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INGLÉS APLICADO AL DISEÑO INDUSTRIAL. 1ª CONV.

ORDINARIA
JUNIO 09
NAME________________________________________________
DNI_________________________________
5

5 NO DICTIONARY ALLOWED FOR


PART 2

3. Translate the following text into Spanish. (1 point)


INGLÉS APLICADO AL DISEÑO INDUSTRIAL. 1ª CONV. ORDINARIA
JUNIO 09
NAME________________________________________________
DNI_________________________________
5
Plywood and laminated wood have been used in furniture-making since the first half of the 18th

century, and possibly even earlier. It was not until the late 1920s, however, that technological

innovations in the production of modern wood laminates enabled designers to begin fully

exploiting the technical, formal and aesthetic potential of these materials. So successful was the

5application of plywood and laminated wood in furniture design that by the mid-1930s they had

replaced tubular metal as the materials of choice for the most avant-garde designers.

Plywood is manufactured in panel form by gluing one or more layers of veneer to both sides of

a single sheet of veneer or a core of solid or reconstituted wood. Each layer is typically glued

with its grain running at right angles to that of the layer above and/or below it, with each layer

10and grain direction being mirrored on the opposite side of the core. The total number of layers is

almost always odd – three, five or more.

Plywood has many advantages over solid wood, most importantly its increased dimensional

stability and suitability for moulding into curved forms. Some of the largest applications of

moulded plywood include aircraft, boat and furniture construction. Wherever there is a

15requirement to cover a large surface area with a lightweight but strong material, plywood may

be used.
INGLÉS APLICADO AL DISEÑO INDUSTRIAL. 1ª CONV. ORDINARIA
JUNIO 09
NAME________________________________________________
DNI_________________________________
5

5. Grammar exercises (2 points).


a) Rewrite the following sentences, using purpose clauses.
1. I am putting nets over my strawberry plants __________ [birds eat] all my strawberries.
5 2. Form had to be governed by cost as well as function, ___________ [products be] not just
practical but also affordable for working-class consumers.
3. I took off my shoes __________ [not make] any noise.

b) Combine the following sentences by means of a relative pronoun.


1. Industrial design manufacture is a time-consuming task. It requires the molding, carving
10 and putting into practice the actual working product.
2. Aluminium frequently becomes oxidated at room temperature. Its oxide film is very
hard and does not melt.

3. The assistant engineer will help us with the layout and design of this device. He
obtained the PhD at Oxford University.

15 c) Rewrite the following sentences, using the passive voice.

1. You may bend plywood so as to obtain curves with either one or two geometric planes.

2. The Triax watch, Nike’s angle-faced timepiece, reportedly inspired the division.

3. From now on, customers will use Pyrex casserole dishes and ramekins from oven-to-
table.

20 d) Rewrite the following sentence, using the 2nd type of conditional.

If you [WORK] for our enterprise, you [OBTAIN] a substantial grant

6. Word-formation exercise (1 point).


25 a) Suffixes:

industry (adv.) → pioneer (adj.) → use (adj.) →


wide (n.) → suit (n.) →
b) Form noun phrases with the following set of words as in the model below:

synthetic / elastomers / advanced → advanced synthetic elastomers.


30invectives induced by drugs →
substitute that is driven by computers →
challenge to design something experiential →
skin /carbon / moulded / fibre →
degree / high /comfort →
INGLÉS APLICADO AL DISEÑO INDUSTRIAL. 1ª CONV. ORDINARIA
JUNIO 09
NAME________________________________________________
DNI_________________________________
5

USE OF DICTIONARY ALLOWED FOR PART 1

51. Translate the following text into Spanish (2.5 points).

Finally, while the future of architecture and design programming at the Guggenheim is not clear,

the expanding collections and exhibition programs in the city’s largest museums, the

Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum of Art and, of course, the Museum of

Modern Art, reinforce the sense that design in all of its disciplines is indeed central to the

10mission of art museums in New York and throughout the country.

Less understood is the historical fact that the inclusion of the applied arts in North American

museums is not at all unprecedented. In an address to the American Association of Museums,

John Cotton Dana, the visionary founder of the Newark Museum, called for “Increasing the

Usefulness of Museums.” Fundamental to his vision was his contention that collections and

15exhibitions must illustrate industries that served to advance and develop civilization; under his

direction, the Newark Museum mounted displays of contemporary glassware, textiles, ceramics,

and even plumbing fixtures, presenting them all as exemplars of common beauty available to

all.

Another example is the Haggin Museum, a small encyclopedic museum founded in 1928 in

20Stockton California, which includes presentations of minor Hudson River School and French

painting, period rooms, ancient Roman glass, European and Oriental decorative arts, agricultural

machinery, Native American art and artifacts, photography, and so forth.

2. Say if the statements are true or false. Justify your answers according to the text
25(1.5 points). (Without justification, the answers will get NO points.)
1. Design is a very important subject in NY-museums.

2. JC Dana advocates museums which are more and more useful.

3. The Haggin Museum focuses on contemporary art.


4. Using the following sketch, write a 120-word text in English (2 points).
5

Alberto
Alberto
Meda
Meda
Italian
Italian

Industrial
Industrial
Designer
Designer

Como
Como1945
1945

Works
Worksand
and
lives
livesin
inMilan
Milan

1994
1994

.1987 MOMA
MOMANewNew
1969
1969 .1987 -Pragmatic
York.
York. -Pragmatic
1979
1979 mind
First
Firstto
touse
use mind
Master
Masterinin carbon
mechanical Started carbon fibrein
fibre in Permanent
Permanent
mechanical Started -Attention
freelance
industrial
industrial collection
collectionwith
with -Attentionto
to
engineering
engineering freelance design: his designs: details.
industrial design: his designs: details.
industrial -Light,
(Politecnico designer -Light,light
light
(Politecnicoof
of designer -Light,
-Light,light
light chair
chair -Elegant
-Elegant
Milan)
Milan) chair -Soft simplicity
chair -Softlight
light simplicity
chair
chair
-On-off
-On-offlamp
lamp Sophistication
Sophistication

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