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SULIT 1 3472/2

3472/2
Matematik
Tambahan
Kertas 2
2 ½ jam
2010

SEKOLAH-SEKOLAH MENENGAH ZON A KUCHING

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010

MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN

Kertas 2

Dua jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1. This question paper consists of three sections : Section A, Section B and Section C.

2. Answer all question in Section A , four questions from Section B and two questions from
Section C.

3. Give only one answer / solution to each question..

4. Show your working. It may help you to get marks.

5. The diagram in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

6. The marks allocated for each question and sub-part of a question are shown in brackets..

7. A list of formulae is provided on pages 2 to 3.

8. A booklet of four-figure mathematical tables is provided.

9. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 11 halaman bercetak

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT


SULIT 2 3472/2

The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are the ones
commonly used.

ALGEBRA
− b ± b − 4ac
2
8 log a b =
log c b
1 x=
2a log c a

2 am × an = a m + n 9 Tn = a + (n − 1)d

3 am ÷ an = a m − n n
10 Sn = [2a + (n − 1)d ]
2
4 (am)n = a mn
11 Tn = ar n − 1
5 log a mn = log a m + log a n a (r n − 1) a (1 − r n )
12 Sn = = , (r ≠ 1)
m r −1 1− r
6 log a = log a m − log a n
n a
13 S∞ = , r <1
7 log a mn = n log a m 1− r

CALCULUS

dy dv du
1 y = uv ,=u +v 4 Area under a curve
dx dx dx b
du dv
u dy
v −u = ∫y dx or
2 y= , = dx 2 dx , a
v dx v b
= ∫ x dy
dy dy du a
3 = × 5 Volume generated
dx du dx b
= πy 2 dx or

a
b

∫ πx
2
= dy
a

GEOM ETRY

1 Distance = ( x1 − x 2 ) 2 + ( y1 − y 2 ) 2 5 A point dividing a segment of a line


 nx + mx 2 ny1 + my 2 
(x, y) =  1 , 
2 Midpoint  m+n m+n 
 x1 + x 2 y + y2 
(x, y) =  , 1 
 2 2  6. Area of triangle =
3 r = x2 + y2 1
( x1 y2 + x2 y3 + x3 y1 ) − ( x2 y1 + x3 y2 + x1 y3 )
2
∧ xi + yj
4 r=
x2 + y 2

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT


SULIT 3 3472/2

STATISTICS

1 x =
∑x ∑ w1 I1
N 7 I=
∑ w1
n!
2 x =
∑ fx 8 n
Pr =
(n − r )!
∑f n!
9 n
Cr =
(n − r )!r!
3 σ = ∑ (x − x ) 2
=
∑x 2
− x2
N N 10 P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B) − P(A ∩ B)

4 σ = ∑ f ( x − x )2 =
∑ fx 2 − x 2 11 P(X = r) = nCr p r q n − r , p + q = 1
∑f ∑f 12 Mean µ = np
1 
2 N −F 13 σ = npq
5 m = L+ C
 fm 
  x−µ
14 z=
σ
Q
6 I = 1 × 100
Q0

TRIGONOMETRY

1 Arc length, s = r θ 9 sin (A ± B) = sinA cosB ± cosA sinB

1 2 10 cos (A ± B) = cosA cosB ∓ sinA sinB


2 Area of sector , A = rθ
2
3 sin 2A + cos 2A = 1 tan A ± tan B
11 tan (A ± B) =
1 ∓ tan A tan B
4 sec2A = 1 + tan2A
a b c
5 cosec2 A = 1 + cot2 A 12 = =
sin A sin B sin C
6 sin 2A = 2 sinA cosA
13 a2 = b2 + c2 − 2bc cos A
7 cos 2A = cos2A – sin2 A
= 2 cos2A − 1
1
= 1 − 2 sin2A 14 Area of triangle = absin C
2
2 tan A
8 tan 2A =
1 − tan 2 A

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SULIT
SULIT 44 3472/2
THE UPPER TAIL PROBABILITY Q(z) FOR THE NORMAL DISTRIBUTION N(0, 1)
KEBARANGKALIAN HUJUNG ATAS Q(z) BAGI TABURAN NORMAL N(0, 1)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Minus / Tolak
0.0 0.5000 0.4960 0.4920 0.4880 0.4840 0.4801 0.4761 0.4721 0.4681 0.4641 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36
0.1 0.4602 0.4562 0.4522 0.4483 0.4443 0.4404 0.4364 0.4325 0.4286 0.4247 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36
0.2 0.4207 0.4168 0.4129 0.4090 0.4052 0.4013 0.3974 0.3936 0.3897 0.3859 4 8 12 15 19 23 27 31 35
0.3 0.3821 0.3783 0.3745 0.3707 0.3669 0.3632 0.3594 0.3557 0.3520 0.3483 4 7 11 15 19 22 26 30 34
0.4 0.3446 0.3409 0.3372 0.3336 0.3300 0.3264 0.3228 0.3192 0.3156 0.3121 4 7 11 15 18 22 25 29 32
0.5 0.3085 0.3050 0.3015 0.2981 0.2946 0.2912 0.2877 0.2843 0.2810 0.2776 3 7 10 14 17 20 24 27 31
0.6 0.2743 0.2709 0.2676 0.2643 0.2611 0.2578 0.2546 0.2514 0.2483 0.2451 3 7 10 13 16 19 23 26 29
0.7 0.2420 0.2389 0.2358 0.2327 0.2296 0.2266 0.2236 0.2206 0.2177 0.2148 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27
0.8 0.2119 0.2090 0.2061 0.2033 0.2005 0.1977 0.1949 0.1922 0.1894 0.1867 3 5 8 11 14 16 19 22 25
0.9 0.1841 0.1814 0.1788 0.1762 0.1736 0.1711 0.1685 0.1660 0.1635 0.1611 3 5 8 10 13 15 18 20 23
1.0 0.1587 0.1562 0.1539 0.1515 0.1492 0.1469 0.1446 0.1423 0.1401 0.1379 2 5 7 9 12 14 16 19 21
1.1 0.1357 0.1335 0.1314 0.1292 0.1271 0.1251 0.1230 0.1210 0.1190 0.1170 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18
1.2 0.1151 0.1131 0.1112 0.1093 0.1075 0.1056 0.1038 0.1020 0.1003 0.0985 2 4 6 7 9 11 13 15 17
1.3 0.0968 0.0951 0.0934 0.0918 0.0901 0.0885 0.0869 0.0853 0.0838 0.0823 2 3 5 6 8 10 11 13 14
1.4 0.0808 0.0793 0.0778 0.0764 0.0749 0.0735 0.0721 0.0708 0.0694 0.0681 1 3 4 6 7 8 10 11 13
1.5 0.0668 0.0655 0.0643 0.0630 0.0618 0.0606 0.0594 0.0582 0.0571 0.0559 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 10 11
1.6 0.0548 0.0537 0.0526 0.0516 0.0505 0.0495 0.0485 0..0475 0.0465 0.0455 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1.7 0.0446 0.0436 0.0427 0.0418 0.0409 0.0401 0.0392 0.0384 0.0375 0.0367 1 2 3 4 4 5 6 7 8
1.8 0.0359 0.0351 0.0344 0.0336 0.0329 0.0322 0.0314 0.0307 0.0301 0.0294 1 1 2 3 4 4 5 6 6
1.9 0.0287 0.0281 0.0274 0.0268 0.0262 0.0256 0.0250 0.0244 0.0239 0.0233 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5
2.0 0.0228 0.0222 0.0217 0.0212 0.0207 0.0202 0.0197 0.0192 0.0188 0.0183 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4
2.1 0.0179 0.0174 0.0170 0.0166 0.0162 0.0158 0.0154 0.0150 0.0146 0.0143 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 4
2.2 0.0139 0.0136 0.0132 0.0129 0.0125 0.0122 0.0119 0.0116 0.0113 0.0110 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3
2.3 0.0107 0.0104 0.0102 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
0.00990 0.00964 0.00939 0.00914 3 5 8 10 13 15 18 20 23
0.00889 0.00866 0.00842 2 5 7 9 12 14 16 16 21
2.4 0.00820 0.00798 0.00776 0.00755 0.00734 2 4 6 8 11 13 15 17 19
0.00714 0.00695 0.00676 0.00657 0.00639 2 4 6 7 9 11 13 15 17
2.5 0.00621 0.00604 0.00587 0.00570 0.00554 0.00539 0.00523 0.00508 0.00494 0.00480 2 3 5 6 8 9 11 12 14
2.6 0.00466 0.00453 0.00440 0.00427 0.00415 0.00402 0.00391 0.00379 0.00368 0.00357 1 2 3 5 6 7 9 9 10
2.7 0.00347 0.00336 0.00326 0.00317 0.00307 0.00298 0.00289 0.00280 0.00272 0.00264 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2.8 0.00256 0.00248 0.00240 0.00233 0.00226 0.00219 0.00212 0.00205 0.00199 0.00193 1 1 2 3 4 4 5 6 6
2.9 0.00187 0.00181 0.00175 0.00169 0.00164 0.00159 0.00154 0.00149 0.00144 0.00139 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4
3.0 0.00135 0.00131 0.00126 0.00122 0.00118 0.00114 0.00111 0.00107 0.00104 0.00100 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 4

f
Example / Contoh:
1  1 
f ( z) = exp − z 2  If X ~ N(0, 1), then
2π  2 
Jika X ~ N(0, 1),
Q(z) maka

∆y
Q( z ) = ∫ f ( z ) dz P(X > k) = Q(k)
k
∆x
z P(X > 2.1) = Q(2.1)
O k = 0.0179
3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT
SULIT 5 3472/2

SECTION A

[40 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.

1 Solve the simultaneous equations x − y = 2 and x 2 − 5 xy + 2 y 2 = 8 .


[5 marks]

2 f ( x) = 0 is a quadratic equation which has the roots 2 and − p that are distinct from
each other.

(a) Write f ( x) = 0 in the form ax 2 + bx + c . [2 marks]

(b) The curve y = kf ( x) cuts the y-axis at the point (0, 12). Given that the value of p = 3,
calculate

(i) the value of k. [2 marks]

(ii) the coordinates of the maximum point of the curve. [3 marks]

3 A number of wires are arranged as shown in the Diagram 3.

DIAGRAM 3

The longest wire is 40 cm long. The length of each subsequent wire is 20% shorter than the
previous wire.
Find

(a) the length of the 6th wire [3 marks]

(b) the total length of the first 5 wires. [2 marks]

(c) the sum to infinity of the length of the wires. [2 marks]

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 [Lihat sebelah


SULIT
SULIT 6 3472/2

4 (a) Prove that sin 2 x = tan x (1 + cos 2 x). [2 marks]

(b) (i) Sketch the graph of y = sin 2 x − 1 for 0 ≤ x ≤ π.

(ii) Hence, determine the value of p such that sin 2 x = 2 p has only two real
solutions for 0 ≤ x ≤ π.
[6 marks]

5 Table 1 shows the distribution of marks obtained by 100 students in a test.

Marks 10 − 19 20 − 29 30 − 39 40 − 49 50 − 59 60 − 69
Number of
8 16 30 25 14 7
students
TABLE 1
(a) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 5 students on the
vertical axis, construct a histogram for the given data and from the histogram,
estimate the value of mode of the marks of the students.
[3 marks]
(b) Without drawing an ogive, calculate the median mark. [3 marks]

6 Diagram 6 shows a pentagon PQTRS.


4x
P Q

3y T

S R
x
DIAGRAM 6
(a) Express in terms of x and y .

(i) PR ,

(ii) QS .
[2 marks]
→ → → → →
(b) Given PT = m PR and QT = nQS , express PT in terms of
(i) m, x and y ,
(ii) n, x and y .
Hence, find the values of m and of n.
[5 marks]

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT


SULIT 7 3472/2

SECTION B

[40 marks]

Answer four questions from this section.

7 (a) A closed cylindrical water tank, with a radius of r cm is to be constructed using


aluminium sheets to hold 250π m3 of water. If the total surface area of the water
500π
tank, A m2, is given by A = 2π r 2 + . Calculate the minimum total surface area.
r
[3 marks]

(b) Diagram 7 shows part of the curve y = x (5 − x) intersecting the straight line y = 5 – x
at point P(1, 4).
y

y = x(5 − x)

P(1, 4)

x
O
DIAGRAM 7 y=5−x
(i) Find the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]

(ii) The region enclosed by the curve and the x-axis is rotated through 360o about
the x-axis. Find the volume generated, in terms of π . [3 marks]

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 [Lihat sebelah


SULIT
SULIT 8 3472/2

8 Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table 2 shows the values of two variables, x and y , obtained from an experiment.
The variables x and y are related by the equation y = ab x − 2 where a and b are
constants.

x 5 6 7 9 10 12
y 7.24 8.71 10.9 17.4 21.4 32.3
TABLE 2
(a) Plot log y against (x − 2), by using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the ( x − 2 )-axis and
2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log y -axis.
Hence, draw the line of best fit. [5 marks]

(b) Use your graph from 7(a) to find the value of


(i) a,
(ii) b. [5 marks]

9 Diagram 9 shows a sector of a circle with centre O. ABC is a segment with the height, MC
of 3 m.
C

3m

A B
M
r
DIAGRAM 9
O
AB is a chord of the segment with the length of 8 m and M is the mid point of AB. Given
that r is the radius of the sector, find
(a) (i) the length of OM in terms of r.

(ii) the value of r,


[3 marks]
(b) ∠AOB in radian, [3 marks]

(c) the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT


SULIT 9 3472/2

10 Solution by scale drawing is not accepted.

Diagram 10 shows a trapezium ABCD.


y

.
B(8, 4)

A .
O
.
C(m, 0)
x

.
D(3 , −1)
DIAGRAM 10

Given that the equation of the line AB is x − 3 y + 4 = 0 , find

(a) the value of m, [3 marks]

(b) the equation of AD and hence, the coordinates of point A, [5 marks]

(c) the equation of the locus of P if P moves in such a way that ∠BPD is always a right
angle. [2 marks]

11 (a) The school hockey team held a training session on penalty shooting. Each player was
given 5 trials. After the session, it was found that on the average, the mean for
number of goals scored by a player is 3. If a player is chosen at random, find the
probability that a player

(i) fails to score any goal,

(ii) scores at least 4 goals. [5 marks]

(b) The body mass of 483 pupils in a certain school follows a normal distribution with
mean of 35 kg and a standard deviation of 10 kg.

(i) If a pupil is chosen at random, find the probability that his body mass is between
30 kg and 60 kg.

(ii) A pupil will be placed under obesity list if his body mass exceeds 60 kg.
Estimate the number of pupils whose names will appear in the list.
[5 marks]

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 [Lihat sebelah


SULIT
SULIT 10 3472/2

SECTION C
[20 marks]
Answer two questions from this section.

12 A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O.


Its velocity, v ms −1 , is given by V = t 2 − 8t + 15 , where t is the time, in seconds, after
leaving O .
[Assume motion to the right is positive.]
Find
(a) the initial velocity, in ms−1, [1 mark]
(b) the minimum velocity, in ms−1, [3 marks]
(c) the range of values of t at which the particles moves to the right, [3 marks]
(d) the distance, in m, travelled by the particle in the third second. [3 marks]

13 The table 13 shows the monthly expenditure of a family on different items in the years 2008
and 2009 and their respective weightages, with total weightage of 15.
Expenditure (RM)
Item Weightage
Year 2008 Year 2009
Electricity 180 210 4
Water 30 40 2
Telephone and internet 120 No change x
Others 450 540 6
TABLE 13
(a) Using 2008 as the base year, calculate the price index for the
(i) expenditure of electricity,
(ii) expenditure of telephone and internet
in the year 2009. [2 marks]
(b) Calculate the composite index for the expenditure on these items in the year 2009
based on the year 2008. [3 marks]

(c) The rate of increase for the expenditure on electricity and others from the year 2009
to 2011 is expected to be 10% while that of water and telephone and internet remain
unchanged.
Calculate
(i) the expected expenditure on electricity in the year 2011,
(ii) the composite index in the year 2011 based on the year 2008.
[5 marks]
3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT
SULIT 11 3472/2

14 The diagram 14 shows a quadrilateral PQRS.

P 7.5 cm
Q

14 cm

30o

R
DIAGRAM 14 S 10 cm
Given that the area of ∆QRS is 28 cm2 and ∠QRS is acute. Calculate
(a) ∠QRS, [2 marks]
(b) the length of QS in cm, [2 marks]
(c) ∠PQS [3 marks]
(d) the area of quadrilateral PQRS. [3 marks]

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 [Lihat sebelah


SULIT
SULIT 12 3472/2

15 Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.


A factory produces two types of commodities, A and B.
The commodities produced by the factory satisfy the following constraints.

I : The ratio of the number of commodities A and B produced in a day must not be
less than 1 : 2.
II : The total number of commodities A and B produced in a day must be at least 7
units.
III : The number of commodity A must exceed the number of commodity B
produced in a day by not more than 3.
(a) Taking x as the number of units of commodity A and y as the number of units of
commodity B produced in a day, write down three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and
y ≥ 0 , which satisfy the above conditions. [3 marks]
(b) By using a scale of 2cm to 1 unit of commodity on both axes, construct and shade the
region R that satisfies all the above conditions. [3 marks]
(c) By using your graph in (b), find
(i) the minimum number of units of commodity A produced if the number of units
of commodity B produced is 5 units,
(ii) the minimum cost of production of these commodities each day, if the cost of
production for one units of commodity A and one unit of commodity B in a day
are RM100 and RM80 respectively.
[4 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

3472/2  ZON A KUCHING 2010 SULIT