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Sixth Grade Science

Unit 1 Astronomy Post Test

ID: 283908 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

1.

Nicolas Copernicus showed that the planets revolve around the sun. Which model
does this represents that the sun is at the center?

A. Rotation

B. Revolution
C. Geocentric
D. Heliocentric

ID: 283919 — Correct: C — DOK: 3 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

2. Compared to the Earth’s Solar System, the Universe is inferred to be______

A. Younger and Larger


B. Younger and Smaller
C. Older and Larger
D. Older and Smaller

ID: 247540 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a


3.

A. Continental Drift
B. Moonraker
C. Heliocentric
D. Geocentric

ID: 252995 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.b

4.
Which image below best represents our galaxy?
A.

B.
C.

D.

ID: 260856 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.b

5. What evidence shows that the universe is expanding?

A. galaxies are moving closer together


B. galaxies are moving apart
C. the number of galaxies is growing
D. galaxies are getting bigger

ID: 260865 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.b

6. The three types of galaxies are:

A. geocentric, heliocentric, irregular


B. elliptical, oblong, and irregular
C. elliptical, irregular, and spiral

ID: 283633 — Correct: B — DOK: 1 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.b

7. Which sequence correctly lists the relative sizes from the smallest to the largest?

A. Our Solar System, Universe, Milky Way Galaxy


B. Our Solar System, Milky Way Galaxy, Universe
C. Milky Way Galaxy, Our Solar System, Universe
D. Milky Way Galaxy, Universe, Our Solar System

ID: 283752 — Correct: C — DOK: 3 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.c

8.

Your spaceship arrives at a planet and data is collected as shown in the table below.
What planet have you arrived at?

A. Earth
B. Mars
C. Jupiter
D. Pluto
ID: 283825 — Correct: D — DOK: 1 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.c

9.

Pictures of a planet were taken over 4 hours as shown below from 1pm to 4pm.
Which inference can be made based on the diagrams?

A. The planet is tilted on its axis


B. The planet is changing seasons
C. The planet is revolving
D. The planet is rotating

ID: 283660 — Correct: D — DOK: 3 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.c1

10.

Based on the planet data chart below, what is the name of planet X?

A. Neptune
B. Pluto
C. Saturn
D. Venus

ID: 260581 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.e


11. What two opposing forces are responsible for keeping our Solar System together?

A. gravity and temperature


B. inertia and pressure
C. gravity and inertia
D. temperature and inertia

ID: 260600 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.e

12. What would happen to the planets if there were no inertia, but only gravity acting on
the planets?

A. Planets would not orbit but would move toward the Sun
B. Planets would fly out of orbit in a straight line
C. Planets would spin in circles where they are and never move from this position

D. Planets location and motion would not change.

ID: 260861 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.f

13. Which body is made primarily of rock or iron that enters Earth's atmosphere and
touches the ground?

A. asteroid
B. meteoroid
C. meteor
D. meteorite

ID: 283924 — Correct: B — DOK: 3 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.f


14.

Between which two planets is the asteroid belt?

A. Between planets A and B


B. Between planets D and E
C. Between planets E and F
D. Between planets G and H

ID: 260569 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

15. What is the meaning of the prefix “helio” ?

A. sun
B. moon

C. center

D. Earth

ID: 260571 — Correct: A — DOK: 3 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

16. What is the most important reason people thought the geocentric theory was correct?

A. They saw the Sun rising and setting each day.


B. They saw lunar eclipses.
C. They saw the moon rotating around the Earth.
D. They saw a solar eclipse.
ID: 283901 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

17. This theory states that the universe began with a tremendous explosion and that the
universe continues to expand?

A. The Universal Theory

B. The Black Hole Theory


C. The Big Bang Theory
D. The Cosmic Radiation Theory

ID: 283909 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

18. In the geocentric model, which motion would occur?

A. The moon would revolve around the sun


B. The earth would revolve around the sun
C. The sun would revolve around the earth

D. The Earth would rotate on its axis

ID: 283910 — Correct: A — DOK: 3 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

19.

The symbols represent different regions of space.


Which diagram shows the correct relationship between the four regions?

A.
B.

C.

D.

ID: 323071 — Correct: C — DOK: 1 — Standard: GPS04 E.1.a

20. This theory states that the universe began with a tremendous explosion and that it
continues to expand?

A. The Universal Theory


B. The Black Hole Theory
C. The Big Bang Theory
D. The Cosmic Radiation Theory

ID: 359611 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

21. What do all of the inner planets have in common?

A. Same period of revolution


B. Same period of rotation
C. Same diameter
D. Small and rocky surfaces
ID: 359613 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

22. Aside from Earth, which inner planet once had water on its surface?

A. Mercury
B. Europa
C. Venus
D. Mars

ID: 359614 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

23. Venus and Earth are much alike in terms of

A. their size and density


B. their rates of rotation
C. their atmospheres
D. their direction of rotation

ID: 359617 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

24. Uranus is different from most other planets because it

A. is the farthest from the sun


B. is mostly nitrogen and helium
C. rotates on its side
D. has the most moons.

ID: 359644 — Correct: A — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.1.b

25. The Milky Way Galaxy is a

A. spiral galaxy
B. cloud galaxy
C. elliptical galaxy
D. irregular galaxy
ID: 359618 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.e

26. What shape are the orbits of most comets?

A. long, narrow ellipses


B. circles
C. nearly circular ellipses
D. spherical

ID: 359619 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.e

27. The asteroid belt is located

A. between Earth and Mars


B. between Mars and Jupiter
C. between Jupiter and Saturn
D. between Saturn and Uranus

ID: 359620 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.e

28. Meteoroids usually come from

A. debris from other planets


B. solar inds
C. beyond the solar system.
D. comets or asteroids.

ID: 359621 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.e

29. When a meteoroid enters Earth's atmosphere, it produces a streak of light called a

A. meteor
B. asteroid
C. meteorite
D. comet

ID: 358512 — Correct: A — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.1.d

30. Without the Sun, the planets would travel in a straight line. This fact represents
Newton's law of _____________: an object stays in motion unless an outside force
acts on it.

A. inertia
B. acceleration
C. action-reaction
D. gravitational attraction

ID: 359646 — Correct: D — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.1.a

31. One piece of evidence that supports the big bang theory is the observation that most
galaxies are moving

A. toward our galaxy


B. toward one another
C. in random directions
D. away from one another

ID: 330108 — Correct: D — DOK: 3 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

32. How is Saturn different from Earth?

A. Saturn is smaller than Earth.


B. Saturn is closer to the sun than Earth.
C. The Earth has a moon and Saturn does not have any moons.
D. The Earth is mostly made of rock and Saturn is mostly made of gas.

ID: 330113 — Correct: D — DOK: 3 — Standard: GSE E.1.c


33.

Based on the planet data chart below, what is the name of planet X?

A. Neptune
B. Pluto
C. Saturn
D. Venus

ID: 359615 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

34. What do the first four outer planets have in common?

A. They are much larger than Earth and do not have solid surfaces.
B. They are about the same size as Earth and do not have solid surfaces.
C. They are much larger than Earth and are solid
D. They are about the same size as Earth and are solid.

ID: 359616 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.1.c

35. Saturn's rings are made up mostly of

A. nitrogen and helium


B. Ice and water vapor
C. volcanic dust particles
D. chunks of ice and rock