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PORTRAYAL OF LITERARY IMAGES: A LITERARY ANALYSIS USING


PSYCHOLOGICAL CRITICSM APPROACH

A Thesis
Presented To
The Thesis Committee
Department Of Teachers Education
UM Tagum College, Tagum City

In Partial Fulfillment
Of The Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major In English

MATT C. ASTACA-AN
ROY PATRICK S. CORPUZ
JASPER GUIDES

November 2017
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APPROVAL SHEET

This thesis entitled, “PORTRAYAL OFLITERARY IMAGES: A


LITERARY ANALYSIS USING PSYCHOLOGICAL CRITICISM
APPROACH”, prepared and submitted by Matt C. Astaca-an, Roy Patrcik S.
Corpuzand Jasper Guides in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree,
Bachelor of Secondary Education Major in English has been examined and hereby
endorsed.

PAMELA A. BATIAO, PhD


Adviser

PANEL OF EXAMINERS

Approved by the Thesis Committee on Oral Examination with a Grade


of______.

JOSE ELMER S. OFICIAR, PhD


Chairperson

EARL JONES G. MUICO,Med-LT MERVIN A. OSIC, MAEd


Member Member

Accepted and approved in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the


degree, Bachelor of Secondary Education major in English.

PAMELA A. BATIAO, PhD MARIA GUADALUPE M. DE LEON, EdD


BSED Program Head Department Chair

GINA FE G. ISRAEL, EdD


Dean of College Comment [R1]: Follow the spacing and
formatting
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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

“Life is an easy journey with friends and loved ones- it is when sorrow is

divided and joy is multiplied.”

We would like to express our sincerest gratitude and appreciation to the people

and institutions that were always there to help and share life’s ups and downs.

Without them, the realization and success of this study could have been only a dream.

This qualitative research would not be realized without the help and guidance

of the panelist:

Dr. Jose Elmer S. Oficiar, for sharing his time in making corrections and

giving advice that made our study even better. We are so thankful to have him as our

panel because he was so supportive on the kind of study that we are into;

Prof. Earl Jones G. Muico, for unselfishly giving his genuine support,

invaluable suggestions to enrich the work;

Prof.Mervin A. Osic, for giving constructive corrections and suggestions to

improve the manuscript. We are very thankful to him for always reminding us to

remember why we have started this journey.

Dr. Helen F. Fungo, our data analyst who really helped us to finish our

research study. She showed us how passionate a teacher should be to her students.

Without her, the success of this undertaking is very impossible.

Prof.LarcyneilPascual, our editor, who invested patience in reviewing and

correcting our manuscript. His expertise in grammar, whose corrections and

suggestions contributed a lot for the substantial improvement of our study.


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Most especially, Dr. Pamela A. Batiao, our adviser who had kept an eye on

us in this journey. She may not be as sweet as the other advisers, but for us, we are

very fortunate to have the best adviser ever. Even though she had a very busy

schedule, she always found time to accommodate us and give us words of wisdom to

finish our study.

In recognition of the assistance extended by our supporters, we sincerely

acknowledge the following:

To our informants and participants, “thank you” is not enough to show our

gratitude to them for sharing their precious time and their meaningful experiences,

thus making my study possible.

To our friends, for making us feel that we are not alone in this journey and that

they never missed to cheer us whenever we feel stressed or pressured.

To our parents and siblings- our family, for providing moral and financial

support and materials used in this project.

Above all, to the Almighty God for His Divine Providence- the exorbitant

energy and encouragement that counted most in defeating the arduous task inherent in

this journey.

-Matt-

-Jasper-

-Patrick-
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Dedication

A prepared mind and a persevered heart- these are our instruments


to make this undertaking a success.

In life where we face different problems and fight our own battles,

it is very essential to have people, who would rejoice with you in


your victory and cry with you in times of defeats.

This study is dedicated to our parents, who are always willing to


support our needs to make this study possible and provide us financially.

It is also dedicated to our teachers, who taught us that knowledge is


best acquired when learned for its own sake. To our panel members and
professors involved for making our journey meaningful and to thrive in
learning.

To everyone who gave their endless love, support and


encouragement.

Above all, we humbly dedicate this to our Almighty God for being
the best provider and making impossible possible.

Matt
Patrick
Jasper
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ABSTRACT

This phenomenological study focuses on analyzing poems with literary images using

psychological criticism approach. Poetry has been part of a human existence. Into

some extent, it refers to the patterns of human activities. But as the visible changes

that are being manifested in the world of literature today, the interpretation of

different literary pieces, poems to be specific has been a mind-boggling activity.

Hence, to gather more insights and interpretations from the poems generated in each

era, we conducted a qualitative research and interviewed 14 participants, 7 for in-

depth and 7 for focus group. Triangulation of data was made through the data sources

of the In-depth interview, Focus Group Discussion and we the researchers as the third

informants. The findings were classified into major themes in the different features of

romance. The different literary features identified are: Connotation, Denotation,

Symbolism, Imagery, Hyperbole, Simile and Personification. Furthermore, with these

findings we come up with emerging interpretations from the view of young

professionals and these are the major themes generated: distinctness as influenced by
Comment [R2]: Abstract (150-200 words
authors’ culture is observed, words have incompatible sense to text, lexical block format)

Should reflect the Five Elements:


knowledge is a key in understanding authors’ repertoire, extra-ordinary impact
1.Research Objective- What is the main
created by poems to readers, cultivating factor of poems to human nature, words and problem? Note: mention the qualitative
approach applied.
2.Methodology- contextualize the
meanings ignite readers’ curiosity, embrace the reality of life and poets have different qualitative approach used: Phenomenolo
Case Study, Biographical Narrative,
psychological backgrounds. Moreover, this finding enriches the knowledge on the Ethnography, Grounded Theory
3.Participants- number of participants of
and FGD with brief presentation of inclusi
field of literature specifically about poetry which will also broaden the perspective of criteria, also mention the setting
4.Triangulation- present how triangulatio
individuals in terms of analyzing and interpreting literary works with literary images. of data was addressed
5.Results- briefly present the themes per
Research Question
Keyword: Secondary Education-English, Literary images, literary analysis,
Comment [R3]: (5) Five Keywords that
psychological criticism approach, Philippines would start with the degree/program, 3
keywords of the title and the last word is
Philippines
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

TITLE PAGE i

APPROVAL SHEET ii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT iii

DEDICATION v

THESIS ABSTRACT vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS vii

LIST OF TABLES ix Comment [R4]: Follow this format

Chapter

1 INTRODUCTION 1

Purpose of the Study 3

Research Questions 4

Theoretical Lens 4

Significance of the Study 5

Definition of Terms 6

Delimitations and Limitations 7

Organization of the Study 7

2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 9

Vitality of Literature 9

Poetry vs. Prose 13

Erotic Poetry 15

Literary Criticism 16

Psychological Theory 19

Psychological Criticism 21 Comment [R5]: Follow the spacing and


indention
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3 METHODOLOGY 24

Research Design 24

Role of the Researchers 26

Research Participants 27

Data Collection 28

Data Analysis 31

Trustworthiness 31

Ethical Considerations 33

4 RESULTS 36

5 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION 60

Implication for Practice 74

Implication for Future Research 75

Concluding Remarks 76

REFERENCES 78

APPENDICES 85

A Letter of Permission to Conduct a Study 85

B Interview GuideQuestionnaire 87

C Letter to the Participants ofthe Study 90

D Audit Trail 91

E Archival Information Sheet 106

F Note Taker Form with Field Note 114

G Expert’s Validation Certificate 122

H Turn-it-in Certificate 125

CURRICULUM VITAE 127 Comment [R6]: Follow the spacing and


indention
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LISTS OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Participant’s Profile 39

2 Literary Features shown in the literary


images used in the selected poems 42

3 Themes and core ideas on the reader’s


assessment on the portrayal of literary
images in the selected poems 48

4 Themes and core ideas of the insights on


the poems revealed to the readers 53
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