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This CRC was enacted because of recognition that these children are social actors, vulnerable beings

Fetus is covered under CRC. Legal basis: Preamble

Adoption, CRC regulates the implementation of this to serve the best interest of the child.

Negative right – the state parties do not interfere with. Example: Children should not be separated from
their families, Right to Privacy

Positive Right – the state parties interfere to ensure that the right holder like child can fully exercise
such right. Example: Right to Play

Right to Protect – Right to be protected from all forms of violence

Generational Right

1st – Civil and Political Rights (Liberty)

2nd – Economic, Socio-cultural (Equality)

3rd – Association (Fraternity)

4th – Technology

4 Features of CRC

1. Formal Recognition of Children as Social Actors – meaning they are part of the community
2. Serves as the code of Conduct for adults/parents on how to treat children
3. Serves as a minimum standard of child care, protection, and guardianship to guarantee full and
correct development
4. List of recognized specific and exclusive rights as a social / legal subject

General Principles

Article 2 – Nondiscrimination Clause


Article 3 – Best interests of the child
Article 6 – Life, Survival and Development
Article 13 – Freedom of Expression

Optional Protocols

6 Clusters/ Categories of CRC

1. Civil Rights and Freedom


- Article 7 – Registered with name and nationality
- Article 8 – Preservation of identity
- Article 12 – Right to be heard
- Article 13 to 17 – Expression
- Article 16 – Privacy
- Article 17 – Right to access information

2. Family Environment / Alternative Care


- Article 9 – To family/ Not separated from parents, Reunification, Personal
- Article 26 – Benefit from social security
- Article 27 – Adequate Standard of living
- Article 28 – Education “Child’s Human Dignity”
- Article 31 - Leisure, recreation and cultural activities
- Article 10, 11, 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 39, 5
- Article 18 – Parental responsibilities
- Article 21 – Adoption
- Article 25 – Periodic review of placement
- Article 27 par. 4 – Standard of living

3. Disability, Basic Health and Welfare


- Article 6 – Life, survival and development
- Article 4 – Right to health
- Article 24 Par. 3 – Health and health services; Example: Forced marriages, Female genital
muta—
- Article 26 – Social Security
- Article 27 – Standard of living; adequate what is good for the child; consider the financial
capabilities of the parents
- Article 33 – Protection from Drug abuse

4. Right to be Protected/ Violence Against Children


- Article 19 – Protection from abuse and neglect
- Article 33 – Narcotic Drugs
- Article 39
- Corporal punishment – physical punishment with qualifications (Corrective punishment)
- Article 22 - Refugee Children
- Article 32 - Economic Exploitation / Child Labor
- Article 37 – Torture and deprivation of liberty; Par. B -

5. Education, Leisure, Cultural Activities


- Article 28 – Right to education; Compulsory education pertains to primary education; Par. 2
refers to school discipline (Example: Suspension); No corporal punishment
- Article 29 – Aims of education; Teaching about culture, language, context into educational child
- Article 30 – Children of minorities or indigenous populations
- Article 31 – Leisure, recreation and cultural activities; As adults, by allowing the children to join
these kind of activities.

Group Presentation

Next meeting:

No wed meeting

1st half – reporting other conventions on human rights only with respect to rights of children, regional
documentation