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number bases and both.

Negative Exponents

Definition: When you see a negative exponent

immediately write down a fraction bar next to it.

Take the base that has a negative exponent and

move it to the opposite portion on the fraction.

After you make the move, the exponent

becomes positive.

Detail: If it is a whole number assume it

originates in the numerator and move it to the

denominator. If it is in the denominator move it

to the numerator.

Negative Exponents

EX 1

x -3 =

Ex 2

1 =

y -4

Negative Exponents

EX 1 S1) Write a fraction bar next

x -3 = to the problem

S2) Put the base and

Ex 2 exponent in the opposite

portion of the fraction

1 = (change the exponent to

y -4 a positive when you do

so.)

* If nothing is left in the

numerator, assume it’s a

_______.

Negative Exponents

EX 1 S1) Write a fraction bar next

x -3 = 1 to the problem

x3 S2) Put the base and

exponent in the opposite

portion of the fraction

Ex 2 (change the exponent to

1 = a positive when you do

y -4 so.)

* If nothing is left in the

numerator, assume it’s a

___1____.

Negative Exponents

EX 1 S1) Write a fraction bar next

x -3 = 1 to the problem

x3 S2) Put the base and

exponent in the opposite

portion of the fraction

Ex 2 (change the exponent to

1 = y4 a positive when you do

y -4 so.)

* If nothing is left in the

numerator, assume it’s a

___1____.

Negative Exponents

Ex 3

3x -2 =

Ex 4

(3x) -2 =

Negative Exponents

Ex 3 EX 3

The exponent in this case

belongs only to the variable

3x -2 = before it. IT HAS NOTHING

TO DO WITH THE

COEFFICIENT!!

Ex 4 EX 4

Because of the parenthesis,

the base of this example is

(3x) -2 = everything inside the

parenthesis. So we move

EVERYTHING inside the

parenthesis.

Negative Exponents

Ex 3 EX 3

The exponent in this case

belongs only to the variable

3x -2 = 3 before it. IT HAS NOTHING

x2 TO DO WITH THE

COEFFICIENT!!

Ex 4 EX 4

Because of the parenthesis,

parenthesis,

the base of this example is

(3x) -2 = everything inside the

parenthesis. So we move

EVERYTHING inside the

parenthesis. Then distribute

the exponent to each term.

Inside the parenthesis.

Negative Exponents

Ex 3 EX 3

The exponent in this case

belongs only to the variable

3x -2 = 3 before it. IT HAS NOTHING

x2 TO DO WITH THE

COEFFICIENT!!

Ex 4 EX 4

Because of the parenthesis,

parenthesis,

the base of this example is

(3x) -2 = 1 everything inside the

parenthesis. So we move

9x 2 EVERYTHING inside the

parenthesis. Then distribute

the exponent to each term.

Inside the parenthesis.

Negative Exponents

Ex 5

-5x -3 =

y -4

Ex 6

4 =

a -6

Negative Exponents

Ex 5 There are two different

-5x

-3 = types of negatives in Ex

y -4 5. A negative coefficient

is completely different

than a negative exponent.

ONLY NEGATIVE

EXPONENTS MOVE.

Ex 6 Both of these regular

4 = numbers are going to

stay where they are

a -6 regardless of whether

they are negative or not!

Negative Exponents

Ex 5 There are two different

-5x

-3 = -5y 4 types of negatives in Ex

y -4 x3 5. A negative coefficient

is completely different

than a negative exponent.

ONLY NEGATIVE

EXPONENTS MOVE.

Ex 6 Both of these regular

4 = numbers are going to

stay where they are

a -6 regardless of whether

they are negative or not!

Negative Exponents

Ex 5 There are two different

-5x

-3 = -5y 4 types of negatives in Ex

y -4 x3 5. A negative coefficient

is completely different

than a negative exponent.

ONLY NEGATIVE

EXPONENTS MOVE.

Ex 6 Both of these regular

4 = 4a 6 numbers are going to

stay where they are

a -6 regardless of whether

they are negative or not!

Negative Exponents

Ex 7 If you have a negative

4 -3 exponent on a

number, move the

number. Then

Ex 8 multiply using the

1 exponent.

3 -2 Always multiply it out!!

Negative Exponents

Ex 7 If you have a negative

4 -3 = 1 = 1 exponent on a

43 64 number, move the

number. Then

multiply using the

exponent.

Ex 8 Always multiply it out!!

1

3 -2

Negative Exponents

Ex 7 If you have a negative

4 -3 = 1 = 1 exponent on a

43 64 number, move the

number. Then

multiply using the

exponent.

Ex 8 Always multiply it out!!

1 = 32= 9

3 -2

Negative Exponents

Ex 9 Key Point:

2 * 4 -2 = The difference

between these two

problems is ?

Ex 10

(2 * 4) -2 = How does it change

the problem?

Negative Exponents

Ex 9 Key Point:

2 * 4 -2 = The difference between

these two problems is the

parenthesis.

Ex 10

(2 * 4) -2 = How does it change the

problem? The base in the

first problem is only 4, in

the second problem the

base is 2*4 or 8! The

answer changes a LOT!!

Negative Exponents

Ex 9 Key Point:

2 * 4 -2 = 2= 2 = 1 The difference between

4 2 16 8 these two problems is the

parenthesis.

Ex 10

(2 * 4) -2 = How does it change the

problem? The base in the

first problem is only 4, in

the second problem the

base is 2*4 or 8! The

answer changes a LOT!!

Negative Exponents

Ex 9 Key Point:

2 * 4 -2 = 2= 2 = 1 The difference between

4 2 16 8 these two problems is the

parenthesis.

Ex 10

(2 * 4) -2 = (8)-2 = 1 = 1 How does it change the

8 2 64 problem? The base in the

first problem is only 4, in

the second problem the

base is 2*4 or 8! The

answer changes a LOT!!

Negative Exponents

Extra Practice

1. 4x -3

2. (4x) -3

3. (2 * 5) -2

4. 2 * 5 -2

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