You are on page 1of 30

SULIT 4531/1 PHYSICS Paper 1 August 2010

I! jam

4531/1

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI TERENGGANU

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010

PHYSICS

PAPER 1

1 Hour 15 minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TOLD TO DO SO

All candidates are advised to refer to the given information on page 2.

Disediakan oleh:

AKRAM NEGERI TERENGGANU

Dibiayai oleh:

KERAJAAN NEGERI TERENGGANU

TERENGGANU ANJUNG ILMU

Dicetak oleh:

Percetakan Yayasan Islam Terengganu Sdn. Bhd.

Tel: 609-66686111665218601 Faks: 609-666061110063

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 30 halaman bercetak

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Rak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

2

MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

2. Jawab semua soalan.

3. Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

4. Bagi setiap soalan hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja.

5. Sekiranya anda hendak menukarkan jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang barn.

6. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

7. Senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 3.

8. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

1. This question paper consists of 50 questions.

2. Answer all questions.

3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.

4. Blacken only one space for each question.

5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made.

Then blacken the space for the new answer.

6. The diagrams in the question provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. S. A list of formula is provided on page 5.

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

3

Moklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah. Simbol-simbol mempunyai mama yang biasa.

1.

v-u a""--

t

2. Momentum =: mv

3. F= ma

4. Gravitational potential energy= mgh

m 5. P""v

F 6. Pressure, p = -

A

7. Pressure, p "" hpg

8. Heat, Q "" mc(}

9. pV = constant T

10. E=mc2

11. v =fo

12. A =ax d

1 1 1

13. - = -+-

f U v

14. n = sini sinr

15. V= lR

16. g = 10 rn S-2

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

4

1 Which of the following is a unit for a derived quantity?

Amara yang berikut, manakah unit bagi kuanitti terbium?

A Watt,W

B Metre, m

C Ampere, A

D Kilogram, kg

2 Diagram shows a beaker

Rajah menunjukkan sebuah bikar

Which of the measuring instruments is suitable for measuring internal diameter of the beaker?

Alat pengukur yang manakah sesuai untuk mengukur diameter dalam bikar itu?

A

B

c

Illllljlillllllll"ITllillllllll!ljlllTIlIjIIl'j'IlII'!!!1 { I Oem 1 2 3: 4 5 6 )

o

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

3 Which quantity is a scalar quantity?

Kuantiti rnanakah adalah kuantiti skalar ?

A Force

Daya

B Density

Ketumpatan

C Momentum

Momentum

D Acceleration

Pecutan

5

4 Which vehicle has the smallest inertia?

Kenderaan manakah mempunyai inersia yang paling kecil?

A

c

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

B

D

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

6

5 Diagram shows the acceleration - time graph for a motion of an object.

Rajah menunjukkan graf pecutan - masa bagi gerakan suatu objek:

Acceleration Pecuictn

o 4----;'-----4 Time Masa

Which velocity-time graph represents the motion of the object? Greif halaju-masa yang manakah mewakili gerakan objek itu?

Velocity Halaju

Velocity Halaju

A

B

O¥------------~TUne Masa

O~------------~--~Time Masa

Velocity Halaju

c

Velocity Ha/aju

04---------~-~ Time Masa

+-----::..!:__----4 Time Masa

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

7

6 Diagram shows two trolleys, P and Q on a frictionless plane. Trolley P moves and collides with the stationary trolley Q.

Rajah menunjukkan dua troli, P dan Q di alas satah tanpa geseran. Troli P bergerak dan melanggar troli Q yang pegun.

Plasticine Plastisin

/

Trnlley Q

/ / frictionless plane

Satah tanpa geseran

Which of the following statement about the total momentum and the total kinetic energy of both trolleys after collision is true?

Pemyataon yang manakah benar tentang jumlah momentum dan jumlah tenaga kinetic bagi kedua-dua troli selepas perlanggarani

B

Total Momentum Total Kinetic energy
Jumlah Momentum Jumlah tenaga kinetik
Increases Decreases
Bertambah Berkurang
Decreases Unchanged
Berkurang Tidak berubah
Unchanged Decreases
Tidak berubah Berkurang
Unchanged Unchanged
Tidak berubah Tidak berubah A

c

D

7 Impulse can be defined as the change in momentum. The unit for impulse is Impuls boleh ditakrifkan sebagai perubahan momentum. Unit bagi impuls latah

A N

B Ns'!

C kg rn s"

D kgm S·2

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

8

8 Diagram shows a car with a mass I 200 kg moving with an acceleration of2.5 m 5.2• There is a force of 3 800 N exerted by the engine of the car.

Rajah menunjukkan sebuah kereta berjtsim 1 200 kg sedang bergerak dengan pecutan 2.5 m S·2, Daya yang dikenakan oleh enjin kereta itu ialah 3800 N.

Acceleration Pecutaa

Frictional

What is the frictional force acting on the car?

Berapakoh daya geseran yang bertindak ke atas kereta itu?

A 9 SOON

B 3800N

C 3000N

D 800N

9 Which of the following phenomena experiences forces in equilibrium?

Amara berikut, fenomena manakah mengalami daya-daya dalam keseimbangant

A A rocket accelerates upwards Sebuah roket memecut ke alas

B A durian falling from a tree

Sebiji buah durian jatuh dar; pokok

C A ship floating at rest in the sea Sebuah kapal terapung pegun di laut

D A car descending a hill at an increasing velocity

Sebuah kereta menuruni bukit dengan halaju bertambah

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Thrn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

9

10 Diagram shows a ball is thrown upwards achieved a maximum height before changing its direction and falls. At which position A, B, Cor D does the ball have minimum kinetic energy?

Rajah menunjukkan sebiji bola diZontar ke alas mencapai tinggi maksimum sebelum menukar arahnya dan jatuh. Antara A, B, C dan D, di kedudukan manakah bola itu mempunyai tenaga kinetik yang minimum?

B

11 Diagram shows a graph of stretching force, F against extension, x for spring Rand S.

Both spring are made of same material and have the same thickness.

Rajah menunjukkan graf daya regangan, F melawan pemanjangan. x bagi spring R dan S. Kedua-dua spring dibuat dar; bahan yang sama dan mempunyai ketebalan yang sama.

F(N)

R

Which of the following statements about spring S and spring R is correct? Pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar mengenai spring S dan spring R?

A Spring S has a greater diameter of wire of spring than spring R

Spring S mempunyai diameter dawai spring yang lebih besar daripada spring R

B Spring S has a smaller coil diameter than spring R

Spring S mempunyai diameter gelung yang lebih kecil daripada spring R

C Spring S has a smaller stiffness than spring R

Spring S mempunyai kekerasan lebih kecil daripada spring R

D Spring S has a 1arger force constant, k than spring R

Spring S mempunyai pemalar daya; k yang lebih besar daripada spring R

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak: Cipta JPNT

[TurnOver) CONFIDENTIAL

10

12 Diagram shows a syringe is used to suck a little water from a basin.

Rajah menunjukkan sebuah picagari digunakan untuk menyedut sedikit air dari sebuah basin.

A water in the basin is forced into the cylinder of the syringe because the atmospheric pressure is

Air dari dalam basin ditolak masuk ke dalam silinder picagari kerana tekanan atmosfera

A equal to the pressure inside the syringe adalah sama dengan tekanan dalam picagari

B less than to the pressure inside the syringe adalah kurang daripada tekanan dalam picagari

C more than to the pressure inside the syringe adalah lebih daripada tekanan dalam picagari

13 What is the pressure of sea water at depth 25 m ?

Berapakah tekanan air laut pada kedalaman 25 m? [ Density of sea water = I 200 kg m"] [Ketumpatan air laut = 1 200 kg m-3]

A 48N m-2

B 1225N m-2

C 30 OOON m·2

D 300 000 N m-2

14 Diagram shows a manometer is connected to a gas supply.

Rajah menunjukkan satu manometer yang disambung ke satu bekalan gas.

Gas supply Bekalan gas

Water air

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Rak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

11

The difference in height, h will increase if Beza pada ketinggian; h akan bertambah jika

A the pressure of the gas supply is decreased. tekanan bekalan gas dikurangkan.

B the diameter of the manometer is decreased diameter bagi manometer dikurangkan

C the water is replaced with a liquid of smaller density air digami dengan cecair yang kurang tum pat

D the manometer is placed at a region of higher atmospheric pressure.

Manometer ltu diletak pada kawasan yang tekanan atmosfera lebih tinggi.

15 Diagram shows an aerofoil.

Rajah menunjukkan satu aerofoil

Which part of the aerofoil has the highest pressure?

Bahagian manakah pada aerotoll mempunyai tekanan yang paling tinggi?

A P

B Q

C R

D S

16 Which statement is correct about the upthrust?

Pernyataan manakah yang betul mengenai daya tujah?

A The upthrust is influenced by the density of the object Daya tujah dipengaruhi oleh ketumpatan objek

B An object that sinks to the bottom does not experience any upthrust Objek yang tenggelarn ke dasar tidak mengalarni sebarang daya tujah

C As the density ofthe object increases, the upthrust on the object will also increase.

Apabi/a ketumpatan objek bertambah, daya tujahjugaakan bertambah

D An object will float on the surface ofthe water when the upthrust is same as its weight

Objek akan terapung di permukaan air apabila daya tujah sama dengan berat objet

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[TurnOver] CONFIDENTIAL

12

17 Diagram shows a metal cylinder of mass 5.0 kg and specific heat capacity 400 J kg" ()C-1•

Rajah menunjukkan satu silinder logam berjisim 5.0 kg dan muatan haba tentu 400 J kg? ()el.

I 000 W heater Pemanas 1000 W

Thermometer Termometer

What is the temperature rise of the cylinder 10 seconds after the heater is switched on? Berapakah kenaikan suhu silinder itu 10 saat selepas pemanas itu dihidupkan?

A 0.20()C

B 0.80()C

C 1.25°C

D 5.00°C

18 Diagram shows the arm of a person being splashed by boiling water and the arm of another person being exposed to steam. Both the hot water and steam have the same mass.

Rajah menunjukkan tangan seorang disimbah air panas and tangan seorang lain yang terdedah kepada stim. Kedua-dua air panas dan stim mempunyai jisim yang sama.

Steam

Boiling water Air mendidih

The scalding on the skin caused by steam is more serious than the scalding caused by boiling water because

Kelecuran kulit yang disebabkan oleh stim lebih serius daripada kelecuran kulit yang disebabkan oleh air mendtdih sebab

P steam has a higher temperature than boiling water

stim mempunyai suhu yang lebib tinggi daripada air mendidih

Q steam has more heat content than boiling water

stim mengandungi lebih banyak haba daripada air mendidih

R steam has a higher specific heat capacity than boiling water

stim mempunyai muatan haba tentu yang lebih tinggi daripada air mendidih

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

A Ponly
Psahaja
B Qonly
Qsahaja
C P and Qonly
P dan Q sahaja
D P,Qand R
P, QdanR. 13

19 Which graph shows the relationship between the volume and absolute temperature of a fixed mass of gas at constant pressure?

Graf yang manakah menunjukkan hubungan antara isipadu dan suhu mutlak bag; satu jisim tetap gas pada tekanan malar?

A

o

TIK

c

o

TIK

B

o

TIK

D

o

TIK

20 The temperature of 5 kg of water rises by 50°C when heated. What is the

temperature rise when 8 kg of water is heated by the same amount of heat energy? Suhu bag; 5 kg air meningkat sebanyak 50°C apabila dipanaskan. Berapakah peningkatan suhu apabila 8 kg air dipanaskan dengan jumlah tenaga haba yang sarna?

A 20.75°C B 31.250C C 40.00oC D 80.00oC

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

['!Urn Over CONFIDENTIAL

14

:u More heat energy require to change t kg of water at 100°C to steam than to totally melt I kg of ice because

Lebih banyak haba diperlukan untuk menukarkan 1 kg air pada 100°C kepoda stim daripada meleburkan sepenuhnya 1 kg ais kerana

A Specific heat capacity of water higher than specific heat capacity of ice.

Muatan haba tentu air lebih tinggi dar; muatan haba tentu ais.

B Specific heat capacity of water lower than specific heat capacity of ice.

Muatan haba tentu air lebih rendah dar; muatan haba tentu ais.

C Specific latent heat of vaporisation of water higher than specific latent heat of fusion of ice.

Haba pendam tentu pemgewapan air lebih tinggi dari haba pend am tentu perlakuran ais.

D Specific latent heat of vaporisation of water lower than specific latent heat of fusion of ice.

Haba pend am tentu pemgewapan air lebih rendah dar; haba pendam tentu perlakuran ais.

22 A plane mirror is usually used as a rear view mirror of a car because the image formed is

Cermin satah sering digunakan sebagai cermin pandang belakang kerana tmej yang terhasil adalah

A magnified
dibesarkan
B diminished
mengecil
C real
nyata
D upright
tegak 4531/1 Percubaan 2010 ® Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

15

23 Diagram shows a light ray being incident at an angle of 10° being reflected by a plane mirror PM. The mirror is then rotated anticlockwise through an angle 000°.

Rajah menunjukkan sinar tuju pada sudut 10° dan dipantulkan oleh cermin satah PM Cermin itu kemudiannya diputarkan arah lawan jam pada sudut 30°,

M

P

o

What is the new angle of reflection of this light ray? Berapah sudut pan/ulan yang baru bagi sinar ini?

A 10°

B 40° C 60°

D 80°

24 Which of the following shows the phenomena of total internal reflection?

Fenomena manakah yang menunjukkan paruulan dalam penuh?

A

Plane mirror Cermin satah

B

& Semi circular glass block Bongkah kaca semibulatan

I

C

Glass prism ~ __ Prisma kaea

D

Rectangular glass block Bongkah kaca segi empat

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

16

25 The critical angle for a glass-air surface is 38.10. What is the index of refraction of the glass?

Sudut genting untuk permukaan kaca-udara ialah 38.10. Apakah indeks biasan kaca tersebut?

A 2.62

B 1.62

C 1.00

D 0.62

26 Which diagram shows the correct reflection of light by a concave mirror?

Rajah manakah yang menunjukkan pantulan cahaya yang betul oleh sebuah cermin cekung?

A

c

B

D

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

17

27 Which diagram shows an example of a longitudinal wave?

Rajah yang manakah menunjukkan contoh gelombang membujur ?

A Light traveling from a lamp to a screen.

Cahaya merambat dart sebuah lampu ke skrin

lamp lampu

lens kanta

screen skrin

B A water ripple caused by a dipper moving up and down

Riak gelombang air dihasilkan oleh pence/up bergetar atas dan bawah.

dipper

C A spring pushed backwards and forwards Spring digerakkan ke depan dan ke belakang

D A spring pushed up and down

Spring digerakkan ke atas dan ke bawah

28 Diagram shows water waves change direction when they move from shallow water to deep water.

Rajah menunjukkan arah gelombang air berubah apabila merambat dari kawasan air cetek ke kawasan air da/am.

shallow water air cetek

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

18

What is the name of this phenomena? Apakah nama fenomena in; ?

A refraction
pembiasan
B reflection
pantulan
C diffraction
belauan
D interference
interferens 29 Which of the following statements is best explaining why sound is easily diffracted compared to light?

Manakah pernyataan berikut adalah paling baik menerangkan mengapa bunyi lebih mudah d belau berbanding cahaya?

A Sound is a longitudinal wave.

Bunyi ialah gelombang membujur

B The speed of sound is slower than light.

Laju bunyi lebih lambat berbanding cahaya

C Sound needs medium for its propagation.

Bunyi memerlukan medium untuk perambatannya.

D The wavelength of sound is longer than light.

Panjang gelombang bunyi lebih panjang berbanding cahaya.

30 In a Young's double slit experiment using red light, the interference pattern produced on a screen is as shown in Diagram 19.

Dalam satu eksperimen dwicelah Young menggunakan cahaya merah, corak interferens yang terhasil di atas skrin adalah seperti dalam Rajah 19.

When red light is replaced by blue light, which of the fringes pattern is formed on the screen?

Apabila cahaya merah digantikan dengan cahaya biru, corak pinggir yang manakah akan terbentuk di alas skrin?

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

A

IIIIIII IIIIII

IIIIIII

III III

19

Blue Biro

Blue Biro

Blue Biro

Blue Biro

31 Diagram shows waves propagating through three regions P, Q and R .

Rajah menunjukkan suatu gelombang merambat melalui tiga kawasan P, Q dan R.

B

c

D

p

15cm

Q

Scm

What is the wave speed in region R if the wave speed in region Pis 6 m S·I?

Berapakah laju gelomhang dalam kawasan R jika laju suatu geJomhang dalam kawasan P ialah 6 m S·I?

A 2ms·1 B 4 m S-I C 6m S-I D 9ms·1

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over) CONFIDENTIAL

20

32 Which diagram shows the correct electric field pattern?

Rajah manakah menunjukkan corak medan elektrik yang betul?

A

8

c

D

33 Diagram shows an eagle perching on a high voltage cable but it does not experience an electric shock.

Rajah menunjukkan seekor helang sedang hinggap pada kabel elektrik bervoltan tinggi tetapi ia tidak mengalami renjatan elektrik

The eagle does not experience an electric shock because Burung helang tidak mengalami renjatan elektrik kerana

A the resistance of the cable is high rintangan kabel adalah tinggi

B the voltage between its legs is low voltan merentasi kakinya adalah rendah

C the bird is a good electric insulator

burung merupakan insulator elektrik yang baik

D most of the electricity is converted to heat kebanyakan tenaga elektrik ditukar kepada haba

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

21

34 Diagram shows an electric circuit that contains three identical bulbs P, Q and R which are labelled" 6V, 8W".

Rajah menunjukkan satu litar elektrik yang mempunyai tiga mentol serupa P, Q dan R yang ber/abel " 6V, 8W ".

R

What will happen to the reading of the ammeter and the brightness of the bulb Q when the switch is on?

Apakah yang terjadi pada bacaan ammeter dan keterangan mentol Q bila suis ditutup?

Reading of the ammeter Brightness of the bulb 0
Bacaan ammeter Keteran1:.an mentol 0
A increase remain unchanged
bertambah tidak berubah
B increase increase
bertambah bertambah
C Remain unchanged increase
tidak berubah bertambah
D Remain unchanged remain unchanged
tidak berubah tidak berubah 35 Which circuit can be used to determine the electromotive force of a battery?

Litar yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk menentukan daya gerak elektrik sebuah bateri.

A

D

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

22

36 Diagram shows a graph between the potential difference, V, across the terminals of a cell changes with the current, L through the cell.

Rajah menunjukkan graf antara beza keupayaan, V, merentasi terminal sebuah sel berubah dengan arus, L melalui sel itu

VIV

1.2 - --,

I I I ,

OA __ ~ _

I I I

o~----------------~--~

0.84

II A

0.20

What is the internal resistance of the cell? Berapakah rintangan dalam sel itu?

A 0.800

B 1.16 n

C 1.25 n

D 1.43 n

37 Diagram shows the set up of the apparatus to study the pattern of the magnetic field produced by the current in a straight wire

Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji pola medan magnet yang dihasilkan oleh arus yang mengalir dalam satu dawai lurus.

Cardboard Kodbod

~ Observer Pemerhati

Iron filings Serbuk besi

Which diagram shows the correct pattern and direction of the magnetic field that will be seen by the observer?

Rajah manakah menunjukkan pola serta arah yang betul bagi medan magnet yang akan dilihat oleh pemerhati itu?

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

23

38 Diagram shows current carrying coil in a magnetic fields.

Rajah menunjukkan gegelung membawa arus dalam medan magnet

I

Which of the following is correct. Amara berikut yang manakah benar .

A

c

B

D

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

24

39 The diagram shows a bar magnet moving towards a solenoid.

Rajah menunjukkan magnet bar bergerak ke arah solenoid

./

IV

Direction of ........ -- movement

sa

Bar magnet

galvanometer

Which of these actions will not increase the deflection of the galvanometer pointer? Tindakan manakah yang tidak akan menamboh pesongan jarum galvanometer?

A Reversing the polarity of the magnet Menukar kutub magnet

B Increasing the number of coils in the solenoid Menambah lilitan solenoid

C increasing the speed of the bar magnet Menambah halaju magnet bar

D increasing the number of magnets used Menambah bilangan magnet

40 The diagram shows a dynamo connected to a cathode ray oscilloscope.

Rajah menunjukkan sebuah dinamo disambung kepada sebuah osiloskop sinar katod.

Which trace represents the e.m. f induced in the generator when the coil is generated at constant speed?

Surihan yang manakah mewakili d.g .e yang teraruh dalam dinamo apabila gegelung diputarkan pada kelajuan yang seragam?

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

25

r6 •

B V V
D }vv A

c

41 Diagram shows the transmission of electrical energy from a power station to the consumers with current supplied 20 A.

Rajah menunjukkan penghantaran tenaga elektrik dari stesen kuasa kepada pengguna dengan bekalan arus elektrik 20 A.

Power station [Stesen kuasa]

Transmission cable [Kabel penghantaranj

son

Consumers [Pengguna]

'::k'1--- Electric pylon ---I""';;tcn [pilon elektrik]

Calculate the loss of power in the cable if the total resistance of the cable is 50 n . Hitung kuasa yang hilang di dalam kabel jika jumlah rintangan dalam kabel tersebut ialah 50,O?

A 2.42 X 106 W B 2.20 X 105 W C 2.42 X 104W D 2.00 X 104 W

453111 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta J1?NT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

26

42 The graph shows trace on a Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) screen.

Grat'menunjukkan surih di alas skrin Osiloskoo Sinar Katod (OSK),

,,>
/: ~ / ~ / ~
.. ,
'f r\ I ~. r
... 1 ',< •• ,.
\ J \ /
f'.... V "-- ,
'. • , •• -' < •• " ",' The V-gain and the time-base are set at 3 volt / division and 5 rns I division respectively. What is the peak voltage and the frequency of the alternating current supply that connected to the C.R.O?

Gandaan- Y dan dasar masa telah disetkan pada 3 volt / bahagian dan 5 ms / bahagian maslng-masing. Apakah voltan puncak dan frekuensi arus ulang allk yang disambungkan ke aSK?

Peak voltage I V Frequency I Hz
Voltan puncak I V Frekuensi I Hz
A 9.0 40
B 6.0 40
C 4.5 40
0 9.0 80 43 What is the function of diode?

Apakah fungs! diad?

A To convert direct current to alternating current.

Menukarkan arus terus ke arus ulang-alik.

B To convert alternating current to direct current.

Menukarkan arus ulang-alik ke arus terus.

C To raise the potential different of alternating current.

Membesarkan beza keupayaan arus ulang-alik.

D To raise the potential different of direct current.

Membesarkan beza keupayaan arus terus.

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Thrn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

27

44 Which ofthe following circuits will light up the bulb?

Antara sambungan litar-litar berikut, yang manakah akan menyalakan mentol ?

A

B

c

bulb mentol

D

bulb menial

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

bulb mentol

bulb mentol

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

28

45 Diagram shows a transistor switching circuit with a light dependent resistor.

Rajah menunjukkan litar pensuisan transistor dengan sebuah perintang peka cahaya.

The bulb will light up when Mentol akan menyala apabila

A the resistor R is disconnected perintang R ditanggalkan

B the terminals of the battery are reversed apabila terminal bateri disongsangkan

C the surrounding is bright persekitaran adalah terang

D the surrounding is dark persekitaran adalah gelap

46 Diagram shows the input signals P and Q.

Rajah menunjukkan isyarat input P dan Q.

Voltage [voltan]

01.11-: -....---.,

L--__;_--L-----JD~-l.- ...... rime {mesa1

lImn! P

Voltage [voltan]

0' t.~ ... -.-.-. ~__.__......_.. _D D. time{masa]

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

29

Which of the following shows the output signal X?

Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan isyarat output X?

A Voltage [voltan] B Voltage [voltan]
~t ~6
.. time[masa] 0

C Voltage [voltan] D Voltage [voltan]
:6 ~1
I ! .. time [masa] '---......__-'---'--- ...... ,. time [masa]

'-- ---'-_--'-1 ....... time [masaJ

47 The equation below represents a nuclear reaction.

Persamaan di bawah mewakili satu tindak balas nuklear

2HPH Q 4

1 + 1 -7 On + 2He +energy

tenaga

In the nuclear reaction, the values ofP and Q are

Dalam tindak balas nuklear itu, nilai-nilai P dan Q adalah

A B C D

p Q
3 1
2 t
4 2
3 2 48 The following equation shows the process of disintegration of uranium 238.

Persamaan berikut menunjukkan proses penyepaian uranium 238

238 U ~ 234Th ~ 234 Pa ~ 234U ~ 230Th

92 90 91 92 90

Determine the radioactive rays that are emitted at each stage. Tentukan sinar radioaktif yang dipancarkan bagi setiap peringkat

A 0., ~, 0., 0.

c ~,o.,o.,~

B o.,,,{,,,( ~

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

[Turn Over] CONFIDENTIAL

30

49 The half-life of a radioactive substance is 3 days. How much time is required for 109 of the substance to decay until 1.25 g is left?

Setengah hayat suatu jenis bahan radioaktif ialah 3 hari. Berapakah masa yang perlu untuk 10 g bahan int reput hingga tertinggall.25 g?

A 3 days
3 hari
B 6 days
6hari
C 9 days
9hari
D 12 days
12 hari 50 Which of the following is the most appropriate radioisotope substance to be used as a medical tracer to detect a tumor?

Antara berikut yang manakah bahan radioisotop yang paling sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai penyurih untuk mengesan tumor?

A

Isotope Type of emmision Half life
Isotop Jenis pancaran Separuh Hayat
Radon-222 a 3.8 days
Radon-222 3.8 hari
Sulfur-35 p 97 days
Sulfor-35 97 had
Cobalt-60 'Y 5.3 years
Cobalt-60 5.3 tahun
Technitium -99 'Y 6 hours
Technitium-99 6jam B

c

D

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

4531/1 Percubaan 2010 © Hak Cipta JPNT

CONFIDENTIAL