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An-Najah National University ‫جامعة النجاح الوطنية‬

Faculty of Engineering ‫كلية الهندسة‬

Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering Department


Heat lab (67426)
Report Grading Sheet

Instructor Name: Experiment # ( 1 ) : conduction along simple


bar

Academic Year: 2016/2017 ILo’s: 2


Semester: second Semester

Students:
1- mohammad mousa
2- mohammad soubh
3-hussam suliman

Evaluation Criterion Grade Points


Abstract
Show over all experiment ideas in simple words. 10
Introduction
Introduce the experiment. 10
Experimental Results and Discussion
Results analyzed correctly. Experimental findings adequately and specifically
summarized, in graphical, tabular, and/or written form, with explanation to 40
those results.

Conclusions and Recommendations


Conclusions summarize the major findings from the experimental results with
adequate specificity. Recommendations appropriate in light of conclusions. 15
Correct grammar.
Appearance
Title page is complete, page numbers applied, content is well organized, 25
correct spelling, fonts are consistent, good visual appeal.

Total 100
An-Najah National University ‫جامعة النجاح الوطنية‬
Faculty of Engineering ‫كلية الهندسة‬

Abstract

In this experiment we learn about Fourier’s law and how the heat transfer from heater
through the brass to cooler so we can say that the heat transfer from high temperature to law
temperature. The heat transfer in three ways conduction ,conviction and radiation and the
common way is conduction.

Introduction
In general, heat transfer is the exchange of thermal energy between physical system.
The direction of heat transfer is from high temperature object to a lower temperature object,
heat transfer in three modes which are conduction , conviction and radiation. Conduction is
the most common one and its mean that molecular agitation within a material without any
motion of the material, the conduction heat transfer depends on conductivity of material,
cross section area and change of temperature with respect to thickness.

The heat transfer in conduction is


𝒅𝑻
Q=k * A*
𝒅𝒙

Where

Q =heat transfer

K =thermal conductivity

A = area

dT =temperature

dx =thickness
An-Najah National University ‫جامعة النجاح الوطنية‬
Faculty of Engineering ‫كلية الهندسة‬

Result & discussion

1)

Table (1): Values of temp. along bar

Q T1 T2 T3 K1 T4 T5 T6 K2 T7 T8 T9 K3
Test
(Watt) (C) (C) (C) (W/mK) (C) (C) (C) (W/mK) (C) (C) (C) (W/mK)
A 10 55.4 51.5 49.5 69.057 46 45.7 44.2 226.35 19 17.8 17.4 254.65
B 17 88.4 83.4 79.2 75.287 70 68.8 66.6 203.72 20.9 18.8 18.3 266.40
C 28 98.4 94 88.8 118.84 77.6 75.8 74 316.90 22.3 19.7 19 345.70
X
0 0.05 0.015 0.025 0.035 0.045 0.055 0.065 0.075 0.085
(m)

120

1‫سلسلة‬
100
y = -0.48x + 100.93
2‫سلسلة‬
80 y = -0.46x + 90.567 y = -0.18x + 83.9 3‫سلسلة‬
y = -0.17x + 76.117 4‫سلسلة‬
T (C)

60
5‫سلسلة‬
y = -0.295x + 56.558
40 y = -0.09x + 49.35 6‫سلسلة‬
y = -0.165x + 32.708 7‫سلسلة‬
20
y = -0.13x + 29.083
y = -0.08x + 24.067 8‫سلسلة‬
0
9‫سلسلة‬
0 20 40 60 80 100
X (mm)

Fig.1. Temp. Vs X
An-Najah National University ‫جامعة النجاح الوطنية‬
Faculty of Engineering ‫كلية الهندسة‬

2)
−𝑄
𝐾=
∆𝑇
𝐴 ∙ ∆𝑥

−(10 𝑊) 𝑊
𝐾𝐴1 = = 69.057
𝜋 𝐾 𝑚. 𝐾
(0.025𝑚2 ) (295 )
4 𝑚
∑ 𝐾 1876.904 𝑊
𝐾𝑒𝑥𝑝 = = = 208.54
9 9 𝑚. 𝐾

3) from the table 1 we see that the temperature transfer from the high object to lower object
and from fig 1 we observe that the temperature decrease linearly.

4)
𝑊
𝐾𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑏𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑠 = 109
𝑚. 𝐾
𝐾𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜 − 𝐾𝑒𝑥𝑝 109 − 208.54
% 𝑒𝑟𝑟𝑜𝑟 = | | (100%) = | | (100%) = 91.33%
𝐾𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜 109

The error is high because the device that we do the experiment has a gap between heater and
brass so the temperature will loss in it.

5) brass is a metal alloy made of copper and zinc

Conclusion
In this experiment we note that the heat transfer from two point with different
temperature from high to low. the heat transfer through the brass in conduction,

Finally in simple bar conduction method the temperature decreasing linearly.


An-Najah National University ‫جامعة النجاح الوطنية‬
Faculty of Engineering ‫كلية الهندسة‬