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SOAL NOMOR 18.

22
Paper is being dried with recirculating air in a two stage drying system
operating at 1 atm. The air enters the first dryer at 180°F, where the air is
adiabatically saturated with moisture. The air is then reheated in a heat exchanger to
174°F before entering the second dryer, where the air is adiabatically humidified to
80% relative humidity. The air is then cooled to 60°F in a second heat exchanger,
causing some of the moisture to be condense. This is followed by a third heater to
heat the air to 180°F before it returns to the first dryer.
a. Draw a process flow diagram of the system and enter all of the given data
b. Determine the lb H2O evaporated in each dryer per lb of dry air being
circulated
c. Determine the lb H2O condensed in the second heat exchanger per lb of dry
air circulated.
Penyelesaian:
a. flow diagram
T=174OF
T=180OF
HR=80% T=60OF
P= 1 atm
D1 D2

T=180OF

b. Dryer 1
18,02 𝑃𝐴
ℋ=
28,97 𝑃 − 𝑃𝐴
T= 174 ℉ → 78,9℃
𝑃𝐴
ℋ𝑅 = 100
𝑃𝐴,𝑆
𝑃𝐴
0,8 = 100
45,45
𝑃𝐴 = 36,36 𝑘𝑃𝑎
18,02 36,36
ℋ=
28,97 101,3 − 36,36
𝐾𝑔𝐻2 𝑂
ℋ = 0,34
𝐾𝑔 𝑢𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑎 𝑘𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔
𝑙𝑏𝑚
ℋ = 0,34 𝐾𝑔 × = 0,765 𝑙𝑏𝑚
0,45559 𝐾𝑔
Dryer 2
𝑃𝐴
ℋ = 0,62
𝑃 − 𝑃𝐴
T= 60℉ → 15,6 ℃
𝑃𝐴
ℋ𝑅 = 100
𝑃𝐴,𝑆
𝑃𝐴
0,8 = 100
1,7
𝑃𝐴 = 1,36 𝑘𝑃𝑎
1,36
ℋ = 0,62
101,3 − 1,36
𝐾𝑔𝐻2 𝑂
ℋ = 0,008
𝐾𝑔 𝑢𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑎 𝑘𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔
ℋ = 0,0186 𝑙𝑏𝑚