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PVSYST V6.

73 12/07/18 Page 1/4

Grid-Connected System: Simulation parameters


Project : 92 kWp Bagra
Geographical Site Bagru Country India
Situation Latitude 26.82° N Longitude 75.55° E
Time defined as Legal Time Time zone UT+5.5 Altitude 354 m
Albedo 0.20
Meteo data: Bagru Meteonorm 7.1 (2001-2010), Sat=100% - Synthetic

PVsyst TRIAL
Simulation variant :

Simulation parameters
Collector Plane Orientation
New simulation variant
Simulation date

System type
Tilt
12/07/18 11h41

No 3D scene defined
16° Azimuth 0°
Models used Transposition Perez Diffuse Perez, Meteonorm
Horizon Free Horizon
Near Shadings No Shadings

PV Array Characteristics
PV module Si-poly Model TSM-320PD14

PVsyst TRIAL
Original PVsyst database Manufacturer Trina Solar
Number of PV modules In series 18 modules In parallel 16 strings
Total number of PV modules Nb. modules 288 Unit Nom. Power 320 Wp
Array global power Nominal (STC) 92.2 kWp At operating cond. 82.7 kWp (50°C)
Array operating characteristics (50°C) U mpp 599 V I mpp 138 A
Total area Module area 559 m² Cell area 505 m²

Inverter Model Solar Inverter M88H (415VAC)


Custom parameters definition Manufacturer Delta Energy
Characteristics Operating Voltage 200-800 V Unit Nom. Power 69.0 kWac
Inverter pack Nb. of inverters 1 units Total Power 69 kWac
Pnom ratio 1.34

PVsyst TRIAL
PV Array loss factors
Thermal Loss factor Uc (const) 20.0 W/m²K Uv (wind) 0.0 W/m²K / m/s
Wiring Ohmic Loss Global array res. 73 mOhm Loss Fraction 1.5 % at STC
Module Quality Loss Loss Fraction -0.4 %
Module Mismatch Losses Loss Fraction 1.0 % at MPP
Strings Mismatch loss Loss Fraction 0.10 %
Incidence effect, ASHRAE parametrization IAM = 1 - bo (1/cos i - 1) bo Param. 0.05

User's needs : Unlimited load (grid)

PVsyst TRIAL
PVsyst Evaluation mode
PVSYST V6.73 12/07/18 Page 2/4

Grid-Connected System: Main results


Project : 92 kWp Bagra
Simulation variant : New simulation variant
Main system parameters System type No 3D scene defined
PV Field Orientation tilt 16° azimuth 0°
PV modules Model TSM-320PD14 Pnom 320 Wp
PV Array Nb. of modules 288 Pnom total 92.2 kWp
Inverter Model Solar Inverter M88H (415VAC) 69.0 kW ac

PVsyst TRIAL
User's needs Unlimited load (grid)

Main simulation results


System Production Produced Energy 161.0 MWh/year Specific prod. 1747 kWh/kWp/year
Performance Ratio PR 81.40 %

Normalized productions (per installed kWp): Nominal power 92.2 kWp Performance Ratio PR

8 1.0
Lc : Collection Loss (PV-array losses) 1 kWh/kWp/day PR : Performance Ratio (Yf / Yr) : 0.814
0.9
7 Ls : System Loss (inverter, ...) 0.09 kWh/kWp/day
Yf : Produced useful energy (inverter output) 4.79 kWh/kWp/day
0.8
[kWh/kWp/day]

6
0.7
Performance Ratio PR

5
0.6

PVsyst TRIAL
Energy

4 0.5

0.4
3
Normalized

0.3
2
0.2

1
0.1

0 0.0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

New simulation variant


Balances and main results

PVsyst TRIAL
GlobHor DiffHor T Amb GlobInc GlobEff EArray E_Grid PR
kWh/m² kWh/m² °C kWh/m² kWh/m² MWh MWh
January 124.9 36.45 15.47 157.7 153.0 12.79 12.56 0.864
February 146.5 32.03 19.07 176.8 172.2 13.86 13.60 0.835
March 191.9 50.74 25.24 213.8 208.2 16.10 15.80 0.802
April 206.5 68.34 30.28 214.4 208.9 15.80 15.47 0.783
May 215.0 90.92 33.98 211.5 205.1 15.52 15.21 0.781
June 187.2 94.94 32.46 180.3 174.4 13.49 13.24 0.796
July 165.3 98.49 30.16 160.7 155.2 12.31 12.09 0.816
August 154.0 85.55 28.67 154.2 149.1 11.84 11.61 0.817
September 166.3 67.36 28.91 177.7 172.5 13.41 13.15 0.803
October 161.4 51.31 27.26 186.5 181.4 14.14 13.87 0.807
November 123.8 39.40 21.67 152.9 148.4 12.01 11.80 0.837
December 122.0 30.76 17.35 159.3 154.6 12.81 12.58 0.857

PVsyst TRIAL Year

Legends: GlobHor
DiffHor
T Amb
GlobInc
1964.9 746.27

Horizontal global irradiation


Horizontal diffuse irradiation
Ambient Temperature
Global incident in coll. plane
25.91 2145.8 2083.1

GlobEff
EArray
E_Grid
PR
164.07 160.98 0.814

Effective Global, corr. for IAM and shadings


Effective energy at the output of the array
Energy injected into grid
Performance Ratio

PVsyst Evaluation mode


PVSYST V6.73 12/07/18 Page 3/4

Grid-Connected System: Loss diagram


Project : 92 kWp Bagra
Simulation variant : New simulation variant
Main system parameters System type No 3D scene defined
PV Field Orientation tilt 16° azimuth 0°
PV modules Model TSM-320PD14 Pnom 320 Wp
PV Array Nb. of modules 288 Pnom total 92.2 kWp
Inverter Model Solar Inverter M88H (415VAC) 69.0 kW ac

PVsyst TRIAL
User's needs Unlimited load (grid)

Loss diagram over the whole year

1965 kWh/m² Horizontal global irradiation


+9.2% Global incident in coll. plane

-2.9% IAM factor on global

2083 kWh/m² * 559 m² coll. Effective irradiance on collectors

efficiency at STC = 16.50% PV conversion

PVsyst TRIAL
192.1 MWh Array nominal energy (at STC effic.)
+0.0% PV loss due to irradiance level

-12.9% PV loss due to temperature

+0.4% Module quality loss

-1.1% Mismatch loss, modules and strings


-1.2% Ohmic wiring loss
164.3 MWh Array virtual energy at MPP

-1.9% Inverter Loss during operation (efficiency)


-0.1% Inverter Loss over nominal inv. power
0.0% Inverter Loss due to max. input current
0.0% Inverter Loss over nominal inv. voltage

PVsyst TRIAL
0.0% Inverter Loss due to power threshold
0.0% Inverter Loss due to voltage threshold
0.0% Night consumption
161.0 MWh Available Energy at Inverter Output

161.0 MWh Energy injected into grid

PVsyst TRIAL
PVsyst Evaluation mode
PVSYST V6.73 12/07/18 Page 4/4

Grid-Connected System: P50 - P90 evaluation


Project : 92 kWp Bagra
Simulation variant : New simulation variant
Main system parameters System type No 3D scene defined
PV Field Orientation tilt 16° azimuth 0°
PV modules Model TSM-320PD14 Pnom 320 Wp
PV Array Nb. of modules 288 Pnom total 92.2 kWp
Inverter Model Solar Inverter M88H (415VAC) 69.0 kW ac

PVsyst TRIAL
User's needs Unlimited load (grid)

Evaluation of the Production probability forecast


The probability distribution of the system production forecast for different years is mainly dependent
on the meteo data used for the simulation, and depends on the following choices:
Meteo data source Meteonorm 7.1 (2001-2010), Sat=100%
Meteo data Kind Not defined Year 1995
Specified Deviation Year deviation from aver. 3%
Year-to-year variability Variance 5.0 %

The probability distribution variance is also depending on some system parameters uncertainties
Specified Deviation PV module modelling/parameters 1.0 %

PVsyst TRIAL
Inverter efficiency uncertainty 0.5 %
Soiling and mismatch uncertainties 1.0 %
Degradation uncertainty 1.0 %
Global variability (meteo + system) Variance 5.3 % (quadratic sum)

Annual production probability Variability 8.6 MWh


P50 161.0 MWh
P90 150.0 MWh
P95 146.9 MWh

Probability distribution

0.50

PVsyst TRIAL 0.45

0.40

0.35

0.30
P50 = 161.0 MWh
E_Grid simul = 161.0 MWh
Probability

0.25

0.20
P90 = 150.0 MWh
0.15

0.10 P95 = 146.9 MWh

0.05

0.00

PVsyst TRIAL
130 140 150 160 170 180 190
E_Grid system production MWh

PVsyst Evaluation mode