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LESSON GUIDE IN EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCE

I. OBJECTIVES
A. Content Standards 1. Relative and absolute dating
2. The major subdivisions of geologic time (including index fossils)
3. how the planet Earth evolved in the last 4.6 billion years
B. Performance Standards Describe the possible geologic events that occurred in a certain area
based on the rock layers therein
C. Learning At the end of the session, students are expected to:
Competencies/Objectives
3. explain how relative and absolute dating were used to determine the
subdivisions of geologic time
3.1 identify the basic principles of the relative and absolute
dating of geologic events
3.2 explain how the basic principles of the relative and
absolute dating of geologic events were used by the scientists
to determine the subdivisions of geologic time
3.3 appreciate the significance of determining the subdivisions
of geologic time
II. CONTENT HISTORY OF THE EARTH
 Major Events in Earth’s Past
III. LEARNING
RESOURCES
A. References
1. Teacher’s Guide
Pages
2. Learner’s Manual
Pages
3. Textbook Pages Earth and Life Science by Teresita F. Religioso and Lilia G. Vengco,
Phoenix Publishing House, 2016 pages 24 - 34
4. Additional Materials
from Learning
Resource (LR) Portal
B. Other Learning
Resources
IV. PROCEDURE
A. Reviewing previous Ask the students to differentiate relative and absolute dating
lesson or presenting new
lesson (REVIEW)
B. Establishing a purpose of Game: Students will arrange themselves by age, birth month, size, etc.
the lesson
(MOTIVATION)
C. Presenting Ask the students:
examples/instances of the How geologist do subdivides geologic time?
new lesson (PRE- What are the ways they used to subdivide geologic time?
ACTIVITY)
D. Discussing new concepts Divide the students into groups. Instruct them to imagine themselves
and practicing new skills 1 belonging to a group of archeologists visiting two archeological sites of
(ACTIVITY PROPER) trash pits, one in Laguna and the other in Cavite. While digging, they
found that each trash pits shows sequence of layers

Laguna Cavite
Diskettes layer Diskettes layer
Aluminum cans layer Aluminum cans layer with plastic
ID dated 1990
Tin cans layer with license plate Tin cans layer
dated 1950
Ceramic cups layer Stone loads layer
Stone loads layer
Guide questions:
1. How will you determine the relative and absolute age?
2. What conclusion can you derive from the observation?
E. Discussing new concepts Show and explain them a concept map regarding the relative and
and practicing new skills 2 absolute dating.
(DEEPENING)
F. Developing mastery Group Activity – Make a concept map explaining how geologic time
(POST ACTIVITY) subdivides. Present the output in front of the class.
G. Finding practical Show a picture with different layers of rocks, ask the students with the
applications of concepts following questions:
and skills in daily living 1. Which do you think is oldest/youngest layer? Why do you say so?
(APPLICATION)
H. Making generalizations Ask:
and abstractions about 1. What are the basic principles of the relative and absolute dating of
the lesson geologic events?
(GENERALIZATION) 2. How the basic principles of the relative and absolute dating of
geologic events were used by the scientists to determine the
subdivisions of geologic time?
I. Evaluating Learning Choose the letter that best completes each sentences.
(ASSESSMENT) a. Carbon dating
b. Original horizontality
c. Superposition
d. Cross-cutting relationship
e. Inclusion

1. If rocks are not fragments are included within another rock layer, the
rock fragments must be older than the rock layer where they were
embedded.
2. A method based on the decay rate of certain radioactive isotopes
within fossils, rocks and artifacts.
3. Sedimentary rocks are deposited as horizontal or nearly horizontal
layers.
4. The layer at the bottom of the sequence is the oldest, and the
successively higher levels are successively younger.
5. Geologic features like faults or igneous intrusions are younger than
the rocks they cut across.

Essay Question:
1. What are the significance of determining the subdivisions of geologic
time

Rubrics:
(5 points) Exceptional – student responses far exceed what is expected
(4 points) Excellent – information is factually accurate and offers extra
supporting facts.
(3 points) Good – The student somewhat responds beyond the basic
level of the question to provide supporting details and or interpretation.
(2 points) Fair – student responses, although somewhat correct, are
lacking in relevant details and supporting examples and or
interpretation.
(1 point) Not Mastered - student responses are largely incorrect.
J. Additional Activities for
application or remediation Make a relative timescale of seven important events that have occurred
(REMEDIAL) in your lifetime and show them in chronological order.

Prepared by:
ABIGAIL L. MANGAHAS
Division of Bulacan

CALIVE E. PABLO
Division of Tarlac Province

Reviewed and Checked by:

DR. RICARDO A. DE GUZMAN


Facilitator

Noted by:

DR. LIBRADA M. RUBIO


EPS II, Region III