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Lesson Guide in Earth Science

I. OBJECTIVES
A. Content Standards The Various sources of energy (fossil fuels, geothermal, hydroelectric)
B. Performance
Make a plan that the community may use to conserve and protect its
Standards
resources for future generations.

At the end of the session, students are expected to:

C. Learning 1. Explain how energy (hydroelectric) is harnessed from flowing


Competencies/ water.
Objectives 1.1 Identify the different ways to harness hydroelectric power.
1.2 Illustrate how hydroelectric power is harnessed from flowing
water.
1.3 Appreciate the advantages of using hydropower.
II. CONTENT
 EARTH MATERIALS AND RESOURCES
III. LEARNING
RESOURCES
A. References
1. Teacher’s Guide
pages
2. Learner’s Manual
pages
3. Textbook pages Earth Science by Rex Book Store ( pp.164-165)
4. Additional
Materials from
Learning Resource
(LR) portal
B. Other Learning https://link.quipper.com
Resources

IV. PROCEDURES
A. Reviewing previous
lesson or presenting Review how heat from inside the earth is tapped as a source of energy
new lesson (geothermal) for human use.
(REVIEW)
B. Establishing a purpose
of the lesson Present/ show a video clip regarding the hydroelectric power.
(MOTIVATION)

C. Presenting
examples/instances of Cite examples of hydrolectric power in the Philippines through
the new lesson powerpoint presentation.
(PRE-ACTIVITY)
D. Discussing new
concepts and Present / Discuss the sources of hydropower.
practicing new skills 1 1. Harness hydropower by building high dam across a large river
(ACTIVITY PROPER) to create a reservoir.

1
2. Harness energy from ocean tides and waves.

Ask students some guide questions:


a. How do we get hydropower from flowing and flowing water?

E. Discussing new
Ask students to illustrate/draw the use of kinetic energy of flowing and
concepts and
flowing water to produce electricity.
practicing new skills 2
(DEEPENING)

F. Developing mastery Group Activity:


(POST-ACTIVITY)
Divide the class into three (3) groups. Cite at least five advantages of
using hydropower.
G. Finding practical
applications of Let the students realize the importance of hydroelectric power as a
concepts and skills in renewable source of energy.
daily living
(APPLICATION)

 Hydropower uses the kinetic energy of flowing and falling water


to produce electricity.
 The most common approach to harnessing hydropower is to
H. Making generalizations build a high dam across a large river to create a reservoir.
and abstractions about  Some of the water stored in the reservoir is allowed to flow
the lesson through large pipes at controlled rates to spin turbines that
(GENERALIZATION) produce electricity.
 For decades, scientists nad engineers have been trying to
produce electricity by tapping wave energy along seacoasts .
 The up and down motion of these wave action generates
electricity.

Essay Question:

1. How is hydropower harnessed from flowing water?.


Rubrics:

(5 points) Exceptional – student responses far exceed what is expected


I. Evaluating learning
(4 points) Excellent – information is factually accurate and offers extra
(ASSESSMENT)
supporting facts.
(3 points) Good – The student somewhat responds beyond the basic
level of the question to provide supporting details and or interpretation.
(2 points) Fair – student responses, although somewhat correct, are
lacking in relevant details and supporting examples and or interpretation.
(1 point) Not Mastered - student responses are largely incorrect.

J. Additional activities for Make a summary of how hydropower is harnessed from flowing water
application or and cite the advantages and disadvantages of using hydropower.

2
remediation
(REMEDIAL)