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Fundamentals of RIGHT INFORMATION


Information Systems
RIGHT PERSON
CONCEPTS
Chapter 1
An Introduction to Information Systems RIGHT TIME
in Organizations

Why Learn About Information C H E M I S T S M

Systems in Organizations?
Professions Q W E R T U X X A

D O C T O R S J N

X C V B Y S Y K A
Students in most fields need to know Iss, BECAUSE….. E R T Y U E U L G

A F H J K S K O E
Computer Major T E A C H E R S R
S C H O O L T S G
• to design a system to L A W Y E R S W S
improve productivity T W E R T U X X O
S T U D E N T S T
O F F I C E S J V

R C V B Y S Y K A

E R T Y U E U L G

A F H J K S K O E

T E A C H E R S R
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IS is everywhere… (Approaches) Introduction


Input Process Output Feedback

 Information system (IS)


Pen & Paper-Based Approach
(MANUAL PROCESS) - Set of interrelated components: collect, manipulate,
store, and disseminate data and information

- Provides feedback to meet an objective

Computer-Based Approach
(ELECTRONIC PROCESS)

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Set of interrelated components: collect,
manipulate, store, and disseminate data and
information
 Data: raw facts
- Alphanumeric, image, audio, and video 201112345
YAYA DUB
ACCT
 Information: collection of facts organized in such a way
that they have additional value beyond the value of
the facts themselves

Data, Information, and Knowledge Data, Information, and Knowledge


Data Represented by: Examples

Alphanumeric Numbers, letters and UST, + * & ^ $


Data other characters
Application of
Image Data Graphics, images, DOT, ICON, JPEG, GIF, PNG
Data PROCESS
Knowledge Information
pictures

Audio Data Sound, noise, tones AU, WAV, MP3, AIFF

Video Data Moving Images or ASF, FLV, VLC, AVI


pictures
Figure 1.2: The Process of Transforming Data into Information

Table 1.1: Types of Data


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Data into Information…. The Characteristics of Valuable


Information
Process
• Set of logically related tasks performed to achieve a
defined outcome

Knowledge
• Awareness and understanding of a set of information
and the ways that information can be made useful to
support a specific task or reach a decision

KWs
• People who create, use and disseminate knowledge

Table 1.2: Characteristics of Valuable Information

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The Characteristics of Valuable
Information

Table 1.2: Characteristics of Valuable Information (continued)

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