Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

ON - SITE DETENTION POND (OSD)

(Below Ground Storage System)

Permissible site discharge (Based on Discharge Design Storm, ARI = 5 years)

PSD = a - sqrt ( a2 - 4 b)
2
a= (8.548 Qa/tc)(0.333tcQp/Qa+0.35tc+0.65tcs)
b= 8.548 Qa Qp

L= 50 m
V= 4 m/s
tc = 15 min
tcs = 60 min * MASMA 19.A.2

I5= 288.08 mm/hr

Before Development After Development

Area = 0.114 hac Area = 0.114 hac


C= 0.9 C= 0.9
Qp = 82.1 l/s Qa = 82.1 l/s

a= 2304
b= 57620.9548
PSD = 25.3 l/s

Site Storage Requirement (Based on Storage Design Storm, ARI = 10 years)

SSR = 0.06 td ( Qd - c - d)
c= 0.675 PSD ( 1 - 0.392 PSD /Qd)
d= 0.117 PSD 2 /Qd

After Development
C= 0.9
td I Qd c d SSR
(min) (mm/hr) (l/s) (m3)
5 315.41 90 15 1 22.16
10 247.46 71 18 2 30.06
15 200.88 57 18 2 33.50
20 169.17 48 17 3 34.29
30 130.36 37 15 4 32.86
35 119.12 34 15 4 32.25
40 109.75 31 14 4 31.17

Maximum SSR

The maximum SSR occurs for duration of 15 min. The required volume for the storage is
34.2916873 m3

PERIMETER DRAIN AS ON-SITE DETENTION FACILITY SIZING

Detention Volume

On-site detention facility is located on the lowest point of the development site, where all drainage system
gravitates towards it and the outflow from the facility will have regulated to the required amount permissble.
W = 0.6 m
H = 0.6 m
Length = 100 m

H
H

Storage = 36 m3
Volume Storage is enough W
Primary Outlet

TEL

hf
HGL
Ys
Storage
Primary Outlet Pipe Municipal
Drain

SxL Ye

Ye = 0m
Ys = 0.6 m
S= 1 in 20
L= 24 m

The required pipe diameter is found by trial and error using eqn 19.6

Ap = PSD and Dp = sqrt ( 4 Ap / pi)


sqrt ( 2 g ( Ys + S x L - Ye )/KL)

where KL = Kt + Ke + Kf +Ko

Trash Screen Loss Factor (Kt)

Kt = 1.45 - 0.45 (An/Ag)-(An/Ag)2 where An= Net Open area between screen bars (m2)
where Ag= Gross area of the screen and support (m2)
An/Ag = 0.75
Kt = 0.55

Entrance Loss factor (Ke)


= 1/Cd -1 where Cd = Orifice discharge Coefficient
2
Ke

Cd = 0.62
Ke = 1.601

Friction Loss Factor (Kf)

The pipe friction loss for a pipe flowing full is expressed as:
Kf = f L/D where f = 125 n2/D1/3
n= 0.015
L= 24 m
Kf = 0.6750 x D -4/3

Outlet Loss Factor (Ko)


Ko = 0.5

Total Coefficient of Head Loss

KL = 0.55 + 1.601 + 0.675 x D -4/3 + 0.5

= 2.651 + 0.675 x D -4/3

Adopting an initial trial diamater of 450mm, the trial and error calculations are summarised in
the following table.
eqn 19.6
Trial D K L Area A Estimated D
(mm) (m2) (mm)

360 5.28718389 0.010 112

370 5.19263318 0.010 111

355 5.33679695 0.010 112

359 5.29697758 0.010 112

D= 400 mm is acceptable

Trash screen is installed around the primary outlet to prevent the risk of potential blockage by debris.

Secondary Outlet

A suitable overflow arrangement must be provided to cater for rarer storms than the OSD facility was
designed for or in the event if blockage anywhere in the site drainage system.

The most commonly used arrangement fro an above-ground storage is broad crested weir which can be
discharged to pass the entire overflow discharges, as shown below.

150mm
300mm

3000mm
Overflow through rectangular broad-crested weir slot in the
wall
ON - SITE DETENTION POND (OSD)
(Below Ground Storage System Pipe Package)

Permissible site discharge (Based on Discharge Design Storm, ARI = 5 years)

PSD =a - sqrt ( au2 - 4 b)


2

a= (8.548 Qda/tdc)(0.333tdcQdp/Qda + 0.35tdc + 0.65tdcs)

b= 8.548 QdaQdp

L= 100 m
V= 4 m/s
tc = 5 min
tcs = 5 min

I5= 225 mm/hr

Before Development After Development

Area = 0.575 hac Area = 0.575 hac


C= 0.35 C= 0.9
Qdp = 125.8 l/s Qda = 323.44 l/s

a= 3123
b= 347752.9
PSD = 115.6 l/s

Site Storage Requirement (Based on Storage Design Storm, ARI = 10 years)

SSR = 0.06 td ( Qd - c - d)


c= 0.675 PSD ( 1 - 0.392 PSD /Qd)
d= 0.117 PSD u2 /Q d

After Development
C= 0.9
td I Q d c d SSR
(min) (mm/hr) (l/s) (mu3)
5 315 453 70 3 114
10 247 355 68 4 170
15 201 289 66 5 196
20 169 243 63 6 208
30 130 187 59 8 215
60 84 121 49 13 213
90 62 89 38 18 179
120 50 72 29 22 153
Maximum SSR

The maximum SSR occurs for duration of 15 min. The required volume for the storage is
214.882 mu3
Pipe Package

BC = 1.2 m x 1.2 m
Length = 114 m
BC = 1.05 m x 1.1 m
Length = 41 m
Pipe Cul = 0.75 m dia
Length = 73 m

Storage
Volume = 242 mu3 Storage is enough

Primary Outlet

Ye =
Ys =
S=
L=

The required pipe diameter is found by trial and error using eqn 19.6

Ap= PSD and Dp = sqrt ( 4 Ap / pi)


sqrt ( 2 g ( Ys + S x L - Ye )/Kd1)
where KdL = Kdt + Kde + Kdf + Kdo
Trash Screen Loss Factor (Kdt)

Kdt = 1.45 - 0.45 (Adn/Adg) - (Adn/Adg)u2 where AdnNet Open area between screen bar
where AdgGross area of the screen and suppo

Adn/Adg 0.75
Kdt = 0.55

Entrance Loss factor (Kde)


Kde = 1/Cddu2 -1 where Cd = Orifice discharge Coefficient

C d= 0.6

Kde = 1.778
Friction Loss Factor (Kdf)
The pipe friction loss for a pipe flowing full is expressed as:
Kdf = f L /D where f = 125 nu2 /D u1/3
n= 0.015
Kdf = 0.0563 x Du-4/3
Outlet Loss Factor (Kdo)
Kdo = 0.5

Total Coefficient of Head Loss

KdL = 0.55 + 1.778 + 0.0563 x Du-4/3

= 2.828 + 0.056 x Du-4/3

Adopting an initial trial diamater of 450mm, the trial and error calculations are summari
the following table.
eqn 19.6
Trial D KdL Area A Estimated D
(mm) (mu2) (mm)

300 3.10787 0.095 348

350 3.05583 0.095 347

375 3.03579 0.094 346

450 2.9909 0.094 345

D= 425 mm is acceptable
ARI = 5 years)

I = 10 years)
for the storage is

1.485 m
1.708 m
1 in 200
2 m

sqrt ( 4 Ap / pi)

tween screen bars (mu2)


screen and support (mu2)

+ 0.5

ons are summarised in