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Lesson Guide in Earth Science

A. Content Standards The Various sources of energy (fossil fuels, geothermal, hydroelectric)
B. Performance
Make a plan that the community may use to conserve and protect its
resources for future generations.

At the end of the session, students are expected to:

C. Learning 1. Explain how energy (hydroelectric) is harnessed from flowing

Competencies/ water.
Objectives 1.1 Identify the different ways to harness hydroelectric power.
1.2 Illustrate how hydroelectric power is harnessed from flowing
1.3 Appreciate the advantages of using hydropower.
A. References
1. Teacher’s Guide
2. Learner’s Manual
3. Textbook pages Earth Science by Rex Book Store ( pp.164-165)
4. Additional
Materials from
Learning Resource
(LR) portal
B. Other Learning

A. Reviewing previous
lesson or presenting Review how heat from inside the earth is tapped as a source of energy
new lesson (geothermal) for human use.
B. Establishing a purpose
of the lesson Present/ show a video clip regarding the hydroelectric power.

C. Presenting
examples/instances of Cite examples of hydrolectric power in the Philippines through
the new lesson powerpoint presentation.
D. Discussing new
concepts and Present / Discuss the sources of hydropower.
practicing new skills 1 1. Harness hydropower by building high dam across a large river
(ACTIVITY PROPER) to create a reservoir.

2. Harness energy from ocean tides and waves.

Ask students some guide questions:

a. How do we get hydropower from flowing and flowing water?

E. Discussing new
Ask students to illustrate/draw the use of kinetic energy of flowing and
concepts and
flowing water to produce electricity.
practicing new skills 2

F. Developing mastery Group Activity:

Divide the class into three (3) groups. Cite at least five advantages of
using hydropower.
G. Finding practical
applications of Let the students realize the importance of hydroelectric power as a
concepts and skills in renewable source of energy.
daily living

 Hydropower uses the kinetic energy of flowing and falling water

to produce electricity.
 The most common approach to harnessing hydropower is to
H. Making generalizations build a high dam across a large river to create a reservoir.
and abstractions about  Some of the water stored in the reservoir is allowed to flow
the lesson through large pipes at controlled rates to spin turbines that
(GENERALIZATION) produce electricity.
 For decades, scientists nad engineers have been trying to
produce electricity by tapping wave energy along seacoasts .
 The up and down motion of these wave action generates

Essay Question:

1. How is hydropower harnessed from flowing water?.


(5 points) Exceptional – student responses far exceed what is expected

I. Evaluating learning
(4 points) Excellent – information is factually accurate and offers extra
supporting facts.
(3 points) Good – The student somewhat responds beyond the basic
level of the question to provide supporting details and or interpretation.
(2 points) Fair – student responses, although somewhat correct, are
lacking in relevant details and supporting examples and or interpretation.
(1 point) Not Mastered - student responses are largely incorrect.

J. Additional activities for Make a summary of how hydropower is harnessed from flowing water
application or and cite the advantages and disadvantages of using hydropower.