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search Kishore Kumar Kishore-Kumar 0.jpg Native name আভভষ ককমভর গঙঙভপভধযভয Born Abhas
Kumar Ganguly 4 August 1929 Khandwa, Central Provinces, British India (present-day
Madhya Pradesh, India) Died 13 October 1987 (aged 58) Bombay, Maharashtra, India
(present-day Mumbai) Nationality Indian Occupation
Singerlyricistcomposeractorfilm producerdirectorscreenwriter Years active 1946–
1987 Spouse(s) Ruma Guha Thakurta (m. 1950; div. 1958) Madhubala (m. 1960;
death 1969) Yogeeta Bali (m. 1975; div. 1978) Leena Chandavarkar (m. 1980; death
1987) Children Amit Kumar Sumit Kumar Relatives See Ganguly family See
Mukherjee-Samarth family Signature KishoreKumarSignature.svg Kishore Kumar (4
August 1929 – 13 October 1987) was an Indian playback singer, actor, lyricist,
composer, producer, director, and screenwriter.[1] He is considered as one of the
most popular singers of Hindi film industry [2][3] and from soft numbers to peppy
tracks to romantic moods, Kumar sang in different genres[4] but some of his rare
compositions which were considered classics were lost in time.[5] According to
Ashok Kumar, Kumar's success lies in the fact that his voice used to hit the
microphone straight at its most sensitive point.[6] Apart from Hindi, he sang in
many Indian languages including Bengali, Marathi, Assamese, Gujarati, Kannada,
Bhojpuri, Malayalam and Urdu. He has also sung in private albums in several
languages especially in Bengali. He won 8 Film fare Awards for Best Male Playback
Singer and holds the record for winning the most Filmfare Awards in that category.
[7] He was awarded the "Lata Mangeshkar Award" by the Madhya Pradesh government in
the year 1985-86. In the year 1997, the Madhya Pradesh Government initiated an
award called the "Kishore Kumar Award" as a contribution to Hindi cinema. Recently,
Kishore Kumar's unreleased last song was sold for Rs 15.6 lakh (1.56 million)[8] at
the Osian's Cinefan Auction, New Delhi in 2012.[9][10] Contents 1 Early life 2
Career 2.1 1970s and 1980s 2.2 Later years 3 Personal life 4 Awards
5 In popular culture 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9
External links Early life Kishore Kumar was born in a Bengali family in
Khandwa, Central Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh) as Abhas Kumar Ganguly.[11] His
father, Kunjalal Ganguly (Gangopadhyay) was a lawyer and his mother, Gouri Devi
came from a wealthy Bengali family. Kunjalal Gangopadhyaya was invited by the
Kamavisadar Gokhale family of Khandwa to be their personal lawyer. Kishore was the
youngest of four siblings, the older three being Ashok (the eldest), Sati Devi, and
Anoop.[12] While Kishore was still a child, his brother Ashok became a Bollywood
actor. Later, Anoop also ventured into cinema with Ashok's help.[13] He graduated
from Christian College, Indore.[14] Career Main articles: Kishore Kumar
filmography and List of songs by Kishore Kumar After Ashok Kumar became a star of
Hindi films, the Ganguly family visited Mumbai regularly. Abhas Kumar changed his
name to 'Kishore Kumar' and started his cinema career as a chorus singer at Bombay
Talkies, where his brother worked. Kumar's first film appearance was in Shikari
(1946), in which his brother, Ashok played the lead role. Music director Khemchand
Prakash gave Kumar a chance to sing "Marne Ki Duayen Kyon Mangu" for the film Ziddi
(1948). After this, Kumar was offered many other assignments, but he was not very
serious about a film career.[15] In 1949, he settled in Mumbai.[citation needed]
Kumar played the hero in the Bombay Talkies film Andolan (1951), directed by Phani
Majumdar. Although he got some acting assignments with the help of his brother, he
was more interested in becoming a singer. But Ashok wanted Kumar to be an actor
like him.[16] Between 1946 and 1955, Kumar appeared in 22 films of which 16 were
flops and since he was disinterested in taking up acting as a career, he would find
ways to be in the bad books of the director or producer, so that they throw him
from their films. It was only after the success of films such as Ladki, Naukari,
Miss Malaysia, Char Paise and Baap Re Baap that Kumar developed interest in acting
seriously, which resulted in him having successful films as the lead hero between
1955 and 1966.[17] In initial days of his career, Kumar was deeply inspired by
singer K. L. Saigal and imitated his style of singing in some of his early films.
He had a great respect for poet and musician Rabindranath Tagore who influenced him
in many ways. He was an ardent admirer of Hollywood actor-singer Danny Kaye. He
hung the portraits of all these three personalities at his Gaurikunj residence and
would bow respectfully before them everyday as a rule.[18] In his later career,
Kumar was also heavily influenced by playback singer Ahmed Rushdi and his liking
towards Rushdi was to the extent that he paid him a tribute at Royal Albert Hall
London by singing Rushdi's some of the songs.[19] Kumar used yodeling in many of
his songs including Tum bin jaaon kahan, Zindagi ik safar hai suhan, Chala jata
hoon etc to name a few and had become the essential feature of his singing which
was inspired by Jimmie Rodgers and Tex Morton.[20] Kumar starred in Bimal Roy's
Naukri (1954) and Hrishikesh Mukherjee's directorial debut Musafir (1957). Salil
Chowdhury, the music director for Naukri, was initially dismissive of Kumar as a
singer when he found that Kumar had no formal training in music.[21] However, after
hearing his voice, Chowdhury gave him the song Chhota Sa Ghar Hoga, which was
supposed to be sung by Hemant Kumar. The commercially successful films of Kishore
Kumar included Ladki (1953), Naukari (1954), Baap Re Baap (1955), Paisa Hi Paisa
(1956), New Delhi (1957), Naya Andaz (1956), Bhagam Bhaag, Bhai Bhai (1958), Aasha
(1957), Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958), Dilli Ka Thug, Jaalsaaz, Bombay Ka Chor,
Chacha Zindabad, Manmauji, Jhumroo, Half Ticket (1962), Mr. X in Bombay, Shreeman
Funtoosh, Ek Raaz, Ganga Ki Lahren, Hum Sab Ustaad Hai (1965), Haal E Dil, Pyaar
Kiye Jaa and Padosan (1968). As an actor, his best period was between 1954 and
1966. His onscreen pairing with actresses Mala Sinha, Vyjanthimala, Nutan,
Madhubala and Kumkum gave the biggest hits in his career.[citation needed] Chalti
Ka Naam Gaadi (1958), his home production, had the three Ganguly brothers and
Madhubala in main roles. Kumar played a car mechanic who has a romance with a city
girl; (Madhubala) with a subplot involving the brothers.[22]:29 In the movie Half
Ticket, for one of the songs - "Aake Seedhi Lagi Dil Pe" - the music director Salil
Chowdhary had a duet in mind and wanted Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar to sing
the song. However, since Lata Mangeshkar was not in town and Salil Chowdhury had to
record that song before she could return, Kishore Kumar solved the problem by
singing both the male and female parts of the song himself. The duet is actually
for Pran and Kishore Kumar on the screen dressed as a woman. It just turned out to
be fine as he did admirably well singing both in male and female voices. Music
director S. D. Burman is credited with spotting Kumar's talent for singing. During
the making of Mashaal (1950), Burman visited Ashok's house, where he heard Kumar
imitating K. L. Saigal. He complimented him and told him that he should develop a
style of his own, instead of copying Saigal.[16] Kumar eventually developed his own
style of singing, which featured yodeling, which he had heard on the records of Tex
Morton and Jimmie Rodgers.[22]:60S. D. Burman kept making Kishore sing for Dev
Anand from the 50s to the early 70s. S.D. Burman provided him the training and
encouraged Kumar a lot, especially in the late 50s and early 60s, resulting in
Kumar developing into a great singer in the future years. [23] S. D. Burman
recorded Kumar's voice for Dev Anand's Munimji (1954), Taxi Driver (1954), House
No. 44 (1955), Funtoosh (1956), Nau Do Gyarah (1957), Paying Guest (1957), Guide
(1965), Jewel Thief (1967), Prem Pujari (1970), and Tere Mere Sapne (1971). He also
composed music for Kumar's home production Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958). Some of
their songs were; "Maana Janaab Ne Pukara Nahin" from Paying Guest, "Hum Hain Rahi
Pyar Ke" from Nau Do Gyarah (1957), "Ai Meri Topi Palat Ke Aa" from Funtoosh, and
"Ek Ladki Bheegi Bhaagi Si" and "Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka" from Chalti Ka Naam
Gaadi (1958).[24] Asha Bhosle and Kishore performed duets composed by Burman
including "Chhod Do Aanchal" from Paying Guest (1957), "Ankhon Mein Kya Ji" from
Nau Do Gyarah (1957), "Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka" and "Paanch Rupaiya Baara Aana"
from Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) and "Arre Yaar Meri Tum Bhi Ho Gajab" from Teen
Deviyan (1965).[25] As a singer, Kumar's work as singer with many music directors
in this period includes "Ye Raatein Ye Mausam" and "Hum Toh Mohabbat Karega" from
Dilli Ka Thug, "Piya Piya Mora Jiya" from Baap Re Baap, "Hello Hello Ji" from
Bombay Ka Chor, "Micheal Hai Toh Cycle Hai" from Bewaqoof, "Ae Haseeno Nazneeno"
from Chacha Zindabad, "Zaroorat Hai Zaroorat Hai" from Manmauji (1961), "Likha Hai
Teri Ankhon Mein" from Teen Deviaan, "Suno Jaana Suno Jaana", "Pyaar Baatke Chalo"
and "Kya Teri Zulfein Hai" from Hum Sab Ustaad Hai, "Khoobsurat Haseena" from Mr. X
in Bombay, "Gaata Rahe Mera Dil" from Guide (1965), "Sultana Sultana" from Shreeman
Funtoosh, "Machalti Hui" from Ganga Ki Lahren, "Mera Dil Meri Jaan" and "Pyar Ka
Jaahan Hotel" from Jaalsaaz and "Yeh Dil Na Hota Bechara" from Jewel Thief (1967).
Music director C. Ramchandra also recognized Kumar's talent as a singer.[21] They
collaborated on songs including "Eena Meena Deeka" from Aasha (1957). Kishore
Kumar's work includes "Nakhrewaali" from New Delhi (1956) by Shankar Jaikishan,
"C.A.T. Cat Maane Billi" and "Hum To Mohabbat Karega" from Dilli Ka Thug (1958)
by Ravi, and "Chhedo Na Meri Zulfein" from Ganga Ki Lahren (1964) by Chitragupta.
[26] Kumar acted in and composed the music for Jhumroo (1961), and wrote the
lyrics for the film's title song, "Main Hoon Jhumroo". Later, he produced and
directed Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein (1964). He also wrote the script and composed
music for the film, which is about the relationship between a father (Kishore
Kumar) and his deaf and mute son (played by his real-life son (Amit Kumar).[27]:52
After 1966, as an actor, Kishore Kumar built up a notoriety for coming late for the
shootings or bunking them altogether.[28] His films flopped frequently after 1965
and he landed in income tax trouble.[16] In 1968, Rahul Dev Burman worked with
Kishore Kumar on the soundtrack of the film Padosan (1968), in which Kumar sang
"Mere Saamne Wali Khidki Mein" and "Kehna Hai." Padosan was a comedy featuring
Kishore as a dramatist-musician, Mehmood as a Carnatic music and dance teacher, and
Sunil Dutt as a simpleton named Bhola. Kishore's character was inspired by his
uncle, Dhananjay Bannerjee, a classical singer.[15] The highlight of the film was a
musical, comical duel between Kishore Kumar, Sunil Dutt and Mehmood: "Ek Chatur Nar
Karke Singaar." In 1969, Shakti Samanta produced and directed Aradhana. He sang
three songs in the film; "Mere Sapnon Ki Rani", "Kora Kagaj Tha Ye Man Mera" and
"Roop Tera Mastana". Shakti Samanta suggested that Kumar sing the other songs too.
When the film was released, Kumar's three songs established him as a leading
Bollywood playback singer.[29] Kishore Kumar won his first Filmfare award for "Roop
Tera Mastana".[27]:54 1970s and 1980s Kumar with his family From the 1970s and
throughout 1980s, Kumar sang for Rajesh Khanna, Amitabh Bachchan, Dharmendra,
Jeetendra, Sanjeev Kumar, Dev Anand, Shashi Kapoor, Mithun Chakraborty, Vinod
Khanna, Dilip Kumar, Shammi Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor, Rishi Kapoor, Rajiv Kapoor,
Aditya Pancholi, Naseeruddin Shah, Sanjay Dutt, Sunny Deol, Anil Kapoor, Rakesh
Roshan, Pran, Sachin, Vinod Mehra, Rajinikanth, Chunky Pandey, Kumar Gaurav, Sanjay
Khan, Feroz Khan, Kunal Goswami, Govinda and Jackie Shroff. Kishore Kumar sang the
most songs in his career for Rajesh Khanna. Kumar sang 245 songs picturised on
Rajesh Khanna across 92 films, which is an unbeaten record for singer-actor
combination. Kishore sang 245 songs for Rajesh Khanna, 202 for Jeetendra, 119 for
Dev Anand and 131 for Amitabh. S. D. Burman and Kishore continued with music
including "Phoolon Ke Rang Se" and "Shokhiyon Mein Ghola Jaaye" from Prem Pujari
(1969), "Aaj Madhosh Hua Jaaye Re," "Khilte Hain Gul Yahan" and "O Meri Sharmilee"
from Sharmilee (1971), "Meet Na Mila" from Abhimaan (1973), and "Jeevan Ki Bagiya
Mehkegi" from Tere Mere Sapne (1974 film) (1974). In 1975, S. D. Burman composed
his last song for Kishore, "Badi Sooni Sooni Hai" for the film Mili.[30] R.D.
Burman recorded several songs with Kumar in the 1970s, including "O Maajhi Re" from
Khushboo, "Yeh Shaam Mastaani" and "Yeh Jo Mohabbat Hai" from Kati Patang (1971),
"Raat Kali Ek Khwab Mein Aayi" from Buddha Mil Gaya (1971) and "Chingari Koi
Bhadke", "Kuch To Log Kahenge (Amar Prem)", "Zindagi Ke Safar Me Guzar Jaate Hain
Jo Makam" from Aap Ki Kasam ( 1977), "Aaaane Wala Pal" from Golmaal ( 1980), "Hume
Aur Jeene Ki Chahat Na Hoti" from Agar Tume Na Hote ( 1983), "Raha Pe Rahete Hai"
from Namkeen (1985) and "Jab Bhi Koi Kangana" from Shaukeen (1987). Although he was
not formally trained in classical music, R.D. Burman often had Kumar sing semi-
classical songs, such as "Humein Tum Se Pyaar Kitna" from Kudrat and "Mere Naina
Saawan Bhadon" from Mehbooba.[citation needed] R.D. Burman recorded several duets
pairing Kishore with Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar, including "Panna Ki Tamanna"
and "Bahut Door Mujhe" from Heera Panna (1973), "Neend Chura Ke Raaton Mein" from
the film Shareef Budmaash, "Mujhko Mohabbat Mein Dhoka" and "Kisise Dosti Karlo"
from Dil Deewana, "Dhal Gayi Rang" from Heeralal Pannalal, "Ek Main Hoon" from
Darling Darling, "Rimjhim Gire Sawan" from Manzil, "Kya Yehi Pyaar Hai" and "Hum
Tum Se Mile" from Sanjay Dutt's debut film Rocky (1981), "Jaan-e-Jaan Dhoondta"
from Jawani Diwani, "Kahin Na Jaa" and "Kaho Kaise Rasta" from Bade Dilwala, "Sun
Zara Shok Haseena" and "Kharishoo" from Harjaee (1982), "Waada Haanji Waada" from
The Burning Train and "Kaisi Lagrahi Hoon Mein" from Jhuta Sach. Apart from the
Burmans, Kumar worked with other famous music directors too. The composer duo
Laxmikant-Pyarelal (L-P) composed many songs sung by him, including "Mere Mehboob
Qayamat Hogi" from Mr. X In Bombay, "Mere Naseeb Mein Aye Dost" from Do Raaste,
"Yeh Jeevan Hai" from Piya Ka Ghar, "Mere Dil Mein Aaj Kya Hai" from Daag, "Nahi
Mai Nahi Dekh Sakta" from Majboor, "Mere Diwanepan Ki Bhi" from Mehboob Ki Mehndi,
"Naach Meri Bulbul" from Roti, "Chal Chal Chal Mere Haathi" from Haathi Mere Saathi
and "Tu Kitne Baras Ki" from Karz. L-P also worked with Kishore and Mohammed Rafi
on duets for the films Zakhmee, Dostana, Ram Balram and Deedaar-E-Yaar. L-P
composed "I Love You (Kaate Nahin Katate Yeh Din Yeh Raat)" for Mr. India (1987), a
duet with Kishore and Alisha Chinoy. Salil Chowdhury recorded songs SUCH AS "Koi
Hota Jisko Apna" from Mere Apne and "Guzar Jaaye Din Din" from Annadata. Ravindra
Jain recorded "Ghungroo Ki Tarah" and the duets "Le Jaayenge Le Jaayenge" from Chor
Machaye Shor and "Tota Maina Ki Kahani" from Fakira. Shyamlal Mitra recorded a duet
of Kishore with Asha - Sara Pyaar Tumhara for the film Anandshram.[citation needed]
Khayyam recorded many of Kishore's duets with Lata Mangeshkar, including "Hazaar
Raahein" from Thodisi Bewafaii and Aankhon Mein Humne Aapke Sapne Sajaye Hain,
Chandani Raat Mein Ek Bar. Hridaynath Mangeshkar recorded Zindagi Aa Raha Hoon Main
from Mashaal. Kalyanji Anandji recorded several songs with Kishore including
Zindagi Ka Safar and Jeevan Se Bhari Teri Aankhein, from Safar, O Saathi Re from
Muqaddar Ka Sikandar, "Pal Pal Dil Ke Pas" from Blackmail (1974), "Neelle Neele
Ambar Per" from Kalkar ( 1983) and "Pal Bhar Ke Liye" from Johny Mera Naam.
[citation needed] Kishore also worked with other composers including Rajesh
Roshan, Sapan Chakraborty and Bappi Lahiri. Kumar sang "Bhool Gaya Sab Kuchh" (duet
with Lata Mangeshkar) and "Dil Kya Kare Jab Kisise" for Rajesh Roshan's film Julie.
[citation needed] Their other songs include "Yaadon Mein Woh" from Swami (1977
film), "Chhookar Mere Man Ko Kiya Toone Kya Ishaara" from Yaarana the mesmerizing
"Kaha Tak Ye Manko Andher Chalenge" from Baton Baton Mein, "O Yara Tu Yaro Se Hai
Pyar", and "Laharon Ki Tatah Yaadien" (1983) and Kahiye, Suniye (duet with Asha
Bhosle) from Baton Baton Mein. Bappi Lahiri also recorded many songs with Kishore
Kumar, including Pag Ghunghroo Bandh from Namak Halaal (1982), Manzilen Apni Jagah
Hai from Sharaabi (1984), "Chalate Chalte Mere Ye Geet Yad Rakhana" from Chalte
Chalte (1975) and "Saason Se Nahi Kadmose Nahi" from Mohabbat (1987) and duets with
Lata Mangeshkar such as "Albela Mausam" and "Pyar Ka Tohfa" from Tohfa (1984). The
Kishore and Bappi pair also recorded hits in Bengali, including "Chirodini Tumi Je
Amar" from Amar Sangi (1987) and "E Amar Gurudakshina" from Gurudakshina (1987).
Another Bengali musician was Ajay Das, who composed many hit songs in Kishore
Kumar's voice. He also recorded a duet song Hello Hello Kya Haal Hai with Asha
Bhosle for Naushad in 1975 for the movie Sunehra Sansar, the only song of Kishore.
He also worked with music directors Basu and Manohari Singh for duets such as "Wada
Karo Jaanam" and "Dariya Kinare" for the film Sabse Bada Rupaiya and "Aa Humsafar"
for the film Chatpatee. During the Indian Emergency (1975–1977), Sanjay Gandhi
asked Kishore to sing for an Indian National Congress rally in Mumbai, but he
refused.[31] As a result, Information and broadcasting minister Vidya Charan Shukla
(1975–1977) put an unofficial ban on playing Kishore Kumar songs on state
broadcasters All India Radio and Doordarshan from 4 May 1976 till the end of
Emergency.[32][33] Later years Kishore Kumar produced and directed some movies in
the late 1970s and early 1980s; Pyar Zindagi Hai, Badhti Ka Naam Dadhi (1978),
Sabaash Daddy, Zindagi (1981), Door Wadiyon Mein Kahin (1980) and Chalti Ka Naam
Zindagi (1982)—which was his last appearance as an actor.[citation needed] Kumar's
son Amit Kumar became a Bollywood singer in the 1974 with the song "Apne Bas Ki
Baat Nahi", composed by Kishore Kumar for the film Badthi Ka Naam Daadi. Amit Kumar
became popular with success of the song "Bade Achche Lagte Hai". Kishore continued
singing for several actors even in 1980s. Kumar performed stage shows right from
1969 to earn money to pay his income tax arrears.[28] Kumar stopped singing for
Amitabh Bachchan in the year 1981, after Bachchan refused to appear as a guest in
the film Mamta Ki Chhaon Mein, which Kishore produced. Kishore declined to give
voice for Amitabh in Naseeb, Coolie, Mard and Desh Premee. Kishore said he would
give his voice to Randhir Kapoor in the film Pukar. Since Kishore shared good
rapport with R. D. Burman, he agreed to sing in Mahaan, Shakti and Bemisal. Later,
Kishore called a truce by singing for Amitabh in a solo song in Shahenshah and
later in Toofan.[34] Kishore sang the song "Mera Geet Adhura Hai" for his
production Mamta Ki Chaon Mein and picturised the song on Rajesh Khanna. Kishore
had directed the film, but died in 1987 and Rajesh Khanna helped Amit Kumar in
releasing the film in 1989. He also temporarily stopped singing for Mithun
Chakraborty after Yogeeta Bali divorced him and married Chakraborty.[35] However,
he later sang for Chakraborty in Surakshaa in the 1970s, and in the 1980s in many
films, including Boxer, Jaagir, Fareib and Waqt Ki Awaz.[citation needed] In the
mid-1980s, Kishore sang for
Anil Kapoor in Kapoor's debut film as a leading man, Woh Saat Din and also
recorded for Mr. India. (1987) the song "Zindagi Ki Yahi Reet Hai Haar Ke Baad Hi
Jeet Hai". He sang duets with Alka Yagnik such as "Tumse Badhkar Duniya Mein Na
Dekha" for Kaamchor in 1982, "Humnashi Aaake from Ek Daku Saher Mein" and sang
"Teri Meri Prem Kahani" in Pighalta Aasman.[citation needed] He had recorded the
duets "Kaho Kahan Chale" for the film Bulundi, "Pyar Ka Dard Hai" from Dard and
"Tum Jo Chale Gaye" from Aas Paas, a few days before his heart attack in 1981. He
suffered his first heart attack on 24 January 1981 in Kolkata in the noon hours and
within a gap of another four hours, suffered his second heart attack. The first
solo song sung by him, after recovery from his two attacks was "Mere Sang Sang Aya"
from Rajput (1982) and the duet with Asha - "Mausam Bheega Bheega" from Gehra
Zakhm. By September 1987, Kumar had decided to retire as he was unhappy with kind
of songs and tunes being made by music directors and was planning to return to his
birthplace Khandwa.[28] On 13 October 1987—his brother Ashok's 76th birthday—he
died of a heart attack in Mumbai at 4:45 pm. His body was taken to Khandwa for
cremation. Kumar had recorded his last song, "Guru Guru"—a duet with Asha Bhosle
for the film Waqt Ki Aawaz (1988) composed by Bappi Lahiri for Mithun Chakraborty
and Sridevi—the day before he died.[citation needed] His song "Pal Bhar Ke Liye"
from the film Johny Mera Naam (1970) was used in an episode of The Simpsons titled
"Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore".[36] His songs have been featured in several films,
including Such a Long Journey (1998) and Side Streets (1998).[37] Sony TV organised
the television singing contest K For Kishore to search for a singer like Kishore
Kumar.[citation needed] Kishore Kumar's unreleased song was sold for Rs 15.6 lakh
at the Osian's Cinefan Auction, New Delhi in 2012, the highest price bid for any
Indian singer. The song was "Tum hi to woh ho", written by Kulwant Jani with music
by Usha Khanna. This was for a film called "Khel Tamasha" by Rakesh Kumar, which
never got made. The song was recorded just three days before his death in October
1987. Personal life Kishore Kumar married four times. His first wife was Bengali
singer and actress Ruma Guha Thakurta aka Ruma Ghosh. Their marriage lasted from
1950 to 1958.[27]:53 His second wife was actress Madhubala, who had worked with him
in many films including his home production Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) and Jhumroo
(1961). When Kumar proposed to her, Madhubala was ill and was planning to go to
London for treatment. She had a ventricular septal defect (hole in the heart), and
he was still married to Ruma. After his divorce, the couple had a civil wedding in
1960 and Kishore Kumar converted to Islam and reportedly changed his name to Karim
Abdul.[38] His parents refused to attend the ceremony. The couple also had a Hindu
ceremony to please Kumar's parents, but Madhubala was never truly accepted as his
wife. Within a month of their wedding, she moved back to her bungalow in Bandra
because of tension in the Kumar household. They remained married, but under great
strain for the remainder of Madhubala's life. Their marriage ended with Madhubala's
death on 23 February 1969.[39] Kishore's third marriage was to Yogeeta Bali, and
lasted from 1976 to 4 August 1978. Kishore was married to Leena Chandavarkar from
1980 until his death. He had two sons, Amit Kumar with Ruma, and Sumit Kumar with
Leena Chandavarkar.[40] Kumar is said to have been paranoid about not being paid.
[15] During recordings, he would sing only after his secretary confirmed that the
producer had made the payment.[41] On one occasion, when he discovered that his
dues had not been fully paid, he appeared on set with makeup on only one side of
his face. When the director questioned him, he replied "Aadha paisa to aadha make-
up." (Half make-up for half payment).[15] On the sets of Bhai Bhai, Kishore Kumar
refused to act because the director M V Raman owed him ₹ 5,000. Ashok Kumar
persuaded him to do the scene but when the shooting started, Kishore walked a few
paces and said, Paanch Hazaar Rupaiya (five thousand rupees) and did a somersault.
After he reached the end of the floor, he left the studio.[42] On another occasion,
when producer R.C. Talwar did not pay his dues in spite of repeated reminders,
Kumar arrived at Talwar's residence shouting "Hey Talwar, de de mere aath hazaar"
("Hey Talwar, give me my eight thousand") every morning until Talwar paid up.[41]
The film Anand (1971) was originally supposed to star Kishore and Mehmood Ali in
the lead.[43] Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the director of the film, was asked to meet
Kishore to discuss the project. However, when he went to Kumar's house he was
driven away by the gatekeeper due to a misunderstanding. Kumar—himself a Bengali—
had not been paid for a stage show organized by another Bengali man and had
instructed his gatekeeper to drive away this "Bengali", if he ever visited the
house. Consequently, Mehmood had to leave the film as well, and new actors (Rajesh
Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan) were signed up for the film.[43] In spite of his "no
money, no work" principle, sometimes Kumar recorded free even when the producers
were willing to pay. Such films include those produced by Rajesh Khanna and Danny
Denzongpa.[44] On one occasion, Kishore helped actor-turned-producer Bipin Gupta by
giving him ₹ 20,000 for the film Dal Mein Kala (1964). When actor Arun Kumar
Mukherjee—one of the first persons to appreciate Kishore's singing talent—died,
Kumar regularly sent money to Mukherjee's family in Bhagalpur.[42][42] Many
journalists and writers have written about Kishore Kumar's seemingly eccentric
behavior.[45][46] He placed a sign that said "Beware of Kishore" at the door of his
Warden Road flat. Once, producer-director H. S. Rawail, who owed him some money,
visited his flat to pay the dues. Kumar took the money and when Rawail offered to
shake hands with him, reportedly Kishore put Rawail's hand in his mouth, bit it and
asked "Didn’t you see the sign?". Rawail laughed off the incident and left quickly.
[42] According to another reported incident, once Kumar was due to record a song
for producer-director G. P. Sippy. As Sippy approached his bungalow, he saw Kumar
going out in his car. Sippy asked Kumar to stop his car but Kumar increased his
speed. Sippy chased him to Madh Island where Kumar finally stopped his car near the
ruined Madh Fort. When Sippy questioned his strange behavior, Kumar refused to
recognize or talk to him and threatened to call the police. The next morning, Kumar
reported for the recording session. An angry Sippy questioned him about his
behaviour the previous day but Kumar said that Sippy must have dreamt the incident
and said that he was in Khandwa on the previous day.[47] Once, a producer went to
court to get a decree that Kumar must follow the director's orders. As a
consequence, he obeyed the director to the letter. He refused to alight from his
car until the director ordered him to do so. After filming a car scene in Mumbai,
Kumar drove until he reached Khandala because the director forgot to say "Cut".[42]
In the 1960s, a financier named Kalidas Batvabbal, who was disgusted with Kumar's
alleged lack of cooperation during the shooting of Half Ticket, reported to the
income tax authorities, who raided his house. Later, Kumar invited Batvabbal to his
home, asked him to enter a cupboard for a chat and locked him inside. He unlocked
Batvabbal after two hours and told him, "Don't ever come to my house again".[42]
Kishore Kumar was a loner; in an interview with Pritish Nandy (1985) he said that
he had no friends—he preferred talking to his trees instead.[48] Once, when a
reporter made a comment about how lonely he must be, Kishore Kumar took her to his
garden, named some of the trees there and introduced them to the reporter as his
closest friends.[42] Awards Filmfare Awards Won: Year Song Film Music
director Lyricist 1970 "Roop Tera Mastana" Aradhana Sachin Dev Burman
Anand Bakshi 1976 "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera" Amanush Shyamal Mitra
Indeevar 1979 "Khaike Paan Banaras Wala" Don Kalyanji Anandji Anjaan
1981 "Hazaar Raahen Mudke Dekheen" Thodisi Bewafaii Khayyam Gulzar 1983 "Pag
Ghungroo Baandh" Namak Halaal Bappi Lahiri Anjaan 1984 "Agar Tum Na Hote"
Agar Tum Na Hote Rahul Dev Burman Gulshan Bawra 1985 "Manzilein Apni
Jagah Hain" Sharaabi Bappi Lahiri Prakash Mehra 1986 "Saagar Kinaare"
Saagar Rahul Dev Burman Javed Akhtar Nominated: Year Song Film Music
Director Lyricist 1971 "Zindagi Ek Safar" Andaz Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat
Jaipuri 1971 "Yeh Jo Mohabbat Hai" Kati Patang Rahul Dev Burman Anand Bakshi
1972 "Chingari Koi Bhadke" Amar Prem Rahul Dev Burman Anand Bakshi 1973 "Mere
Dil Mein Aaj" Daag: A Poem of Love Laxmikant-Pyarelal Sahir Ludhianvi
1974 "Gaadi Bula Rahi Hai" Dost Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi 1974 "Mera
Jeevan Kora Kagaz" Kora Kagaz Kalyanji Anandji M.G.Hashmat 1975 "Main Pyaasa
Tum" Faraar Kalyanji Anandji Rajendra Krishan 1975 "O Manjhi Re"
Khushboo Rahul Dev Burman Gulzar 1977 "Aap Ke Anurodh" Anurodh
Laxmikant-Pyarelal Anand Bakshi 1978 "O Saathi Re" Muqaddar Ka
Sikandar Kalyanji Anandji Anjaan 1978 "Hum Bewafa Harghiz" Shalimar Rahul
Dev Burman Anand Bakshi 1979 "Ek Rasta Hai Zindagi" Kaala Patthar Rajesh
Roshan Sahir Ludhianvi 1980 "Om Shanti Om" Karz Laxmikant-Pyarelal
Anand Bakshi 1981 "Hameh Tumse Pyar" Kudrat Rahul Dev Burman
Majrooh Sultanpuri 1981 "Chhookar Mere Mann Ko" Yaraana Rajesh Roshan
Anjaan 1983 "Shayad Meri Shaadi" Souten Usha Khanna Sawan Kumar Tak
1984 "De De Pyar De" Sharaabi Bappi Lahiri Anjaan 1984 "Inteha Ho Gayi"
Sharaabi Bappi Lahiri Anjaan 1984 "Log Kehete Hai (Mujhe Naulakha
Manga De)" Sharaabi Bappi Lahiri Anjaan Bengal Film Journalists'
Association Awards Winner: 1971 - Best
Male Playback Singer for Aradhana[49] 1972 - Best Male Playback Singer for
Andaz[50] 1973 - Best Male Playback Singer for Hare Rama Hare Krishna[51] 1975 -
Best Male Playback Singer for Kora Kagaz[52] In popular culture Search Engine
Google showed a special doodle on its Indian home page for Kishore Kumar on 4
August 2014 for his 85th birth anniversary.[53] An official biopic on his life and
times is being made by director Anurag Basu, which stars Ranbir Kapoor as Kishore
Kumar.[54] See also Kishore Kumar filmography Ganguly family List of songs recorded
by Kishore Kumar List of Indian playback singers Music of Bollywood References
Valicha, Kishor (1 April 2001). Kishore Kumar: The Definitive Biography (1st ed.).
Mumbai: Penguin Books. ISBN 0140278222. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
features/kishore-kumar-some-funny-antics-of-his-life/photostory/53537780.cms ANI
(4 August 2017). "Kishore Kumar is always missed: Lata Mangeshkar on his birth
anniversary". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
097140.html "When Kishore Kumar insisted on the bullockcart ride". The Indian
Express. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-13. Nabendu Ghosh (1995). Ashok Kumar:
His Life and Times. Indus. ISBN 978-81-7223-218-4. Derek Bose (1 January 2006).
Everybody Wants a Hit: 10 Mantras of Success in Bollywood Cinema. Jaico Publishing
House. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-81-7992-558-4. "Facts about Indore" Archived 9 June 2015
at the Wayback Machine., "District Administration Indore", 2015 Filmfare (1–15
November 1987) Avijit Ghosh (7 October 2007). "Unforgettable Kishore". The Times
of India. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
yS95qQmejzEBIlpacKVexN.html "Remembering Kishore Kumar". The Better India.
Retrieved 23 April 2018. "Legendary singer Ahmed Rushdi". ARY News. Retrieved 11
December 2015.
Raju Bharatan. "Repertoire Unlimited: Remembering Kishore Kumar".
Retrieved 2012-12-19. Derek Bose (2004). Kishore Kumar: method in madness. Rupa &
kishore-kumar-birth-anniversary-kishore-da-is-always-missed-4782106/ Khubchandani,
Lata (2003). Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal Chatterjee, eds. Encyclopaedia of
Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. pp. 486–487. ISBN 81-7991-066-0. Anu Sharma (6
March 2011). Genius of India. Pinnacle Technology. pp. 161–. ISBN 978-1-61820-544-
5. /
seasons/articleshow/53537243.cms Shantanu Ray Chaudhuri; Prashanto Kumar Nayak (1
February 2005). Icons from Bollywood. Puffin Books. "Kishore Kumar - A Tribute".
Filmfare magazine. November 1987. Prakash Parayath (28 October 2002). "Song of the
rebel". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-06-13. Raju Bharatan. "The Aradhana Syndrome". Retrieved 2007-07-13. Vinay Kumar (19 August 2005). "The spark that he
was". Entertainment Hyderabad. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-07-13. "A Star's Real
Stripes". Times Of India. 25 March 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2012. Sharma,
Dhirendra (1997). The Janata (people's) Struggle. Philosophy and Social Action. p.
76. Biography of Kishore Kumar by David and Chandrakantha Courtney. Film world,
Volume 16, T.M. Ramachandran, 1979. Page 463. Foreign exchange!. Rajeev Vijayakar.
Screen Weekly. 4 May 2007. Side Street (1998): Cast and Credits Kishore Kumar,
First Post Khatija Akbar (1 January 1997). Madhubala: Her Life, Her Films. UBS
Publishers' Distributors. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-7476-153-8. Outlook. Hathway
Investments Pvt Ltd. 2003. p. 67. Kuldip Dhiman (4 October 1998). "A melancholy
but life-long prankster". The Tribune. Retrieved 2007-07-13. Valicha, Kishore
(1998) [1998]. Kishore Kumar: The Definitive Biography. Penguin Books. p. 312. ISBN
0-670-88264-X. Zaveri, Hanif (2005). "A Comedy King and Superstar". Mehmood, a Man
of Many Moods. Popular Prakashan. p. 133. ISBN 81-7991-213-2. Suresh Kohli (16
September 2004). "What a yodeller!". Metro Plus Kochi. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-
07-13. Dinesh Raheja. "Kishore Kumar: The Master's Voice". Retrieved
2007-07-13. O.P. Bhagat (9 October 1998). "Life is a lovely journey". Arts
Tribune, Chandigarh. The Tribune. Retrieved 2007-07-13. "One evening with Kishore
Kumar Khandwewala". India FM. 1 February 2007. Archived from the original on 30
September 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-13. "I screamed, pretended to be crazy: Kishore
Kumar in 1985". The Illustrated Weekly of India (republished in The Times of
India). 1985. Retrieved 2011-08-23. 34th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 21 April 2008
at the Wayback Machine. 35th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 22 April 2008 at the
Wayback Machine. 36th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 1 May 2008 at the Wayback
Machine. 38th Annual BFJA Awards Archived 1 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
"Google doodles Kishore Kumar's versatility". IBN Live. New Delhi. 4 August 2014.
Retrieved 4 August 2014. Ranbir Kapoor to star in Kishore Kumar biopic, Katrina
Kaif may play Madhubala | NDTV Further reading Bose, Derek (2004).
Kishore Kumar: Method in Madness. New Delhi: Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-0526-4.
OCLC 57429780. Valicha, Kishore (1998). Kishore Kumar: The Definitive Biography.
New York/New Delhi: Penguin Books/Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-88264-9. OCLC 40164015.
Nerurkar, Vishwas (2004). Kishore Kumar: The Many Faces of a Genius. Gayathri
Publications. ( (The book includes complete filmography, discography, unreleased
material, and film posters of his films) Dhiman, Kamal (2002). Kishore Kumar: Gata
Rahe Mera Dil (The book includes complete filmography and discography with detailed
information for each song, such as music director, lyricist, producer-director etc.
It also includes a biography and rare photographs.). New Delhi: Seema. ISBN 81-