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# UNIT-IV

PART-A
1. Write the shear stress equations and explain the terms. (2M)(2018)
2. What do you mean by shear stresses in beams? (2M)(2017)
3. Define Shear Centre. (2M)(2017)
4. Draw Shear stress distribution for circular section.(4M)(2016)
5. Explain about shear Centre. (4M)(2016)
6. Draw Shear stress distribution for rectangular section. (4M)(2016)
7. Draw Shear stress distribution for Triangular section. (4M)(2016)
8. Show that the ratio of maximum shear stress to average shear stress is 1.5 in case of a
rectangular section (bxd). (4M)(2015)
9. Show that the ratio of maximum shear stress to average shear stress is 4/3 in case of a
circular section of diameter d.(4M)(2015)
10. Obtain the expression for shearing stress at a section of a loaded beam?(4M)(2015)
11. Draw the shear stress distribution for rectangular, T, hollow circle cross
sections.(4M)(2015)
12. Where the maximum shear stress occurs in an I – section. (3M)(2015)
13. Determine the shear center for a T-section.(4M)(2015)
14. Find the shear centre for an rectangular section.(4M)(2015)
15. What is shear center? Locate the shear center for a channel section.(4M)(2015).

PART-B
1. Derive the shear stress formula from fundamentals. (6M)(2018)
2. A 120 mm x 50 mm I-Section is subjected to a shearing force of 15kN.Calculate the shear
stress at the neutral axis and at the top of the web. Given I = 220x104 mm4,
Area=9.4x102 mm2, web thickness = 3.5 mm and flange thickness = 5.5 mm.
3. Derive the stress distribution for circular section & plot shear stress distribution. (14M)
(2017)
4. Derive the Stress distribution for ‘T’section and plot shear stress diagram. (14M)(2017)
5. A beam of square section is used as a beam with one diagonal horizontal. The beam is
subjected to a shear force F, at a section. Find the maximum shear in the cross section
of the beam and draw the shear stress distribution diagram for the section. (14M)(2017)
6. The Shear force acting on a section of a beam is 50 kN. The section of the beam is of T-
shaped of dimensions 100 mm × 100 mm × 20 mm. The moment of inertia about the
horizontal neutral axis is 314.221× 104 mm4. Calculate the shear stress at the neutral
axis and at the junction of the web and the flange.(14M)(2017).
7. Obtain the shear stress distribution for a rectangular cross section 230X40mm subjected
to a shear force of 40KN. Calculate the maximum and average shear stress. (16M)(2016)
8. A timber beam 120m wide and 185mm deep supports a u.d.l of intensity w KN/m length
over a span of 2.7m. If the safe stresses are 29Mpa in bending and 3Mpa in shear,
calculate the safe intensity of the load which can be supported by the beam.(8M)(2016).
9. A rolled steel joist of I section has top flange 90 mm × 20 mm bottom flange 170 mm ×
20 mm and web of size 220 mm × 20 mm. It is used as a simply supported beam over a
span of 5m to carry a u.d.l. of 65kN/m over its entire span. Obtain the shear stress
values at salient points and sketch the variation of shear stress. (8M)(2016)
10. Circular beam of 120mm diameter is subjected to a shear force of 7KN. Calculate
i) Average shear stress. ii) Maximum shear stress.
Also sketch the variation of the shear stress along the depth of the beam.(8M)(2016)
11. From first principles derive the expression for shear stress at any point in any
cross-section of a beam which is subjected to a shear force F. (8M) )(2016)
12. A beam is simply supported and carries a U.D.L of 40 kN/m run over the whole span. The
section of the beam is rectangular having depth as 500 mm. If the maximum stress in
the material of the beam is 120 N/mm2 and moment in inertia of the section is 7x108
mm4. Find the span of the beam. (10M)(2015)
13. The cross section of joist is a tee section 150 mm x 100 mm x 13 mm with 150 mm side
horizontal. Find the maximum intensity of shear stress and sketch the distribution of
stress across the section, if it has to resist a shear force of 80 kN.( 10M)(2015)
14. A 120 mm x 50 mm I- section is subjected to a shearing force of 10 kN. Calculate the
shear stress at the neutral axis and at the top of the web. Given I = 220x104 mm4, Area
= 9.4x102 mm2, web thickness = 3.5 mm and flange thickness = 5.5 mm. (10M)(2015)
15. A beam of square section subject to a shear force S is so placed that one of its diagonals
is horizontal. Sketch shear stress distribution for the section.(16m)(2015)
16. The beam section shown in Figure, is subjected to a shear force of 35 kN. Sketch the
shearstress distribution for the section.(16M)(2015)

17. Calculate the ratio of maximum to mean shear stress in an I – beam, 200 mm wide × 350
mm deep, having the flanges 25 mm thick and web 12.5 mm thick. Also find percentage
of the total shearing force carried by the web.(16M)(2015)
18. A beam of triangular section having base width 25 cm and height of 35cm is subjected to
a shear force of 5 kN. Sketch the shear stress distribution along the depth of the
beam(16M) (2015)

UNIT-V
PART-A
1. Find the slope for a cantilever beam of span L, loaded with a UDL of w kN/m for the
whole span.(3M)(2018)
2. What are the different methods of finding slope and deflection of a cantilever? (3M)(17)
3. What are the important points in finding slope and deflection by Macaulay’s
Method?(3M) (2017)
4. What is Moment area method? (2M)(2017)
5. State Mohr’s theorems of deflection. (2M)(2017)
6. Write the formula of slope and deflection for Simply supported beam subjected to
UDL?(4M)(2016)
7. Explain moment area theorems.(4M)(2015)
8. A cantilever beam of span 2 m is loaded with a point load of 30 kN at its free end. Find
the deflection at the fee end, if EI = 8x1012 N-mm4.(4M)(2015)
9. A simply supported beam of span 2 m is loaded with a point load of 20 kN at its
midpoint. Find the maximum slope of the beam, if EI = 500x109 N-mm4.(4M)(2015)
10. Derive the deflection from bending equation. (3M)(2015)
11. State Mohr’s theorems and their significance. (4M)(2015)
12. Derive the expression for deflection under point load P situated at a distance a from one
end of a simply supported beam.(4M)(2015)

PART-B
1. A simply supported beam of span L, carrying a point load P at 0.3L from left support.
Determine the mid-span displacements and slopes at the supports, using the method of
integration.(8M)(2018)
2. Find the expression for the slope and deflection of a cantilever of length L which carries
a uniformly distributed load over a length ‘a’ from the fixed end by Moment area
method.(8M)(2017)
𝑑𝑦
3. Prove that the relation that M = EI 𝑑𝑥 where M= Bending moment,E= young’s modulus, I
= M.O.I.
4. A cantilever of length 3 m carries a uniformly distributed load of 15kN/m over a length
of 2 m from the free end. If I =108 mm4and E=2 x 105 N/mm2, find:
(i) Slope at the free end and (ii) Deflection at the free end.(8M)(2017)

5. Find an expression for the slope at the supports of a simply supported beam,
carrying a point load at the centre.(7M)(2017)
6. A cantilever of length 2 m carries a uniformly varying load of zero intensity at the free
end, and 45 kN / m at the fixed end. If E = 2 × 105 N/mm2 and I = 108 mm4, find the
slope and deflection of the free end. (14M)(2017)
7. A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carries two point loads, W at the free
end and 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum deflection due to this
8. What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohr's theorems, as applicable to the
slope and deflection of a beam.(8M)(2016)
9. a) Derive an expression for the defection of a simply supported beam subjected to
uniformly distributed load using integration method.(8M)(2016)
b) A rectangular R.C simply supported beam of length 2m and cross section
100mmX200mm is carrying a uniformly distributed load of 10KN/m through its span.
Find the maximum slope and deflection. Take F = 2 x 104N/mm2.(8M)(2016)
10. A simply supported beam of span 3 m is subjected to a central load of 10 kN. Find the
maximum slope and deflection of the beam. Take I = 12 (10)6 mm4 and E = 200
GPa.(14M)(2016)
11. A beam of 6m length simply supported at ends A & B is loaded with two point loads of
60 KN and 50 KN at distance 1m and 3m respectively from end A. Determine the
deflection under each load and the position and magnitude of maximum deflection in
the beam. take E = 2×105N=mm2 and I = 8500×104cm4.(16M)(2016)
12. A simply supported beam of span 5 m, carrying a point load of 5 kN at a distance of 3 m
from the left end. Find (i) slope at the left support, (ii) deflection under the load and (iii)
maximum deflection. Take E= 2x105 N/mm2 and I = 1x108 mm4. Use double integration
method.(16M)(2015)
13. A simply supported beam of span L, carrying a point load P at 0.4L from left support.
Determine, the (i) mid-span deflection (ii) deflection under the load, and (iii) slopes at
the supports. Use the method of integration. Assume constant flexural rigidity for the
beam.(16M)(2015)
14. A simply supported beam of span l carries a downward point load P at the Centre and an
upward point load P at a distance from the right end. Determine (a) The slopes at the
ends of the beam (b) The deflections at the sections where the loads are applied (c) The
maximum downward deflection(16M)(2015)
15. Figure 5 shows a simply supported steel beam AB of span 6 m carrying a uniformly
distributed load of 60 kN/m on the part CB. The beam is ISWB having Ixx = 9821.6 cm4.
Determine (i) The slopes at A and B, (ii) Deflection at C, (iii) Maximum deflection Take E
= 200 kN/mm2.(16M)(2015)

16. Find the deflection at C in the beam loaded as shown in figure. Take EI = 10,000 kN – m2
17. A overhang beam has two supports 4 a apart and has over hang portions of length a on
either side of the supports. It is carrying a load of 4W at the center, and a load of W at
its extremes. Determine the slope and deflection of the beam at the
supports.(16M)(2016)

UNIT-VI
PART-A
1. Deduce the longitudinal stress for a thin spherical shell subjected to an internal
pressure.(3M)(2018)
2. Differentiate between Thin and Thick Cylinder.(3M)(2017)
3. What do you mean by thick compound cylinder?(3M)(2017)
4. Explain about wire wound cylinders.(3M)(2017)
5. What is the radial pressure and hoop stresses for a thick spherical shell?(3M)(2017)
6. What is Thin cylinder?(3M)(2016)
7. Define Thick cylinder? (3M)(2016)
8. Define Volumetric strains.(4M)(2016)
9. What is Hoop stress? (4M)(2016)
10. Derive an expression for circumferential stress for a thin spherical shell of internal
diameter d, wall thickness t, is subjected to an internal pressure p. (4M)(2015)
11. Deduce the longitudinal stress for a thin cylindrical shell subjected to an internal
pressure of intensity ‘p’ with a thickness ‘t’ and diameter ‘d’. (4M)(2015)
12. Describe the limitations of thin cylinders when applied to pressure vessels. (4M)(2015)
13. A seamless pipe 800 mm diameter contains a fluid under a pressure of 2 N/mm2. If the
permissible tensile stress be 100 N/mm2, find the minimum thickness of the pipe.(4M)
14. How the compressive and tensile stresses varies due to internal pressure in compound
cylinders. (3M)(2015)
15. Derive change in volume of a thin cylindrical shell subjected to an internal pressure
p.(4M)(2015)
16. Derive the relation for volumetric strain and volume change for a thick spherical shell.
(4M)(2015)
PART-B

## 1. A compound cylinder is made by shrinking a cylindrical of external diameter 300 mm

and internal diameter of 250 mm over an another cylindrical of external diameter 250
mm and internal diameter 200 mm. The radial pressure at the junction after shrinking is
8 N/mm2. Find the final stresses sent up across the section, when the compound
cylinder is subjected an internal fluid pressure of 84.5 N/mm2.(14M)(2018)
2. Derive Lame’s formulae for thick cylinder. (14M)(2017)
3. Derive formulae for longitudinal and circumferential stresses of Thin cylinder.
(10M)(2017)
4. A thick spherical shell of 200 mm internal diameter is subjected to an internal fluid
pressure of 7 N/mm2. If the permissible tensile stress in the shell material is 8 N/mm2,
find the thickness of the shell. (14M)(2017)
5. A steel cylinder of 300 mm external diameter is to be shrunk to another steel cylinder of
150 mm internal diameter. After shrinking the diameter at the junction is 250 mm and
radial pressure at the common junction is 28 N/mm2. Find the original difference in radii
at the junction. Take E = 2 × 105 N/mm2. (14M)(2017)
6. A thin cylinder 75 mm internal diameter, 250 mm long with walls 2.5 mm thick is
subjected to an internal pressure of 7 MN/m2. Determine the change in internal
diameter and the change in length. If, in addition to the internal pressure, the cylinder is
subjected to a torque of 200 N m, find the magnitude and nature of the principal
stresses set up in the cylinder. E = 200 GN/m2. v = 0.3 (14M)(2016)
7. Derive the formula for the thickness of the thin cylindrical shell and solve the following
problem. A thin cylindrical shell of 1 m diameter is subjected to an internal pressure of 1
N/mm2. Calculate the suitable thickness of the shell, if the tensile strength of the plate
is 400 N/mm2 and factor of safety is 4. (14M)(2016)
8. A thin cylinder of 300mm internal diameter, 3 m long and made from 3 mm thick metal,
has its ends blanked off. Working from first principles, except that you may use the
equations derived above, find the change in capacity of this cylinder when an internal
fluid pressure of 20 bar is applied. E =200GN/m2; v = 0.3. (14M)(2016)
9. a) Explain why `wire wound their cylinders' are more efficient than `ordinary thin
cylinders'.(8M)
b) A seamless pipe of 1m diameter is carrying a fluid under a pressure of 10 N/mm2.
Calculate the necessary thickness of the pipe, if the maximum allowable
stress.(8M)(2016)
10. A compound cylinder is made by shrinking a cylinder of external diameter 200 mm and
an internal diameter 160 mm over another cylinder of external diameter 160 mm and
internal diameter 120 mm. The radial pressure at the junction after shrinking is 8
N/mm2. Find the final stress set up across the section, when the compound cylinder is
subjected to an internal fluid pressure of 60 N/mm2. (16M)(2015)
11. A cylinder 250 mm in diameter has a wall thickness of 5 mm and is full of a fluid at
atmospheric pressure. Its ends are closed by rigid plates and an axial compressive force
of 80kN is applied to the cylinder so that the pressure of the fluid rises by 90 kPa
Calculate the bulk modulus of the fluid. Take for the cylinder material E = 200 kN/mm2
and = 0.25(16M)(2015)
12. A shell 3.25 meters long, 1 meter in diameter is subjected to an internal pressure of 1
N/mm2. If the thickness of the shell is 10 mm, find the circumferential and longitudinal
stresses. Find also the maximum shear stress and the changes in the dimensions of the
shell. Take E = 2 × 105 N/mm2 and = 0.3. (16M)(2015)
13. A compound tube is composed of a tube 250 mm internal diameter and 25 mm thick
shrunk on a tube of 250 mm external diameter and 25 mm thick. The radial pressure at
the junction is 8N/mm2. The compound tube is subjected to an internal fluid pressure of
84.5 N/mm2. Find the variation of the hoop stress over the wall of the compound tube.
(16M)(2015)
14. A compound cylinder formed by shrinking one tube to another is subjected to an
internal pressure of 80 MN/m2 . Before the fluid is admitted the internal and external
diameters of the compound cylinder are 160 mm and 280 mm respectively and the
diameter at the junction is 220 mm. If after shrinking on, the radial pressure at the
common surface is 02 MN/m2 determine the final stresses developed in the compound
cylinder. (16M)(2015)
15. A pipe of 300 mm internal diameter and 60 mm thickness carries a fluid at a pressure of
15 MN/m2. Calculate the maximum and minimum intensities of circumferential stresses
across the section. Also sketch the radial stress distribution and circumferential stress
distribution across the section. . (16M)(2015)