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Research Methodology
(04 & 05-09-2018)
Dr. Ummul Baneen

Course Contents
• Introduction
• Framing a research proposal Suggested text:
• Research Methodology: An Introduction (2nd Edition) by Wayne
• Literature reviews and online resources
Gooddard, Stuart Melville, Juta and CO. Ltd, 2007
• Using databases for literature reviews • Research Methodology, by Chris Welman, Fanie Kruger,
Bruce Mitchell, Oxford University Press, 2005
• Structure of a research paper/thesis
• Research Methodology, by Dr. C. Rajendra Kumar, APH
• Writing tools Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, 2008
• Relevant research papers
• Types of research
• Research design
• Data collection and analysis
Google Drive Link:


Grading Policy
• You are expected to write a proper research paper by the end of this course.

• You will be marked on the basis of the quality of your research paper; critical
writing, proper literature review, and assignments during the whole course

What you are required to do?

• You need to bring your laptop or/and a notebook in every class.

• We will do a lot of group activities so be prepared and always participate to

get maximum benefit from this course.


What is Research?
• The systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order
to establish facts and reach new conclusions. (google dictionary)

• Research is searching for and gathering information, usually to answer a

particular question or problem. (College of San Mateo Library)

Your Experiences
• What problems did you encounter with, while doing your projects
(undergraduate/graduate or job related)?

• What problems do you think, you might have when you will start your research?

• Any idea of publishing your work?

• Why publishing your work is important?


To Begin With...
• How to start your research?
• How to present your work?
• Where to publish your work?
• How to do Literature review?
• Article Critique
• Critical Reading

How to Start?

• Find your Topic

• Never wait for the ‘Great Idea’
• Don’t expect the idea to come readily from your advisors / supervisors
• Don’t try to solve the broad questions
• Do children sent to day care or preschool start kindergarten with more developed skills?
• Do children sent to day care or preschool start kindergarten with more highly developed language skills?
• Can the topic be researched?
• Does Mcdonald’s or KFC make a better burger?
• Is there a link between hours of television viewing and violent behaviour in children aged 8-14?


• The title of your research should tell both the topic and your purpose in doing/writing
it - helps you stay focused.
• Non-contact gas turbine blade vibration monitoring using internal pressure and casing
response measurements.
• Diagnostics, prognostics and fault simulation for rolling element bearings
• Make a list of specific questions you want to answer in your research work.
 Does the question deal with a topic or issue that interests me enough to spark
my own thoughts and opinions?
 Is the question easily and fully researchable?
 What type of information do I need to answer the research question?
 Is the scope of this information reasonable? – time limit
 Given the type and scope of the information that I need, is my question too
broad, too narrow or okay?
 What sources will be able to provide the information I need to answer my
research question?
 Can I access these sources?
 Given my answers to the above questions, do I have a good-quality research
question that I actually will be able to answer by doing research?

How to Start?

• To narrow your search parameters

• What kind of information are you looking for?
• Facts, opinions? News reports? Research studies? Analyses? History? Etc
• Where would be a likely place to look?
• Libraries, internet, newspapers, government records.
• How much information do you need?
(e.g., last 5-10 yrs)


How to Start?
• Determine a good reason why this research needs to be done
• Clarify who it will help
• Define the problem or question at hand
• Consider your objective
• You should have an idea what you would like to use your research for
• Make a research proposal
• State the problem
• Include the types of research you would like to conduct, including reading, surveys, gathering
• The timeline for the research to take place

Class Activity
• In groups briefly share the following:
• What is your project title?
• What are the aims of your research?
• You should have one main aim – what you want to achieve and the other aims may be
considered objectives – things needed to be achieved in order to meet the overall aim
• Why is your work important?
• What approach will you take?


Framing a Research Proposal

‘Thinking About It’ Stage


• Be inclusive with your thinking – don’t try to eliminate ideas too quickly
• Write down your ideas – help revisit an idea, modify / change an idea
• Try not to be overly influenced at this time by what you feel others expect
from you.
• Be realistic about the time that you are willing to commit to your research

*writing and presenting your thesis or dissertation


Are you ready to write a research proposal??

Answer these questions
• Am I familiar with other research that has been conducted in areas related to my
research project?
• Have I a clear understanding of the steps that could be used in conducting my
• Have I the ability to get through each of the steps necessary to complete my
research project?
• Am I motivated and do I have the drive to get through all of the steps in the
research project?

Preparing the Research Proposal

• Purpose of a research proposal is to ensure that*
• The candidates have done sufficient preliminary reading/research in the area of their
• They have thought about the issues involved and are able to provide more than a broad
description of the topic which they are planning to research.
• Your challenge is to convince members of the scientific community that you
• Have identified a scientific problem
• Have a theoretical background and a methodical approach to solve the problem within
a realistic time frame and at reasonable expenses.
* 18


Preparing the Research Proposal

• Title page:
• Personal data (name, contact information etc)
• Title of research report
• Abstract:
• One page summary focusing on the research topic, its new, current and relevant aspects.
• Literature review:
• A short and precise overview about the current state of research that is immediately
connected with your research project.
• Your preparation:
• Summarize the most important impact of your own work on the topic.

Preparing the Research Proposal

• Objective of the research project:
• Give a concise and clear outline of the academic objectives that you want to achieve through your
• Your proposal needs to show why the intended research is important and justifies the search effort.
• Outline the significance or relevance of the topic.
• Outline the project:
• Detail your research procedure within the given time.
• List sources and quality of evidence you will consult, the analytical technique you will employ, and the
timetable you will follow.
• Describe the intended methods of data gathering, the statistical methods to be used, type of literature
or documentary analysis to be followed.
• Time table:
• Divide your research into phases and allocate estimated time for each phase.


For the Next Class

• Write a “Research Overview Coversheet”

• Name
• Supervisor
• Project title – no more than 20 words – should be descriptive rather than generic
• Aims – between 2 and 4 – as specific as possible
• Justification – context of work and why your work is important
• Methodology – approach you will be taking, why it is relevant and achievable, what methods will not
be used and why etc
Each student should bring at least 05 relevant research papers
(relevant to the area of their choice)