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Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering

Politecnico di Milano
Course of Machine Design 2
(Prof. S. Beretta, Prof.ssa L. Vergani)

Written test – 18.09.2015


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Exercise 1.

Figure 1 shows the simplified structure of a washing machine with two supports (A and B). A belt transmission gives
power to the shaft (on the left side): the corresponding forces are S0 and SN, together with the motor torque Mt
which is constant.
At the right side, there is the basket. At its centre of mass (point C), it is applied:
1) the force P1, its weight due to mass M1;
2) the force P2, due to the linen. This corresponds to the eccentric mass M2;
3) the resistant torque Mr, corresponding to the resistance of the fluid to the motion.

SN Mt Mr
A B C
D
S0 P1 P2

a b c

Figure 1: Scheme of the washing machine.


Questions:
1) Plot the diagrams of bending and torque moments on the shaft;
2) Perform the assessments of the shaft;
3) Evaluate the maximum displacement of the basket.

Data:
Mt = 5 Nm Motor torque
n = 800 rpm Rotational speed
a = 100 mm; b = 80 mm; c = 120 mm Geometrical data
d = 20 mm Diameter of the shaft
D = 500 mm Diameter of the basket
S0 = 600 N; SN = 100 N Belt forces
M1 = 10 kg Mass of the basket
M2 = 1.5 kg Mass of the linen
UTS = 800 MPa; YS = 600 MPa Mechanical properties of the steel of the shaft
Exercise 2.

A surface crack with a depth of 2 cm is found in a cast iron rod of an old steam engine (Figure 2).
Every weekend the machine is used for 8 hours for demonstration purposes, during which it is run at 15 rpm. The
load in the rod varies from +6.4×105 N to -6.4×105 N.
Consider that the Paris relation is sufficiently accurate until failure.
Questions:
1) Is it safe to use this machine for demonstrations and for how long?
2) Answer the previous question assuming a load variation from +1×106 N to -1×106 N.

Figure 2. The surface crack.

Data:
Kc = 16 MPa√𝑚
ΔKth = 4 MPa√𝑚
Cross section of the rod = 0.04 m2
Paris parameters: C = 4.3×10-8 m(MPa√𝑚)-3
𝑎 𝑎 2
Shape factor: 𝐹 = 0.66 − 0.02 ∙ 𝑑 + 0.25 ∙ (𝑑) where d = rod diameter

Exercise 3.

Let us consider a circular plate (a=250 mm and t=5 mm) which is subjected to a uniform pressure. The plate is simply
supported at the edge and an extra support has been added at the center of the plate for reducing the total
deflection of the plate (Figure 3).

Figure 3: The circular plate.

Calculate:

1) the vertical reaction R by the central support for p=50 bar (consider the support as a circular region with a
diameter of 50 mm; adopt the solution for a concentrated load considering the deflections at r=25 mm);
2) considering the state of stress at r=25 mm and r=125 mm, calculate the maximum pressure p that can be
applied to the plate if it is manufactured with a structural steel, whose properties are Sy=360 MPa and
UTS=550 MPa.