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# Course Code : ACH1111 Reg. No.

## GAYATRI VIDYA PARISHAD COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING (AUTONOMOUS)

Affiliated to JNT University – K, Kakinada
B.Tech IV Semester Regular Examinations, April/May – 2012
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics-I
(Chemical Engineering)

## Date : 09/05/2012 Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 60

1. Question No. 1 is Compulsory.
2. Answer any FOUR from questions 2 to 8.
3. All parts of a Question must be answered in one place to get valued.

## 1. Answer the following in 4 or 5 sentences.

2 Marks
a) Show that heat added at constant volume for a closed non-flow process manifests as
internal energy change.
2 Marks
b) Let PVδ = Constant, what is the value of δ for an isochoric process?
2 Marks
c) Convert 9.8 N-m/Kg to Kgf-m/Kg?
2 Marks
d) What is Rackett Equation and comment on it?
2 Marks
e) Define mean specific heat capacity based on entropy.
2 Marks
f) What are desirable characteristics of refrigerants?
2 Marks
g) How is entropy change estimated for an irreversible process?
2 Marks
h) What is throttling? Give an example.

2. a) What is first law of thermodynamics? Apply it to a flow process with a neat sketch. 5 Marks
b) Steam flows at steady state through a converging, insulated nozzle, 25 cm long and with 6 Marks
an inlet diameter of 5 cm. At the nozzle entrance (state 1), the temperature and pressure
are 598.15 K (3250C) and 700 kPa, and the velocity is 30 m/s. At the nozzle exit (state 2),
the steam temperature and pressure are 513.15 K (2400C) and 350 kPa. Property values are :
KJ
H 1  3112 .5 V1  388.61cm 3 / g
Kg
KJ
H 2  2945.7 V2  667.75cm 3 / g
Kg
What is the velocity of the steam at the nozzle exit, and what is the exit diameter?

3. a) What is Virial Equation of state? Give two different forms of Virial Equation. 4 Marks
b) Determine the molar volume of n-butane at 510 K and 25 bar by using suitable generalized 7 Marks
equation of state. Given critical constants for n-butane are Tc=425.1 K and Pc=37.96 bar and
acentric factor = 0.2000.

## 4. a) What are two theorems of Carnot? 4 Marks

b) Prove any one theorem of Carnot with a neat sketch. 7 Marks

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Course Code : ACH1111 Reg. No. :

dT dP
5.
ig
a) Show that entropy change of ideal gas can be estimated as C P R .
T P 4 Marks
b) A reversible cycle executed by 1 mol of an ideal gas for which Cp=(5/2)R and Cv=(3/2)R 7 Marks
consists of the following:
 Starting at T1=700K and P1=1.5 bar, the gas is cooled at constant pressure to T2=350K.
 From 350K and 1.5 bar, the gas is compressed isothermally to pressure P2.
 The gas returns to its initial state along a path for which PT=constant.
What is the thermal efficiency of the cycle?

6. a) What is throttling? Apply energy balance to steady state throttle valve. 4 Marks
b) Nitrogen gas initially at 8.5 bar expands isentropically to 1 bar and 423.15 K (1500C). 7 Marks
Assuming nitrogen to be an ideal gas, calculate the initial temperature and the work
produced per mole of nitrogen.
C Pig
 3.280  0.593  10 3 T  0.040  10 5 T  2
R

## 7. a) What is absorption Refrigeration? Explain with neat sketch. 6 Marks

b) The contents of the freezer in a home refrigerator are maintained at 253.15 K(-200C). The 5 Marks
kitchen temperature is 293.15 K (-200C). If heat leaks amount to 125000 W per day, and
if electricity costs \$0.08/kWh, estimate the yearly cost of running the refrigerator. Assume
a coefficient of performance equal to 60% of the Carnot value.

P
GR dP
8. a) Show that   ( Z  1) at constant temperature T. 4 Marks
RT 0
P
P
HR  Z  dP
b) Show that  T    at constant temperature T. 4 Marks
RT 0
T  P P
P P
SR  Z  dP dP
c) Show that  T      ( Z  1) at constant temperature T.
R 0
T  P P 0
P 3 Marks

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