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TL431, TL431A

ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS


SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

D Equivalent Full-Range Temperature D Low Output Noise


Coefficient . . . 30 ppm/°C D Adjustable Output Voltage . . . Vref to 36 V
D 0.2-Ω Typical Output Impedance D Available in a Wide Range of High-Density
D Sink-Current Capability . . . 1 mA to 100 mA Packages

TL431, TL431A . . . D PACKAGE TL431, TL431A . . . P, PS, OR PW PACKAGE TL431 . . . DBV PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW) (TOP VIEW) (TOP VIEW)

CATHODE 1 8 REF CATHODE 1 8 REF NC 1 ANODE


5
ANODE 2 7 ANODE NC 2 7 NC NC 2
ANODE 3 6 ANODE NC 3 6 ANODE CATHODE 3 4 REF
NC 4 5 NC NC 4 5 NC
NC – No internal connection

TL431, TL431A . . . LP PACKAGE TL431 . . . PK PACKAGE TL431 . . . KTP PACKAGE


(TOP VIEW) (TOP VIEW) (TOP VIEW)

CATHODE CATHODE CATHODE

ANODE
ANODE ANODE
ANODE REF
REF

REF

description/ordering information
The TL431 and TL431A are three-terminal adjustable shunt regulators, with specified thermal stability over
applicable automotive, commercial, and military temperature ranges. The output voltage can be set to any value
between Vref (approximately 2.5 V) and 36 V, with two external resistors (see Figure 17). These devices have
a typical output impedance of 0.2 Ω. Active output circuitry provides a very sharp turn-on characteristic, making
these devices excellent replacements for Zener diodes in many applications, such as onboard regulation,
adjustable power supplies, and switching power supplies.
The TL431C and TL431AC are characterized for operation from 0°C to 70°C, and the TL431I and TL431AI are
characterized for operation from –40°C to 85°C.

Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of
Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.

PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Copyright  2003, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments
standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include
testing of all parameters.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1

This datasheet has been downloaded from http://www.digchip.com at this page


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

ORDERING INFORMATION
ORDERABLE TOP-SIDE
TA PACKAGE†
PART NUMBER MARKING‡
TL431CP TL431CP
PDIP (P) Tube of 50
TL431ACP TL431ACP
Tube of 75 TL431CD
TL431C
Reel of 2500 TL431CDR
SOIC (D)
Tube of 75 TL431ACD
431AC
Reel of 2500 TL431ACDR
TL431CPSR T431
SOP (PS) Reel of 2000
TL431ACPSR T431A
Tube of 150 TL431CPW
T431
Reel of 2000 TL431CPWR
0°C to 70°C TSSOP (PW)
Tube of 150 TL431ACPW
T431A
Reel of 2000 TL431ACPWR
SOT-23 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431CDBVR T3C_
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431CPK 43
Bulk of 1000 TL431CLP
Ammo of 2000 TL431CLPM TL431C
Reel of 2000 TL431CLPR
TO 92 (LP)
TO-92
Bulk of 1000 TL431ACLP
Ammo of 2000 TL431ACLPM TL431AC
Reel of 2000 TL431ACLPR
TL431IP TL431IP
PDIP (P) Tube of 50
TL431AIP TL431AIP
Tube of 75 TL431ID
TL431I
Reel of 2500 TL431IDR
SOIC (D)
Tube of 75 TL431ICD
431AI
Reel of 2500 TL431ICDR
–40°C
40°C to 85°C
SOT-23 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431IDBVR T3I_
Bulk of 1000 TL431ILP
Ammo of 2000 TL431ILPM TL431I
TO-92 (LP) Reel of 2000 TL431ILPR
Bulk of 1000 TL431AILP
TL431AI
Reel of 2000 TL431AILPR
† Package drawings, standard packing quantities, thermal data, symbolization, and PCB design guidelines are
available at www.ti.com/sc/package.
‡ DBV: The actual top-side marking has one additional character that designates the assembly/test site.

2 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

symbol
REF

ANODE CATHODE

functional block diagram


CATHODE

REF +
_

Vref

ANODE

equivalent schematic†
CATHODE
800 Ω 800 Ω

20 pF
REF

150 Ω

3.28 kΩ 4 kΩ 10 kΩ

2.4 kΩ 7.2 kΩ 20 pF

1 kΩ

800 Ω
ANODE
† All component values are nominal.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 3


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)†
Cathode voltage, VKA (see Note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 V
Continuous cathode current range, IKA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –100 mA to 150 mA
Reference input current range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –50 µA to 10 mA
Package thermal impedance, θJA (see Notes 2 and 4): DBV package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206°C/W
(see Notes 2 and 3): KTP package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28°C/W
(see Notes 2 and 4): LP package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156°C/W
(see Notes 2 and 4): P package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85°C/W
(see Notes 2 and 4): PK package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52°C/W
(see Notes 2 and 4): PS package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95°C/W
(see Notes 2 and 4): PW package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149°C/W
Operating virtual junction temperature, TJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150°C
Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260°C
Storage temperature range, Tstg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –65°C to 150°C
† Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and
functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating conditions” is not
implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
NOTES: 1. Voltage values are with respect to the ANODE terminal unless otherwise noted.
2. Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max), θJA, and TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable
ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TA)/θJA. Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability.
3. The package thermal impedance is calculated in accordance with JESD 51-5.
4. The package thermal impedance is calculated in accordance with JESD 51-7.

recommended operating conditions


MIN MAX UNIT
VKA Cathode voltage Vref 36 V
IKA Cathode current 1 100 mA
TL431C, TL431AC 0 70
TA Operating free-air
free air temperature range °C
TL431I, TL431AI –40 85

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TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

electrical characteristics over recommended operating conditions, TA = 25°C (unless otherwise


noted)
TEST TL431C
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
CIRCUIT MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage 2 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2440 2495 2550 mV
Deviation of reference voltage
VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA,
VI(dev) over full temperature range 2 4 25 mV
TA = 0°C to 70°C
(see Figure 1)
DVref Ratio of change
g in reference voltage
g
3 IKA = 10 mA
∆VKA = 10 V – Vref –1.4 –2.7 mV
DVKA to the change in cathode voltage ∆VKA = 36 V – 10 V –1 –2 V
Iref Reference current 3 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞ 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference current
IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞,
II(dev) over full temperature range 3 0.4 1.2 µA
TA = 0°C to 70°C
(see Figure 1)
Minimum cathode current
Imin 2 VKA = Vref 0.4 1 mA
for regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current 4 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 1 µA
IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA, VKA = Vref,
|zKA| Dynamic impedance (see Figure 1) 1 0.2 0.5 Ω
f ≤ 1 kHz

The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum

ǒ Ǔ
values obtained over the recommended temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the
reference voltage, αVref, is defined as:

Ťa Ť ǒ Ǔ
V I(dev) Maximum Vref
10 6 VI(dev)
V at 25°C
Vref
ppm
°C
+ ref
DTA Minimum Vref

∆TA
where:
∆TA is the recommended operating free-air temperature range of the device.
αVref can be positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the
lower temperature.
Example: maximum Vref = 2496 mV at 30°C, minimum Vref = 2492 mV at 0°C, Vref = 2495 mV at 25°C,

Ť Ť+ǒ Ǔ
∆TA = 70°C for TL431C
4 mV 10 6
aVref 2495 mV
70°C
[ 23 ppmń°C
Because minimum Vref occurs at the lower temperature, the coefficient is positive.
Calculating Dynamic Impedance
The dynamic impedance is defined as: z KA Ť Ť + DD
KA
V
I
KA

When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 3), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit

Ť Ťǒ ) Ǔ
is given by:
|z | Ȁ+ [
DV z
DI KA
1 R1
R2
Figure 1. Calculating Deviation Parameters and Dynamic Impedance

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 5


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

electrical characteristics over recommended operating conditions, TA = 25°C (unless otherwise


noted)
TEST TL431I
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
CIRCUIT MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage 2 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2440 2495 2550 mV
Deviation of reference voltage
VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA,
VI(dev) over full temperature range 2 5 50 mV
TA = –40°C to 85°C
(see Figure 1)
DVref Ratio of change
g in reference voltage
g
3 IKA = 10 mA
∆VKA = 10 V – Vref –1.4 –2.7 mV
DVKA to the change in cathode voltage ∆VKA = 36 V – 10 V –1 –2 V
Iref Reference current 3 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞ 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference current
IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞,
II(dev) over full temperature range 3 0.8 2.5 µA
TA = –40°C to 85°C
(see Figure 1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin 2 VKA = Vref 0.4 1 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current 4 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 1 µA
IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA, VKA = Vref,
|zKA| Dynamic impedance (see Figure 1) 2 0.2 0.5 Ω
f ≤ 1 kHz

6 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

electrical characteristics over recommended operating conditions, TA = 25°C (unless otherwise


noted)
TEST TL431AC
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
CIRCUIT MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage 2 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2470 2495 2520 mV
Deviation of reference voltage
VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA,
VI(dev) over full temperature range 2 4 25 mV
TA = 0°C to 70°C
(see Figure 1)
DVref Ratio of change
g in reference voltage
g
3 IKA = 10 mA
∆VKA = 10 V – Vref –1.4 –2.7 mV
DVKA to the change in cathode voltage ∆VKA = 36 V – 10 V –1 –2 V
Iref Reference current 3 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞ 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference current
IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞,
II(dev) over full temperature range 3 0.8 1.2 µA
TA = 0°C to 70°C
(see Figure 1)
Minimum cathode current
Imin 2 VKA = Vref 0.4 0.6 mA
for regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current 4 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 0.5 µA
IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA, VKA = Vref,
|zKA| Dynamic impedance (see Figure 1) 1 0.2 0.5 Ω
f ≤ 1 kHz

electrical characteristics over recommended operating conditions, TA = 25°C (unless otherwise


noted)
TEST TL431AI
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
CIRCUIT MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage 2 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2470 2495 2520 mV
Deviation of reference voltage
VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA,
VI(dev) over full temperature range 2 5 50 mV
TA = –40°C to 85°C
(see Figure 1)
DVref Ratio of change
g in reference voltage
g
3 IKA = 10 mA
∆VKA = 10 V – Vref –1.4 –2.7 mV
DVKA to the change in cathode voltage ∆VKA = 36 V – 10 V –1 –2 V
Iref Reference current 3 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞ 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference current
IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 kΩ, R2 = ∞,
II(dev) over full temperature range 3 0.8 2.5 µA
TA = –40°C to 85°C
(see Figure 1)
Minimum cathode current
Imin 2 VKA = Vref 0.4 0.7 mA
for regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current 4 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 0.5 µA
IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA, VKA = Vref,
|zKA| Dynamic impedance (see Figure 1) 2 0.2 0.5 Ω
f ≤ 1 kHz

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TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

PARAMETER MEASUREMENT INFORMATION

Input VKA
IKA

Vref

Figure 2. Test Circuit for VKA = Vref

Input VKA
IKA

R1 Iref

R2 Vref
V KA +V ǒ ) Ǔ)
ref 1 R1
R2
I ref R1

Figure 3. Test Circuit for VKA > Vref

Input VKA
Ioff

Figure 4. Test Circuit for Ioff

8 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Table 1. Graphs
FIGURE
Reference input voltage vs Free-air temperature 5
Reference input current vs Free-air temperature 6
Cathode current vs Cathode voltage 7, 8
Off-state cathode current vs Free-air temperature 9
Ratio of delta reference voltage to change in cathode voltage vs Free-air temperature 10
Equivalent input noise voltage vs Frequency 11
Equivalent input noise voltage over a 10-second period 12
Small-signal voltage amplification vs Frequency 13
Reference impedance vs Frequency 14
Pulse response 15
Stability boundary conditions 16

Table 2. Application Circuits


FIGURE
Shunt regulator 17
Single-supply comparator with temperature-compensated threshold 18
Precision high-current series regulator 19
Output control of a three-terminal fixed regulator 20
High-current shunt regulator 21
Crowbar circuit 22
Precision 5-V 1.5-A regulator 23
Efficient 5-V precision regulator 24
PWM converter with reference 25
Voltage monitor 26
Delay timer 27
Precision current limiter 28
Precision constant-current sink 29

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TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS†

REFERENCE VOLTAGE
vs
REFERENCE CURRENT
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
2600 vs
VKA = Vref FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
2580 IKA = 10 mA 5
Vref = 2550 mV‡ R1 = 10 kΩ
R2 = ∞
V ref – Reference Voltage – mV

2560
IKA = 10 mA
2540 4

I ref – Reference Current – µ A


2520
Vref = 2495 mV‡ 3
2500

2480

2460 2

2440 Vref = 2440 mV‡

2420 1

2400
–75 –50 –25 0 25 50 75 100 125
0
TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C –75 –50 –25 0 25 50 75 100 125
‡ Data is for devices having the indicated value of Vref at IKA = 10 mA,
TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C
TA = 25°C.

Figure 5 Figure 6

CATHODE CURRENT CATHODE CURRENT


vs vs
CATHODE VOLTAGE CATHODE VOLTAGE
150 800
VKA = Vref VKA = Vref
125 TA = 25°C TA = 25°C

100 600
I KA – Cathode Current – mA

I KA – Cathode Current – µ A

75 Imin

50 400

25

0 200

–25

–50 0

–75

–100 –200
–2 –1 0 1 2 3 –1 0 1 2 3
VKA – Cathode Voltage – V VKA – Cathode Voltage – V
Figure 7 Figure 8

† Data at high and low temperatures are applicable only within the recommended operating free-air temperature ranges of the various devices.

10 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS†

RATIO OF DELTA REFERENCE VOLTAGE TO


OFF-STATE CATHODE CURRENT DELTA CATHODE VOLTAGE
vs vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
– 0.85
2.5
VKA = 36 V VKA = 3 V to 36 V
Vref = 0
– 0.95
I off – Off-State Cathode Current – µ A

∆V ref / ∆V KA – mV/V
–1.05

1.5
–1.15

1
–1.25

0.5 –1.35

–1.45
0
–75 –50 –25 0 25 50 75 100 125 –75 –50 –25 0 25 50 75 100 125

TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C TA – Free-Air Temperature – °C

Figure 9 Figure 10

EQUIVALENT INPUT NOISE VOLTAGE


vs
FREQUENCY
260
IO = 10 mA
Vn – Equivalent Input Noise Voltage – nV/ Hz

240 TA = 25°C

220

200

180

160

140

120

100
10 100 1k 10 k 100 k
f – Frequency – Hz

Figure 11

† Data at high and low temperatures are applicable only within the recommended operating free-air temperature ranges of the various devices.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 11


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
EQUIVALENT INPUT NOISE VOLTAGE
OVER A 10-SECOND PERIOD
6
5

V n – Equivalent Input Noise Voltage – µV


4
3
2

0
–1

–2
–3

–4 f = 0.1 to 10 Hz
IKA = 10 mA
–5
TA = 25°C
–6
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
t – Time – s
19.1 V

1 kΩ

500 µF 910 Ω
2000 µF
VCC VCC To Oscilloscope
1 µF
TL431
(DUT) TLE2027
AV = 10 V/mV
+ 22 µF
820 Ω + TLE2027
– 16 kΩ 16 kΩ
16 Ω –
160 kΩ
1 µF 33 kΩ

0.1 µF AV = 2 V/V
33 kΩ

VEE VEE

Figure 12. Test Circuit for Equivalent Input Noise Voltage

12 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
SMALL-SIGNAL VOLTAGE AMPLIFICATION
vs
FREQUENCY
60
IKA = 10 mA
A V – Small-Signal Voltage Amplification – dB

TA = 25°C
50 Output
IKA
15 kΩ 232 Ω
40
9 µF
+
30

8.25 kΩ

20 GND

10 TEST CIRCUIT FOR VOLTAGE AMPLIFICATION

0
1k 10 k 100 k 1M 10 M
f – Frequency – Hz

Figure 13

REFERENCE IMPEDANCE
vs
FREQUENCY
100
IKA = 10 mA
TA = 25°C
|z KA| – Reference Impedance – Ω

1 kΩ
Output

10 IKA
50 Ω

+
GND
1

TEST CIRCUIT FOR REFERENCE IMPEDANCE

0.1
1k 10 k 100 k 1M 10 M
f – Frequency – Hz

Figure 14

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TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
PULSE RESPONSE
6
TA = 25°C
Input
5
220 Ω
Input and Output Voltage – V

Output
4
Pulse
Generator 50 Ω
3 f = 100 kHz
Output

GND
2

TEST CIRCUIT FOR PULSE RESPONSE


1

0
–1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
t – Time – µs

Figure 15

STABILITY BOUNDARY CONDITIONS†


150 Ω
100
A VKA = Vref TA = 25°C
90 B VKA = 5 V IKA
C VKA = 10 V
+
80 D VKA = 15 Vf
CL VBATT
I KA – Cathode Current – mA

B –
70
Stable
60
Stable C
50
A TEST CIRCUIT FOR CURVE A
40

30
D IKA
20 R1 = 10 kΩ 150 Ω
10
CL
0 +
0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 R2 VBATT
CL – Load Capacitance – µF –
† The areas under the curves represent conditions that may cause the
device to oscillate. For curves B, C, and D, R2 and V+ were adjusted
to establish the initial VKA and IKA conditions with CL = 0. VBATT and
CL then were adjusted to determine the ranges of stability. TEST CIRCUIT FOR CURVES B, C, AND D

Figure 16

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TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

APPLICATION INFORMATION
R
(see Note A)
VI(BATT) VO
R1

Vref
0.1%
TL431 V
O
ǒ Ǔ
+ 1 ) R1
R2
V ref

R2
0.1%
RETURN
NOTE A: R should provide cathode current ≥1 mA to the TL431 at minimum VI(BATT).

Figure 17. Shunt Regulator

VI(BATT)

VO
TL431
Von ≈ 2 V
Input Voff ≈ VI(BATT)
VIT ≈ 2.5 V
GND

Figure 18. Single-Supply Comparator With Temperature-Compensated Threshold

VI(BATT)
R
(see Note A) 2N222

2N222

ǒ Ǔ
30 Ω

V
O
+ 1 ) R1
R2
V ref
0.01 µF 4.7 kΩ
TL431 VO
R1
R2
0.1%
0.1%

NOTE A: R should provide cathode current ≥1 mA to the TL431 at minimum VI(BATT).

Figure 19. Precision High-Current Series Regulator

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 15


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

APPLICATION INFORMATION
VI(BATT)
IN
OUT

ǒ Ǔ
uA7805 VO

Common R1 V + 1 ) R1
O R2
V ref

TL431 Minimum V + V ) 5 V ref


O
R2

Figure 20. Output Control of a Three-Terminal Fixed Regulator

VI(BATT) VO

R1

V
O
ǒ Ǔ
+ 1 ) R1
R2
V ref

R2 TL431

Figure 21. High-Current Shunt Regulator

VI(BATT) VO

R1

TL431

C
(see Note A)
R2

NOTE A: Refer to the stability boundary conditions in Figure 16 to determine allowable values for C.

Figure 22. Crowbar Circuit

16 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

APPLICATION INFORMATION
IN OUT
VI(BATT) LM317 VO ≈ 5 V, 1.5 A

8.2 kΩ Adjust
243 Ω
0.1%

TL431
243 Ω
0.1%

Figure 23. Precision 5-V 1.5-A Regulator

VI(BATT) VO ≈ 5 V
Rb
(see Note A) 27.4 kΩ
0.1%

TL431
27.4 kΩ
0.1%

NOTE A: Rb should provide cathode current ≥1 mA to the TL431.

Figure 24. Efficient 5-V Precision Regulator

12 V

VCC
6.8 kΩ

5V 10 kΩ

10 kΩ
+
0.1% TL598
X
TL431 Not
10 kΩ Used
0.1%

Feedback

Figure 25. PWM Converter With Reference

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 17


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

APPLICATION INFORMATION
R3
(see Note A)
VI(BATT)

R1A R1B
R4
+ 1 ) R1B ǒ Ǔ
ǒ Ǔ
(see Note A)
Low Limit V ref
R2B
High Limit + 1 ) R1A V
TL431
R2A ref

LED on When Low Limit < VI(BATT) < High Limit


R2A R2B

NOTE A: R3 and R4 are selected to provide the desired LED intensity and cathode current ≥1 mA to the TL431 at the available VI(BATT).

Figure 26. Voltage Monitor

650 Ω
12 V

R 2 kΩ

TL431
Delay +R C In ǒ 12 V
12 V V ref* Ǔ
On C
Off

Figure 27. Delay Timer

RCL IO
0.1%
VI(BATT) I out + RV ) I ref
CL
KA

R1
R1 + V I(BATT)
TL431 O
h FE
I
)I KA

Figure 28. Precision Current Limiter

18 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


TL431, TL431A
ADJUSTABLE PRECISION SHUNT REGULATORS
SLVS005Q – JULY 1978 – REVISED MARCH 2003

APPLICATION INFORMATION
VI(BATT)
IO

I
O
+ VR
ref
S
TL431
RS
0.1%

Figure 29. Precision Constant-Current Sink

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 19


MECHANICAL DATA

MCER001A – JANUARY 1995 – REVISED JANUARY 1997

JG (R-GDIP-T8) CERAMIC DUAL-IN-LINE

0.400 (10,16)
0.355 (9,00)

8 5

0.280 (7,11)
0.245 (6,22)

1 4
0.065 (1,65)
0.045 (1,14)

0.063 (1,60) 0.310 (7,87)


0.020 (0,51) MIN
0.015 (0,38) 0.290 (7,37)

0.200 (5,08) MAX


Seating Plane

0.130 (3,30) MIN

0.023 (0,58)
0°–15°
0.015 (0,38)
0.100 (2,54) 0.014 (0,36)
0.008 (0,20)

4040107/C 08/96

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. This package can be hermetically sealed with a ceramic lid using glass frit.
D. Index point is provided on cap for terminal identification.
E. Falls within MIL STD 1835 GDIP1-T8

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MHSI001 – OCTOBER 1994

PK (R-PSSO-F3) PLASTIC SINGLE-IN-LINE PACKAGE

4,60 1,60
4,40 1,40
0,40 TYP 1,80 MAX

2,60
4,25 MAX
2,40

0,80 MIN

0,48 MAX 0,44 MAX

0,53 MAX

1,50 TYP

4040234 / B 03/95

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in millimeters.


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. The center lead is in electrical contact with the tab.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MLCC006B – OCTOBER 1996

FK (S-CQCC-N**) LEADLESS CERAMIC CHIP CARRIER


28 TERMINAL SHOWN

NO. OF A B
18 17 16 15 14 13 12
TERMINALS
** MIN MAX MIN MAX

0.342 0.358 0.307 0.358


19 11 20
(8,69) (9,09) (7,80) (9,09)
20 10 0.442 0.458 0.406 0.458
28
(11,23) (11,63) (10,31) (11,63)
21 9
B SQ 0.640 0.660 0.495 0.560
22 8 44
(16,26) (16,76) (12,58) (14,22)
A SQ
23 7 0.739 0.761 0.495 0.560
52
(18,78) (19,32) (12,58) (14,22)
24 6
0.938 0.962 0.850 0.858
68
(23,83) (24,43) (21,6) (21,8)
25 5
1.141 1.165 1.047 1.063
84
(28,99) (29,59) (26,6) (27,0)
26 27 28 1 2 3 4

0.020 (0,51) 0.080 (2,03)


0.010 (0,25) 0.064 (1,63)

0.020 (0,51)
0.010 (0,25)

0.055 (1,40)
0.045 (1,14)
0.045 (1,14)
0.035 (0,89)

0.028 (0,71) 0.045 (1,14)


0.022 (0,54) 0.035 (0,89)
0.050 (1,27)

4040140 / D 10/96

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. This package can be hermetically sealed with a metal lid.
D. The terminals are gold plated.
E. Falls within JEDEC MS-004

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MPDI001A – JANUARY 1995 – REVISED JUNE 1999

P (R-PDIP-T8) PLASTIC DUAL-IN-LINE

0.400 (10,60)
0.355 (9,02)
8 5

0.260 (6,60)
0.240 (6,10)

1 4
0.070 (1,78) MAX

0.325 (8,26)
0.020 (0,51) MIN
0.300 (7,62)

0.015 (0,38)

Gage Plane
0.200 (5,08) MAX
Seating Plane

0.125 (3,18) MIN 0.010 (0,25) NOM

0.100 (2,54) 0.430 (10,92)


MAX
0.021 (0,53)
0.010 (0,25) M
0.015 (0,38)

4040082/D 05/98

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Falls within JEDEC MS-001

For the latest package information, go to http://www.ti.com/sc/docs/package/pkg_info.htm

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MPDS018E – FEBRUARY 1996 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2002

DBV (R-PDSO-G5) PLASTIC SMALL-OUTLINE

0,50 0,20 M
0,95 5X
0,30
5 4

0,15 NOM
1,70 3,00
1,50 2,60

1 3
Gage Plane
3,00
2,80
0,25

0°–8° 0,55
0,35

Seating Plane

1,45
0,05 MIN 0,10
0,95

4073253-4/G 01/02

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in millimeters.


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Body dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusion.
D. Falls within JEDEC MO-178

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MPSF001F – JANUARY 1996 – REVISED JANUARY 2002

KTP (R-PSFM-G2) PowerFLEX PLASTIC FLANGE-MOUNT PACKAGE

0.080 (2,03)
0.243 (6,17)
0.070 (1,78)
0.233 (5,91)
0.228 (5,79) 0.050 (1,27)
0.218 (5,54) 0.040 (1,02)

0.130 (3,30) NOM 0.010 (0,25) NOM

Thermal Tab
0.215 (5,46) (See Note C)
0.287 (7,29)
NOM 0.247 (6,27) 0.277 (7,03)
0.237 (6,02)
0.381 (9,68)
0.371 (9,42)
0.100 (2,54)
0.090 (2,29)
0.032 (0,81) MAX
Seating Plane
0.090 (2,29) 0.004 (0,10)
0.031 (0,79) 0.005 (0,13)
0.025 (0,63) 0.001 (0,02)
0.180 (4,57)
0.010 (0,25) M

0.047 (1,19)
0.010 (0,25) NOM
0.037 (0,94)
Gage Plane

0.010 (0,25)
2°–ā6°

4073388/M 01/02

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. The center lead is in electrical contact with the thermal tab.
D. Dimensions do not include mold protrusions, not to exceed 0.006 (0,15).
E. Falls within JEDEC TO-252 variation AC.

PowerFLEX is a trademark of Texas Instruments.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MSOI002B – JANUARY 1995 – REVISED SEPTEMBER 2001

D (R-PDSO-G**) PLASTIC SMALL-OUTLINE PACKAGE


8 PINS SHOWN

0.020 (0,51)
0.050 (1,27) 0.010 (0,25)
0.014 (0,35)
8 5

0.244 (6,20) 0.008 (0,20) NOM


0.228 (5,80)
0.157 (4,00)
0.150 (3,81)

Gage Plane

1 4 0.010 (0,25)

A 0°– 8°
0.044 (1,12)
0.016 (0,40)

Seating Plane

0.010 (0,25)
0.069 (1,75) MAX 0.004 (0,10)
0.004 (0,10)

PINS **
8 14 16
DIM

0.197 0.344 0.394


A MAX
(5,00) (8,75) (10,00)
0.189 0.337 0.386
A MIN
(4,80) (8,55) (9,80)

4040047/E 09/01

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Body dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusion, not to exceed 0.006 (0,15).
D. Falls within JEDEC MS-012

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MSOT002A – OCTOBER 1994 – REVISED NOVEMBER 2001

LP (O-PBCY-W3) PLASTIC CYLINDRICAL PACKAGE

0.205 (5,21) 0.165 (4,19)


DIA
0.175 (4,44) 0.125 (3,17)

0.210 (5,34)
0.170 (4,32)

Seating
Plane
0.157 (4,00) MAX
0.050 (1,27)
C

0.500 (12,70) MIN

0.022 (0,56) 0.016 (0,41)


0.104 (2,65)
0.016 (0,41) 0.014 (0,35)
FORMED LEAD OPTION STRAIGHT LEAD OPTION

0.135 (3,43) MIN

0.105 (2,67)
0.095 (2,41)
0.055 (1,40)
0.045 (1,14)

1 2 3

0.105 (2,67) 0.105 (2,67)


0.080 (2,03) 0.080 (2,03) 4040001-2 /C 10/01

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Lead dimensions are not controlled within this area
D. FAlls within JEDEC TO -226 Variation AA (TO-226 replaces TO-92)
E. Shipping Method:
Straight lead option available in bulk pack only.
Formed lead option available in tape & reel or ammo pack.

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


MECHANICAL DATA

MSOT002A – OCTOBER 1994 – REVISED NOVEMBER 2001

LP (O-PBCY-W3) PLASTIC CYLINDRICAL PACKAGE

0.539 (13,70)
0.460 (11,70)

1.260 (32,00)
0.905 (23,00)

0.650 (16,50)
0.020 (0,50) MIN
0.610 (15,50) 0.098 (2,50)

0.384 (9,75)
0.335 (8,50)

0.748 (19,00) 0.748 (19,00)


0.433 (11,00) 0.217 (5,50) 0.689 (17,50)
0.335 (8,50)

0.114 (2,90)
0.094 (2,40)
0.114 (2,90) 0.169 (4,30)
DIA
0.094 (2,40) 0.146 (3,70)
0.266 (6,75)
0.234 (5,95)
0.512 (13,00)
0.488 (12,40)

TAPE & REEL


4040001-3 /C 10/01

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in inches (millimeters).


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Tape and Reel information for the Format Lead Option package.

2 POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265


MECHANICAL DATA

MTSS001C – JANUARY 1995 – REVISED FEBRUARY 1999

PW (R-PDSO-G**) PLASTIC SMALL-OUTLINE PACKAGE


14 PINS SHOWN

0,30
0,65 0,10 M
0,19
14 8

0,15 NOM
4,50 6,60
4,30 6,20

Gage Plane

0,25
1 7
0°– 8°
A 0,75
0,50

Seating Plane

1,20 MAX 0,15 0,10


0,05

PINS **
8 14 16 20 24 28
DIM

A MAX 3,10 5,10 5,10 6,60 7,90 9,80

A MIN 2,90 4,90 4,90 6,40 7,70 9,60

4040064/F 01/97

NOTES: A. All linear dimensions are in millimeters.


B. This drawing is subject to change without notice.
C. Body dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusion not to exceed 0,15.
D. Falls within JEDEC MO-153

POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265 1


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