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In EWM we only have Inbound and Outbound process.

 Storage locations of different plants can have one warehouse.


 One warehouse can be assigned to multiple storage locations.
 One storage location can only have one warehouse.
 Different storage locations within same plant can be assigned to one warehouse.
 Different storage locations within same plant can have different warehouses.
 SAP recommend to create one warehouse if the storage locations are nearby and distinguish
the areas by different storage types, If we have multiple warehouse in small for nearby
storage locations then this will create problems while we use RFI, Barcode processes. As
user need to provide warehouse numbers every time whenever he want to issue the
material from these different warehouses.
 Storage bin as a actual co-ordinate where the material is placed
 Quantity is managed by Quant.
 Storage type can be logical or Physical
 Storage type starts with 9XX will be interim storage type
 SAP has provided standard warehouse 001- copy this warehouse while creating new
warehouse.

Quant:
 For every material system will create new quant and the quant number will be taken from
internal defined number range.
 Criteria for quant is defined based on
1. Material Number – If material number changes then new quant get created.
2. Stock type or Category
3. Plant and Storage location
4. Material’s batch number
 When any material receives in any storage bin then Quant number will automatically get
assigned to it based on internal number range.
 Quant consist of some data like GR date, GR number, last movement, TO number etc
Storage type details
 Storage Unit Management active: This checkbox should be selected if we are implementing
storage unit management functionality in warehouse.
 Notifications and Messages – Batch missing (in TR): This option allows us to display error
message, warning message or no message when batch is expected in TR but not entered.
 Notifications and Messages – Activity Data: The activity data describes the planned times
for activities on the transfer order. If there is an error in this data, this option can display the
defined error, warning or no message.
 If WM is used then Physical inventory recommended to do at storage bin level.

Lean Warehouse management:


 In case of Lean warehouse management, stock is maintained at storage location level and in
Centralized warehouse management stock is maintained at storage Bin level.
 If warehouse structure is not too complex then it is normally suggest to go for Lean
warehouse solution.
 Only fixed bins can be used in Lean warehouse solution which are maintained in material
master.
 SAP recommends that you implement Lean WM if you wish to pick the deliveries in
warehouse that you are not managing using WMS.
 Auto TO will not be created if there is no fixed bin in material master.
 TO confirmation is not required.
De-Centralized Warehouse management:
 (it can be SAP system or any other legacy system)
 It is separate WM system not in ECC, we have to create interface to connect it to SAP
system.
 DWM runs on different SAP server that the main SAP ECC server.
 DWM normally used for distribution of goods and is not linked to production plant, mostly
implemented for “Distribution center” scenario.
 EWM is based also a decentralized WM, it is APO based. (Advanced planning and
optimization)
 DWM will be useful when the very huge amount of data and large number of WM activities
are done.
 In DWM material receipt and issue is only done vai Deliveries, but not directly with GR and
GI like EWM.

Interface between IM & WM:


1) Movement types:
IM Movement type <--> Ref. movement type <--> WM movement type

 Many to many relationship is possible with the help of Reference Movement type.
 If you do not want to connect and IM movement type to WM movement type, you must
assign reference movement type 999.
 WM Movement type has various other control functions like Manual / Automatic TO,
Print code, GR Data to be updated in quant or not, information regarding TO
confirmation, Return storage type search for material returns and control indicators for
Storage type search.
Special Movement Indicator:
 The main purpose of the special movement indicator is to deal with selected materials
differently from the majority of materials during put away, stock removal, or stock
transfer.
 Once it is configured then it needs to be maintained in Material Master record to
enable special movement automatically for specific materials.
 This can be used to trigger specific materials to different WM movement type and
hence an lead to transferring through different interim storage area than the standard
one.
 This can also be used to trigger immediate TO creation for specific materials.
 So for this immediate TO creation we have to create a new movement type and set the
immediate TO in that movement type, and the special movement indicator.

Storage Location Control:


 If we have Goods issue storage location different that Goods receipt storage location
then we use this storage location control functionality.
 We have to put check for “do not copy storage loc.” For GR storage location (means
system will not copy this storage location in TR)and have to put check for “standard
storage location” for GI storage location.

TO creation:

 To can be created by 3 ways.


1. Manual TO creation
2. Immediate TO creation (immediately after TR creation), If system cannot finds the
relevant destination storage bin then immediate TO creation not possible. We have
some reports to track these types of orders, and we can create email alert to trace
this type of failure TOs with email activation settings.

3. Automatic TO creation.
 When we select “X” then while creating GR system gives the pop up scree and ask to put
the destination Bin so that TO can be created immediately at that time.

 When there are large Warehouses where the transactions are very large in number so
system will be very loaded for creating every TO immediately by checking respective
Bins, so to avoid such situations we have the Automatic TO creation so that collective
TOs will be created by automatic batch job when there is less load on the system.
 If user wants then he can creates TO for his TR manually then that time system takes
that TR out from the list of auto TO creation.
 If immediate TO creation get failed by any reason (Storage type not found, or Bin not
found etc..) then we can trigger an E-mail notification to any warehouse person and
saying that TO has not been creating because of missing so and so information. This can
be possible by enabling mail control function in Movement type. (This will be an SBWP
notification, not actual E-mail)

 Another option is to view in warehouse activity monitor There we can directly


create batchjobs for this kind of cases.
 Mail control can be set at Movement type setting.
 In Case of Automatic TO failure, we normally use Warehouse activity monitor.
Because If large number of TO will get fail while Automatic TO creation then there
will be large number of Email will get trigger for the users.
 The Express indicator is just to give Pop up message showing that the documents
are failed, and user can be navigated to SBWP vai this Pop up message.
 Automatic TO setting is available at Warehouse Movement type, and Immediate TO
setting is available at interface between inventory movement type and warehouse
movement type.

 Dynamic destination Bin indicator: In case we put empty storage bin for interim storage
types then system will pick it dynamically for goods transfer. For ex, Delivery number,
cost center etc.

 Bin status report: LX03


 In Transfer requirement and Transfer order we can see the reference document number
on top. For ex PO number.

 We can have Automatic TO checkbox in movement type and Transfer requirement, We


can set it at these 2 steps. If there is Auto TO check in movement type then it will be
reflect in respective TR automatically.

Put away Control Strategies:


 All the strategies are defined at storage type level. (setting are available in define
storage type).
 If we want to use 2 different type of strategies then we have to create two separate
storage types to differentiate these 2 strategies.
 If we put any value in maximum bin quantity or minimum bin quantity in material
master then system will gives error when the quantity exceeds above maximum or goes
down below minimum quantity for that fixed bin. In this case we have to manually
provide another bin.

 We can provide multiple storage section, if empty bin is not available in first storage
section then system will go for second storage section.

 Bulk Storage indicator: This indication is used to separate some kind of materials which
need to handle in bulk. We use Bulk storage strategy in this case.

 Allow Addition to stock indicator: “M”


When we set this indicator (M) at storage type and check ‘allow addition to stock’
indication in material then system first check if any empty bin is available or not, if not
then only system will allow to add the material in existing stock.
In case of “X” indicator system just add the new stock in existing stock.

 There are different types of put away strategies


1. Storage type search
2. Storage section search
3. Storage bin search
Picking Process:
 Picking Process
• First in, first out (F)
• Stringent FIFO (***)
• Last in, first out (L)
• Fixed storage bin (P)
• Partial pallet quantities (A)
• Large/small quantities (M)

 Indicators relevant to stock removal in material master


• Stock removal indicator
• Special movement indicator
• Two step picking indicator

 Movement Indicator: 101 is for goods receipt and is common for Po or WO. System uses
movement indicator to identify the goods receipt for PO (B) or WO (F). System determine the
movement indicator for the movement type from the transaction code used for the
posting activity
For this every criteria new Quant will get created