R3Han XpJiCTOBCrnasc. Ha xpajcuuua ropise Ii
npuxasyjy KaK() rnenajy H3a IJJIaH1IHe), a cnpena, C necne ua AeCHO~1 xpajy cpeJ(II>C Tlj1C'IKC - ()JIC'r en. lOBaH
crpanc, tlOBCK KOjH HOCI1 KpC'I'. Ha npyroj crpana xpcra, Y KPC1'11'reJbca HCIJPy)J(CII0~t 11YK()t.1. Cn()60J~H11 npocrop

94 95

n. AIll.1C'I'UCHjt;Ullh CPflKMlbA - B113/1HTl1.JCKA llAPMl1l1

cnnxa
113~lC~)' ca otic C'llJaHC xpcra lfCIIYl-bCH je 'I'aHlGL\1 Ilaoancnjary, a If BC3a KOJ..ll103111\1fjC Kpurrca.a ca Pacne-
01 lJl"l }IIT~l opsauc HT()l\t. hc~.Jna JCJ1CHlrHO~JKpCTy. BC3a KpIIJTeH,a Crtacarcrscsa

UCJTa uspana ()BOr xpcra uoxasyjc Aa jc 1'0 pall C lberoHll~l ~1yKa~fa aa KPCTY Ht\1acnoj J(or~laTCKH pa3JIOf,
jenner no6por nmarrrajcxor )'~IC']'HltKa, a K()~1II()311U.l1jc OCIJOBal1 aa XPliCTOBlDl pe-rnxra. AnII, I3epOnaTHO, IIOC'J'{)-
KpIJI'I'Cllia Hd JTC~HOj crpaau cneAO'TC na jc KpCT na-nnsen j~l H sacecan pa3JIOr KOjH jc II06YAII() l\apIJIZY ~a ytTHHH oam
Gam sa ()BY r~pKBY, IlOCBChcHY CB. Jouauy KpC'J'1l1'ClbY· y osaj fIOKJIOH Ilaoaacujary Kao nrro C~IO peKJIH, rnaana
J~OlliCtt.l ncny KpCTa, C npemse crpanc, rranasn CC lIaTITHC na xpax osor ~1aHaCTHPa nocneben je en. J()BaHY KPC1'HTClJ)Y,
rp-rxou jC'JI1KY: "ITOKJIOH JCJlCHe, nnana PKC Poueja ua, a HC1'Oi'vf ceeuy je 6110 nocaehcn 1-1osaj srauacrap KOjH je
Ilanconoruuc, )l(CHC napa Manyuna Ilaneonora, hepxe uapaua nouarna Y Ilaparpany xao sanyinje cn011 ony. Ila
Ilparaura. KHC3a cpncxor", JTI1je CH. JOBaH Ilpereua 6HO IIa1'poH Ilejauoanha? Ila JIM
Ona BlI3aH'l'lijcKa uapuua 6~fna jc hcpxa cprrcxor ce noruonja JeJIeHHHOr oua Y pCAOBn~Ia TYpCKe nojcxe,
}{lIHaC'fC Ilparaura Ilejaaosaha, "focnOAlfHa" ceseponc- 3aje)UIO C Kpan.enahexr Mapxou, Y npcncrasaaa H>erone
ro-me Maxcnonnje'. Ilocne Mapasxc 6lITKC OHjc IlOCTao hCpKC eesana ca XplJCTOBII~1 ~rYKa~fa na KpCT)' n otiesrna-
'rypCKll uasaa 1f IIorHHYO je sajenno C KpaJI)CB~lhc~I Map- BJbClbCMCB. Jonana? ..
K()[\t y Gojy aa Pomrnaxra 10. oKT06pa t 395. rOT\lIHC. rOnHH)' CJTHKa OBe Cprmnse na BH3(lH'1'11jCKO~1 npCCTOJI)f,
npe rora, 31J~11i1393-1394, OH ce aa Eaja3JJrl'OJ30~{ J(BOpy Y npnxasane sajemro ca ~fy)l(e~f11 ca CHHOBl1~laJOBaHO~f,
Ccpy cacrao MaHY~IJlO~l II If TY je
C Bl13clHTHjcKIDtf uapeu Teonopox 11 AHAPOHHKOM, uanasu CC Y jenno« spno
6HJ1() yronopcno 0 MaHY.HJlOBOM 6paKY C Ilparaurenov JJCrrOM rpt1KOJ..1 PYKOll11CY ca J~c.rJH~fa AHJTOcRja Aepo-
hCpKO~12. y TO~f 6paKY JeJIeHa ,!Cpouana B111l1e CHHOBcl, OJ~ narara-. Ilap jc OBO ACJlO IIOKJIOIIHO 1408. rO).:{HHe ouary
H,IiX cy JOBaH VIII Ii Koncranran XI )J:pclraJLI 6liJIIl nocneu CeH-,IJ;cHHcKor MaRac1'Hpa KOA TIapH3a y 3HaK 3aXBanHOC-
fl)~i 13if3aH1'JtljcK~1uapcsn. YMpna jc rpa ronnae npe IIaACt 'rli aa JIeIIO~f IIpHjeM}' KOjl1 ~1Yje YKa3aH 1401. rO,I(HHe, xan
Ilapnrpana y rypcxc pyxe, xao l\10HaXTIH,a Xnnouona. jc nyronao no sauannoj Enpona, rpaxeha noxroh npOTJTR
Ha rOJ~Hllj;bl1~Y nOCJIC o-icnc C~IP1'11 uapnua Typaxa. Tpe6a nonnyha Aa cc HC1'0~1 Y OBO npexe - y XV
• •

J cncna ocrasnna ~tY je sanyurje - ~laHac'rllp CD. J onaaa Y BeKY - rrOJaBJhYJY TaKBe CJlllKC BJlaJ~aJ1atJKHXnoponnua na
Ilet plio I1H'l'CpCCaHTHa je IICTOBeTHl)CTnarpoua ()BnC II Y ~IHHl1ja'rypa~la H y Cp61IjH (yn. CJJFfKY noponnuc necuora
oyplja EpaHKOBHfia aa aerouoj II()BCJhJ1 EccpJITlvIeHY), a
rrpe rora HX HaJIa3ID.fO caao ua K'I~~f'ropCKH~1 cppeCKa~fa.
I JCJlCHfi jc hcpxa KOHCTtlHTUna Aejullonnha. a Ilparaui Ilcjanoeuh joj jc
C1'PIfI~ BUAI.!TUCTp. It). Y osoj KlhHJII. Illa/7, )'p.1
o r()J~111111Jeneuuue ynaje :1a Maaojna II nailCl)J]ora -uuncru lin crp, 3 Y oaoj KIhH:J~1 cnuxy Al)BOCIt~t() ua COI'p. 25. /llai). )'p.1
15· 17. oae Klhure.lf/aI7. YIJ.I

96 97


o ,IJ,PAfYTI1HY AHACTACMJEBJ111Y

~parYTHH Aaacracajeunh
(Kparyjesan, 1877- Beorpan,
1950), nporpccop YHWBe-
p3TITCTa Y Ecorpany, tillal!
CpTJCKC aKal\c~'Jl1je uayxa,
OClIHBatI cpncse BH3aHTOJIOr}l-

je,
Aaacracajcnnh je 3aSplll110
crynuje KJlaCl-{tIITe cpHJIOJIOrH-
je na <DMJI030cpCKOM cpal\.l'n-
rery BeJlJ1Ke UIKOJIe y Beo-
rpany 1900. TO,qHHC. Ilpoysra -

nan,e BH3aHTMjCKC Ii HOBO-
rpnxe cpMnOJlOrnjc HaCTaSIiO
je KOA npocJ:>ecopa Kapna Kpysroaxcpa sa YHHBCp3YlTe1'Y Y
MHJIXeIIY, rne je 1905. ro,qIDIC Of{6paHlIO AOKTOPCK)' J~Ylcep'ral~l-1-
jy 113 BH3aHTHjCKe <pHJIOJIOrnje (Die paranetischen Alphabete ,"/1
der griechischen Literatur). Kao nOI~CRT, saHpel'HM H peAoBI111
uporpecop na Beorpancxoa yaasepsnrery, npenasao je sasan-
TOJlOrHjy sa <l>IDI030CPCKOM cpaKYJITe1'y, a K)'.nl'YPHY HCTOPHjy
Baaanraje J1 rp-ixa je3HK Ha npasocnamrox Eorocnoncxou
¢aK}'J1<reTY. Opranusosao je, xao rnaI3ID1 cexpcrap opraaaaa-
I~HOHor on6opa, npyrn Me~YllapO,Q1IH xonrpec sa BH3HaTHjcKc
CT)'AHje, onpxaa y Bcorpany 1927. rOllMHC. Bso jc 1IOtJaCHl1,[lOK-
TOp ATHHCKor YHMsep3MTeTa.
AHaC'T'acMjeBJ1ft je uanacao neJIHKH 6poj Hay'LIHRX
pacnpasa II KpHTHKa H3 BH3aHTHjcKC CPHJl (}]JOrujc. JlICTOpl1je.
~HnJIO.f.laTJ1Ke Ii cpncxe CpCJJ;fLOBCK{)BHC ucropuje. IIpeB()[\VlO je
UaplIZp(IO - II/Jei[iiiocillo8Ibel-lll ll32JleO 3Aa/UHe «aituie ea crapor H

nosor rpstxor JC1MKa.
(rpasypa)

(G. Schlumberger, Un empereur bizantin ... .Paris. 1890)
99
Il, A uUC1'acl1jeRII h (_'P/IKl1lbA -BH.1AHTJtI.!CKA U.4PI111A

1:1.3 acropnje BI13aHTIljc o6jaB110 je BHlne npnnora On JIC~1C li3 lICTOpI1je Pyca ~f Eyrapa. <I>op~'f)/JIIlcao jc. fIPlITO~1. II
• •
113Y'3CTHor suauaja sa npoy-rasaa,c npyre nonosaae X scxa, CTaHOBHIJITe na ce eaaanronorxja HC MO)l(C OABOJ¥lT~1OA lIC1'OPII-
noccfiao jma BCJIHKa (tapa paraaxa - Haxatpopa <POKe l1 JC)BaHa jc HCTOIIl-lliXcnoseacxax uapona. C Tmf }' BC31f, ~lelj}' O~1WJhe-
U_~1~11ICKeca.Iberosa npoy-raaaisa SH3alITlIjcKe rI0J1~1'rJ1lIKe,I~p- HH~I TC~fa~Ja n.erosor HC'rpa)KlIBalha 6IlO jc cyxof p}'CKOr xuesa
xueue 11 xynrypnc npOWnOCTIJ CaAPJKaHa C)' Y 6pOjllll~1 'lnalI~Ji- Cajarocnasa ca Basaurnjou.
~1ao6jaBJbelil1~1 y Crunojennhenoj Hapoouoi eHI{II~JlOI7eo'lill. a Auacracujeuahesua Ha}'"tJBH~i paAOB~I~Ja nacanu cy
qnaHQIi cy n"Ca1111 IlpeTC>KHO xao 6HorpacpHje HI133HTHjCKJIX HCTaKH)'T11 BH3aHl'OJ103l1, ~lcrropH'lIapH, CJJaBHCTli (K. Kpyxrbaxep,
uapesa, ana je )' lblll.la t)6pabcH3 CKOPO ncna ncropaja BI-13(lJITlljC. <1>. Ilenrcp, M. JIacKapHC. BJI.noposwh, Il. Ilononah, C}). Fpauah,
3a yxynny Aaacracajeunhcsy nay-my ncnaruocr ,0:. PaCOBCKlf, <1>. ABOpIJ~1K, r. Ocrporopcxn. J. Panouuh, M.
fIOCCGUO je KapaKTepJ1CTll'IHa pacnpaBa Ceeiiia Tapa )' iipouino- IIIesRh. M. M. Aanpejesa. err. Cranojesah, ,U. KOCTJtfi, Bn.
ciiiu u caoauiuoctiu. (1907), xao ,QOKa3 0 nplfCH}1~1 seaaua MOlIIlfH, A. Cononjea). a6lJ~11111jy crynnjy 0 rscroaoa )l(HllOT-
H3~le~y BH3aHTHjc 1-1CpGJ1je, lflljH cy cc 6mlcKlI ,QO,QliPl1HajlJ01'- HO~1 nyry If YKyrIHOj aayuuoj nenaraccrn oojaano je Haxona
nYIIHjc MaHHcpCCTOSanl-1 Ita Cseroj I'opa, ana pacnpasa ce csra- Panojnah y "liCTOPMjCKO\i -raconacy", KFb. [[I, 1951-1952.
• •
rpa xao OAnl1'(aH npcnas1-{3BJ13aIJ'['onorHJc y cpncxy ncropnjy Jby6o~mp Haxah je y ,,36oPHHKY panosa BH3alITonoUIKor
KOjOj je Auacracnjeaah nOCBCTHO nenJ.IKH 6poj CBOjKX panona, KHcTHTYTa CAHY" (Ktb. VI, 1960) oojasao HCQPnny 686JJI1-
nocefiao spexeay CTeBaHa Heaaisc, Cresana Ilpaoacnnanor ~1 orpadiajy AHaCTacHjeBJ1heBHX panosa.
Cscror Case: Foouna cupiiiu Hesateuue (1911), lout 0 lOOtlH11 Aaacracajeaahesa ~10HorpacplIja 0 Jcnerrn Ilparam, je-
C,'tP'Ull Hesuueuue (1913). GIUat, Heuauan (1914), Oilucouaeaue nauoj CPIIKlilbJl BJt3aHTHjcKoj QapH1.\IJ, npencraarsa neno
Hesuueuue Ce. Boiopoouue 1(00 KYPllly.~{Jlll;e (1922), Fobuna uoncehan.e aa jewry 3aHlnfJbHny HCTOPlfjcKY nHlIH()CT, ana J.I
. ,
iipenoca AtOlllllllljy Ce. Cuueyua 113 Xunauoapa y CiliyoeHlll~y nparouen npanor HCTOPWJHBH3aHTHJcKO-CPIICKJ.1X sesa )1 nocne-
(1926) IJ AP. Hajo6H~IHHjJ,t pan 113 cpncxe ncropnje npencraan.a AfbI.f~1 T{CI~cHHja~[a BH3aHTHjcKor uapcrsa. Jencna Ilparaur jc
pacnpaaa Je JlII Ceeiiut Caea xpynucao Ilpeoeennauoi ? (1935). 6Hna hepxa Ilyuraaonor cecrpsha KOHCTaHTHHa Ilcjasosuha on
HeKonHKo H3saHpc,QHllx npHnora OT{HOCll ce Ha ,uoGa ~apa BeJl6~a, cynpyra uapa Maaojna IIIlaneonora. Ilnojana lbeIIHX
Ilyuiana, H TO na fbcroBC cpncxe H rp'IKC If noaerse (aae Ilyuta- CHROBa - JOBaH VIII ~I KOHCTaHTJfH XI Ilparanr 6111111 cy nocaenn.a

uoee ZptlKe xpucoeyne -1922, ECcjJlll.~teHCKIIaKIUIII(apa Ilyuiana BH3aHTl1jCKII uapesa. Y\1p.TJajc xao ~fOHaXl-l1ba Hnoxoua y
- 1938). I1pHAaj}'hH lJapOl11J1'Ji ana-raj aaaopaua nytinuxonao je, Ilaparpany 1450. ronnne, Anacracajeaaheno ysepen.e ,,,ua cy
raxohe, H pan Cpiicxu apxue Jlaepe Aiiioucxe (1922). Heua- BH3aIITI1IIUl1, ~1ano KaJ\ Y caojoj xarsanyronaumoj HCl'OPJ!ljl1,
H>lfhKH nepnon cpncKe HCTOPHjC ~06110 je, y Anacracn- ff}.1aJIH aa uapauy oBaKBY jenny CBeTJIY JIHtIHOCT" xao Jeneuy
jCB11heBm.1 wC'rpa)f(HBafbM"'1a HC3ao611na3Ha TY"tatIclba rpajue Ilparaur, naje IIoce6IJ}' Apa)l{ >KeJhH na cc yBHAO~1 y J1CTopHjcKa

aay-ure Bpe}..lHOCrI1. caenostcu.a ynosaa JLB'IHOCT one BI1JaH'J'MJCKe uapanc,
Y npoy-ranau.y npocrpaaor nepuona cpncxc II BH3aJI- C. h.
THjCKC acropaje, Auacracajeaah jc o6pab~iBao 11:KP)'fIIIC 11po6-

100 101
CAAP)KAJ

JEAHI'IA BH3A HTVIJCKA UA PHUA ern I(Hl-hA 5

HAnOMEHA Beceoe il08000.',1 cupiiiu Ieneue Ilpaiaiu


llOPBA CXOJ1APHJA - YTcIIIHa pe-r [~apy
KOHcfaH'fI1HY npllJIIIKO~rcupru acrose
Ilparyrna Aaacracajcauh jc panosc 06jCWIlbcHC y OBOj
~laTepc 4tl
KlbH3J1 ofijasuo Y ficcrpancxou naconacy .Bpacrno ", II TO:
JOBAHA EBrEf-IVIKA. ljaKoHa II saxorroxpaarrren,a -
Ieouua eusauttuiicua uapuua Cpii ~ll ua ("EpaCTBO", XXX~
1939); lout jeo/la tieceoa 1/08000.\1 csipiiu! Ienene Ilpaiaui Yrenraa petl I'ocnonapy 06
("EpaCTBO", XXXI, )940); Tpeha iioc."pluHa tieceoa Ienenu • 1)OP'BA fEMY1CfA - HaArp()6HH xcanouoj
Ilpauuueeoi ("EpacTBo". XXXII, 1941). Y 'reKCTOBHMa C)' Jenean (I1IIO~fOHH) TIaJICOJIOflIlIH 81

aanpurcaa casro ueonxonna 1'eXH~ltIKa II npaSOIIHcHa YJc~Ha-
tlanalba. Hacnos KlLH311 nano je ypennunrruo. Ilpunoi
)l(cJba Aa ([HTaOI.(H J,{06Hjy saute [IOAaTaKa 0 JIll lHOCTll
t Bnanaxap MOlIlHH: KPCT l~APVIUE JEnEHE 93
uapnue Jenenc }'THI~aJTa jc aa OnnYK)' ,na cc )' KlbJ131f, xao noce- *
Galt npunor, YSPCTli -rCKCT BJIaAH~lJlpa Mounrna KPCfU uapuue o apa2)ILUlIH)' Anacaiuacuieeuiiy (C. 'B.) <)l)
Ieneue ("y~fe'rliJitIKI1npernen" 5/1939). Bn. MOIIntH je ys CBOj Haiioueua ,. 1{)2
TCKCT ofijanao H Jcnenany cnHKY ca ~l)')f(e~t],1rpojauou canosa
(CfUp. 2.5) , xao Ii nae rpororparpaje KpCTa. CUC OCTaJle naxosne
rrpanore O}la6puJIO jc )'PC}\HJUU'I'B(): a Jt313()P" cy Ha3HU{ICHH )'
nOTIIHCIIl\ia "CIIO~ CJ1ltKa.
Yp.

102
Ilparyrnu Aaacracajcnnh
CPIIKIDLA - BU3AHTUJCKA QAPHQA

i130a6a l l

CBE1" I(I-hVtfE
• Beorpan

Ypeoiuuc
CTCIJO nOCOBHh

CAt/KQ 110 xopuuu


BH3aHTHjcKM uap Ii l~apR~a(~IHl-{Hja'rypa ca ATOCa)
llliiiauiia: Ilpacnap uaprnep - Beorpan
Illraxmaao y 1000 rrpmrcpaxa 2004. [OnUHe

CIP - Karanornaaunja y lIy6.111K31\lfjl1 •

HapoAR8 6ltfinltOTeKa Cp6J1jc

t)29.731 Jencsa Ilparaui


94 (4YS.()2) '11391/1453"
821.14'04-5
AIIACfACHJ EBHl1, Ilparyrun .1.
CpnKUl-b8 BUJaHTl1jc...a L~apHl~alIlparyrna AlluCT3cujeslfh.- Eeorpan:
Cser KliJltre. 2(X)4 (Beorpan: Ilpac.iap nupruep). - )()..t CTP,: 1I.,yCTp. : 21 cnl.-
(EJ~uu.uja BCKOSU)
Tupax I.(XK)'- CTp. 46-~): Becene nOBOAO\1 C~iPTfI JCJlCIlC Ilparmu ffiop~e
Cxonapu ...(It AP.)' - CTp. Y9-ltll: 0 Ilparyruay Auacracujcsnhy/ C. (CTeBo)
n (Tiocoauh). - Hanoucsc II ollGJlIlOrpacjlcKc petpepenuc y'J rCI\CT. C3Ap>t<U
u npnnor: Kpcr uapuue JCIlCHC. xhcpn KHe:3a Ilparaiua' BnaAI1~IIIPMoumu.
)SI1N 86-7396-078-9
a) Jcneaa Ilparaur, BII:J~lHTltjcKn uapnua (? - I45(» 6) Bmauruja - Hcropnja -
131)1 - l453
COBISS. SR - tD 11708340"}