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Australieweg

24T NL-4561PD Hulst The Netherlands Tel. +31(0)114-311100 www.bnsindustrial.com

ET445
EPOXY MATRIX

GENERAL FEATURES
ET445 is a structural epoxy matrix system
especially developed for obtaining surface
finish of the cured part satisfactory for most
aesthetic application
ET445 has a Tg of 135°C (275°F).
It can be polymerized in autoclave, vacuum
bag and hot mould processes.

MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
Excellent surface finishing
Ideal for aesthetic application
Tg of 135 °C (275°F)
Suitable to impregnate a very wide range of
support (UD, fabrics and multi-axial - carbon, glass,
aramid and hybrids)

Versatile in different manufacturing processes

QUICK REFERENCE TIPS


It is suggested to vent the vacuum in
autoclave process according to the curing
cycle shown in the following pages, in order to
get the best aesthetic result and avoid both
irregularities and crevices.
OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS

CURE PROCESS RECOMMENDATIONS


This epoxy matrix system can be processed starting from 80°C up to 125°C; here
follows the standard cure cycle suggestion:

Cure Temperature Cure


Postcure
°C (°F) Time
125 (257) 30'
100 (212) 3h may be necessary
90 (194) 6h may be necessary
80 (176) 8h may be necessary

Curing cycles are dependent on component thickness. Customized cycle could be


developed with CIT Technical Department, in order to fulfil customer manufacturing process
optimization.

AUTOCLAVE
Once determined the processing temperature and corresponding cure time, use
these processing parameters in the following cure cycles:

Heating rate
Temperature Time Pressare
Step to isothermal
°C (°F) (min) bar (psi)
°C/min (°F/min)

1 25 (77) – – Vacuum -0.8

70/80
2 – 1÷3 – 1.8÷5.4 3/7 (43/102)
(158/176)

3 125 (257) 30 – 3/7 (43/102)

4 60 (140) – 3÷5 – 5.4÷9.0 3/7 (43/102)

5 25 (77) – – –
RESIN MATRIX

GENERAL PROPERTIES

Property Unit Value Standard

Storage life @ -18°C (0°F) months 12


Out life @ 23°C (73°F) months 1
Prepreg volatiles %wt <1 ASTM D3530-97R03

Cured resin density g/cm3 1.2 ASTM D792-00


Tg (DSC)* °C (°F) 135 (275) ASTM D3418-03
Max Dry Tg E’ (DMA)** °C (°F) 136 (277) ASTM E1640-09
Tg Peak Tan (DMA)** °C (°F) 155 (311) ASTM E1640-09
Max Wet*** Tg E’ (DMA) °C (°F) 93 (199) ASTM E1640-09
Tack medium

* Dynamic analysis
** Laminate Fully Cured 2@135°C
*** Wet Conditioning: 14 days immersion at 70°C (158°F)

THERMO-MECHANICAL DMA ANALYSIS


DMA trace of ET445 laminate cured for 30’ @ 125°C.

DMA Analysis: modulus E’ vs Temperature

Modulus E’ evaluated under 2°C/min heating rate, 1Hz oscillating frequency.

ET445 epoxy matrix | technical data


VISCOSITY PROFILE

Viscosity profile: temperature vs complex viscosity

Resin complex viscosity is measured under 3°C/min heating rate, 1Hz oscillating frequency.

GEL TIME

100
Temperature Gel Time
°C (°F) (min)

100 (212) 87
Time [min]

110 (230) 56
10
120 (248) 21

130 (266) 8’45’’

1
100 110 120 130
Temperature [°C]

ET445 epoxy matrix | technical data


CURED PREPREG

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FABRIC PREPREG LAMINATES


Test carried out at room temperature
Cure condition: 30 minutes @125°C (257°F)
Values normalized to 55%Vf (except for PR, ILSS, IPSS and IPSM)

Material
Cured Material Test
Units CC 206 CC 600
Property method
ET445 43% ET445 38%
Tensile Modulus GPa (Msi) 61.9 (8.98) 61.4 (8.91)
ASTM
Tensile Strength MPa (ksi) 734 (106) 978 (145)
D3039-00
Poisson’s ratio – 0.06 0.06
Compressive ASTM
GPa (Msi) – 61.1 (8.87)
Modulus D6641
Compressive SACMA
MPa (ksi) – 599 (86.8)
Strength SRM 1R94
In-Plane Shear
GPa (Msi) 3.1 (0.45) 4.59 (0.67)
Modulus ASTM
In-Plane Shear D3518-94
MPa (ksi) 80.6 (11.7) 78.6 (11.4)
Strength*
Flexural Modulus ASTM GPa (Msi) 59.8 (8.67) –
Flexural Strength D790-03 MPa (ksi) 968 (140) –
Interlaminar Shear ASTM
MPa (ksi) 76.4 (11.1) 60.0 (8.70)
Strength D2344-00
Interlaminar J/m2 600 ÷ 700
ASTM
Fracture –
D5528-01 (lb-in/in2) (3.43 - 4.00)
Toughness GIC

(*) at 5% calculated shear strain

CC 206 ET445 43%: 200gsm 2/2 Twill 3K T300 fiber


CC 600 ET445 38%: 600gsm 2/2 Twill 12K T700 fiber
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF UNIDIRECTIONAL PREPREG LAMINATES

Test carried out at room temperature


Cure condition: 30 minutes @125°C (257°F)
Values normalized to 60%Vf (except for PR, ILSS, IPSS and IPSM)

Material
Cured Material
Test method Units HS 300
Property
ET445 38%
Tensile Modulus GPa (Msi) 131.1 (19.0)
ASTM
Tensile Strength MPa (ksi) 2489 (361)
D3039-00
Poisson’s ratio – 0.35
Compressive ASTM
GPa (Msi) 115.6 (16.8)
Modulus D6641
Compressive SACMA
MPa (ksi) 1254 (181.9)
Strength SRM 1R94
In-Plane Shear
GPa (Msi) 3.93 (0.570)
Modulus ASTM
In-Plane Shear D3518-94
MPa (ksi) 63.3 (9.18)
Strength*
Flexural Modulus ASTM GPa (Msi) –
Flexural Strength D790-03 MPa (ksi) –
Interlaminar Shear ASTM
MPa (ksi) 83.5 (12.1)
Strength D2344-00
Interlaminar J/m2 400 ÷ 600
ASTM
Fracture
D5528-01 (lb-in/in2) (2.28 - 3.43)
Toughness GIC

(*) at 5% calculated shear strain

HS 300 ET445 38%: 300gsm unidirectional 24K T700 fiber


SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Please consult the Material Safety Data Sheet.
This product contains epoxy resin, and may cause allergic reaction.
The use of latex gloves for handling is recommended.
Waste material should be discarded following national law.

DELIVERY FORM AND PACKAGING

Custom widths, roll size, and packaging are available on request.


Prepreg fabrics: Supplied on 75 mm (3”) diameter cardboard cores with release
paper on one side and polyethylene film separator on the other side.
Rolls are sealed plastic bags and packed in cardboard boxes.
Standard width: 100 cm (39.4“) or 127 cm (50“).

Standard length: 50 m (54.7 ln yds).

Unidirectional Prepreg: Supplied on 300 mm (12”) diameter cardboard cores with


release paper on one side and smooth polyethylene film separator on the other
side. Rolls are sealed in plastic bags and packed in cardboard boxes.

Standard width: 60cm (23.6”), range from 30cm (11.8”) up to 105cm (41.3”)
Standard length: 100 m (109 ln yds).

HANDLING AND CONDITIONING


Store rolls at -18 °C, sealed in original packages.
Shop life at 23°C refers to rolls sealed in original packages.
Before using the prepreg, remove the roll from the freezer and let it warm up
to room temperature for 6 hours sealed in its original package.

IMPORTANT NOTICE:
The data and statements supplied in this datasheet are met to provide an
overview of this product and its properties. Users should perform their own
verification and testing to determine suitability of this material for their specific
end use applications. NO WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE IS
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. Nothing herein is to be taken as permission to practice
any patented invention without a licence.

Australieweg 24T NL-4561PD Hulst The Netherlands Tel. +31(0)114-311100 www.bnsindustrial.com


Copyright Composite Materials (Italy) s.r.l., January 2015, All rights reserved. RDS 15.005, Rev.01

bns@bnsindustrial.com