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0 Aufrufe5 SeitenFins are the extended surfaces used for increase heat transfer rate by convection method. In method of natural convection generally fins used should be of rectangular or circular shape, for intension to dissipate more heat to surrounding and maintain valuable components, parts safe and cool. From study of research paper it should be clear that the fins used for the heat dissipation should not arrange in large number in regulated space. In natural convection the air move along the fins as per buoyancy concept so that the air move upward when it becomes comes in contact with fins and lighter, but logical thing is that the natural air movement carried out in all direction there is no particular direction of air to strike the fin wall that means , air inlet direction is not fixed but the outlet becomes fixed. In case of horizontal based fins array when air strike to fins and heat transfer with these air but hot air trapped in between two fins and transfer rate of heat decreases, also in case of vertical based fins there is problem introduced of boundary layer development, so that fins with large fin height should not be used. To overcome above difficulties in natural convection to transfer heat effectively from plate to introduced winglet type fins array, because of winglet shape of fins air strike to fin wall in any condition of movement of air because the fins are inclined to both horizontal and vertical direction so that the heat transfer from fns is logically more than two cases but it interesting to investigate winglet angle of fins for more heat transfer by natural convection method.
https://journalnx.com/journal-article/20150159

Sep 06, 2018

© © All Rights Reserved

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Fins are the extended surfaces used for increase heat transfer rate by convection method. In method of natural convection generally fins used should be of rectangular or circular shape, for intension to dissipate more heat to surrounding and maintain valuable components, parts safe and cool. From study of research paper it should be clear that the fins used for the heat dissipation should not arrange in large number in regulated space. In natural convection the air move along the fins as per buoyancy concept so that the air move upward when it becomes comes in contact with fins and lighter, but logical thing is that the natural air movement carried out in all direction there is no particular direction of air to strike the fin wall that means , air inlet direction is not fixed but the outlet becomes fixed. In case of horizontal based fins array when air strike to fins and heat transfer with these air but hot air trapped in between two fins and transfer rate of heat decreases, also in case of vertical based fins there is problem introduced of boundary layer development, so that fins with large fin height should not be used. To overcome above difficulties in natural convection to transfer heat effectively from plate to introduced winglet type fins array, because of winglet shape of fins air strike to fin wall in any condition of movement of air because the fins are inclined to both horizontal and vertical direction so that the heat transfer from fns is logically more than two cases but it interesting to investigate winglet angle of fins for more heat transfer by natural convection method.
https://journalnx.com/journal-article/20150159

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

0 Aufrufe

Fins are the extended surfaces used for increase heat transfer rate by convection method. In method of natural convection generally fins used should be of rectangular or circular shape, for intension to dissipate more heat to surrounding and maintain valuable components, parts safe and cool. From study of research paper it should be clear that the fins used for the heat dissipation should not arrange in large number in regulated space. In natural convection the air move along the fins as per buoyancy concept so that the air move upward when it becomes comes in contact with fins and lighter, but logical thing is that the natural air movement carried out in all direction there is no particular direction of air to strike the fin wall that means , air inlet direction is not fixed but the outlet becomes fixed. In case of horizontal based fins array when air strike to fins and heat transfer with these air but hot air trapped in between two fins and transfer rate of heat decreases, also in case of vertical based fins there is problem introduced of boundary layer development, so that fins with large fin height should not be used. To overcome above difficulties in natural convection to transfer heat effectively from plate to introduced winglet type fins array, because of winglet shape of fins air strike to fin wall in any condition of movement of air because the fins are inclined to both horizontal and vertical direction so that the heat transfer from fns is logically more than two cases but it interesting to investigate winglet angle of fins for more heat transfer by natural convection method.
https://journalnx.com/journal-article/20150159

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

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ISSN: 2454-7875

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, Jan. -2017

NATURAL CONVECTION

MR. M. M. DEOGHARE

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pankaj Laddhad Institute of Technology & Management Studies, Buldana-443001,

(M.S), India

PROF. K. R. SONTAKKE

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pankaj Laddhad Institute of Technology & Management Studies, Buldana-443001,

(M.S), India

Fins are the extended surfaces used for overheating problem as much as possible by using

increase heat transfer rate by convection method. In different methods for dissipation of heat away from the

method of natural convection generally fins used system to surrounding. Using fins is one of the cheapest

should be of rectangular or circular shape, for and easiest ways to dissipate unwanted heat and it has

intension to dissipate more heat to surrounding and been commonly used for many engineering applications

maintain valuable components, parts safe and cool. successfully. Rectangular fins are the most popular fin

From study of research paper it should be clear that type because of their low production costs and high

the fins used for the heat dissipation should not effectiveness. Although rectangular fins can be used in

arrange in large number in regulated space. In two different orientations as vertical and horizontal,

natural convection the air move along the fins as per vertical orientation is used more widely since it is more

buoyancy concept so that the air move upward when effective than the horizontal one.

it becomes comes in contact with fins and lighter, but In this case winglet types of fin for heat transfer by

logical thing is that the natural air movement carried convection method are used. Heat transfer takes place

out in all direction there is no particular direction of while dissipating heat from fins to surrounding. Since the

air to strike the fin wall that means , air inlet entire fin configurations are made of aluminium alloys,

direction is not fixed but the outlet becomes fixed. In which have low emissivity values, radiation heat transfer

case of horizontal based fins array when air strike to values are low. Therefore convection heat transfer is the

fins and heat transfer with these air but hot air dominant heat transfer mode while dissipating heat from

trapped in between two fins and transfer rate of heat fins. The heat transfer from fins has been the subject of

decreases, also in case of vertical based fins there is experimental and numerical investigations.

problem introduced of boundary layer development, II. PROBLEM STATEMENT:

so that fins with large fin height should not be used.

The main objective of present work is to find out

To overcome above difficulties in natural convection

heat transfer rate of vertical plate with winglet fins array

to transfer heat effectively from plate to introduced

at four different angles (90o, 70o, 50o and 30o) by natural

winglet type fins array, because of winglet shape of

convection method and the optimum angle at which heat

fins air strike to fin wall in any condition of

transfer rate maximum by taking fix spacing between

movement of air because the fins are inclined to both

two fins.

horizontal and vertical direction so that the heat

transfer from fns is logically more than two cases but Under this aim, sequence of work is as given below,

it interesting to investigate winglet angle of fins for

1) Find out the heat transfer rate of vertical plate

more heat transfer by natural convection method.

with winglet fins array numerically by using

KEYWORDS: Natural Convection, Numerical analysis,

appropriate analysis software CFD tool.

winglet Fins, Heat transfer, etc.

2) Plot tables and graph for different fins angle

result.

I. INTRODUCTION

3) Check for optimum fin angle for more heat

In many engineering application heat generate

transfer rate.

which is unwanted by-product may decrease the

III. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF FINS:

performance of the systems since almost every

a. GEOMETRY CREATION:

engineering system is designed to work in a certain

The setup consists of vertical square (200 mm × 200

temperature limit. If these limits are exceeded by mm) base plates. The base plate considered with 3 mm

overheating, this may even lead to total system failure. thickness. The fins are attached to these base plates

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NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology [IJRPET]

ISSN: 2454-7875

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, Jan. -2017

externally and are exposed to ambience. The fins are in continuum consists of air surrounding the solid

eight pair, at one side of plate and to the other side of continuum (ambience) and is defined as the fluid

plate there is an insulated material of wooden block of domain. The domain has to be built around the base

250 mm x 250 mm in dimension and thickness is 50 mm.

plate fin assembly, to study fluid mass flow and thus the

The height of fins are 25 mm, length of fins are 52 mm

and the fins are 3 mm in thickness, are attached to base heat flow from the base plate and fin.

plate on one side of plate. Plate and fins are both made

up of aluminum material.

Figure shows the actual meshing of Computational

domain, wooden block, plate and aluminum fins. In this

Fig.: Fins & base plate side & front view. diagram we clearly observe that the mesh size of

Figure shows geometry of fin and plate created computational domain is large in size as compare to

by using CREO software, dimension of aluminum plate is other component, also fins having finer mesh than other

200 mm × 200 mm and on this plate aluminum fins are component so that it appears like in blackish color. We

attached in pairs, there proper angle between each pair used finer mesh, where we have to calculate value by

which is mansion below. numerical calculation.

C. BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

Height of fins (H) = 25 mm. The base plate & fins volume is given a uniform heat

source in Kelvin. At the all surfaces of fins and base plate

Length of fins (L) = 52 mm. consider as uniform temperature heat source in Kelvin,

Total number of fins (N) = 12. ambient conditions are assumed by specifying free

boundary condition in the form of pressure inlet. The top

Fin spacing between two fins = 10 mm. boundary is defined as pressure outlet allowing air to

leave the domain. Symmetry is assumed along the mid

Complete base plate area = 200 mm × 200 mm. boundary plane splitting the included winglet-angle as

well as at the back bounding surface of the domain. All

Thickness of fins (t) = 3 mm.

the cases are solved by specifying the heat source values

Fin angles = (90o, 70o, 50o, 30o). at base plate &fins volume. The air enters through the

pressure inlet boundaries at the ambient temperature Ta

b. MESH GENERATION: (Tinlet) and corresponding density 0. Also the back flow

The Fluid and solid domain is meshed using of air (if exist) will be at the ambient temperature Ta and

unstructured grid with ‘Tetra/mixed cells ’and mesh corresponding density 0. Here the ambient pressure is

method is used robust (octree). The base plate-fin used as stagnation boundary condition with the

assembly is hung in the air surrounded by the domain incoming mass having the ambient temperature. A

(Enclosure). Eventually the set up is symmetrical about coupled boundary condition exists for the fin wall which

vertical plane. transfers the heat from the base plate & fins to fluid.

Hence, only half set up is modeled. It is logical to For the purpose of numerical calculations in

assume that the behavior of the system in this half computer and as regarding to our project basis we take

domain is similar to the behavior of the whole system. fins and base plate as complete geometry apply uniform

Modeling only half geometry reduces the total number of temperature as about 3180 Kelvin all over the geometry,

cell count, overall mesh size and thus also the because this analysis only about natural convection

computation time considerably. concept .In this platform consider worst condition of

The set up has two continuums. The solid temperature at this level temperature of fins and base

continuum refers to base plate and fin(s). The fluid

Page | 5

NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology [IJRPET]

ISSN: 2454-7875

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, Jan. -2017

plate become same, and only considered convection a. STATIC TEMPERATURE:

method and their effect on temperature. The Static temperature contours for various fins spacing

are shown below, also we observe their flow differences

d. SOLVER for different fin angles.

For segregated 3D second order steady and For 50o Fin Angle:

unsteady solver, the SIMPLE and PISO Pressure-Velocity

Coupling algorithms for the pressure correction process

are used respectively. The discretization scheme used is

standard discretization for Pressure and second order

upwind discretization for Momentum and Energy.

Ability to converge the results of numerical

calculation means the imbalances in the iterative method

have successfully fallen below the specified tolerance

limits. The convergence can be associated in two ways,

first one in which the solution not changing with the

iterations and in second the solution not changing with

Fig.: Static temperature contours on fin and plate

the mesh. There are five residuals to be monitored in

Above image shows contours of static temperature on

natural convection problem: continuity, X-velocity, Y-

plate and fin for 50o fin angle. Static temperature scale

velocity, Z-velocity and energy. The default convergence

has shown in left side of image, from this image it is clear

criteria are 0.001 for all four of the above i.e. continuity

that maximum temperature reaches to 361K.

and velocities and 10-06 for energy, for all the

configurations. Same values are used for first order

scheme. Once the solution is converged in first order; the

convergence criteria is shifted to10-04 during second

order for the three velocities. It is confirmed that beyond

this limit, the changes in the average base plate-fin

surface temperature, surface heat flux and base plate-fin

surface heat transfer coefficient are negligible. For

steady state solver, the solution does not converge for

continuity, because of poor accountancy of flow

Fig.: Static temperature contours in computational

separation, boundary layer separation and reattachment

domain

(secondary boundary layer formation) across V-fins.

Above figure shows flow of static temperature

Unsteady formulations are used to get the steady

solution. Unsteady solver gives solution closer to the contours of plate and fins. Static temperature is the

experimental results. Use second order upwind scheme temperature measured with the sensor traveling at the

in energy and momentum for better accuracy in same velocity as the gas. In other word the temperature

numerical calculations. There are two methods we can with no velocity effects. Lower temperature is display by

use in natural convection process, but now for these blue color and higher temperature display by red zone.

results use SIMPLE algorithm method.

b. VELOCITY VECTORS AND VELOCITY

IV. FLOW VISUALIZATION: STREAMLINE:

One of the most useful advantages of CFD is its The velocity vectors for various fins angles are shown

ability to visualize the flow easily. In this section the below; also observe their flow differences for different

variation of temperature of the flow with different fin angles.

spacing’s investigated in previous is presented with the For 50o fin angle

help of CFD visualization. Since there are different fin

Below figure shows velocity vector of air

array angle configurations investigated in this study.

movement in between 50o fin angles and there direction

For 90o fin angle

of movement, also image shows air velocity at different

For 70o fin angle place.

Page | 6

NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology [IJRPET]

ISSN: 2454-7875

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, Jan. -2017

b. COMPARARISON GRAPH OF NUMERICAL ‘h’

VS HEIGHT OF PLATE:

plate

In above graph compare numerically calculated

value of heat transfer coefficient in all four cases; for that

plot the graph of heat transfer coefficient verses height

of plate. On ‘X’ axis take value of height of plate and on ‘Y’

axis take value of heat transfer coefficient of four cases

i.e (90o, 70o, 50o, 30o fin angles ). From the above graph it

is clear that, the average value of heat transfer coefficient

for 50o fin angle is more better than other cases.

VI. CONCLUSION:

Fig.: Velocity streamlines of 50o fin angle

The main aim of this project is to select the optimum fin

Above figure shows that the velocity of air increases

angle for better heat transfer coefficient (h). For this to

when air strikes at hot part of plate fin because air

calculate the heat transfer coefficient at each point for

become more lighter and move in upward direction.

different fin angles numerically and the optimum fin

V. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: angle is selected by averaging the values of heat transfer

a. COMPARISON OF NUMERICAL ‘h’ VALUE coefficients at respective points for a particular fin angle.

USING CORRELATION: Tables and graphs shows the values of ‘h’ at various

Table Compare numerical values of ‘h’ points, from this it is observed that the value of heat

Point transfer coefficient for 50o fin angle is more than other

Sr.

Height ‘h’ for 90o ‘h’ for 70o ‘h’ for 50o ‘h’ for 30o

No.

(m)

fin angles values. So, finally it is conclude that for 50o fin

0 4.675605878 4.617895037 5.381330502 4.210164247 angle is optimum for better heat transfer performance.

1

VII. REFERENCES:

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1. R. L. Edlabadkar, N. K. Sane, G.V. Parishwad ,

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Technology, JSPM’s College of Engineering, Govt. College

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9 1.6 6.31203103 6.058012263 5.888694057 5.670110456 Thesis Submitted To The Graduate School Of Natural And

Applied Sciences Of Middle East Technical University,

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January 2005.

Above table shows that value of heat transfer coefficent 3. Rameshwar B. Hagote, Sachin K. Dahake,

numbers which are obtained numerically from all four “Enhancement of Natural convection heat transfer

cases i.e (90o, 70o, 50o, 30o fin angles ) which tabulated at coefficient by using V-fin Array”, Student of mechanical

one place for comparison purpose.

Page | 7

NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

International Journal of Research Publications in Engineering and Technology [IJRPET]

ISSN: 2454-7875

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, Jan. -2017

Engg. Department, MET’s IOE, Adgaon, Nashik 9. Mahdi Fahiminia1, Mohammad Mahdi Naserian,

(Maharashtra, India), April, 2015. Hamid Reza Goshayeshi, Davood Majidian, “Investigation

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411015, India 12. Prof.S.A.Wani, Prof.A.P.Shrotri, Prof.A.R.Dandekar,

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