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African Music

Musical features of African Music


The musical features that are important in African Music are:
Write down they’re meanings and why you think they are important to African music below

Traditional instruments:
Idiophones: instruments that you shake to make sound
Aerophones: instruments that you use air to make sound voice
Cordophones: stringed instruments
Membranophones: instruments with a skin

Cross rhythms:
Cross rhythm is the effect produced when 2 conflicting rhythms are
heard together

Ostinati:
An ostinato is any simply repeated rhythm in one song- this rhythm
can be transformed to make it slightly different

Singing in tribal language using pentatonic scales:

Call and response:


Can be used in visual or instrumental – question and answer in piece
of music
Classification of Instruments in World Music
In music of other cultures, the European classification of instruments is not used. The grouping of instruments
is different in world music and the names are different.

They use the “Phones” classification method.

MEMBRANOPHONES
AEROPHONES
CHORDOPHONES
IDIOPHONES

Match the definitions

MEMBRANOPHONES plucking, bowing or strumming a string


to produce the sound

CHORDOPHONE anything hit, shaken or rattled

AEROPHONE Any instrument where a skin in hit to produce the sound

IDIOPHONE Air is needed to produce the sound.

CUT AND PASTE ACTIVITY – cut the pictures of instruments out and glue them into the correct families.
CHORDOPHONE AEROPHONE

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IDIOPHONE MEMBRANOPHONE

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DUNDUN (DUA) MARIMBA OCARINA

RATTLES & GOURDS MBIRA

DJEMBA SLIT LOG DRUM UDU

What do they sound like?


Listen to the recordings of these instruments and use descriptive words to explain the sound that you hear.
Try to avoid using words like high and low or soft and loud. Try using words like booming or rattly.

sounds rattly

it sounds boomy, low, loud

high,loud

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