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1.- Halla la potencia que entrega la fuente de corriente independiente utilizando método de mallas.

- + + -

𝟒𝑰𝒃 35 Ω

- 𝑽𝒂 + - 𝑽𝒃 +

1 2 3
15 Ω 20 Ω
𝑰𝒃
+ -

20 Ω
- 15 Ω
+
3A 40 V +
-

Hallando el árbol

𝐼2

𝐼1 𝐼4
𝐼3

𝐼𝑏

𝐼1 = 3 [𝐴]

LVK – 2

(35 + 20 + 15)𝐼2 + 15𝐼3 + 20𝐼4 = 15𝐼1 + 4𝐼𝑏

𝐼𝑏 = 𝐼3 …… 𝐼1 = 3

70𝐼2 + 15𝐼3 + 20𝐼4 = 15(3) + 4𝐼3

70𝐼2 + 15𝐼3 − 4𝐼3 + 20𝐼4 = 45

70𝐼2 + 11𝐼3 + 20𝐼4 = 45

LVK – 3

15𝐼2 + (15 + 20)𝐼3 = 15𝐼1 − 40

𝐼1 = 3

15𝐼2 + (35)𝐼3 = 15(3) − 40

15𝐼2 + 35𝐼3 = 5
LVK – 4

20𝐼2 + (20 + 15)𝐼4 = 40

20𝐼2 + 35𝐼4 = 40

Resolviendo el sistema de ecuaciones:

70 𝐼2 + 11 𝐼3 + 20 𝐼4 = 45
𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑣𝑒 ([ 15 𝐼2 + 35 𝐼3 + 0 𝐼4 = 5 , {𝐼1 , 𝐼2 , 𝐼3 } ])
20 𝐼2 + 0 𝐼3 + 35 𝐼4 = 40

144
𝐼2 = = 0.382[𝐴]
377

55
𝐼3 = − = −0.021[𝐴]
2639

2440
𝐼4 = = 0.925[𝐴]
2639

Potencia que entrega la fuente de corriente

𝑉𝑓𝑐 = 𝑅20 𝐼𝑏

𝑉𝑓𝑐 = 20 𝐼𝑏 = 20 𝐼3

55
𝑉𝑓𝑐 = 20 (− )
2639

𝑉𝑓𝑐 = −0.42 [𝑉]

𝑃𝑓𝑐 = 𝑉𝑓𝑐 𝐼1

𝑃𝑓𝑐 = −0.42(3)

𝑃𝑓𝑐 = −1.25 [𝑊]

Prueba

5.106 + 104.455 + 34.142 + 12.823 − 0.032 + 0.00869 = 157.817 − 1.25

156.503 [𝑊] = 156.567 [𝑊]


ELEMENTOS INTENSIDAD POTENCIA
TENSIÓN
DEL 𝑽 𝑷 = 𝑽𝑰
𝑽 = 𝑹𝑰 𝑰=
CIRCUITO 𝑹 𝑷 = 𝑰𝟐 𝑹

𝐼2
+ - 13.369 [V] 5.106 [W]
0.382 [𝐴]
35 Ω

𝐼2 + 𝐼3 − 𝐼1
- 𝑽𝒂 + -39.583 [V] 0.382 − 0.021 − 3 104.455 [W]
15 Ω −2.639 [𝐴]

𝐼2 + 𝐼4
𝑽𝒃
- +
26.13 [V] 0.382 + 0.925 34.142 [W]
1.306 [𝐴]
20 Ω

-
𝐼4
15 Ω
13.869 [V] 12.823 [W]
0.925 [𝐴]
+

+
𝐼3
20 Ω
-0.42 [V] 0.00869 [W]
−0.021 [𝐴]
-

-0.42 [V] 3 [𝐴] -1.25 [W]

3A

𝐼4 + 𝐼1 − 𝐼3
- 40 [V] 0.925 + 3 + 0.021 157.817 [W]
+
40 V
3.945 [𝐴]

4 𝐼𝑏 = 4𝐼3
- +
𝐼2
4(−0.021) -0.032 [W]
𝟒𝑰𝒃 0.382 [𝐴]
-0.084