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Body System Checklist

Circulatory System
• Major functions of circulatory system

The circulatory system delivers oxygen and nutrients to cells and takes away wastes.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - heart, artery, vein, capillary - and list the function(s) of
each.

• Describe each of the components of blood- red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, & plasma

• Describe the path blood travels through your body


Blood enters the heart through two large veins, the inferior and superior vena cava,
emptying oxygen-poor blood from the body into the right atrium
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. Use 2 examples.

The circulatory system is a good example of how body systems interact with each other.
Your heart pumps blood through a complex network of blood vessels. When your blood
circulates through your digestive system, for example, it picks up nutrients your body
absorbed from your last meal.
• Describe two diseases associated with your body system

1. Crohn disease, chronic inflammation of the digestive tract


2. Cholera, an infection of the small intestines

Digestive System
• Major functions of digestive system

The function of the digestive system is digestion and absorption. Digestion is the
breakdown of food into small molecules, which are then absorbed into the body.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver,
pancreas, and large intestine - and list the function(s) of each.
• Describe the path food travels throughout the digestive system.

The digestive system plays an important role in the absorption of nutrients into the body. It
takes the food we ingest, breaks it down mechanically and chemically in the mouth and
stomach. It then absorbs nutrients, fats, proteins and water in the intestines before
eliminating the waste through the rectum.
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. Use 2 examples.

respiratory and circulatory, muscular and skeletal, digestive


Endocrine System

• Major functions of endocrine system- The endocrine system is made up of glands that
produce and secrete hormones, chemical substances produced in the body that regulate the
activity of cells or organs. These hormones regulate the body's growth, metabolism (the
physical and chemical processes of the body), and sexual development and function.
• Describe what hormones are and what they do -Hormones are chemical messengers that
travel throughout the body coordinating complex processes like growth, metabolism, and
fertility. They can influence the function of the immune system, and even alter behavior.
Before birth, they guide development of the brain and reproductive system.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - hypothalamus, pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid,
adrenals, pancreas, ovaries, and testes - and list the function(s) of each.

• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the bod y.
Use at least 2 examples. endocrine works with digestive system and circulatory system

• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system. Ovary cancer, and pancreas cancer

Excretory System
• Major functions of excretory system

The Excretory system is responsible for the elimination of wastes produced by homeostasis.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - lungs, kidneys, urinary bladder, ureter, urethra, liver, and
skin - and list the function(s) of each.
• lungs, kidneys, urinary bladder, ureter, urethra, liver, and skin .

• Find 5 fun facts about your body system. The bladder is around the same size and
weight as the brain, In your lifetime, on average, you will produce 7,850,000,000,000
gallons of urine. That's almost 1/12 of Lake Erie, In each kidney you may have as many as
6.487 billion nephrons, The skin is part of the excretory system, it helps remove salt via
sweating.
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system. Kidney cancer, Bladder cancer

Muscular System
• Major functions of muscular system
• Describe the function and locations of each type of muscle – skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and
cardiac muscle
• Diagram that includes the major muscles in the body - biceps, oblique abdominis, sartorius,
deltoid, orbicularis oculi, sternomastoid, gastrocnemius, pectoral, temporalis, gluteus maximus,
quadriceps, tibialis, masseter, rectus abdominis, and triceps
• Describe how muscles work in pairs to make parts of the body move using the biceps and triceps
as an example.
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.

Nervous System
• Description and major functions of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - brain, spinal cord, nerves, and neurons - and list the
function(s) of each.
• Describe the path a nerve impulse travels throughout your body from stimulus to response.
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.

Respiratory System
• Major functions of respiratory system
• Diagram that includes the major parts - trachea, lungs, diaphragm, epiglottis, larynx, vocal cords -
and list the function(s) of each.
• Describe the “breathing” process.
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.

Skeletal System
• Major functions of skeletal system
• Diagram that includes the major parts -bones, ligaments, and tendon - and list the function(s) of
each. NOTE: Your diagram should also include the following bones in the body: cranium, clavicle,
humerus, scapula, sternum, rib, vertebra, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges, pelvis (may list
parts), femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, and metatarsals.
• Describe each of the following joints and where they are located: hinge, pivot, and ball-and-
socket. You may include other joints as well.
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.

1. What is homeostasis? Why is it important?


Answer: Humans' internal body temperature is a great example of homeostasis. When an individual is
healthy, his or her body temperature retains a temperature 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Cells depend
on the body environment to live and function. Homeostasis keeps the body environment under
control and keeps the conditions right for cells to live and function. Without the right body
conditions, certain processes (eg osmosis) and proteins (eg enzymes) will not function properly.