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Malaviya National Institute of Technology


Planning Techniques & Statistical Analysis

Assignment: 02

Master Plan

Submitted to: Submitted by:

Prof. Nand Kumar Nikhil Nehra
M.Plan 1st Sem
A master plan/town plan/development plan is a general plan for the future
layout of the city showing both existing and proposed streets, roads, open
spaces, public building etc.

History of master plan

First master plan is thought to have been developed in 1915 when Bombay
Town Planning Act was passed followed by Madras Town Planning Act in 1920.

This paved the way for the drafting of master plans for towns and cities to
achieve a systematic development, and that too within the ambit of limited
resources (money, manpower) and time.

General aspects of a master plan

A master plan should have the following attributes:

1. Elasticity: an ideal master plan should be elastic and not fixed; this
means that it can be amended from time to time so as to keep pace with
the dynamics of this fast moving world.
2. Holistic: as it is rightly said that the effective functional jurisdiction ends
far beyond its physical boundaries, therefore it should incorporate
various town improvement schemes for ensuring development to reach
out to the person/place standing last in the line.
3. Frugal: it aims at intelligent economic spending of public funds for
achieving welfare of inhabitants in terms of amenities, convenience and
4. Sustainable: the pattern of town is arranged in such a way that it can
meet the requirements of the present as well as of the coming future
5. Border: it aims to restrict haphazard and unplanned growth.
6. Guide: it serves as a guide to the planning authority for making any
recommendations for public improvement.
Need of a master plan
Following are the reasons that have led to the thinking of having a
development plan for a town/city:

 To control the development of various industries in a systematic way.

 To discourage the growth of a town/city in an unplanned and
unscientific way.
 To give a perspective picture of a fully developed town/city.
 To limit to a certain extent the unregulated flow of rural population to
the urban area.
 To make the public amenities available and accessible to everyone.
 To ward off evils arising out of over-crowding of population like traffic
congestion, shortage of houses, inadequate open space and insufficiency
in public amenities.

Features of a development plan

The development plan serves as an outline for the future growth of the town
and as such, its preparation demands high skill, training, imagination and
experience on the part of person who frames it. He has always to keep in mind
the three fundamental requirements, namely AMENITY, CONVENIENCE and
HEALTH. He has to arrange his plans such that these requirements are satisfied
in the fullest possible measure. It is very difficult to achieve all the three
requirements simultaneously.

The features to be included in a development plan of a town/city are:

 Convenience and cheap means of transport.

 Good sanitation and water supply.
 Open air spaces.
 Population density control.
 Proper situations for places of worship, education and recreation.
 Rational layout.
 Width of roads etc.

Health Convenience Aesthetics

 To create and  Social, economic,  To preserve the
promote healthy cultural and individuality of the
conditions and recreational town
environment for all amenities etc.  To preserve the
the people.  Recreational aesthetics in the
 To make right use amenities-open design of all
of the land for the spaces, parks, elements of town or
right purpose by gardens & city plan
zoning playgrounds, town
 To ensure orderly hall stadiums,
development community centres,
 To avoid cinema houses and
encroachment of theatres.
one zone over the

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