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Computer memory (or more accurately called physical memory) is a generic term that

refers to temporary data storage media on a computer. Every program and data that is being
processed by the processor will be stored in physical memory. Data stored in physical
memory is temporary, because the data stored in it will be stored as long as the computer is
still powered by it (in other words, the computer is turn on). When the computer is reset or
turned off, data stored in physical memory will be lost. Therefore, before turning off the
computer, all data that has not been stored in permanent storage media must be stored first
(generally disk-based, a kind of hard disk or floppy disk) so that the data can be reopened at
other times. Physical memory is generally implemented in the form of Random Access
Memory (RAM), or dynamic (DRAM). Why is called Random Access, is that access to the
locations in it can be done randomly, not sequentially. However, the word Random Access in
RAM is often misguided. For example, memory that can only be read (ROM), can also be
accessed randomly, but it is distinguished by RAM because ROM can store data without
power requirements and cannot be written at any time. In addition, the hard disk which is also
one of the storage media can also be accessed randomly, but it is not classified into Random
Access Memory.

Memory Usage

The main components in a computer system are Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU), Control
Circuitry, Storage Space, and Input / Output devices. Without memory, the computer only
functions as a digital signal processing device, for example a calculator or media player. The
ability of memory to store data, instructions and information is what makes the computer can
be called a multi-function computer. Computers are digital devices, so information is
presented with a binary number system. Text, numbers, images, sounds and videos are
converted into a set of binary numbers (binary digits or abbreviated bit). A set of binary
numbers is known as BYTE, where:

1 byte = 8 bits

1 bit = 1 character

1 kilobyte = 1024 bytes

bps = bits per second

1 kbps = 1000 bps

1 mbps = 1,000,000 bps

The larger the size of the memory, the more information can be stored on the computer
(storage media).

Types of memory

Some types of memory that are widely used are as follows:

- Processor register

- RAM (Random Access Memory)

- Cache memory (SRAM) or Static RAM

- Physical memory (DRAM) or Dynamic RAM

- Floopy disk


- ROM (Read Only Memory)

- Flash memory

- CD (Compact Disk)



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