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Weekly Science Report

September 7, 2018

“If we could read the secret history of our enemies, we should find in each man's life
sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all hostility.”
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Introduction

Steve Detwiler created this publication with the support of Graham Hancock and John
Anthony West to share news and information on various disciplines to include but not
limited to paleontology, space sciences, genetics and archaeology. His goal behind
sharing this publication has always been very simple, by sharing knowledge we can make
our world a better place. This publication is Mr. Detwiler’s contribution to bring people
together and share ideas and discoveries with his fellow humans.

I hope you enjoy this publication and that the content challenges and inspires you!

The Weekly Science Report is also on social media at:


Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/weeklysciencerpt/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/wklysciencerpt

News Articles

Paleontology, Evolution and Prehistoric Studies

The Ancient Origins of Both Light and Dark Skin

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/10/a-brief-history-of-the-genes-that-color-our-skin/542694/
Geologists uncover new clues about largest mass extinction ever

https://phys.org/news/2018-08-geologists-uncover-clues-largest-mass.html

Evidence of 7,200-year-old cheese making found on the Dalmatian Coast

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/ps-eo090518.php

Neanderthal mother, Denisovan father!

https://popular-archaeology.com/article/neanderthal-mother-denisovan-father/

Adaptable lizards illustrate key evolutionary process proposed a century ago

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/uoc--ali083018.php

Unravelling the reasons why mass extinctions occur

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/uol-utr090518.php

History

Spanish dictator Franco's family to oppose exhumation plan: media

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-spain-politics-franco/spanish-dictator-francos-family-to-oppose-
exhumation-plan-media-idUSKCN1LA0RT

Mel Mermelstein Survived Auschwitz, Then Sued Holocaust Deniers in Court


https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/mel-mermelstein-survived-auschwitz-then-sued-holocaust-deniers-
court-180970123/?utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=socialmedia

History through story: Cherokee storyteller seeks to preserve historical memory with filming project

https://www.smokymountainnews.com/news/item/25383-history-through-story-cherokee-storyteller-seeks-to-
preserve-historical-memory-with-filming-project
Female mountaineer found frozen in ice 'like a wax doll' 31 years after she vanished on Europe's highest
peak

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/female-mountaineer-found-frozen-in-ice-like-a-wax-doll-31-years-
after-she-vanished-on-europe-s-highest-peak/ar-BBMAH9A?ocid=ob-fb-enus-580

China spends big in Tibet to avert a crisis when the Dalai Lama dies

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/china-spends-big-tibet-avert-crisis-when-dalai-lama-dies-n904676?
cid=sm_npd_nn_fb_ma

Vast Theft of Antiquarian Books Sends a Shudder through a Cloistered World of Dealers

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/28/books/rare-book-theft-carnegie-library-pittsburgh.html

In Brazil's National Museum Fire, Officials Fear 'Incalculable' Loss Of Artifacts

https://www.npr.org/2018/09/03/644284093/in-brazils-national-museum-fire-officials-fear-incalculable-loss-of-
artifacts?
utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=npr&utm_term=nprnews&utm_content=20
180903

Meet Haiti’s founding father, whose black revolution was too radical for Thomas Jefferson

https://theconversation.com/meet-haitis-founding-father-whose-black-revolution-was-too-radical-for-thomas-
jefferson-101963

Lead Poisoning Wasn’t a Major Factor in the Mysterious Demise of the Franklin Expedition
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lead-poisoning-wasnt-major-factor-mysterious-demise-
franklin-expedition-180970150/

Oral History Suggests Māori Proverbs on Bird Extinction Mirrored Fears of Indigenous Group’s Own Decline
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/oral-history-suggests-maori-proverbs-bird-extinction-mirrored-
fears-indigenous-groups-own-decline-180970225/

Art Is Humanity’s Common Thread, Says the Director of the National Museum of African Art
https://www.smithsoniansecondopinion.org/arts/gus-casely-hayford-director-af-art-180969648/?
utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=socialmedia

In Jamestown, a reckoning over American slavery's beginnings

https://pilotonline.com/news/local/history/article_58395062-aaef-11e8-9503-efca361101b6.html?
__vfz=medium%3Dsharebar

I survived the Warsaw ghetto. Here are the lessons I’d like to pass on
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/sep/05/survived-warsaw-ghetto-wartime-lessons-
extremism-europe?CMP=fb_gu

Why Brazil’s National Museum Fire Was a Devastating Blow to South America’s Cultural Heritage
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/artifacts-destroyed-brazil-devastating-national-museum-fire-
180970194/?utm_source=facebook.com&utm_medium=socialmedia

Out of the ashes of Brazil’s National Museum fire, fragments of hope

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/world/out-of-the-ashes-of-brazils-national-museum-fire-fragments-of-hope?
utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=pbsofficial&utm_campaign=newshour&linkId=100000003399361

We’re all in danger of watching our history go up in flames

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/our-art-has-burned-for-centuries-it-will-go-up-in-smoke-again/
2018/09/05/53702182-b11b-11e8-a20b-5f4f84429666_story.html?utm_term=.bd41a1cdce51

IMLS ANNOUNCES NATIONAL STUDY ON MUSEUMS, LIBRARIES, AND SOCIAL WELLBEING

https://www.imls.gov/news-events/news-releases/imls-announces-national-study-museums-libraries-and-
social-wellbeing

Dorothy's stolen ruby slippers from 'The Wizard of Oz' found by FBI after 13 years

https://www.nbcnews.com/pop-culture/movies/dorothy-s-stolen-ruby-slippers-wizard-oz-found-fbi-after-
n906181?cid=sm_npd_nn_fb_ma

Archaeology

Stone artifacts could be Colorado's oldest percussion instruments

https://www.9news.com/article/news/local/stone-artifacts-could-be-colorados-oldest-percussion-instruments/
73-590995639

Greek Farmer Stumbles Onto 3,400-Year-Old Tomb Hidden Below His Olive Grove
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/greek-farmer-stumbles-3400-year-old-tomb-hidden-below-his-
olive-grove-180970197/

Did the people buried at Stonehenge come from Wales?


https://www.archaeology.co.uk/articles/did-the-people-buried-at-stonehenge-come-from-wales.htm

Two rich burials discovered in excavations at Petras cemetery on Greek island of Crete

http://www.tornosnews.gr/en/greek-news/culture/32419-two-rich-burials-discovered-in-excavations-at-petras-
cemetery-on-crete-island.html

Genetic Secrets of High-Ranked Warriors at a Medieval German Burial Site

https://popular-archaeology.com/article/revealed-genetic-secrets-of-high-ranked-warriors-at-a-medieval-
german-burial-site/

Turtle shells served as symbolic musical instruments for indigenous cultures

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/fsu-tss090518.php

Archaeologists dig Native American fort found in Connecticut

https://www.newsday.com/news/nation/native-american-fort-connecticut-1.20709914

1,500-Year-Old Ritual Mask of Longest Reigning Ancient Mayan King Discovered in Mexico

https://www.newsweek.com/1500-year-old-ritual-mask-longest-reigning-ancient-mayan-king-discovered-
1093287

Ancient Italian Skeletons Had Hemp In Their Teeth, Archaeologists Discover

https://www.forbes.com/sites/kristinakillgrove/2018/08/30/ancient-italian-skeletons-had-hemp-in-their-teeth-
archaeologists-discover/#3e7381ae58db

U.S. veterans use archaeology to dig through trauma in Israel

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/military/u-s-veterans-use-archaeology-dig-through-trauma-israel-n905026?
cid=sm_npd_nn_fb_ma

'Amazing' archeological find in Yukon's melting ice patches — an intact atlatl dart

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/yukon-atlatl-ice-patches-1.4809947
Egyptology

Egypt says village found in Nile Delta predated pharaohs

https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/article217734165.html

Student discovers writing on pieces of ancient Egyptian mummy case

https://phys.org/news/2018-08-student-pieces-ancient-egyptian-mummy.html

General Science

Artificial Intelligence Is Now a Pentagon Priority. Will Silicon Valley Help?

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/26/technology/pentagon-artificial-intelligence.html?smid=fb-
nytimes&smtyp=cur

China's destructive laser rifle has a half-mile range

https://www.popsci.com/china-laser-rifle-energy-weapon?src=SOC&dom=fb

How Big Can a Solar-Powered Drone Be?

https://www.wired.com/story/how-big-can-a-solar-powered-drone-be/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_083018_daily_list1_p2

'Robat' uses sound to navigate and map unique environments

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/afot-us090618.php

These wearable robotic arms and head let two people share one body
https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/these-wearable-robotic-arms-head-let-two-people-share-one-
ncna905896?cid=sm_npd_nn_fb_ma

Physics, Earth and Space Sciences

Katherine Johnson, who hand-crunched the numbers for America's first manned space flight, is 100 today

https://www.cnn.com/2018/08/26/us/katherine-johnson-hidden-figure-birthday-trnd/index.html?
utm_medium=social&utm_source=fbCNN&utm_content=2018-08-26T21:57:10

The Physics of Falling Into a Black Hole

https://www.wired.com/story/the-physics-of-falling-into-a-black-hole/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_082818_daily_list1_p2

China Built the World’s Largest Telescope. Then Came the Tourists

https://www.wired.com/story/china-fast-worlds-largest-telescope-tourists/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_082718_daily_list1_p4

How to Show That the Earth Orbits the Sun

https://www.wired.com/story/earth-orbits-the-sun-physics/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_082218_daily_list3_p5

Get an Inside Look at SpaceX's Astronaut Training Sims

https://www.wired.com/story/spacex-astronaut-training-sims/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_081818_daily_leadposition1__list1_p2

Can Mars Be Terraformed?

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/can-mars-be-terraformed/?sf196531688=1

The Spiky Simulator That Will Help Find Oceans in Space

https://www.wired.com/story/the-spiky-simulator-that-will-help-find-oceans-in-space?
mbid=nl_082618_daily_list3_p5&CNDID=41291302
Astronaut Robb Kulin quits NASA training-a first in 50 years

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/astronaut-robb-kulin-quits-nasa-training-a-first-in-50-years/?ftag=CNM-00-
10aab6a&linkId=56172907

Scientists discover hidden coral reef off the coast of South Carolina

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/scientists-discover-hidden-coral-reef-off-the-coast-of-south-carolina/vi-
BBMCEXe?ocid=SL5FDHP

Astronauts are repairing a hole in wall of International Space Station

https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/leak-iss-1.4804499?cmp=FB_Post_News

Meet the Woman Who Rocked Particle Physics—Three Times

https://www.wired.com/story/meet-the-woman-who-rocked-particle-physicsthree-times/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_090318_daily_list3_p2

Japan’s New Supercomputer Let’s Astronomers Simulate The Stars

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/09/06/supercomputer-simulate-stars-astronomy-big-bang/
#.W5HZ7Ky0XIU

Fierce winds quench wildfire-like starbirth in far-flung galaxy

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/nrao-fwq090618.php

Galactic 'wind' stifling star formation is most distant yet seen

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/uota-gs090518.php

Scientist Robbed of Nobel in 1974 Finally Wins $3 Million Physics Prize — And Gives It Away

https://www.livescience.com/63515-jocelyn-bell-burnell-breakthrough-prize.html

Nanophotonic light sails may travel at relativistic speeds

https://phys.org/news/2018-09-nanophotonic-relativistic.html

Juno shows Jupiter's magnetic field is very different from Earth's

https://phys.org/news/2018-09-juno-jupiter-magnetic-field-earth.html
Mysterious 'lunar swirls' point to moon's volcanic, magnetic past

https://phys.org/news/2018-09-mysterious-lunar-swirls-moon-volcanic.html

Japan Takes Tiny First Step Toward Space Elevator


https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-take-tiny-first-step-toward-space-elevator-
180970212/

Aeolus: Space laser starts chasing the wind

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45435893

Saturn has two hexagons, not one, swirling around its north pole

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/saturn-has-two-hexagons-not-one-swirling-around-its-north-pole?tgt=nr

Space station air leak: someone drilled the hole, say Russians

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/sep/05/space-station-air-leak-someone-drilled-the-hole-say-
russians?CMP=share_btn_fb

How an underwater volcano could help scientists find extraterrestrial life

https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/how-underwater-volcano-could-help-scientists-find-extraterrestrial-
life-ncna904736?cid=sm_npd_nn_fb_ma

America’s Spaceport Boom Is Outpacing the Need to Go to Space

https://www.wired.com/story/americas-spaceport-boom-is-outpacing-the-need-to-go-to-space?
mbid=nl_090518_daily_list3_p4&CNDID=41291302

UN treaty would protect high seas from over exploitation

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-45397674

Going Back to the Moon Won't Break the Bank, NASA Chief Says

https://www.space.com/41691-nasa-astronauts-return-moon-budget.html
Environment, Climate Change and Alternative Energy Sources

How Big Can a Solar-Powered Drone Be?

https://www.wired.com/story/how-big-can-a-solar-powered-drone-be/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_083018_daily_list1_p2

Trump’s rollback of pollution rules to hit coal country hard

https://apnews.com/4c0ec2408aec431b8063bddc1076a54f/Trump%27s-pollution-rules-rollback-to-hit-coal-
country-hard?utm_source=Facebook&utm_campaign=SocialFlow&utm_medium=AP

Dozens of elephants killed near Botswana wildlife sanctuary

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-45396394

Wind and solar farms offer an unexpected benefit to the Sahara Desert: More water

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/aaft-was090418.php

Study: Adding power choices reduces cost and risk of carbon-free electricity

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/miot-sap090418.php

MIT Energy Initiative study reports on the future of nuclear energy

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/mei-mei090518.php

Ancient farmers spared us from glaciers but profoundly changed Earth's climate

https://phys.org/news/2018-09-ancient-farmers-glaciers-profoundly-earth.html

Semi-Artificial Photosynthesis Pushes Efficiency Beyond the Bounds of Nature

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/energy/a22977558/semi-artificial-photosynthesis/

Scientists reveal technique to make 'unlimited renewable energy' by boosting photosynthesis using a 'dormant'
chemical found in algae

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6131079/Scientists-invented-way-create-unlimited-renewable-
energy.html?ito=social-facebook

One secret to building affordable nuclear: stick with tried-and-true designs

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/611947/one-secret-to-building-affordable-nuclear-stick-with-tried-and-
true-designs/amp/?__twitter_impression=true
Biological, Genetics and Medical Sciences

Meet the Rose Hip Cell, a New Kind of Neuron

https://www.wired.com/story/meet-the-rosehip-cell-a-new-kind-of-neuron/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_082818_daily_list1_p1

With Embryo Base Editing, China Gets Another Crispr First

https://www.wired.com/story/crispr-base-editing-first-china/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_082218_daily_list3_p1

For Parkinson’s patients, a surreal brain surgery offers new hope

https://www.tennessean.com/story/life/health/2018/08/29/parkinsons-disease-deep-brain-stimulation-
vanderbilt-study-tremors-cure/901722002/

A recipe for regenerating nerve fibers across complete spinal cord injury

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-08-recipe-regenerating-nerve-fibers-spinal.html

Study reveals big game animals must learn to migrate and pass knowledge across generations

https://phys.org/news/2018-09-reveals-big-game-animals-migrate.html

Scientists test new cancer vaccine against melanoma

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-09-scientists-cancer-vaccine-melanoma.html
Novel epigenetic control found for critical brain proteins in memory strengthening

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-09-epigenetic-critical-brain-proteins-memory.html

Same mutations underpin spread of cancer in individuals, study finds

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-09-mutations-underpin-cancer-individuals.html

Other

‘ Mystery Lights’ Over San Diego Cause Social Media Freak-Out


https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/san-diego-mystery-lights_us_5b877cc9e4b0511db3d4ac4c?
ncid=fcbklnkushpmg00000063&utm_campaign=hp_fb_pages&utm_source=main_fb&utm_medium=faceboo
k

Your Next Glass of Wine Might Be a Fake—and You'll Love It

https://www.wired.com/story/your-next-glass-of-wine-might-be-a-fake/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_090318_daily_list3_p3

Want to solve the world’s problems? Try working together across disciplines

https://theconversation.com/want-to-solve-the-worlds-problems-try-working-together-across-disciplines-
102319

Feast Your Eyes on "Equal Earth," the New and More Accurate World Map

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a22997986/new-world-map-equal-earth/

Meet the Worshipers Who Believe They’re Aliens in Human Form

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture-exploration/2018/09/religion-psychic-medium-extraterrestrial-
sunrise-dawn-valley-brasilia-brazil/?
cmpid=org=ngp::mc=social::src=facebook::cmp=editorial::add=fb20180905culture-
brazilaliens::rid=&sf196971727=1
Additional Informational

How to bring clean energy to informal settlements: Co-designing sustainable energy solutions in
Kenya, Uganda and South Africa

https://council.science/current/blog/how-to-bring-clean-energy-to-informal-settlements-co-designing-
sustainable-energy-solutions-in-kenya-uganda-and-south-africa

First Footprints

https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00NJ6THKQ?ref=em_1p_1_ti&ref_=pe_3730170_351758830

America Before: The Key to Earth's Lost Civilization

https://www.amazon.com/dp/1250153735?tag=macmillan-20

The WIRED Guide to Quantum Computing

https://www.wired.com/story/wired-guide-to-quantum-computing/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_082218_daily_list1_p1

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945

https://www.ushmm.org/research/publications/encyclopedia-camps-ghettos/?
mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiWmpFeE9XSXdaalJtTmpFMSIsInQiOiJlUERQWHdqT0tQTVBHc21JMG1aZWp3bkRsSUh
PTmFFeXAxVUlhbTZjU1hEQnN5U0ZNaXZRWUNOQTkyNnFoN1F5ZmZ3MEJIT2tGdUVsSjVqTmVnOHo3
RkFDUk0zbjhRWDIzUDdjTEE0TWQ4d1Z3bWs4YXVSajE3R1J4SDQ3MnhTUSJ9

John McCain’s Final Letter to America


https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/08/john-mccains-final-letter-to-america/568669/?
utm_campaign=the-atlantic&utm_content=edit-promo&utm_term=2018-08-
27T18%3A11%3A20&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social

Black Klansman: Race, Hate, and the Undercover Investigation of a Lifetime

https://www.amazon.com/Black-Klansman-Undercover-Investigation-Lifetime/dp/1250299055/ref=sr_1_2?
ie=UTF8&qid=1535460522&sr=8-2&keywords=Black+Klansman

International Science Council Blog, Transforming southern African cities in a changing climate – Q and A with
Alice McClure from the University of Cape Town

https://council.science/current/blog/transforming-southern-african-cities-in-a-changing-climate-q-and-a-with-
alice-mcclure-from-the-university-of-cape-town

The 7 Most Notorious Nazis Who Escaped to South America

https://www.history.com/news/the-7-most-notorious-nazis-who-escaped-to-south-america?
cmpid=FACEBOOK_FBPAGE__20180829&linkId=56178744

The Haunting Snapshots of an Environment Under Siege

https://www.wired.com/story/haunting-photos-of-the-worlds-most-polluted-sites/?
CNDID=41291302&mbid=nl_083018_daily_list1_p1

Recovered Ruby Slippers visit museum for examination by conservators, curators . . . and FBI agents

http://americanhistory.si.edu/blog/recovered-ruby-slippers

The Brazil Museum Fire: What Was Lost

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/04/science/brazil-museum-fire.html

Sea Prayer

https://www.amazon.com/Sea-Prayer-Khaled-Hosseini/dp/0525539093/ref=sr_1_1?
ie=UTF8&qid=1536170265&sr=8-1&keywords=SEA+PRAYER

The Battle of Planet Nine against Planet X

https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/the-battle-of-planet-nine-against-planet-x/?
utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=techreview&utm_campaign=MITcompany