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SELEKSI MASUK UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN (SMUP)

Mata Pelajaran : B. Inggris


Tahun : 2007

Text 1

The vast majority of people in developing countries live in rural areas, on farms, in
villages or in rural market towns. In some countries such as Rwanda and Malawi more than 90
percent of the total population lives in the rural areas. The main purpose of education in these
areas is to provide everybody (not only those in urban areas) with relevant knowledge, skills,
attitudes and ideas which will enable them to lead more fulfilling, productive, and satisfying
lives.
To assert that everyone has a ‘right’ to education has little practical meaning unless this
‘right’ is translated into terms of some ‘minimum package’ of attitude, knowledge and skills for
all people in a given society. To do otherwise is to create a privileged class at the expense of
everyone else. Vague objectives such as ‘giving every child a good basic education’ (often
defined as four to six more years of formal schooling) are meaningless when huge sections of
the population are getting little or no education at all.
One solution is this : rather than attempt to enroll every child for a seven or eight-year
cycle of primary schooling, which is not financially feasible anyway for many countries for
many years to come, the strategy should be a shorter four to five-year primary cycle to provide
every child with the minimum educational needs – literacy, numeracy, health education and
those technical and entrepreneurial skills needed – to make a decent living. This primary
education should be geared for the large majority who will not continue their studies beyond
this stage, who will enter straight into productive life.

51. This passage is about …


A. education program for urban areas in developed countries.
B. education program for Asian countries.
C. education program for African countries.
D. education program for rural areas in developing countries.
E. education program for urban and rural areas in developing countries.

52. The main purpose of education is to provide _____ with relevant knowledge, skills,
attitudes and ideas.
A. everybody
B. only those in urban areas
C. people in rural areas
D. people in developing countries
E. people in developed countries

53. In paragraph two, the author’s main concern is to criticize …


A. the ‘ minimum package’ of attitude, knowledge and skills.
B. the assertion that everyone has a ‘right’ to education.
C. the creation of a privileged class.
D. the objective of four to six more years of formal schooling.
E. the fact that huge sections of the population are getting little or no education at all.

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54. The phrase ‘the minimum educational needs’ refers to …
A. literacy
B. numeracy
C. health education
D. technical and entrepreneurial skills
E. all of the above

Text 2

Although “lie detectors’ are being used by governments, police departments, and business
that all want guaranteed ways of detecting the truth, the results are not always accurate. Lie
detectors are properly called emotion detectors, for their aim is to measure bodily changes that
contradict what a person says. The polygraph machine records changes in heart rate, breathing,
blood pressure, and the electrical activity of the skin (galvanic skin response, or GSR). In the
first part of the polygraph test, you are electronically connected to the machine and asked a few
neutral questions (“What is your name?” “Where do you live?”). Your physical reactions serve
as the standard (baseline) for evaluating what comes next. Then you are asked a few critical
questions among the neutral ones (“When did you rob the bank?”). The assumption is that if
you are guilty, your body will reveal the truth, even if you are guilty, your body will reveal the
truth, even if you try to deny it. Your heart rate, respiration, and GSR will change abruptly as
you respond to the incriminating questions.

55. The word “ones”, printed in bold refers to …


A. reactions
B. evaluations
C. questions
D. standards
E. ways

56. The polygraph machine detects the following changes, EXCEPT …


A. GSR
B. breathing
C. blood pressure
D. heart rate
E. the electrical activity of the brain

Text 3

High- and low- pressure air masses travel the globe and cause major weather changes.
When a cold, high-pressure polar air mass meets an extremely low-pressure tropical air mass,
their combination can produce intense storm such as typhoons, hurricanes, and tornadoes. Less
severe weather conditions are often caused by small, local pressure areas. A mild rainstorm
occurs when rising warm air combines with cool air. Clouds are created as the moist warm air
cools and condenses to form water droplets. When clouds reach a saturation point, or the point
at which they can no longer contain their moisture, the droplets fall to earth as rain or snow.
Weather forecasters look at the movement of warm and cold air masses and try to predict
how they will behave. Although weather forecasting is not completely accurate, satellites,
sophisticated instruments, and computers make weather prediction far more accurate today
than in the past. The advantages of weather prediction are numerous , but in the end, nature
does whatever it pleases. We may attempt to predict weather, but we cannot control it.

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57. Rain or snow occurs when …
A. the moist warm air cools and condenses
B. a cold, high-pressure polar air mass meets an extremely low-pressure tropical one
C. rising warm air combines with cool air
D. clouds reach the point at which they can no longer contain their moisture
E. high-and low pressure air masses travel the globe

58. The word “numerous”, printed in bold, is closest in meaning with …


A. many
B. more
C. less
D. inadequate
E. in numbers

Text 4

The earliest existing written black literature in America is Lucy Terry’s poem “Bars Fight,
“ written in 1746. Other eighteenth-century black poets include Jupiter Hammond and George
Moses Horton. The first American to publish a book in American was Philips Wheatley. Black
poetry also flourished in the nineteenth-century, during which the writings of almost forty
poets were printed, the most notable of whom was Paul Laurence Dunbar, the first black
American to achieve national acclaim for his work. Dunbar published eight volumes of poetry
and eight novels and collections of stories.

59. According to the passage, when did the first written African – American literature appear?
A. In the 1500s
B. In the 1600s
C. In the 1700s
D. In the 1800s
E. In the 1900s

60. According to the passage, who was the first African American to receive national
recognition for his writing?
A. George Horton
B. Paul Dunbar
C. Lucy Terry
D. Philips Wheatley
E. Jupiter Hammond

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Text 5

Beginning in the sixteenth century, Makassar was the dominant trading center of eastern
Indonesia, and soon became one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia. The Makassarese kings
maintained a policy of free trade, insisting on the right of any visitor to do business in the city,
and rejecting the attempts of the Dutch to establish a monopoly over the city. Further, tolerant
religious attitudes meant that even as Islam became the dominant faith in the region, Christians
and others were still able to trade in the city. With these attractions, Makassar was a key center
for Malays working in the Spice Islands trade, as well as a valuable base for European and Arab
traders from much further afield.
The importance of Makassar declined as the Dutch became more powerful in the region,
and were better able to enforce the monopoly over the spice trade that they desired. In 1667 the
Dutch, allied with the Bugis prince, Arung Palakka, invaded and captured Makassar,
eliminating its role as an independent trading center. It became a free port in 1848.

61. Makassar was not only a key center for Malays working in the Spice Islands trade, but also

A. maintained a policy of tree trade
B. the dominant trading center of eastern Indonesia
C. one of the largest cities in Southeast Asia
D. a valuable base for European and Arab traders from much further afield
E. were better able to enforce the monopoly over the spice trade

62. The Dutch, with the help of Arung Palakka, _____, invaded and captured Makassar in 1667.
A. the Makassareseking
B. a Malay
C. the governor
D. the President of Indonesia
E. the Bugis Prince

Pertanyaan nomor 63 sampai dengan 75 berikut tidak didasarkan atas bacaan.

63. I had to ask the boys to stop _____


A. to play
B. playing
C. play
D. plays
E. played

64. If they _____, they would have found me.


A. wait
B. waited
C. had waited
D. would wait
E. were waiting

65. Julius Caesar, _____ was a powerful Roman general, came to Britain in 55 BC.
A. that
B. this
C. whose
D. whom
E. who

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66. The matter _____ tomorrow.
A. will discuss
B. will be discussing
C. will be discussed
D. will have discussed
E. will have been discussed

67. Do you object to _____?


A. we smoke
B. we smoking
C. we are smoking
D. our smoke
E. our smoking

68. Your coat is new, but _____ isn’t.


A. me
B. my
C. mine
D. I
E. me coat

69. The sun _____ when we went out.


A. was shining
B. was shone
C. shining
D. shines
E. shone

70. We had a _____ enjoyable holiday, thank you.


A. fair
B. fairly
C. rather
D. enough
E. too

71. Some animals _____ during the winter and only _____ in spring.
A. do not eat, come out
B. do not eat, will come out
C. will not eat, will come out
D. will not eat, come out
E. are not eating, are coming out

72. Great Britain, which is now an island, _____ once part of the European mainland.
A. which
B. being
C. with
D. was
E. is

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73. _____ he was defeated for the presidency three times, William Jennings Bryan was a major
influence in the United States.
A. When
B. Because
C. In spite of
D. But
E. Although

74. Bangkok, Thailand, which is nicknamed the “Venice of Asia”, has _____ canals.
A. a little
B. a
C. much
D. many
E. a lot

75. The lowlands of Albania are quite fertile _____ are alluvial.
A. because they
B. which is because
C. because of which
D. and because
E. and it is because

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