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May 2015

Total No. of Questions : 10] SEAT No. :


P3670 [Total No. of Pages : 4
[4758]-517
T.E. (Mechanical)
TURBO MACHINES
(2012 Pattern) (Semester - II) (302049) (End - Semester)

Y
Time : 2½ Hours] [Max. Marks :70

EM
Instructions to the candidates:
1) Answer Q.No.1 or 2, Q.No.3 or 4, Q.No.5 or 6, Q.No.7 or 8, Q.9 or Q.10.
2) Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.
3) Figures to the right side indicate full marks.

AD
4) Use of Calculator, Steam Table is allowed.
5) Assume suitable data if necessary.

Q1) a)
AC
A jet of water moving with V m/s strikes at the centre of a curved vane
which is moving with ‘u’m/s. If the outgoing jet makes an angle θ with
the incoming jet, prove that [6]
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8
i) Maximum efficiency = ηmax = (1 + cos θ )
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ii) Blade speed u = V/3


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b) Explain the functions of following [4]

i) Casing of pelton wheel.


Q

ii) Notch of bucket.


TS

OR
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Q2) a) Describe with a neat sketch the construction of Francis turbine. [5]

b) A Kaplan turbine has a runner diameter of 4 m and hub diameter of 1.2 m.


Discharge through the turbine = 7000 LPS. The hydraulic & mechanical
efficiencies are 90% and 93% respectively. Assume no whirl at outlet.
Find the net head and power developed by the turbine. [5]

P.T.O.
Q3) a) What is cavitation? How it can be prevented? [4]
b) Steam issues from the nozzle at an angle of 22o with a velocity of 430 m/s.
The friction factor is 0.9. For a stage turbine designed for maximum
efficiency. Find [6]

i) The blade velocity

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ii) Moving blade angles for equiangular blades

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iii) Power developed

OR

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Q4) a) Prove that for Parson’s reaction turbine moving & fixed blades are
symmetrical in shape. [6]

b)
AC
Explain different types of draft tubes used in reaction turbines. [4]

Q5) a) Define specific speed of a hydrodynamic pump. Derive expression for


the same. [8]
RE

b) A centrifugal pump running at 800 rpm is working against a head of 20.2


m. The external diameter of impeller is 480 mm and its width is 60 mm. If
UA

the vane angle at exit is 40o and manometric efficiency is 70% find [10]

i) Flow velocity at outlet


Q

ii) Absolute velocity of water leaving the vane.


TS

iii) Angle made by the absolute velocity at outlet with direction of motion
at the outlet.
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iv) Discharge

v) Specific speed.

OR

[4758]-517 2
Q6) a) Explain effect of blade angle (outlet) on discharge in centrifugal pump.[6]
b) A three stage centrifugal pump has impeller diameter 400 mm and 20 mm
wide. The vane angle at outlet is 45o and the area occupied by the thickness
of vane is 8% of total area. Inner diameter of impeller is half of outer
diameter and inlet width is twice that of outlet. The pump discharge is
3.6 m3 per minute & runs at 920 rpm. Flow velocity is constant from
inlet to outlet. Find [12]

Y
EM
i) Power output of pump in KW

ii) Total manometric head

iii) Specific speed

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iv) Shaft power

v) Vane angle at inlet

Take mechanical efficiency = 88%

Manometric efficiency = 77%


AC
Q7) a) Explain slip and slip factor, its importance in centrifugal compressor.[6]
RE

b) A centrifugal compressor inducing air at 20oC is running at 15000 rpm.


The pressure ratio is 4:1 with an isentropic efficiency of 80%. Curved
vanes at inlet give the air a prewhirl of 25o to the axial direction at all radii
UA

and mean diameter of eye is 25 cm. Impeller tip diameter is 60 cm. The
absolute velocity of air at inlet is 150 m/s. Find the slip factor. [10]
Q

OR
TS

Q8) a) Write short note on [6]


i) Fan ii) Blower

b) A centrifugal compressor delivers 10m3 of air when running at 10000


SE

rpm. The air is drawn in at 1 bar & 300K and delivered at 4 bar. The
isentropic efficiency is 80%. The blades are radial at outlet and velocity
of flow is constant = 64 m/s. The outer diameter of impeller is twice the
inner diameter. Take slip factor as 0.9. Find [10]

i) Temperature of air at outlet tip of impeller.

[4758]-517 3
ii) Power required to drive the compressor.
iii) Impeller diameters at inlet & outlet.

iv) Impeller blade angle at inlet.

v) Diffuser blade angle at inlet.

Y
Q9) a) Explain choking and surging in an axial flow compressor. [6]

EM
b) An eight stage axial flow compressor takes in air at a temperature of
30oC at the rate of 3 kg/s. The pressure ratio is 6 and isentropic efficiency
is 89%. The compressor is designed for 50% reaction. The blade speed
for each stage is constant and is equal to 180m/s. Flow velocity is 100

AD
m/s. Find the power required to run the compressor and the direction of
air at entry & exit from the rotor & stator. The total work is equally
shared between the stages. [10]

Q10)a)
OR AC
Explain Pressure co-efficient, flow co-efficient and work input factor.[6]

b) An axial flow compressor with eight stages and 50% reaction compresses
RE

air with a pressure ratio of 4:1. The air enters the compressor at 20oC
and flows through it with a constant velocity of 90m/s. The blades of
compressor runs with a mean speed of 180 m/s. Take isentropic efficiency
= 82%. Find [10]
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i) Work done by machine


Q

ii) Blade angles


TS

EEE
SE

[4758]-517 4
December 2015

Total No. of Questions : 10]


SEAT No. :
P3152 [Total No. of Pages : 3
[4858]-1017
T.E. (semester - II) (Mechanical) (End Semester)
TURBO MACHINES
(2012 Pattern)

Y
Time : 2½ Hours] [Max. Marks : 70

EM
Instructions to the candidates:
1) Answer Q.1 or Q.2 , Q.3 or Q.4 Q.5 or Q.6, Q.7 or Q. 8 , Q.9 or Q. 10.
2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
3) Use of scientific calculator is allowed.

AD
4) Assume data wherever necessary and mention it.
5) Draw neat and suitable figures wherever necessary.

Q1) a)

b) Explain the following terms:


AC
Derive an expression of maximum hydraulic efficiency of Pelton
Wheel? [6]
[4]
i) Specific speed
ii) Run - away speed.
RE

OR
Q2) a) The inner and outer diameters of the wheel are 1.5 m and 2 m respectively.
Water flows outwards over the series of moving vanes attached to the
UA

wheel . The wheel runs at 250 rpm. Water is discharged radially at the
exit with a velocity of 5 m/s. Work done per kg of water is 250 N-m. The
velocity of flow through the runner is constant.
Q

Determine: [6]
TS

i) The angles of the moving vane tips


ii) Guide vane angle at inlet
b) Compare Francis Turbine and Kaplan Turbine. [4]
SE

Q3) a) Explain the classification of water turbines with examples? [4]


b) Derive an expression for maximum utilization factor (Diagram efficiency)
of Parson’s reaction turbine in terms nozzle angle? [6]

P.T.O.
OR
Q4) a) Derive an expression of Unit Quantities. [6]
b) Explain with neat sketch throttle governing of steam turbines? [4]

Q5) a) Explain the Priming and Cavitations of Centrifugal pump? [8]

b) A centrifugal pump having outer diameter equal to two times the inner

Y
diameter and running at 1000 rpm work against total head of 40 m. The
velocity of flow through the runner is constant and equal to 2.5 m/s. The

EM
vanes are set back at an angle of 40° at outlet. If the outer diameter of the
impeller is 50 cm and width at outlet is 5 cm, Determine —

i) Vane angle at inlet

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ii) Workdone by impeller on water per second

iii) Manometric efficiency [10]

Q6) a)
OR
AC
Derive an expression of minimum starting speed of centrifugal pump?[8]

b) A centrifugal pump running at 900 rpm is working against a head 20 m.


RE

The external diameter of the impeller is 460 mm and outlet width is 50


mm. If the vanes angles at outlet is 40° and manometric efficiency is
70 % determine.
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i) Flow velocity at outlet

ii) Absolute velocity of water leaving the vane


Q

iii) Angle made by the absolute at outlet with the direction of motion at
outlet
TS

iv) Rate of flow through the pump [10]

Q7) a) Explain the terms Surging and Choking in a rotary compressor. [8]
SE

b) Represent and explain the process involved in centrifugal compressor


on (T-S) diagram and derive the expression for isentropic efficiency
based on total values. [8]

[4858]-1017 2
OR
Q8) a) Explain Slip coefficient and Pressure coefficient. [4]
b) A centrifugal compressor running at 9000 rpm delivers 600 m3/min of
free air. The air is compressed from 1 bar and 20° C to a pressure ratio
of 4 with an isentropic efficiency of 82 %. Blades are radial at outlet of
impeller and flow velocity of 62 m/s may be assumed throughout constant.
The outer radius of impeller is twice the inner and slip factor may be

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assumed as 0.9. The blade area coefficient of 0.9 may be assumed at
inlet.

EM
Calculate -
i) Final temperature of air
ii) Theoretical power

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iii) Impeller diameters at inlet and outlet
iv) Impeller blade angle at inlet
v) Diffuser blade angle at inlet

Q9) a)
vi) Breadths of impeller at inlet
AC
Explain the construction and working of an axial flow compressor. [6]
[12]

b) An axial flow compressor is required to deliver air at the rate of 50 kg/s


and provide a total pressure ratio of 5 :1 , the inlet stagnation conditions
RE

being 288 K and 1 bar. The isentropic efficiency is 86 %. The compressor


shall have 10 stages with equal rise in total temperature in each stage.
The axial velocity of flow is 150 m/s and the blade speed is kept at 200
m/s to minimize noise generation . The stage degree of reaction at mean
UA

blade height is 50 %. Assuming workdone factor as 0.86, calculate all


the fluid angles of the first stage. Also calculate the tip and hub diameter
if hub-tip diameter ratio is 0.8. Determine the speed in rpm. (R = 287 J/
kg K, Cp = 1.005 kJ/kg K). [10]
Q

OR
TS

Q10)a) Explain the following terms -


i) Stalling in an axial flow compressor
ii) Losses in axial flow compressor [8]
SE

b) Represent and explain the process involved in axial flow compressor on


(h-s) diagram and derive an expression for isentropic efficiency and stage
pressure ratio. [8]

mmm
[4858]-1017 3
May 2016

Total No. of Questions :10] SEAT No. :


P2843 [4958]-1017
[Total No. of Pages :4

T.E. (Mechanical)
TURBO MACHINES
(2012 Course) (End Sem) (Semester - II)

Y
Time : 2:30 Hours] [Max. Marks :70
Instructions to candidates:

EM
1) Answer Q.1 or Q.2, Q.3 or Q.4, Q.5 or Q.6, Q.7 or Q.8, Q.9 or Q.10.
2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
3) Use of scientific calculator is allowed.
4) Assume data whenever necessary and mention it.

AD
5) Draw neat and suitable figures wherever necessary.

Q1) a)

b)
wheel. AC
State the advantages of using draft tube and justify not using it in Pelton

A Pelton wheel operates with a jet of 15 cm in diameter under a head of


[4]

500 m. Its mean runner diameter is 2.25 m and it rotates with the speed
of 375 rpm. The outlet angle of bucket tip is 15°, the coefficient of
RE

velocity as 0.98, Mechanical efficiency as 97% and buckets are smooth.


Determine the shaft power, hydraulic efficiency and power lost in bucket.
[6]
UA

OR
Q2) a) How does the number of vanes, vane shape and hydraulic efficiency of
any hydraulic machine vary with increasing specific speed? [4]
Q

b) Following data is available related to Francis turbine: Shaft power =


14990 kW, runner speed = 275 rpm, net head = 110 m, diameter at inlet =
TS

1.8 times diameter at outlet, axial length of the blade at inlet = 0.15 times
diameter at inlet, flow ratio = 0.2, hydraulic efficiency = 90%, Overall
efficiency = 85%, velocity of flow at inlet = velocity of flow at oultet
determine: [6]
SE

i) Inlet and Outlet diameters.


ii) Guide blade angles.
iii) Runner vane angles.
Assume radial flow at exit.
P.T.O.
Q3) a) Discuss main and operating characteristics curves for hydraulic turbine?
[4]
b) In a De Laval turbine, steam is issued from the nozzle with a velocity of
1500 m/s whereas the mean blade velocity is 500 m/s. The nozzle angle
is 20° and the inlet and outlet angles of blades are equal. The mass of the
steam flowing through the turbine is at the rate of 1200 kg/hr. Assuming
blade velocity coefficient k = 0.8, draw the velocity diagram and determine:

Y
[6]
i) The blade angles.

EM
ii) The power developed by turbine.
iii) The blade efficiency.
OR

AD
Q4) a) Define angular momentum and explain how it is used to determine the
torque and work done in case of radial flow turbine runner. [4]
b)
AC
A Parsons turbine runs at 400 rpm with 50% reaction and it develops 75
kW of power per unit mass of steam flow per second. The exit angle of
the blades is 20° and the steam velocity is 1.4 times the blade velocity.
Find [6]
i) blade velocity and
RE

ii) inlet angle of the blades.

Q5) a) Define the maximum suction lift. State the expression to calculate it.
UA

What factors affect its values? [6]


b) Following data relates to centrifugal pump: Eye and rim diameter = 10
cm and 20 cm respectively, outer width = 1.25 cm, vane angle at outer
Q

rim = 25°, speed = 3000rpm, constant flow velocity = 3 m/s, manometric


efficiency = 78% and overall efficiency = 72%. Determine: [12]
TS

i) Inlet vane angle.


ii) Discharge.
iii) Manometric head and
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iv) Shaft Power.


v) Mechanical efficiency.
OR

[4958]-1017 2
Q6) a) Derive an expression for rise in pressure through impeller of a centrifugal
pump. [6]
b) Power input to centrifugal pump is 50kW at the shaft while running the
pump at 1440 rpm. The impeller tip diameter is 30 cm and the blade
width at the tip is 1.5cm. The water flows rate is 110 lit/s. The vacuum
gauge reading at the suction flange is - 20cm of mercury and at the
delivery flange the pressure gauge reading is 370 kPa. The blade outlet

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angle is 65°. Calculate: [12]

EM
i) Theoretical head.

ii) Ideal head.

iii) Hydraulic efficiency.

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iv) Mechanical efficiency.

v) Overall efficiecny.

vi) Specific speed of the pump. AC


Assume radial entry and constant flow velocity.
RE

Q7) a) Describe surging and choking in a centrifugal compressor. [6]

b) The impeller of a centrifugal compressor has the inlet and outlet diameter
of 0.3 and 0.6 m, respectively. The intake is from the atmosphere at 100
UA

kPa and 300 K, without any whirl component. The outlet blade angle is
75°. The speed is 10000 rpm and the velocity of flow is constant at 120
m/s . If the blade width at intake is 6 cm, calculate: [10]
Q

i) Specific work.
TS

ii) Exit pressure.

iii) Mass flow rate.


SE

iv) Power required to drive compressor if the overall efficiency can be


assumed at 0.7.
OR

Q8) a) Explain the stalling in centrifugal compressor. Also describe its effect on
the compressor performance. [6]
[4958]-1017 3
b) A centrifugal compressor impeller admits 20 kg/s air at static state of 1
bar, 300 K and runs at 15000 rpm. Isentropic efficiency is 90% for the
compression upto 5 bar total pressure. The air enters the impeller eye
without prewhirl with the velocity of 120 m/s. Considering the ratio of
whirl velocity to tip speed as 0.9 and the internal diameter of the impeller
eye as 20 cm, determine: [10]
i) Rise in the total temperature in the compressor

Y
ii) Impeller tip speed.
iii) Impeller tip diameter.

EM
iv) Power required to drive compressor.
v) Outer diameter of the impeller eye.

AD
Q9) a) Compare the effect of different factors affecting the stage pressure ratio
in axial flow compressor. [6]
b) Determine the compressor speed, absolute velocity of the air leaving the
AC
stationary inlet guide vane for an axial flow compressor having following
specifications: The first stage has a velocity diagram which is symmetric;
the ratio of change of whirl velocity to axial velocity is 0.6;
the first stage pressure ratio is 1.8; inlet pressure and temperature = 1.01
bar and 300 K, respectively; flow coefficient is 0.4; compressor efficiency
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= 85% and the mean radius is 30 cm. [10]

OR
UA

Q10)a) Explain the construction and working of axial flow compressors. Also
show it on h-s diagram. [6]
b) An axial flow compressor has the air entering at the pressure and
Q

temperature of 1.5 bar and 320 K, respectively. The degree of reaction is


50% and the compressor runs at 35000 rpm. Consider the blade height
TS

as 2.2 cm, blade angle at inlet =60°, change in the whirl velocity as 120
m/s, the mean blade radius of 6.5 cm and the turning angle of 30°. Find
the pressure rise, mass of the air passing through the compressor, power
input and air angle at inlet. Take Cp = 1.005 kJ/kgK and assume no
SE

losses in the compressor. [10]

S S S

[4958]-1017 4
December 2016

Total No. of Questions :10] SEAT No. :


P1695 [Total No. of Pages :4
[5058] - 317
T.E. (Mechanical)
TURBO MACHINES
(2012 Pattern) (End Semester) (Semester - II)

Y
Time : 2½Hours] [Max. Marks :70

EM
Instructions to the candidates:
1) Answer Q.1 or Q.2, Q.3 or Q.4, Q.5 or Q.6, Q.7 or Q.8, Q.9 or Q.10.
2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

AD
3) Use of scientific calculator is allowed.
4) Assume data wherever necessary and mention it.
5) Draw neat and suitable figures wherever necessary.

Q1) a)
AC
A Pelton turbine develops 3000 kW under a head of 400 m. The overall
efficiency of the turbine is 87%. If the speed ratio is 0.48 and the coefficient
of velocity is 0.96 and specific speed 18, Find [6]
RE

i) Diameter of the turbine


ii) Diameter of the jet
b) Show that the efficiency of a free jet striking normally on a series of flat
UA

plates mounted on the periphery of a wheel can never exceed 50%. [4]
OR
Q

Q2) a) The external & internal diameters of an inward flow reaction turbine are
2 m & 1 m respectively. The head on the turbine is 60 m. The width of
TS

the vane at inlet & outlet are same and equal to 0.25 m. The runner vanes
are radial are inlet & discharge is radial at outlet. The speed is 200 rpm
and the discharge is 6 m3/s. Determine: [6]
SE

i) The vane angle at outlet and inlet of the runner


ii) The hydraulic efficiency
b) Define specific speed of turbine & state its significance. [4]

P.T.O.
Q3) a) Define the term: Degree of reaction and explain the meaning of pure
reaction and 50% reaction turbines. [4]

b) A Kaplan turbine develops 1500 kW under a head of 6 m. The turbine is


set 2.5 m above the tailrace level. A vacuum gauge inserted at the turbine
outlet records a suction head of 3.2 m. If the turbine efficiency is 85%,
what will be efficiency of the draft tube having inlet diameter of 3 m.
(Neglect losses in draft tube). [6]

Y
OR

EM
Q4) a) Define the following terms: [4]

AD
i) Diagram efficiency

ii) Nozzle efficiency


b)
AC
In a Parson’s turbine running at 1500 rpm, the available enthalpy drop
for an expansion is 63 kJ/kg. If the mean diameter of the rotor is 100 cm,
find the number of moving rows required. Assume that efficiency of a
stage is 0.8, blade outlet angle 20º and speed ratio 0.7. [6]
RE

Q5) a) Derive an expression for the minimum speed for starting a centrifugal
pump. [6]
UA

b) Explain different types of casing used in centrifugal pump. [4]

c) A centrifugal pump delivers 1800 lit / min against a total head of 20 m. Its
speed is 1450 rpm. Inner & outer diameters of impeller are 120 mm &
Q

240 mm respectively and the diameter of suction & delivery pipes are
both 100 mm. Determine the blade angles of the impeller vane at inlet &
TS

outlet respectively if the water enters radially. Assume manometric


efficiency is 0.90. [8]

OR
SE

Q6) a) Derive an expression of specific speed of centrifugal pump? [6]

b) Write a short note on Priming of a centrifugal pump. [4]

[5058] - 317 2
c) A three stage centrifugal pump has impellers 50 cm diameter and 3 cm
width at outlet. The thickness of the blades has reduced the circumferential
area by 10%. The manometric efficiency is 90%, overall efficiency is
80%,, whirl velocity at outlet is 20 m/s, velocity of flow at outlet is 2.25
m/s and speed is 1000 rpm. Calculate [8]
i) Head generated
ii) Discharge

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iii) Exit vane angle

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iv) Shaft power

Q7) a) Explain the terms surging and choking in a rotary compressor. [6]

AD
b) The inlet conditions of a centrifugal compressor are 1 bar, 30ºC and
running at 10000 rpm. It delivers a free air stream of 1.5 m3/s. The
compression ratio is 5. The velocity of flow is 50 m/s and is constant.

i) Temperature of air outlet


AC
Assume that the blades are radial outlet & the slip factor is 0.92, Calculate

ii) Power required


iii) Impeller diameter
RE

iv) Diffuser inlet angle


v) Blade angle at inlet
UA

Assume that power factor is 1.11 and isentropic efficiency is 0.90. [10]

OR
Q

Q8) a) A centrifugal compressor develops a pressure ratio of 5.0 and an air


consumption of 30 kg/s. The inlet temperature and pressure are 15ºC
TS

and 1 bar respectively. If isentropic efficiency is 0.85, Calculate [6]


i) The work done
ii) Exit total temperature
SE

iii) The power required


b) What do you mean by slip & slip factor? Why diffusers are necessary in
a centrifugal compressor? [6]
c) What is ‘Pre-whirl’ in centrifugal compressor? Why it is necessary? [4]

[5058] - 317 3
Q9) a) Compare Axial flow compressor and Centrifugal compressor. [4]
b) Write a short note on losses in axial flow compressor. [4]
c) The ambient conditions at inlet are 20ºC and 1 bar. At exit the total head
temperature and pressure are 150ºC and 3.5 bar, and static pressure at
exit is 3 bar. Calculate [8]
i) Isentropic efficiency

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ii) Polytropic efficiency

EM
iii) Air velocity at exit

OR

AD
Q10)a) Represent and explain the process involved in axial flow compressor on
(h-s) diagram And derive an expression for isentropic efficiency and
stage pressure ratio. [6]
b) AC
The speed of an axial flow compressor is 15000 rpm. The mean diameter
is 0.6 m. The axial velocity is constant and is 225 m/s. The velocity of
whirl at inlet is 85 m/s. The work done is 45 kJ / kg of air. The inlet
conditions are 1 bar & 300 K. Assume a stage efficiency of 0.89, mechanical
efficiency of 0.95 & power developed is 425 kW. [10]
RE

Calculate:
i) Fluid deflection angle
UA

ii) Pressure ratio


iii) Mass flow rate
iv) Shaft power
Q
TS

S S S
SE

[5058] - 317 4
May 2017

Total No. of Questions : 10]

6
SEAT No. :

R3
P2552 [Total No. of Pages : 3
[5153]-518

VE
T.E.(Mechanical)

ER
TURBO MACHINES

S
:45
(2012 Pattern) (Semester-II) (End Sem.)

17 91
:30

Y
/20 30
13
1

EM
18 P0
Time : 2½ Hours] [Max. Marks : 70
Instructions to the candidates:
9.2 EG

/05

1) Answer Q.1 or Q.2, Q.3 or Q.4, Q5 or Q.6, Q.7 or Q.8, Q.9 or Q.10.

36
2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

AD
C

3) Use of scientific calculator is allowed.

ER
34

4) Assume data wherever necessary and mention it.

RV
5) Draw neat and suitable figures wherever necessary.

SE
1.3

AC
.14

:45
1
14

09
:30
Q1) a) Prove that the force exerted by jet of water on semi-circular curve plate
is two times the force exerted by jet of water on flat vertical plate. [4]
13
13
17

b) The mean velocity of the bucket of the Pelton wheel is 10 m/s. The jet
RGEP0
/20

supplies the water at 0.7 m3/s under the head of 30 m. The jet is deflected
through an angle of 160o by the bucket. Find the Power developed by
/05
CE

the Pelton wheel and Hydraulic efficiency. Take Cv=0.98 & neglect the

36
18

losses in the bucket. [6]

ER
UA
34

RV
OR
9.2

SE
1.3

Q2) a) How do you classify water turbines? What is the difference between the
Q

impulse & reaction turbine? [4]


.14

:45
91
14

:30

b) The external and internal diameters of an inward flow reaction turbine are
TS

30

100 cm and 50 cm respectively. The head available is 45 m and velocity


13

of the flow through the runner 3.5 m/s and it is constant. The guide vane
01
17

angle at inlet is 10o and runner vanes are radial are inlet. Assuming the
/20
GP
SE

discharge at the outlet of the runner is radial,


/05
CE

Determine:-
18

i) Speed of the turbine


34
9.2

ii) Power developed


1.3

iii) Hydraulic Efficiency. [6]


.14

P.T.O.
14
6
Q3) a) Explain the necessity of draft tube in reaction turbines? [2]

R3
b) Steam issues from the nozzle of an impulse steam turbine with a velocity

VE
of 1200 m/s. The nozzle angle is 20o. The mean blade speed is 400 m/s

ER
and inlet & outlet angles of moving blades are equal. The mass of steam

S
flowing through the turbine is 900 kg/hr. Assume friction factor =0.8[8]

:45
17 91
Determine:

:30

Y
/20 30
i) Blade angles

13
ii) Power developed
1

EM
18 P0

iii) Blade efficiency


9.2 EG

OR
/05

Q4) a) Derive an expression of Specific speed of hydraulic turbines. [6]

36
AD
C

ER
b) Explain: [4]
34

RV
i) Blade efficiency

SE
1.3

ii) Stage efficiency


AC
.14

:45
1
14

09
:30
Q5) a) Explain the different types of casing used for centrifugal pump. [6]
13

b) Derive an expression of minimum starting speed of centrifugal pump.[6]


13
17

c) Discuss the influence of blade angle on the performance of centrifugal


RGEP0
/20

pump. [6]
/05

OR
CE

36
18

Q6) a) An impeller of inside diameter 15 cm and outside diameter 40 cm having

ER
UA

a width at inlet 4 cm and width at outlet 2 cm is running at 1440 rpm. The


34

RV
inlet and outlet blade angles are 25o and 15o respectively. The whirl velocity
9.2

at inlet is zero. Determine: [10]


SE
1.3

i) Flow rate in LPM


Q
.14

:45
91

ii) Power of impeller


14

:30
TS

30

iii) Absolute velocity at outlet.


13

b) Write a short note on Priming & Cavitation of Centrifugal pump. [8]


01
17
/20
GP
SE

Q7) a) Represent and explain the process involved in a centrifugal compressor


/05
CE

on (T-S) and Derive an expression for isentropic efficiency based on


18

total values. [8]


34

b) Write a short note on Surging & Choking of Centrifugal compressor.[8]


9.2

OR
1.3
.14

[5153]-518 2
14
Q8) a) Discuss the dimensionless parameters used to predict the performance

6
R3
of centrifugal compressor. [6]

VE
b) A centrifugal compressor delivers 10 m3/s of air when running at 9000

ER
rpm. The air is drawn in at 1 bar and 300 k and delivered at 4 bars. The
isentropic efficiency is 80%. Blades are radial at outlet and constant

S
:45
velocity of flow is 64 m/s. The outer diameter of impeller is twice the

17 91
inner diameter and slip factor may be taken as 0.9. Determine: [10]

:30

Y
/20 30
13
i) Temperature of air at outlet
1

EM
ii) Power required to drive the compressor
18 P0

iii) Impeller diameter at inlet & outlet


9.2 EG

/05

36
iv) Impeller blade angle at inlet

AD
C

ER
34

v) Diffuser blade angle at inlet

RV
SE
1.3

Q9) a) Write a short note on: AC [4]


.14

:45
1
14

i) Fan
09
:30
13
13

ii) Blower
17
RGEP0

b) Explain the construction and working of an axial flow compressor. [6]


/20

c) Define slip coefficient, work factor and pressure coefficient. [6]


/05
CE

36
18

OR

ER
UA
34

Q10)a) Compare axial flow compressor & centrifugal compressor. [4]


RV
9.2

b) Write a short note on losses in axial flow compressor. [4]


SE
1.3

c) An axial compressor has a mean diameter of 60 cm and runs at 15000


Q
.14

:45
91

rpm. if the actual temperature rise and pressure ratio developed are 30o
14

:30
TS

C and 1.3 respectively, [8]


30
13

Determine:
01
17
/20

i) Power required to drive the compressor while delivering 57 kg/s of


GP
SE

air, assuming mechanical efficiency 86% and initial temperature of


/05
CE

35oC
18

ii) The degree of reaction if the temperature at rotor exit is 55oC


34
9.2

iii) Stage efficiency


1.3

ž ž ž
.14

[5153]-518 3
14