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Reyjie R.

Labajo BSCE 3-D

1. What is Mechanical Engineering?


Mechanical Engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of
physics and material science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and
maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves
the production and usage of heat and mechanical power.

2. Describe some of the subfields of Mechanical Engineering.


 Mechatronics – is a multidisciplinary field that includes the combination of
mechanical engineering, electronics, computer engineering,
telecommunications engineering, systems engineering and control
engineering. As technology advances, the subfields of engineering multiply
and adapt.
 Robotics - is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that
includes mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science,
and others.
 Maritime Engineering - includes the engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs and
any other marine vessel or structure, as well as oceanographic engineering
 Control Engineering - is an engineering discipline that applies automatic
control theory to design systems with desired behaviors in control
environments. The discipline of controls overlaps and is usually taught
along with electrical engineering at many institutions around the world.
 Acoustics Engineering - is the branch of engineering dealing with sound and
vibration. It is the application of acoustics, the science of sound and
vibration, in technology.
 Environmental Engineering - It involves waste water management, air
pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial
hygiene, animal agriculture, environmental sustainability, public health and
environmental engineering law

3. Distinguish mechanical engineering from other types of engineering.


Mechanical engineers usually focus on the dynamics of systems system, how
physical parts interact with each other. They usually work with other engineers on
a project but mechanical engineers are concerned with specific things even though
the subject is multi-disciplinary or the concepts can be applied to other things. Also
the scale at which you're working at defines what mechanical engineers study and
do. For example, in fluid mechanics mechanical engineers usually study flow in
pipes and liquid flow. Aerospace engineers would focus on aero and gas dynamics
while civil engineers focus on water flow in a large channel. A chemical and bio
engineers also studies fluids, but within the context of chemical mixing or biological
systems.
4. Describe important components of engineering design and project management.
Components of Engineering Design
 Research - Various stages of the design process (and even earlier) can
involve a significant amount of time spent on locating information and
research. Consideration should be given to the existing applicable literature,
problems and successes associated with existing solutions, costs, and
marketplace needs.
 Design requirements - Establishing design requirements and conducting
requirement analysis, sometimes termed problem definition (or deemed a
related activity), is one of the most important elements in the design
process, and this task is often performed at the same time as a feasibility
analysis.
 Feasibility – It is carried out after which schedules, resource plans and
estimates for the next phase are developed.
 Conceptualization - is often a phase of project planning that includes
producing ideas and taking into account the pros and cons of implementing
those ideas.
 Preliminary design - often bridges a gap between design conception and
detailed design, particularly in cases where the level of conceptualization
achieved during ideation is not sufficient for full evaluation.
 Detailed design - may consist of procurement of materials as well. This
phase further elaborates each aspect of the project/product by complete
description through solid modelling, drawings as well as specifications.
 Design for manufacturability - is the general engineering art of designing
products in such a way that they are easy to manufacture.
 Production planning - consists of planning how to mass-produce the
product and which tools should be used in the manufacturing process.
Components of Project Management
 Scope Management – describes the nature of the project deliverables
created to .satisfy the project requirements and organisation needs.
 Scheduling – high level schedule, which highlights the key deliverables in
the form of a milestone schedule. Should also include estimates of cost
and resource requirements.
 Resource Management – At a minimum each project should have a project
sponsor and a project manager.
 Budgeting and Cost Management – is the estimating of costs and the setting
of an agreed budget, and the management of actual and forecast costs
against that budget. Being able to predict with some certainty the rate at
which the project is spending its funds is crucial to knowing whether the
project is on track.
5. Discuss intellectual property and copyright issues in an engineering context.

Intellectual property (IP) protection is absolutely critical for protecting a company's


proprietary designs, processes, and inventions that, if leaked to competitors or
made public, could ruin a company's market advantage and reputation or lead to
costly litigation.

Engineers are often on the front line of innovation. As consultants, they also share
intimate details of their clients' designs, materials, products, and processes—
highly confidential work. Some scientists, however, are more interested in focusing
on the technology and don't always realize the finer (or more nebulous) points of
protecting IP.

Engineers, then, are professional innovators who work in the realm of industrial
property and are often the first involved in creating a proprietary design or
invention.

6. What are the scope of mechanical engineering?


There is a huge demand for skilled mechanical engineers in India and abroad. The
expertise of a mechanical engineer is required in manufacturing industries like
automobiles, aviation, etc. In the recent times and due to the advent in technology,
the skills of a mechanical engineer is sought in fields such as nano-technology,
biomedical engineering, energy conservation and more. According to reports, the
growth in this industry it is said within the next few years, mechanical engineering
will be the highest paid career option.

7. What are the skills associated with engineering?


 Creative Thinking - Engineering is fundamentally about solving problems, and
that means finding new ways to apply existing knowledge—a truly creative
process.
 Computer Modelling - is the creation and use of computer models to run
simulations of complex systems. While modelling is not unique to engineering,
it has become a critical component of many types of engineering.
 Attention to Detail - Projects in engineering are extraordinarily complex and
involve dozens, if not hundreds, of people. A small mistake at any point during
planning, development, or construction can result in failure. A failed project not
only loses money, it could also injure or even kill people.
 Higher Mathematics - Gone are the days of calculating by hand and with slide
rules, but the existence of computers does not free you from the need to
understand math.
 Communication Skills - Engineering is very technical and relies on concise and
accurate communication among colleagues.
 Leadership - Engineers are typically known for their technical abilities, but
leadership and management skills are just as important. While managing
projects, you need to learn how to delegate tasks, organize large teams of
people, and coordinate many complex processes.
 Teamwork - Engineers almost never work alone; you will work with a wide
range of employees, both fellow engineers and people outside your
department, to bring your projects to fruition.

8. What do Mechanical Engineers do?


Mechanical engineers create and build mechanical devices. They apply the
fundamentals of science and math to create practical, useful solutions that the rest
of us can use. The mechanical engineering field is diverse, some of the most
common functions related to mechanical engineering are as follows:
 Product design - A mechanical engineer designs anything that uses
mechanical motion to develop products useful to mankind.
 Research and development - A mechanical engineer also discover and
improves methods to human needs.
 Manufacturing - Mechanical engineers develop machines that process
materials into products.
 Design machines - The design and build machines and systems of
machines that improve the efficiency and yields quality products with
minimum costs.
 System management - They also supervise and oversee the operations of
large systems like power plants and more.
9. What type of jobs do Mechanical Engineers have?
• Automotive engineer
• Biomedical engineer
• Consulting
• Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) engineer
• Nuclear engineer
• Robotics engineer
• Teaching

10. What are the major areas of research relative to mechanical engineering?
 Biomedical and Engineering Fluid Mechanics
 Combustion and the Environment
 Ground Vehicle Systems
 Heat Transfer, Thermodynamics, and Energy Systems
 Manufacturing
 Mechanical Design, System Dynamics and Control
 Transportation Systems
11. What can ME do?
Mechanical engineers design power-producing machines, such as electric
generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines, as well as
power-using machines, such as refrigeration and air-conditioning systems.
Mechanical engineers design other machines inside buildings, such as elevators
and escalators.

12. Discuss the engineering design process.

The engineering design process is a series of steps that guides engineering teams
as they solve problems. The design process is iterative, meaning that engineers
repeat the steps as many times as needed, making improvements along the way
as they learn from failure.

Two key themes of the engineering design process are teamwork and design.
Encourage students to follow the steps of the design process to strengthen their
understanding of open-ended design and emphasize creativity and practicality.