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BODY COMPOSITION APPOINTMENT TERM

ELECTION 1 CEC + 2 EC (no of President (Art75) Executive6/65 whichever is


COMMISSION, Art 324, EC decided by Prez power, Condition of service earlier
Part XV time to time) & tenure by Prez

UPSC (ART 315-323) 9/11 Including President (Also can 6/65 whichever is
Part XIV Mo Presonnel Chairman resign by addressing to earlier
Prez)

SPSC (ART Not mentioned in Governor 6/62 whichever is


315-323) Part XIV Constitution, left to earlier Originally, 60
Mo Presonnel the Discretion of age amended 41st
Governor 1976

FINANCE COMMISSION 1 Chairman + 4 President (FC is Specified by


(ART 280) 14th FC- member (FC Constituted by Prez every President
Y V REDDY in 2013 submits report to fifth year, Financial power
(implementation PRESIDENT who
of Prez)
2015-2020) lays it before both
MoFinance houses)

NATIONAL COMMISION Chair-person, Vice- President (by warrant Not mentioned


FOR SCs (ART 338) PART chaiperson, 3 under his hand and seal)
XVI M o Social members
Justice & Empowerment
NATIONAL COMMISION Chair-person, Vice- President (by warrant Not mentioned
FOR STs (ART 338-A) M chaiperson, 3 under his hand and seal)
o Tribal Affairs members

SPECIAL OFFICER FOR 1 Special officer President Not mentioned


LINGUISTIC MINORITY
(7th CAA 1956-ART 350-
B ,PART XVII-Official
Language) M o
Minority Affairs

CAG (ART 148) Guardian President (by warrant 6/65 whichever is


of Public Purse , under his hand and seal) earlier or
Friend Philosopher Guide and subscribes an oath resign by writing to
Prez
of PAC

ATTORNEY GENERAL OF President and Hold office Not fixed by


INDIA(Art 76) Highest during pleasure of Prez. Constitution.
law officer in country, Resign by writing to Prez
Chief law officer of GoI also when CoM resigns.

ADVOCATE GENERAL OF Governor and Hold office Not fixed by


STATE (Art 165) during pleasure of Constitution.
Highest law officer in Governor. Resign by writing
state, Chief law officer of to Governor also when
G o State CoM resigns.
REMOVAL REAPPOINTMENT QUALIFICATION
President by Resolution passed by both Not mentioned in
houses, SPECIAL MAJORITY- Constitution ,also For
misbehavior,incapacity (Same process as members term is not
judge of SC ) YES specified

Prez if they are 1.insolvent Chairman -NO Not mentioned in


2.paid outside employment 3.Prez opinion- Member- YES (Chairman of Constitution except for
infirmity of mind,body .Also for MISBEHAVIOR UPSC/SPSC) half-held office 10 yrs
Pres Refer to SC-advice binding. NO SECOND TERM TO BOTH
under GOI or GOS
AFTER COMPLETING FIRST
TERM

ONLY PRESIDENT CAN REMOVE 1.insolvent Chairman-YES (Chairman/ Not mentioned in


2.paid outside employment 3.Prez opinion- member UPSC,Chair of other Constitution except for
infirmity of mind,body .Also for MISBEHAVIOR SPSC) Member- YES half-held office 10 yrs
Pres Refer to SC-advice binding. (Chairman/member of UPSC/
under GOI or GOS
SPSC)but no second term in
same office

YES Parliament specified-


Chairman-exp in public
affairs, members-1.HC
judge or so 2.special
knowledge of
Finance,accounts of gov
3.wide exp in financial
matters & in Admin
4.special knoweldge of
Economics
Evolution- 1.Origional
ART 338-Special officer/commissioner for SCs-
STs 2.1978-Gov resolution-non-
statutory,multimember 3.1987-Gov
resolution renamed NC for SCs-STs
4.1990-65CAA-highlevel,constitutional body
SCs-STs
5.2003-89CAA-bifurcated SCs & STs as
NCSC(ART 338) & NCST(ART 338-A) 6.2004
NCSC came into existence
Not mentioned Not mentioned

Removal by Prez on same ground NO SECOND TERM


(misbehaviour,incapacity)and same manner of
judge of SC (Pres issues order which must be
supported by SPECIAL MAJORITY of both
houses)

Constitution does not contain procedure and To be judge of SC,or 5 yr


ground for his removal. Can be removed by HC judge or HC advocate
Prez at any time 10 yr eminent jurist in
opinion of Prez

Constitution does not contain procedure and To be judge of HC,judicial


ground for his removal. Can be removed by office for 10 yr or HC
Governor at any time advocate 10 yr. No
provision in Constitution
for eminent jurist
INDEPENDENCE POWER/FUNCTION
Security of tenure. 1.Administrative 2.Advisory-
Salary,power,allowa Prez(disquali of MP,held election in state under Prez
nces same as SC rule) Governor(disq of MLA) Binding on Prez
judge 3.Quasi-judicial

Security of Conduct exam,assist state in joint recruitment


tenure,Salary- ROLE-WATCH-DOG OF MERIT SYSTEM,CENTRAL
Consolidated fund of RECRUITING AGENCY
India

Security of SPSC consulted by Governor-rules for appointment


tenure,Salary- to judicial services other than post of district judges.
Consolidated fund of JPSC-statutory,Punjab+Haryana had for short time
STATE 1966,President decides everything

Recommend to Prez on-1.Distribution of net


proceeds of taxes bet C&S 2.Principle governing
grants-in-aid to states by C 3.Measure to augment
consolidated fund of state to supply resources to
PANCHAYAT, MUNICIPALITIES on rec of SFC(added
by 73,74 CAA) 4.Matter refered by Pres

1. Investigate in matters relating to constitutional


safeguards for SCs, OBCs & Anglo-Indian
Community. 2.Has powers of a civil court trying a
suit. 3. Present annual(or whenever it thinks
necessary) report to President who places it (along
with memorandum,containg actions taken and
reason for non acceptance of recom) before
Parliament
1. Investigate in matters relating to constitutional
safeguards for STs. 2.Has powers of a civil court
trying a suit. 3. Present annual(or whenever it
thinks necessary) report to President who places it
(along with memorandum,containg actions taken
and reason for non acceptance of recom) before
Parliament

Salary not mentioned

Security of Audits account of local bodies on request of Prez or


enure,Salary Governor. Duties and power of
(Parliament CAG through CAG's (Duties, Powers and Conditions
decides)
of Service) Act 1971/1976
(=SCJudge)-
Consolidated fund of
India
Remuneration Speak and take part in proceedings of both the
decided by Prez not houses or Committee but no right to vote.
fixed by Const. Same priviledges & immunities as of MP

Remuneration Speak and take part in proceedings of both the


decided by Governor houses or Committee but no right to vote.
as not fixed by Same priviledges & immunities as of Member of
Const.
state legislature
1968- Audit Board as a part of CAG office(ARC
recommendation)
BODYCOMPOSITION
APPOINTMENTTERM REMOVAL REAPPOINTMENT
QUALIFICATION
INDEPENDENCE
POWER/FUNCTION
ELECTIO 1 CEC + 2 EC
President 6/65 Resolutio YES Not Security 1.Adminis
N (Art75)Ex whichever n passed mentione of tenure. trative
COMMIS ecutive is earlier by both d in Salary,po
SION, Art
power, houses, Constituti wer,allow 2.Advisor
324, Part ances
XIV Condition SPECIAL on same as y-
of service MAJORIT SC judge Prez(disq
& tenure Y- uali of
by Prez misbehavi MP,held
or,incapac election in
ity state
under
Prez rule)
Governor(
disq of
MLA)
3.Quasi-
judicial

UPSC 9/11 President 6/65 1.insolven Chairman Not Security Conduct


(ART Including whichever t 2.paid -NO mentione of exam,assi
315-323) Chairman is earlier outside Member- d in tenure,Sal st state in
Part XIV YES ary- joint
employme Constituti
(Chairma Consolida recruitme
nt 3.Prez n of on except ted fund nt
opinion- UPSC/ for half- of India
infirmity SPSC) held office ROLE-
of NO 10 yrs WATCH-
mind,bod SECOND under GOI DOG OF
y .Also for TERM TO or GOS MERIT
MISBEHA BOTH SYSTEM,
VIOR Pres AFTER CENTRAL
COMPLE RECRUITI
Refer to TING NG
SC-advice FIRST AGENCY
binding. TERM
SPSC Not Governor 6/62 ONLY Chairman Not Security SPSC
(ART mentione whichever PRESIDE -YES mentione of consulted
315-323) d in is earlier NT CAN (Chairma d in tenure,Sal by
Part XIV Constituti REMOVE n/
Constituti ary- Governor-
on, left to 1.insolven member Consolida rules for
the t 2.paid UPSC,Cha on except ted fund appointm
Discretio outside ir of other for half- of STATE ent to
n of employmeSPSC) held office judicial
Governor nt 3.Prez Member- 10 yrs services
opinion- YES under GOI other
infirmity (Chairma or GOS than post
of n/ of district
mind,bod member judges.
y .Also for of UPSC/ JPSC-
MISBEHA SPSC)but statutory,
VIOR Pres no Punjab+H
Refer to second aryana
SC-advice term in had for
binding. same short
office time
1962,Pres
ident
decides
everythin
g
FINANCE 1 President Specified YES Parliame Recomme
COMMIS Chairman (FC is by nt nd to Prez
SION +4 Constitut President specified- on-1.Distri
(ART 280) member ed by Prez Chairman bution of
14th FC- Y(FC -exp in net
V REDDY submits every fifth public proceeds
in 2013 report to year, affairs, of taxes
(impleme PRESIDE Financial members- bet C&S
ntation NT who power of 1.HC 2.Principl
2015-202 lays it Prez) judge e
0) before 2.special governing
both knowledg grants-in-
houses) e of aid to
Finance,a states by
ccounts C
of gov 3.Measur
3.wide e to
exp in augment
financial consolida
matters ted fund
@ in of state to
Admin supply
4.special resources
knoweldg to
e of PANCHAY
Economic AT,
s MUNICIP
ALITIES
on rec of
SFC(adde
d by 73,74
CAA)
4.Matter
refered by
Pres
NATIONA Chair- President Not Evolution 1.
L person, (by mentione - Investigat
COMMISI Vice- warrant d e in
ON FOR chaiperso under his matters
1.Origion relating to
SCs (ART n, 3 hand and al ART constituti
338) members seal) 338- onal
PART XVI Special safeguard
officer/ s for SCs,
commissi OBCs &
oner for Anglo-
SCs-STs Indian
2.1978- Communi
Gov ty. 2.Has
resolution powers of
-non- a civil
statutory, court
multimem trying a
ber suit. 3.
Present
3.1987- annual(or
Gov whenever
resolution it thinks
renamed necessary
NC for ) report to
SCs-STs President
4.1990-65 who
CAA- places it
highlevel,c (along
onstitutio with
nal body memoran
SCs-STs dum,cont
5.2003-8 aing
9CAA- actions
NATIONA Chair- President Not bifurcate taken and
L person, (by mentione d SCs &
COMMISI Vice- warrant d STs as
NCSC(AR
ON FOR chaiperso under his T 338) &
STs (ART n, 3 hand and NCSC(AR
338-A) members seal) T 338-A)
6.2004
NCSC
SPECIFIC 1 Special President Not Not Not Salary not
OFFICER officer mentione mentione mentione mentione
FOR d d d d
LINGUIST
IC
MINORIT
Y (CAA
1956-ART
350-
B ,PART
XVII)
CAG (ART President 6/65 Removal NO Security
148) (by whichever by Prez SECOND of
Guardian warrant is earlier on same TERM tenure,Sal
of Public under his ground ary(=SCJ
udge)-
Purse hand and (misbeha Consolida
seal) and viour,inca ted fund
subscribe pacity)an of India
s an oath d same
manner of
judge of
SC (Pres
issues
order
which
must be
supported
by
SPECIAL
MAJORIT
Y)

ATTORNE
Y
GENERAL
OF INDIA
ADVOCAT
E
GENERAL
OF STATE