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Elsevier US Job Code:CAPA Chapter:0capaprelims 15-12-2006 6:22 p.m. Page:xiii Trimsize:8.

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Foreword

Since the publication of the previous edition of Volume 1 in 1995 chapter. Hazard identification and analysis, and additional topics in
there have been significant developments in process design as design for safety including concepts in the introduction of inherent
applied to chemical and petrochemical plant. safety, are now covered. It is also timely to include material on
All areas of safety are of importance because of ethical, legal engineering ethics.
and loss prevention constraints. Lower levels of fugitive emissions Design engineers will find the inclusion of numerous computer
are now tolerable and health hazard control is a major concern. programs of particular value. These are supplemented by appen-
Hence an increased proportion of design effort now tends to be dices containing mathematical functions, analytical and numerical
spent on safety studies. analysis with examples of the use of Fortran and Excel programs
The competitive environment in which plants operate necessi- to solve selected mathematical problems in chemical process engi-
tates that equipment will perform reliably to specification. But no neering design.
design can be developed in isolation from economic factors. Some It would be impracticable to deal in one volume with all
degree of standardization of equipment can result in both capital the techniques and design procedures which engineers now rely
cost and operative cost savings. When the accuracy of design proce- upon. As in previous editions, specific topics e. g. metallurgical
dures can be relied upon, “lean design” which avoids unjustified considerations, associated fire protection systems are excluded. But
allowances for contingencies can be advantageous. However expe- with the fourth up-date this volume serves as a guide to a majority
rience has also shown that in some cases “over design” may be of design techniques. Moreover it is extensively referenced to other
beneficial in allowing extra capacity to be extracted economically. sources of information and data up to 2006.
Probably the major changes in design procedures however Easier access to information and the revolutionary develop-
have been those made possible by the increased application, and ments in computing have proved of immense benefit to designers.
sophistication of computer programs. But applied process design remains a complex and demanding task.
This volume has therefore been extensively revised and This volume will be of considerable assistance to all those involved
contains a new chapter covering the physical properties of liquids in it.
and gases, with tables of properties as an appendix. Cost estima-
tion and economic evaluation procedures are dealt with in a new Dr. C. J. Mumford

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