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“A STUDY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION FOR BSNL

PRODUCTS AND SERVICES AND ITS ROLE IN BUILDING


BRAND EQUITY FOR THE COMPANY.”

Project Report submitted by

“SARAVANA PERUMAL.G”

Register No: 010771037


Batch: 2005-07

in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the


Degree of
Master of Business Administration
at
School of Management
SASTRA

Under the Supervision and Guidance of

DR.P.VAIJAYANTHI
Professor, School of Management

Shanmugha Arts science Technology & Research Academy


(SASTRA)
Deemed University
Thirumalaisamudram,
Thanjavur – 613 402.

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Shanmugha Arts Science Technology & Research Academy
(SASTRA)
Deemed University
Thirumalaisamudram, Thanjavur 613 402.
School of Management – MBA Programme

Bonafide Certificate

Certified that this project report entitled


“A STUDY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION FOR BSNL
PRODUCTS AND SERVICES AND ITS ROLE IN BUILDING
BRAND EQUITY FOR THE COMPANY.”

is a bonafide record of work done by

“SARAVANA PERUMAL.G”
Register No: 010771037
Batch: 2005-2007

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for award of the


Degree of Master of Business Administration

During the period May-June 2006

Internal Guide Dean, School of Management

Submitted for Project Viva-voce examination held on _________

Internal Examiner External Examiner

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all I am thankful to BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED, Chennai for


giving me an opportunity to get a practical exposure of business experience.

I express my gratitude to Mr. S.Vaidhiyasubramaniyam, Dean, Planning and


Development; Prof. K.S. Vijayaraghavan, Dean, School of Management for providing
all the infrastructure facilities for the department which helped all the students in
completing the project successfully.

I express my heartfelt thanks to Dr.P.Vaijayanthi, Professor, School of Management,


my first Marketing Guru who offered me valuable guidance and support in every stage
through out the course of my entire project work.

I am grateful to Shri.J.Santhanakrishnan, Deputy General Manager RGMTTC


Chennai, Shri.S.Aravamudhan, Senior Sub Divisional Engineer, RGMTTC Chennai,
Shri.A.S.Egaya, Principal General Manager, Shri.N.Saravana Pandian, Deputy
General Manager Coimbatore and Shri.N.S.C.Sekhar, Assistant General Manager
Coimbatore and all other employees of BSNL who gave me all the moral support and
care which made my project come true.

Finally I thank all other Staffs of School of Management, Staffs of BSNL, my parents
who were in full support and all my friends who helped me in completing this dream
project successfully.

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SYNOPSIS

The Telecom industry is one of the leading and fastest growing in the world as
communication plays a vital role in the world and especially in India. It acts as a major
catalyst for the economic growth.

BSNL has good brand awareness among the people. This could be attributed to its long
history in the market and continued support from the Government.

In today’s competitive world, BSNL has to provide excellent services to attain a major
market share and keep their Customers satisfied in all aspects.

This research study is useful for BSNL to understand the expectations and requirements
of Customers and can serve them in a better way.

This research was conducted from May 2006- June 2006.

The researcher has done an internship project at BSNL, Chennai in pursuance of


determining the brand equity for BSNL and then the customers feedback on the various
products.

The samples of 250 respondents from among the universe of BSNL users at Coimbatore,
tirupur and pollachi were selected at random to conduct the study. The BSNL staffs who
were contacted to learn about the various BSNL packages and policies were also the
primary source of data.

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Questionnaire was designed after a pre-survey interview covering all the aspects of
BSNL services. Data analysis and interpretation was done using the collected data with
necessary tools including percentage analysis, five point scale was used to grade the
opinion of the respondents regarding the various variables used, soft wares like SPSS
were also used to enable efficient analysis of data.

The researcher strongly believes that this study would be helpful to the BSNL
Management in knowing about the Customers Satisfaction, Customer Perception,
Customer Preferences, and service requirements and about the other competitors status in
the market thereby helping them in improve their quality of Services offered.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

S.NO. CONTENTS PAGE NUMBER

LIST OF TABLES 1

LIST OF CHARTS 3

1.0 INTRODUCTION 5

1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM


1.2 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
1.3 OBJECTIVES
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1.6 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
1.7 CHAPTER SCHEME

2.0 PROFILE 13

2.1 COMPANY PROFILE

3.0 CONCEPTUAL REVIEW 24

4.0 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS 28

5.0 FINDINGS AND SUGGESTIONS 66

6.0 CONCLUSION 74

7.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY 76

8.0 ANNEXURE 78

LIST OF TABLES

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S.NO. CONTENTS PAGE NUMBER

1. Location of the Customers. 29

2. Age of the Customers. 30

3. Occupation of the Customers. 31

4. Monthly Income of the Customers. 32

5. Customers using Mobile Services or not. 34

6. Customers using Landline Services or not. 35

7. Mobile Service used by the Customers. 36

8. Landline Service used by the Customers. 37

9. Familiarity of Customers with BSNL. 38

10. Comparing BSNL with other Services. 39

11. Respondents by their Age and Mobile Services. 41

12. Respondents by their Location and Landline. 43

13. Respondents by their Location and Migration from BSNL. 45

14. Respondents by their Location and Network Coverage 47

15. Respondents by their Location and Customer Care 49

16. Respondents by their Cost and Migration from BSNL. 51

17. Quality of Customer Service and Migration from BSNL. 54

18. Respondents by their Location and Comparing with other Services 55

19. Respondents by their Location and Tariff plan Satisfaction. 57

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LIST OF CHARTS

S.NO. CONTENTS PAGE NUMBER

1. Location of the Customers. 29

2. Age of the Customers. 30

3. Occupation of the Customers. 31

4. Monthly Income of the Customers. 32

5. Customers using Mobile Services or not. 34

6. Customers using Landline Services or not. 35

7. Mobile Service used by the Customers. 36

8. Landline Service used by the Customers. 37

9. Familiarity of Customers with BSNL. 38

10. Comparing BSNL with other Services. 39

11. Respondents by their Age and Mobile Services. 42

12. Respondents by their Location and Landline. 44

13. Respondents by their Location and Migration from BSNL. 46

14. Respondents by their Location and Network Coverage 48

15. Respondents by their Location and Customer Care 50

16. Respondents by their Cost and Migration from BSNL. 52

17. Quality of Customer Service and Migration from BSNL. 54

18.
Respondents by their Location and Comparing with other Services 56

19. Respondents by their Location and Tariff plan Satisfaction 58

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1.0
INTRODUCTION

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1.1 Statement of Problem

A study has been conducted in order to understand the Customers opinion and
Satisfaction level of various Landlines and Mobile Services in Tamil Nadu, research
titled “A STUDY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION FOR BSNL PRODUCTS
AND SERVICES AND ITS ROLE IN BUILDING BRAND EQUITY FOR THE
COMPANY” has been conducted.

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1.2 Importance of the Study

In this competitive arena communication plays a vital role so the Telecom Industries are
the major source for communication. BSNL, being a public sector obviously have to
compete with various players like Airtel, Aircel, Reliance, Tata Indicom etc.,with their
stringent rules and regulations guided by TRAI. Hence in order to understand about the
customers requirements their likes and dislikes preference is sine-quo-non for BSNL.

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1.3 Objectives

 To ascertain the Customers preferences of Land line and Mobile Services.

 To ascertain the Customers Satisfaction level for Mobile services as well as Land
line Services.

 To analyze the Customer opinion and satisfaction with specific reference to


BSNL.

 To suggest some guidelines to BSNL in order to provide better focused services.

 To determine the status of brand awareness and brand loyalty in order to conclude
about brand equity.

 To learn about the brand attributes and their preferences in BSNL.

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1.4 Scope of the Study:

 This research study is useful for BSNL to understand the expectations and
requirements of Customers and can serve them in a better way.

 This research was conducted from May 2006- June 2006.

 The respondents from Coimbatore, Pollachi and Tirupur have been taken for
this study.

 The brand equity was measured in terms of brand attribute preferences, brand
awareness, brand loyalty and preferences about the brand.

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1.5 Research Methodology:

 DATA SOURCE:

In this study Primary data and secondary data have been used.
Secondary data have been collected from Internet.

 RESEARCH APPROACH:

Primary data have been collected through surveys.


Personal interview technique has been used for conducting the survey. Data collection
has been done through the use of Structured questionnaire.

 SAMPLING:

Convenient Sampling method has been adopted for this study.


 Researcher has taken respondents from Coimbatore, Pollachi and Tirupur for this
study.

 The researcher has chosen 145 from Coimbatore, 56 from Pollachi and 47 from
Tirupur.

 The researcher had prepared a Questionnaire both open and close ended questions
to elicit responses for the following areas:

i. Location.
ii. Age.

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iii. Occupation.
iv. Monthly Income.
v. Mobile Usage.
vi. Mobile service Usage.
1.6 Limitations of the Study:

 Time was not sufficient to conduct detailed study.

 study had been conducted only in a few areas of TamilNadu


 For few questions researcher was not able to get proper response which are as
follows:

i. Chances of Switching.
ii. Reason for Switching.
iii. Monthly Income.
iv. Comparative questions.

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1.7 Chapter Scheme:

Chapter I deal with the Introduction of the project work, which includes Statement
of Problem, Importance of the study, Objectives, Scope of the study, Research
Methodology and Limitations of the study.

Chapter II deals with the Industry and Company Profile.

Chapter III deals with the Conceptual review.

Chapter IV deals with the Analysis and Interpretation.

Chapter V deals with the Findings and Suggestions.

Chapter VI deals with the Conclusion.

Chapter VII deals with the Bibliography.

Chapter VIII deals with the Annexure.

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2.0
PROFILE

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2.1 COMPANY PROFILE

On October 1, 2000 the Department of Telecom


Operations, Government of India became a corporation and was christened Bharat
Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL). Today, BSNL is the No. 1 Telecommunications
Company and the largest Public Sector Undertaking of India with authorized share
capital of $ 3977 million and net worth of $ 14.32 billion. It has a network of over 45
million lines covering 5000 towns with over 35 million telephone connections.

With latest digital switching technology like OCB,EWSD,AXE-10,FETEX,NEC etc.


and widespread transmission network including SDH system up to 2.5 gbps, DWDM
system up to 80 gbps,Web telephony,DIAS,VPN, Broadband and more than 400,000
data customers , BSNL continues to serve this great nation .

Its responsibilities include improvement of the already impeccable quality of telecom


services, expansion of telecom network, introduction of new telecom services in all
villages and instilling confidence among its customers.

BSNL has managed to shoulder these responsibilities remarkably and deftly.


Today with over 45 million line capacity, 99.9% of its exchanges digital, nation wide
Network management & surveillance system (NMSS) to control telecom traffic and
over 4,00,000 route kms of OFC network, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd is a name to
reckon with in the world of connectivity. Along with its vast customer base, BSNL's
financial and asset bases too are vast and strong. Consider the figures, as they speak
volumes on BSNL’s standing:

 The telephone infrastructure alone is worth about Rs. 1,00,000 crore (US $ 22.74
billion)
 Turnover of Rs. 31,400 crore ( US $ 7.14 billion)

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Add to which, BSNL's nationwide coverage and reach, comprehensive range of
telecom services and a penchant for excellence; and you have the ingredients for
restructuring India for a bright future. Today, BSNL is most trusted Telecom Brand
of India.

OBJECTIVES

• To be a Lead Telecom Services Provider.

• Build customers confidence through quality and reliable service.

• Provide Bandwidth on demand.

• Contribute towards:

i. National Plan Target of 250 million subscriber base for the country
by December 2007.
ii. Broadband customers base of 20 million in the country by 2010 as
per Broadband Policy 2004.
iii. Telephone in all villages.

iv Implementation of Triple play as a regular commercial proposition.

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Organization Chart of BSNL:

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Revenue

The Department of Telecom operations now known as BSNL has shown sustained
growth in the last 15 years. The growth rate in 2004-05 was 6.5%.

Capital Investment

Annual Investment in the network has increased from Rs. 785 crores (US$ 0.18
billion) in 1986-87 to over Rs. 7578 crores ( US $ 1.72 billion) in 2004-05. This
investment has been financed mainly by the internal accruals. The planned capital
outlay during 2006-07 is Rs. 19431 crores ( US $4.42 billion).

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Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited has got fixed assets valuing more than Rs. 62,862 Crores
(US $ 14.29 billion), which are in the form of Land, Buildings, Cables, Apparatus &
Plants etc.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, the largest Public Sector undertaking of the Nation, is
certainly on a financial ground that's sound.

The corporation has a net worth of Rs 63,000 crores (US $ 14.32 billion), authorized
equity capital of Rs. 10,000 crores (US $ 2.27 billion), paid up capital of Rs 5,000 crores
(US $ 1.14 billion) and revenue is Rs. 33,450 crores (US $ 7.60 billion) in 2004-05.

When it comes to connecting the four corners of the nation, and much beyond, one
solitary name lies embedded at the pinnacle - BSNL. A company that has gone past the
number games and the quest to attain the position of a leader. It is working round the
clock to take India into the future by providing world class telecom services for people of
India. BSNL is India's no. 1 Telecom Service provider and most trusted Telecom brand
of the Nation.

Driven by the very best of telecom technology from chosen global leaders, it connects
each inch of the nation to the infinite corners of the globe, to enable you to step into
tomorrow.

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Here is an overview of the World Class services offered by the BSNL:

Basic Telephone Services


The Plain old, Countrywide telephone Service through 32,000 electronic
exchanges. Digitalized Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
with a host of Phone Plus value additions.

BSNL launched Data One broadband service in January 2005 which


shall be extended to 198 cities very shortly. The service is being
provided on existing copper infrastructure on ADSL2 technology. The
minimum speed offered to the customer is 256 Kbps at Rs. 250/- per
month only. Subsequently, other services such as VPN, Multicasting,
Video Conferencing, Video-on-Demand, Broadcast application etc will
be added.
Keeping the global network of Networks networked, the countrywide
Internet Services of BSNL under the brand name includes
Internet dial up/ Leased line access, CLI based access (no account is
required) and DIAS service, for web browsing and E-mail applications.
You can use your dialup sancharnet account from any place in India
using the same access no ‘172233’, the facility which no other ISP has.
BSNL has customer base of more than 1.7 million for sancharnet service.

BSNL also offers Web hosting and co-location services at very cheap
rates.
ISDN
Integrated Service Digital Network Service of BSNL utilizes a unique
digital network providing high speed and high quality voice, data and
image transfer over the same line. It can also facilitate both desktop
video and high quality video conferencing.
Intelligent Network
Intelligent Network Service (In Service) offers value-added services,
such as:

Free Phone Service (FPH)


India Telephone Card (Prepaid card)
Account Card Calling (ACC)
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Tele-voting
Premium Rae Service (PRM)
Universal Access Number (UAN) and more

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I-Net
India s x.25 based packet Switched Public Data Network is operational
in 104 cities of the country. It offers x.25 x.28 leased, x.28 Dial up
(PSTN) Connection) and frame relay services.
Leased Lines & Datacom
BSNL provides leased lines for voice and data communication for
various applications on point to point basis. It offers a choice of high,
medium and low speed leased data circuits as well as dial-up lines.
Bandwidth is available on demand in most cities. Managed Leased Line
Network (MLLN) offers flexibility of providing circuits with speeds of
nx64 kbps up to 2mbps, useful for Internet leased lines and International
Principle Leased Circuits (IPLCs).
Cellular Mobile Service
BSNL’s GSM cellular mobile service Cellone has a customer base of
over 5.2 million. CellOne provides all the services like MMS, GPRS,
Voice Mail, E-mail, Short Message Service (SMS) both national and
international, unified messaging service (send and receive e-mails) etc.
You can use CellOne in over 160 countries worldwide and in 270
cellular networks and over 1000 cities/towns across India. It has got
coverage in all National and State Highways and train routes. CellOne
offers all India Roaming facility to both pre-paid and post-paid
customers (including Mumbai & Delhi).

Wireless in Local Loop


This is a communication system that connects customers to the Public
Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) using radio frequency signals as a
substitute for conventional wires for all or part of the connection
between the subscribers and the telephone exchange.

Countrywide WLL is being offered in areas that are non-feasible for the
normal network.
Helping relieve congestion of connections in the normal cable/wire
based network in urban areas.
Connecting the remote and scattered rural areas.
Limited mobility without any air-time charge
PROJECTS RECENTLY IMPLEMENTED/UNDER DEVELOPMENT
• National Internet Backbone of BSNL
• Voice over IP
• Broadband Services - ADSL & High Speed Internet
• Managed Leased Line Network (MLLN)
• Access Network - LMDS, DLCs, RLC etc.

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• Internet Exchange Points - IXP & Internet Data Centers (IDC)
• E-Commerce

Telephone
Basic Telephone (Bfone)
Total Number of connections as on 30.04.2006 3,51,55,749
WLL (Tarang)
Total Number of connections as on 30.04.2006 25,95,807
Village Public Telephones
Total Number of Telephones as on 31.03.2006 5,35,325
Public Telephones (Local, STD and Highway)
Total Number of Public Telephones as on 31.03.2006 20,64,174
STD Stations
31,915
Number of STD Stations as on 31.03.2006

Transmission Systems as on 31.03.2006


Transmission Systems
Digital
(Route kms) (Route kms)
Coaxial 6,024
Microwave 63,730
UHF 45,130
Optical Fiber 4,80,196
Satellite Based Services (as on 31.03.2006)
MCPC-VSATs 201
IDR Systems (2 Mb/ 8 Mb) 64/17

Mobile
Services

(As on 30.04.2006)

• Total number of connections - 1,75,92,364


(As on 30.04.2006)

• District Headquarters covered - 592

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• Total number of villages covered - 1,39,021
• National Highway covered (Km) - 45,438
• State Highway covered (Km) - 31,339
• Railway route covered (Km) - 15,730

Customer
Care

Several Steps have been taken at


BSNL to augment the quality of
customer care to international
standards.

Access round the clock help at following toll free numbers

• Dataone Broadband '1600-424-1600'


• PSTN Call Center '1500' (in select states)
• Sancharnet Help Desk '1957'

• CellOne all India Help '9400024365'


All BSNL Customer Service Centers (CSCs) now remain open on all seven days
from 8.00 AM to 8.00 PM without any break for all activities.
Cheque deposit machines have also been installed in many cities, so that
customers can make payments 24X7 at their convenience.
Customers can also make payments by cheque/Demand Draft to BSNL
franchisees all over the country.
With a view to simplify and offer customer friendly services, more than one
Bfone connections can be applied on a single application form. Accordingly, a
single demand note would be issued to the customer in respect of all the
connections applied for.
Shifting charges for local as well as all India shifting of fixed telephone (bfone)
has been abolished.
Pagers being given to outdoor staff in a phased manner for speedy rectification of
faults.
Majority of the local network is built up on jelly filled and OFC for trouble free
service.
Internal Distribution Points (DPs) being provided in the customer premises to
eliminate the faults arising out of overhead wires.
Extensive use of digital loop carrier (DLC)/Wireless in Local Loop (WLL)
system for improving reliability of external plant.
Remote Line Units (RLUs). Remote subscriber Units (RSUs) being provided

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extensively to reduce the long lengths of copper cables.
Establishing call centers across the nation to provide single window solutions
and convenience to customers.
Countrywide Network Management & Surveillance System (NMSS) to ensure
uninterrupted and efficient flow of telecom traffic.
Application Forms for new connections have been made free of charge for all
services.
Procedure for restoration of telephones disconnected due to non-payment
simplified and powers delegated to Secondary Switching Area (SSA) heads.
Payment of telephone bills being received on Saturday and Sunday through
cheques in City Telecom Offices (CTOs).
More than one Public Call Office (PCO) permitted at the same premises.
Various application forms and procedures being simplified for new telephone
connections, shifting and third party transfer.

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3.0
CONCEPTUAL REVIEW

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MARKETING MANAGEMENT
DEFINITION:

Marketing management is the practical application of marketing techniques. It is


the analysis, planning, implementation, and control of programs designed to create, build,
and maintain mutually beneficial exchanges with target markets. The marketing manager
has the task of influencing the level, timing, and composition of demand in way that will
achieve organizational objectives.

BRAND EQUITY

BRAND
EQUITY

BRAND PERCIVED BRAND


BRAND
AWARENESS QUALITY ASSOCIATION
LOYALTY

What is brand equity?

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The goal of the brand leadership paradigm is to create strong brands – but what is a
strong brand, anyway? In Managing Brand Equity, brand equity was defined as the brand
assets (or liabilities) linked to a brand’s name and symbol that add to (or subtract from) a
product or service. These assets can be grouped into four dimensions: brand awareness,
perceived quality, brand associations, and brand loyalty. These four dimensions guide
brand development, management and measurement.

 Brand awareness:

Brand awareness is an often undervalued asset; however, awareness


has been shown to affect perceptions and even taste. People like the familiar and are
prepared to ascribe all sorts of good attitudes to items that are familiar to them. The
Intel Inside campaign has dramatically transferred awareness into perceptions of
technological superiority and market acceptance.

 Perceived quality

Perceived quality is a special type of association, partly because it


influences brand associations in many contexts and partly because it has been
empirically shown to affect profitability (as measured by both ROI and stock return).

 Brand associations

Brand association can be anything that connects the customer to the


brand. It can include user imagery, product attributes, use situations, Organizational
associations, brand personality and symbols. Much of brand management involves
determining what associations to develop and then creating programs that will link
the associations to the brand.

 Brand loyalty

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Brand loyalty is at the heart of any brand’s value. The concept is to
strengthen the size and intensity of each loyalty segment. A brand with a small but
intensely loyal customer base can have significant equity.
Brand Preference

The stage of brand loyalty at which a brand will select a particular brand
but will choose a competitor’s brand if the preferred brand is unavailable. See Brand
insistence; Brand recognition.

Customer Satisfaction

If the customer's expectations of product quality, service quality, and


price are exceeded, a firm will achieve high levels of customer satisfaction and will
create "customer delight." If the customer's expectations are not met, customer
dissatisfaction will result. And the lower the satisfaction level, the more likely the
customer is to stop buying from the firm.

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4.0
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONS

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PROFILE OF THE SAMPLE RESPONDENTS

LOCATION

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid COIMBATORE 145 58.0 58.0 58.0
POLLACHI 57 22.8 22.8 80.8
TIRUPUR 48 19.2 19.2 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 1

LOCATION
70

60

50

40

30

20
Percent

10

0
COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 1

INFERNCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of the respondent (58%) of consumers
belongs to Coimbatore while Tirupur is the least (0.4%).

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AGE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid bet 20-30 51 20.4 20.4 20.4
bet 31-35 100 40.0 40.0 60.4
bet 36-40 46 18.4 18.4 78.8
bet 41-50 33 13.2 13.2 92.0
above 50 20 8.0 8.0 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 2

AGE
50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
bet 20-30 bet 31-35 bet 36-40 bet 41-50 above 50

AGE

CHART: 2

INFERNCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of the respondent (40.0%) were in the age
group of (Between 31-35) while the age group of (Above 50) is the least (8.0%).

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OCCUPATION

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid Managerial 113 45.2 45.2 45.2
Business 85 34.0 34.0 79.2
Clerical 24 9.6 9.6 88.8
Manual worker 17 6.8 6.8 95.6
Student 7 2.8 2.8 98.4
Retired 2 .8 .8 99.2
Agriculture 1 .4 .4 99.6
Professional 1 .4 .4 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 3

OCCUPATION
50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Managerial Clerical Student Agriculture
Business Manual w orker Retired Professional

OCCUPATION

CHART: 3

INFERNCE:

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As the Table depicts, a good majority of the respondent (45.2%) of consumers
were Managers while Professionals and Agriculturalist were the least (0.4%) each.

Statistics
MONTHLY INCOME
N Valid 245
Missin 5
g

MONTHLY INCOME

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid below 5000 27 10.8 11.0 11.0
bet 5000-10000 132 52.8 53.9 64.9
bet 10000-15000 62 24.8 25.3 90.2
bet 15000-25000 11 4.4 4.5 94.7
above 25000 13 5.2 5.3 100.0
Total 245 98.0 100.0
Missing System 5 2.0
Total 250 100.0

TABLE: 4

MONTHLY INCOME
60

50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
below 5000 bet 10000-15000 above 25000
bet 5000-10000 bet 15000-25000

MONTHLY INCOME

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CHART: 4

INFERNCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of the respondent (53.9%) consumers
monthly income is between (5000-10000), while monthly income between (15000-
25000) is least (4.5%).

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MOBILE USE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid YES 183 73.2 73.2 73.2
NO 67 26.8 26.8 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 5

MOBILE USE
80

60

40

20
Percent

0
YES NO

MOBILE USE

CHART: 5

INFERNCE:

From the above Table, it is inferred that majority of the respondents (73.2%) were
using Mobile phones while (26.8%) were not using Mobile phones.

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LANDLINE USE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid YES 237 94.8 94.8 94.8
NO 13 5.2 5.2 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 6

LANDLINE USE
100

80

60

40

20
Percent

0
YES NO

LANDLINE USE

CHART: 6

INFERENCE:

From the above Table, it is inferred that majority of the respondents (94.8%) were
using Landline telephone while (5.2%) were not using Landline telephone.

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ANALYSIS OF BRAND PREFERENCE

MOBILE SERVICE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid No mobile 67 26.8 26.8 26.8
BSNL 78 31.2 31.2 58.0
Tataindicom 1 .4 .4 58.4
Reliance 26 10.4 10.4 68.8
Airtel 25 10.0 10.0 78.8
Aircel 37 14.8 14.8 93.6
BPL/Hutch 16 6.4 6.4 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 7

MOBILE SERVICE
40

30

20

10
Percent

0
No mobile Tataindicom Airtel BPL/Hutch
BSNL Reliance Aircel

MOBILE SERVICE

CHART: 7

INFERNCE:

42
As the Table depicts, a good majority of people (31.2%) are using BSNL, while
Tataindicom are the least (0.4%) by considering 250 samples.

LANDLINE SERVICE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid No Landline 13 5.2 5.2 5.2
BSNL 221 88.4 88.4 93.6
Tataindicom 8 3.2 3.2 96.8
Airtel 8 3.2 3.2 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 8

LANDLINE SERVICE
100

80

60

40

20
Percent

0
No Landline BSNL Tataindicom Airtel

LANDLINE SERVICE

CHART: 8

INFERNCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of people (88.4%) are using BSNL, while
Tataindicom and Airtel are the least (3.2%) each.

43
FAMILIAR

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent
Valid Very familiar 128 51.2 51.2 51.2
Some what familiar 120 48.0 48.0 99.2
Familiar but never used it 2 .8 .8 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 9

FAMILIAR
60

50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Very familiar Some w hat familiar Familiar but never u

FAMILIAR

CHART: 9

INFERNCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of people (51.2%) are familiar with BSNL,
while (0.8%) of people are familiar but never used.

44
COMPARING WITH OTHER SERVICES

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent
Valid Much better 58 23.2 23.2 23.2
Some what better 99 39.6 39.6 62.8
About the same 65 26.0 26.0 88.8
Some what worse 27 10.8 10.8 99.6
Don’t know/Never used 1 .4 .4 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 10

COMPARING WITH OTHER SERVICES


50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Much better About the same Dont know /Never used
Some w hat better Some w hat w orse

COMPARING WITH OTHER SERVICES

CHART: 10

INFERENCE:
As the Table depicts, majority of respondents (39.6%) opined BSNL is “Some
What Better” when compared to other services, while the least number of respondents
(0.4%) opined “Don’t know/Never used”.

45
AGE * MOBILE SERVICE Cross tabulation

MOBILE Total
SERVICE
No mobile BSNL Tataindicom Reliance Airtel Aircel BPL/
Hutch
AGE bet 20- Count 10 18 1 1 11 8 2 51
30
% 19.6% 35.3 2.0% 2.0% 21.6 15.7% 3.9% 100.0%
within % %
AGE

bet 31- Count 30 26 12 8 20 4 100


35
% 30.0% 26.0 12.0% 8.0% 20.0% 4.0% 100.0%
within %
AGE

bet 36- Count 11 14 6 3 5 7 46


40
% 23.9% 30.4 13.0% 6.5% 10.9% 15.2 100.0%
within % %
AGE

bet 41- Count 8 12 6 1 3 3 33


50
% 24.2% 36.4 18.2% 3.0% 9.1% 9.1% 100.0%
within %
AGE
above Count 8 8 1 2 1 20
50
% 40.0% 40.0 5.0% 10.0 5.0% 100.0%
within % %
AGE

Total Count 67 78 1 26 25 37 16 250


% 26.8% 31.2 .4% 10.4% 10.0 14.8% 6.4% 100.0%
withi % %
n
AGE

46
Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Age of the
Customers and Mobile Service using by the Customers.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Age of


the Customers and Mobile Service using by the Customers.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)


Pearson Chi-Square 37.625 24 .038
Likelihood Ratio 37.654 24 .038
N of Valid Cases 250

a.17 cells (48.6%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected
count is .08.

TABLE: 11

47
INFERNCE:
From the above Table, calculated value is (37.63) higher than the critical value
(36.42) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there is a significant
relationship between the Age of the Customers and Mobile Service using by the
Customers.

40

30
MOBILE SERVICE

No mobile

BSNL
20
Tataindicom

Reliance

10 Airtel

Aircel
Count

0 BPL/Hutch
bet 20-30 bet 36-40 above 50
bet 31-35 bet 41-50

AGE

CHART: 11

48
LOCATION * LANDLINE SERVICE Cross tabulation

LANDLINE Total
SERVICE
No Landline BSNL Tataindi Airtel
com
LOCATION COIMB Count 7 127 6 5 145
ATORE
% within 4.8% 87.6% 4.1% 3.4% 100.0%
LOCATION
POLLA Count 4 52 1 57
CHI
% within 7.0% 91.2% 1.8% 100.0%
LOCATION
TIRUPU Count 2 42 1 3 48
R
% within 4.2% 87.5% 2.1% 6.3% 100.0%
LOCATION
Total Count 13 221 8 8 250
% within 5.2% 88.4% 3.2% 3.2% 100.0%
LOCATION

TABLE: 12

49
140

120

100

80

60 LANDLINE SERVICE

No Landline
40
BSNL
20
Tataindicom
Count

0 Airtel
COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 12

INFERENCE:
From the above table, it explains about the BSNL Land line users in each
location.

50
LOCATION * MIGRATION Cross tabulation
MIGRATION Total

Certai High Not Low Never


n chan sure chanc
ce e

LOCATION COIMBATORE Count 4 3 24 40 74 145


% within 2.8% 2.1% 16.6% 27.6% 51.0% 100.0%
LOCATION
POLLACHI Count 7 2 18 15 15 57
% within 12.3% 3.5% 31.6% 26.3% 26.3% 100.0%
LOCATION
TIRUPUR Count 5 3 15 10 15 48
% within 10.4% 6.3% 31.3% 20.8% 31.3% 100.0%
LOCATION
Total Count 16 8 57 65 104 250
% within 6.4% 3.2% 22.8% 26.0% 41.6% 100.0%
LOCATION

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Migration of the Customers.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Migration of the Customers.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 23.374(a) 8 .003


Likelihood Ratio 23.442 8 .003
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 5 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 1.54.

TABLE: 13

INFERENCE:

51
From the above Table, calculated value is (23.37) higher than the critical
value (15.51) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there is a
significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Migration of
Customers.

80

60

MIGRATION
40

Certain

High chance
20
Not sure

Low chance
Count

0 Never
COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 13

LOCATION * NETWORK Cross tabulation

52
NETWORK Total

Very Quite Neutra Quite Very


satisfie satisfie l dissati dissat
d d sfied isfied

LOCATION COIMBATORE Count 92 33 11 3 6 145


% within 63.4% 22.8% 7.6% 2.1% 4.1% 100.0%
LOCATION
POLLACHI Count 14 26 9 5 3 57
% within 24.6% 45.6% 15.8% 8.8% 5.3% 100.0%
LOCATION
TIRUPUR Count 9 19 10 7 3 48
% within 18.8% 39.6% 20.8% 14.6% 6.3% 100.0%
LOCATION
Total Count 115 78 30 15 12 250
% within 46.0% 31.2% 12.0% 6.0% 4.8% 100.0%
LOCATION

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction of BSNL Network using by the Customers.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction of BSNL Network using by the Customers.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 48.112(a) 8 .000


Likelihood Ratio 49.503 8 .000
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 4 cells (26.7%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 2.30.

TABLE: 14

INFERENCE:
From the above Table, calculated value is (48.11) higher than the critical

53
value (15.51) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there is
a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Satisfaction
of BSNL Network using by the Customers.

100

80

60

NETWORK

40 Very satisfied

Quite satisfied

20 Neutral

Quite dissatisfied
Count

0 Very dissatisfied
COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 14

LOCATION * CUSTOMER CARE Cross tabulation

54
CUSTOMER CARE Total

Very Quite Neutra Quite Very


satisfie satisfie l dissati dissati
d d sfied sfied

LOCATION COIMBATORE Count 52 46 16 10 21 145


% within 35.9% 31.7% 11.0% 6.9% 14.5% 100.0%
LOCATION
POLLACHI Count 11 22 10 9 5 57
% within 19.3% 38.6% 17.5% 15.8% 8.8% 100.0%
LOCATION
TIRUPUR Count 7 9 17 9 6 48
% within 14.6% 18.8% 35.4% 18.8% 12.5% 100.0%
LOCATION
Total Count 70 77 43 28 32 250
% within 28.0% 30.8% 17.2% 11.2% 12.8% 100.0%
LOCATION

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction level of BSNL Customer care.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction level of BSNL Customer care.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 30.685(a) 8 .000


Likelihood Ratio 29.763 8 .000
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 5.38.

TABLE: 15

INFERENCE:
From the above Table, calculated value is (30.69) higher than the critical

55
value (15.51) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there
is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and
Satisfaction level of BSNL Customer care.

60

50

40

CUSTOMER CARE
30

Very satisfied

20
Quite satisfied

Neutral
10
Quite dissatisfied
Count

0 Very dissatisfied
COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 15

COST * MIGRATION Cross tabulation

56
MIGRATION Total

Certai High Not Low Never


n chan sure chanc
ce e

COST Very satisfied Count 1 1 5 8 56 71


% within 1.4% 1.4% 7.0% 11.3% 78.9% 100.0%
COST
Quite satisfied Count 1 4 21 38 29 93
% within 1.1% 4.3% 22.6% 40.9% 31.2% 100.0%
COST
Neutral Count 3 2 16 11 6 38
% within 7.9% 5.3% 42.1% 28.9% 15.8% 100.0%
COST
Quite Count 6 1 12 7 10 36
dissatisfied % within 16.7% 2.8% 33.3% 19.4% 27.8% 100.0%
COST
Very Count 5 3 1 3 12
dissatisfied % within 41.7% 25.0% 8.3% 25.0% 100.0%
COST
Total Count 16 8 57 65 104 250
% within 6.4% 3.2% 22.8% 26.0% 41.6% 100.0%
COST

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Satisfaction


of Cost of BSNL and Migration of Customers.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Satisfaction


of Cost of BSNL and Migration of Customers.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 104.622(a) 16 .000


Likelihood Ratio 93.631 16 .000
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 12 cells (48.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is
.38.
TABLE: 16

INFERENCE:
From the above Table, calculated value is (104.62) higher than the critical
value (26.30) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there is a

57
significant relationship between the Satisfaction of Cost of BSNL and Migration of
Customers.

60

50

40

MIGRATION
30
Certain

20 High chance

Not sure
10
Low chance
Count

0 Never
Very satisfied Neutral Very dissatisf ied
Quite satisfied Quite dissatisf ied

COST

CHART: 16

QUALITY OF CUSTOMER SERVICE * MIGRATION Cross tabulation

58
MIGRATION Total

Certai High Not Low Never


n chan sure chanc
ce e

QUALITY OF Excellent Count 1 2 21 24


CUSTOMER % within 4.2% 8.3% 87.5% 100.0%
SERVICE QUALITY OF
CUSTOMER
SERVICE
Good Count 3 2 9 19 33 66
% within 4.5% 3.0% 13.6% 28.8% 50.0% 100.0%
QUALITY OF
CUSTOMER
SERVICE
Average Count 4 2 24 19 27 76
% within 5.3% 2.6% 31.6% 25.0% 35.5% 100.0%
QUALITY OF
CUSTOMER
SERVICE
Poor Count 1 1 8 15 10 35
% within 2.9% 2.9% 22.9% 42.9% 28.6% 100.0%
QUALITY OF
CUSTOMER
SERVICE
Very poor Count 8 3 15 10 13 49
% within 16.3% 6.1% 30.6% 20.4% 26.5% 100.0%
QUALITY OF
CUSTOMER
SERVICE
Total Count 16 8 57 65 104 250
% within 6.4% 3.2% 22.8% 26.0% 41.6% 100.0%
QUALITY OF
CUSTOMER
SERVICE

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Quality


of Customer service and Migration of the Customers.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Quality


of Customer service and Migration of the Customers.

Chi-Square Tests

59
Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 47.985(a) 16 .000


Likelihood Ratio 47.897 16 .000
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 10 cells (40.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is
.77.
TABLE: 17

INFERNCE:
From the above table, calculated value is (47.99) higher than the critical
value (26.30) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there is
a significant relationship between the Quality of Customer service and Migration
of the Customers.

40

30

MIGRATION
20

Certain

High chance
10
Not sure

Low chance
Count

0 Never
Excellent Good Average Poor Very poor

QUALITY OF CUSTOMER SERVICE

CHART: 17

LOCATION * COMPARING WITH OTHER SERVICES Cross tabulation

60
COMPARING WITH OTHER SERVICES Total

Much Some About Some Dont


better what the what know/
better same worse Neve
r
used

LOCATION COIMBATORE Count 48 59 30 8 145


% within 33.1% 40.7% 20.7% 5.5% 100.0%
LOCATION
POLLACHI Count 5 23 16 12 1 57
% within 8.8% 40.4% 28.1% 21.1% 1.8% 100.0%
LOCATION
TIRUPUR Count 5 17 19 7 48
% within 10.4% 35.4% 39.6% 14.6% 100.0%
LOCATION
Total Count 58 99 65 27 1 250
% within 23.2% 39.6% 26.0% 10.8% .4% 100.0%
LOCATION

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction level of BSNL compared with other Services.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction level of BSNL compared with other Services.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 33.279(a) 8 .000


Likelihood Ratio 33.814 8 .000
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 3 cells (20.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .19.

TABLE: 18

INFERENCE:
From the above table, calculated value is (33.28) higher than the critical

61
value (15.51) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there is
a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Satisfaction
level of BSNL compared with other Services.

70

60

50

40
COMPARING WITH OTHER

30 Much better

Some w hat better


20
About the same
10
Some w hat w orse
Count

0 Dont know /Never used


COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 18

LOCATION * TARIFF Cross tabulation

62
TARIFF Total

Very Quite Neutra Quite Very


satisfie satisfie l dissati dissat
d d sfied isfied

LOCATION COIMBATORE Count 71 54 14 3 3 145


% within 49.0% 37.2% 9.7% 2.1% 2.1% 100.0%
LOCATION
POLLACHI Count 15 24 10 4 4 57
% within 26.3% 42.1% 17.5% 7.0% 7.0% 100.0%
LOCATION
TIRUPUR Count 8 17 16 7 48
% within 16.7% 35.4% 33.3% 14.6% 100.0%
LOCATION
Total Count 94 95 40 14 7 250
% within 37.6% 38.0% 16.0% 5.6% 2.8% 100.0%
LOCATION

Hypothesis:

Null Hypothesis [Ho]: There is no significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction of BSNL Tariff Plan.

Alternative Hypothesis [H1]: There is a significant relationship between the Location


of the Customers and Satisfaction of BSNL Tariff Plan.

Chi-Square Tests

Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)

Pearson Chi-Square 41.203(a) 8 .000


Likelihood Ratio 40.086 8 .000
N of Valid Cases 250
a. 5 cells (33.3%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 1.34.

TABLE: 19

INFERENCE:

63
From the above table, calculated value is (41.20) higher than the critical
value (15.51) at 5% level, so Null hypothesis [H0] has to be rejected (i.e.) there
is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Satisfaction
of BSNL Tariff Plan.

80

60

TARIFF
40

Very satisfied

Quite satisfied
20
Neutral

Quite disatisfied
Count

0 Very disatisfied
COIMBATORE POLLACHI TIRUPUR

LOCATION

CHART: 19

ANALYSIS OF BRAND ATTRIBUTES

64
TARIFF

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent
Valid Very satisfied 94 37.6 37.6 37.6
Quite satisfied 95 38.0 38.0 75.6
Neutral 40 16.0 16.0 91.6
Quite dissatisfied 14 5.6 5.6 97.2
Very dissatisfied 7 2.8 2.8 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 20

TARIFF
50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Very satisfied Neutral Very disatisfied
Quite satisfied Quite disatisfied

TARIFF

CHART: 20

INFERNCE:
From the above Table, it was inferred that majority of the respondents (38%) were
“Quite Satisfied” with a special regards to the BSNL Tariff Plan, while the least (2.8%)
number of respondents were “Very Dissatisfied” with respect to the BSNL Tariff Plan.

NETWORK

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

65
Valid Very satisfied 115 46.0 46.0 46.0
Quite satisfied 78 31.2 31.2 77.2
Neutral 30 12.0 12.0 89.2
Quite dissatisfied 15 6.0 6.0 95.2
Very dissatisfied 12 4.8 4.8 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 21

NETWORK
50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Very satisfied Neutral Very dissatisfied
Quite satisfied Quite dissatisfied

NETWORK

CHART: 21

INFERNCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of respondents (46%) were “Very Satisfied”
with the Network of BSNL, while the least (4.8%) were “Very Dissatisfied” with the
Network of BSNL.

COST

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent
Valid Very satisfied 71 28.4 28.4 28.4

66
Quite satisfied 93 37.2 37.2 65.6
Neutral 38 15.2 15.2 80.8
Quite dissatisfied 36 14.4 14.4 95.2
Very dissatisfied 12 4.8 4.8 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 22

COST
40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Very satisfied Neutral Very dissatisfied
Quite satisfied Quite dissatisfied

COST

CHART: 22

INFERENCE:
As the Table depicts, majority of respondents (37.2%) were “Quite Satisfied” with
special regards to the Satisfaction level of Cost of BSNL, while the least number of
respondents (4.8%) were “Very Dissatisfied” with the Satisfaction level of Cost of
BSNL.

CUSTOMER CARE

Frequency Perce Valid Percent Cumulative


nt Percent
Valid Very satisfied 70 28.0 28.0 28.0

67
Quite satisfied 77 30.8 30.8 58.8
Neutral 43 17.2 17.2 76.0
Quite dissatisfied 28 11.2 11.2 87.2
Very dissatisfied 32 12.8 12.8 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 23

CUSTOMER CARE
40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Very satisfied Neutral Very dissatisfied
Quite satisfied Quite dissatisfied

CUSTOMER CARE

CHART: 23

INFERENCE:
From the above Table, it was inferred that majority of respondents (30.8%) were
“Quite Satisfied” with the Customer care of BSNL, while the least number of respondents
(11.2%) were “Quite Dissatisfied” with BSNL Customer care.

ADDTIONAL PACKAGE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent


Valid Very satisfied 44 17.6 17.6 17.6
Quite satisfied 67 26.8 26.8 44.4
Neutral 95 38.0 38.0 82.4

68
Quite dissatisfied 33 13.2 13.2 95.6
Very dissatisfied 11 4.4 4.4 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 24

ADDTIONAL PACKAGE
40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Very satisfied Neutral Very dissatisfied
Quite satisfied Quite dissatisfied

ADDTIONAL PACKAGE

CHART: 24

INFERENCE:
From the above Table, it was inferred that majority of respondents (38%) opined
“Neutral” with the BSNL’s Additional Packages, while the least number of respondents
(4.4%) opined “Very Dissatisfied” with the Additional Packages of BSNL.

QUALITY OF CUSTOMER SERVICE

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent
Valid Excellent 24 9.6 9.6 9.6
Good 66 26.4 26.4 36.0
Average 76 30.4 30.4 66.4

69
Poor 35 14.0 14.0 80.4
Very poor 49 19.6 19.6 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 25

QUALITY OF CUSTOMER SERVICE


40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Excellent Good Average Poor Very poor

QUALITY OF CUSTOMER SERVICE

CHART: 25

INFERENCE:
As the Table depicts, the majority of respondents (30.4%) were opined “Average”
with special reference to the Quality of Customer Service, while the least number of
respondents (9.6%) were opined “Excellent” with respect to the Quality of Customer
Service.

MIGRATION

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent
Valid Certain 16 6.4 6.4 6.4
High chance 8 3.2 3.2 9.6

70
Not sure 57 22.8 22.8 32.4
Low chance 65 26.0 26.0 58.4
Never 104 41.6 41.6 100.0
Total 250 100.0 100.0

TABLE: 26

MIGRATION
50

40

30

20

10
Percent

0
Certain High chance Not sure Low chance Never

MIGRATION

CHART: 26

INFERENCE:
As the Table depicts, a good majority of respondents (41.6%) were opined “Never”
with special respect to the chance of Migration from BSNL, while the least number of
respondents (3.2%) were opined “High Chance” with reference to the chance of
Migration from BSNL.

71
5.0
FINDINGS AND SUGGESTIONS

FINDINGS:

 A good majority of the respondents (73.2%) were using Mobile phones while
(26.8%) were not using Mobile phones.

72
 A good majority of the respondents (94.8%) were using Landline telephone while
(5.2%) were not using Landline telephone.

 A good majority of people (31.2%) are using BSNL, while Tataindicom are the
least (0.4%) by considering 250 samples, with respect to Mobile.

 A good majority of people (88.4%) are using BSNL, while Tataindicom and
Airtel are the least (3.2%) each, with respect to Landline.

 A good majority of people (51.2%) are familiar with BSNL, while (0.8%) of
people are familiar but have never used.

 A good majority of respondents (39.6%) opined that BSNL is “Some What


Better” when compared to other services, while the least number of respondents
(0.4%) opined “Don’t know/Never used”.

 There is a significant relationship between the Age of the Customers and Mobile
Service used by the Customers.

 There is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and


Migration of Customers.

 There is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Satisfaction of
BSNL Network used by the Customers.

 There is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and


Satisfaction of BSNL Network used by the Customers.

73
 There is a significant relationship between the Satisfaction of Cost of BSNL and Migration of
Customers.

 There is a significant relationship between the Quality of Customer service and Migration of the
Customers.

 There is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Satisfaction level of
BSNL compared with other Services.

 There is a significant relationship between the Location of the Customers and Satisfaction of
BSNL Tariff Plan.

 A good majority of the respondents (38%) were “Quite Satisfied” with special
regards to the BSNL Tariff Plan, while the least (2.8%) number of respondents
were “Very Dissatisfied” with respect to the BSNL Tariff Plan.

 A good majority of respondents (46%) were “Very Satisfied” with the Network of
BSNL, while the least (4.8%) were “Very Dissatisfied” with the Network of
BSNL.

 A majority of respondents (37.2%) were “Quite Satisfied” with special regards to


the Satisfaction level of Cost of BSNL, while the least number of respondents
(4.8%) were “Very Dissatisfied” with the Satisfaction level of Cost of BSNL.

 A majority of respondents (38%) opined “Neutral” with the BSNL’s Additional


Packages, while the least number of respondents (4.4%) opined “Very
Dissatisfied” with the Additional Packages of BSNL.

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 The majority of respondents (30.4%) opined “Average” with special reference to
the Quality of Customer Service, while the least number of respondents (9.6%)
opined “Excellent” with respect to the Quality of Customer Service.

 A good majority of respondents (41.6%) opined “Never” with special respect to


the chance of Migration from BSNL, while the least number of respondents
(3.2%) opined “High Chance” with reference to the chance of Migration from
BSNL.

 Customers were felt that monthly rental was too high hence the reason that most
of them were surrendering.

 Recharge card rates are very high so make some arrangements to make recharge
cards available at cheaper rates.

 Some customers felt that when landline phone gets out of order, it is not checked
or corrected for even 1month, hence there was heavy business loss.

 In the evening, lines are not getting connected since network problem was too
high.

 When phone went out of order, the respondents were still charged for calls.

 Customers are very much dissatisfied with Linemen, because of irresponsibility.


(Collecting amount from customers).

 Regarding Cell one respondents complained, Network is always busy with other
mobile services.

 During the rainy season noise in the instrument is a problem.

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 Respondents felt that there was no personalized service to customers.

 Due to non-availability of CUG connections to all, most of the customers


surrendered BSNL and migrated to Airtel.

 Customers perceived that the bills are always inflated.

 Due to excessive rules and regulations for operating 1rupee coin telephones
customers are not willing to buy and they are preferring Airtel and Reliance.

 Even after Surrendered the phone before 6months deposit amount was not yet
received but receiving bill.

 Customers are expecting more number of free calls.

 In Pollachi network is not proper inside the house so Customers were very much
dissatisfied.

 With regards to mobile services options are limited hence customers were
switching over to other service providers.

 The extensive time lag between submission of application and receiving of a


telephone connection had made some respondents switch over to other service
providers.

 Due to the maturity and easy availability of Mobile service most of the customers
were surrendered their landline connection.

 Due to limited number of linemen, faults were not immediately attended to, hence
customers were very much dissatisfied.

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 Customers were preferring to replace their old instrument.

 It was brought to notice of the researcher that prepaid SIM cards took up to 10
days for activation.

 There is not much awareness among the Customer’s regarding the facilities which
are provided by BSNL, so effective media campaign is a must to enhance the
awareness level.

 Most of the people were not satisfied with the BSNL Customer Service for both
Mobile and Landline.

 The respondents felt that the number of payment service counters was inadequate,
hence more payment counters should be made available.

 Students are not much interested in BSNL Cell one because of non-availability of
SMS facilities.

 The respondents felt that The BSNL cell ones starter pack and recharge cards are
in perennial short supply.

 The respondents experienced network problems when they used roaming to cities.

 The respondents suggested that simple value added such as display of last call rate
and balance amount should be made available by BSNL.

 Even though customers were dissatisfied with BSNL due to Loyalty they are still
using BSNL service (For only Incoming).

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 One of the major irritations, as told by the respondents was that the
communication instruments provided by BSNL were of poor quality and hence
they had to face frequent problems with the instruments.

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SUGGESTIONS:

 From the research study, it has been found out that the Customers are very
particular about the Quality of the Telecom services and hence they want BSNL
to increase the Quality of BSNL services by providing the Customers an attractive
instrument with new wiring connections.

 Customers were unaware about the new schemes provided by BSNL, so effective
media campaign is a must to enhance the awareness level.

 Recharge coupons were available only at higher rates when compared with other
brands, so BSNL may take some steps to provide recharge coupons at lower rates
with various denominations.

 BSNL may also introduce some sales promotion such as cash discounts; Quality
discounts hence the promotional activities would further strengthen the market
share of the Company.

 BSNL may reduce the monthly rentals and also the service tax.

 BSNL may introduce free service of SMS regarding Cell one.

 Caller Id’s should be provided immediately after the Customers requisition.

 Customer care of BSNL should be improved a lot.

 BSNL should take steps to curb the corrupt practices of the Linemen.

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 BSNL may introduce CUG connection like other services so that they may retain
their first position in the market.

6.0
CONCLUSION

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Conclusion:

BSNL being a public sector, in order to thrive and excel, have to understand about the
Customers expectations.

They also have to understand about their competitors and their nuances in understanding
their Customers.

Since Communication industry is a very competitive one it is high time for BSNL to
understand about their Customers in Landline as well as Mobile services.

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7.0
BIBLIOGRAPHY

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING MANAGEMENT - PHILIP KOTLER


- RAJAN SAXENA

MARKETING RESEARCH - DAVID A.AAKER


- GEORGE S. DAY

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY - KOTHARI C.R.

WEBSITES:

1. www.bsnl.co.in
2. www.yahoo.com
3. www.google.com

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8.0
ANNEXURE

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1. What is your Age?

a. Between 20-30. b. Between 31-35. c. Between 36-40.


d. Between 41-50. e. Above 50.

2. Which of these best describes your job?

a. Managerial
b. Professional
c. Clerical
d. Manual Worker
e. Student
f. Retired
g. Agriculture

3. Under which category you belong to regarding your Monthly Income?

a. Below 5000. b. Between 5000-10000. c. Between 10000-15000.


d. Between 15000-25000. e. Above 25000.

4. Are you using mobile services?

a. Yes
b. No

5. And which of the following mobile services you are using currently?

a. BSNL.
b. Tata Indicom.
c. Reliance.
d. Airtel.
e. Aircel.
f. BPL\Hutch.
g. Any other please mention

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6. Which of the following Landline Services you are using currently?

a. BSNL.
b. Tata Indicom.
c. Reliance.
d. Airtel.
e. Any other please mention.
7. How familiar are you with BSNL Services?

a. Very familiar (use on regular basis).


b. Some what familiar (use it only some times).
c. Familiar but never used it.
d. Never heard of service before.

8. How satisfied are you with the Tariff plan of BSNL?

a. Very satisfied
b. Quite satisfied
c. Neutral
d. Quite dissatisfied
e. Very dissatisfied

9. How satisfied are you with the network of BSNL?

a. Very satisfied
b. Quite satisfied
c. Neutral
d. Quite dissatisfied
e. Very dissatisfied

10. How satisfied are you with the cost of BSNL?

a. Very satisfied
b. Quite satisfied
c. Neutral
d. Quite dissatisfied
e. Very dissatisfied

11. How satisfied are you with the customer care of BSNL?

a. Very satisfied
b. Quite satisfied
c. Neutral
d. Quite dissatisfied
e. Very dissatisfied
12. How satisfied are you with the additional packages of BSNL?

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a. Very satisfied
b. Quite satisfied
c. Neutral
d. Quite dissatisfied
e. Very dissatisfied

13. In thinking about your most recent with others was the Quality of the BSNL
Customer Service you received:

a. Excellent.
b. Good.
c. Average.
d. Poor.
e. Very poor.

14. Compared with others would you say that BSNL is

a. Much better.
b. Some what better.
c. About the same.
d. Some what worse.
e. Don’t know (or) Never used.

15. [a]. All things considered over the next 12 months how likely are you to replace your
current Service

a. Certain.
b. High chance.
c. Not sure.
d. Low chance.
e. Never.

[b]. If you are looking to replace your current Service what are some of the reasons for
doing so?

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