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Aymen Abioula Theories on the decline of the shoguns year 8

Explain why the Tokugawa Shoguns isolates Japan from the rest of the world (AD 1639)

The Japanese rulers of the early modern period were so afraid of change and foreign influence that
they refused foreigners to even land on the island for nearly 250 years japan change after contact
with the west was resumed in the 19th century japan had traded widely with china and other regional
power in east Asia. Japan had maintained tenuous trading relation with a few European power after
the west’s discovery of japan in 1542 when a Portuguese ship bound for china was blown off course.

2) Identify at least ONE example of modernisation and westernisation in Japan in this period and
explain their impact

When Western powers began to use their superior military strength to force Japan for trade
relations in the 1850s, the country's decentralized and, by Western standards, antiquated military
forces were unable to provide an effective defines line against their advances.

The fall of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate in 1867 led to the restoration of the Meiji Emperor and
a remarkable period of national growth. De facto political and administrative power shifted to a
group of younger samurai who had been instrumental in forming the new system and were
committed to modernizing the military. They introduced drastic changes, which cleared the way for
the development of modern, European-style armed forces.

Reception by the Meiji Emperor of the second French military mission to Japan, 1872

To increase the number of soldiers the use of conscription became universal and obligatory in 1872
and, although samurai wedded to their traditional prerogatives resisted, by 1880 a conscript army
was firmly established. The Imperial Army General Staff Office, created after the Prussian model of
the General stab, was established directly under the emperor in 1878 and was given broad powers
for military planning and strategy. The new force eventually made the samurai spirit its own.
Loyalties formerly accorded to feudal lords were transferred to the state and the emperor. Upon
release from service, soldiers carried these ideals back to their home communities, extending
military-derived standards to all classes.

3) Assess the importance of Western influence on the decline of the shogunate

There is a huge importance of the westerns influences on the Japanese shogunate {decline of the
shogunate} the internal social changes could have eventually have brought the downfall of the
Tokugawa shogunate, but they were overtaken by new pressures from the outside world. In the late
18th century Westerners began to challenge the Tokugawa policy of limiting trade and other
contacts to the outside world. The first to do so were Russians, who made probes into the northern
island of Hokkaido (then called Ezo) in the 1790s hoping to open trade. Further breaches of the
seclusion policy soon followed, as British, French, and other foreign ships began to appear in
Japanese harbors with increasing frequency. Although the shogunate issued orders to rebuff any
attempt by the ships to land, Japanese defenders, with their outdated weapons and organization,
could offer little resistance to modern warships.

The threat to the shogunate from foreign intrusion was twofold: On one hand, the central
government’s power and authority had been maintained for more than two centuries through the
policy of seclusion, and to abandon it now would place the shogun’s dominant position at risk. On the
other hand, predatory Western powers presented a real danger to Japan’s

4) Explain how the shogunate have influenced modern Japan.


Aymen Abioula Theories on the decline of the shoguns year 8

There are many different types of ways that lead the shogunate to influence modern japan such as
the shogunate had a great stance and advantage because he was at the top of the Japanese
hierarchy everyone looked up to him and respected them because they were very powerfu8l men
and because they always knew what was right fort there country which was japan they took
everything very seriously ju8ding because they had a great responsibility to serve and protect japan.
In conclusion the shogunate influenced modern japan because they agreed to the modernization
and the Japanese knew that it was right for japan and for the legacy7 of the Japanese religion overall
everyone agreed with the shogunate for the influence of the modernization of japan.