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Defense

Decades of distinguished service.

Who: U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard


What: Engines and propulsion systems for every purpose—
from light armor to heavy combat vehicles, and from
small patrol vessels to large naval ships
Why: Power, dependability and power-to-weight ratio
Where: Deployed all over the world

USA

MTU’s relationship with the U.S. military Experience is an important asset in the military. were compact, lightweight two-cycle products
dates back to World War II. Today, MTU It’s honored and respected by personnel up developed to power standby generators, vehicles
continues to be a key supplier to the U.S. and down the line—and rightly so. Through and road-building equipment. As GM was
Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. experience, sergeants earn their stripes. It’s developing the concept, World War II started.
Whether providing parts, service and new why soldiers receive awards for uncommon acts The U.S. Army needed a dependable engine to
Detroit Diesel 2-Cycle engines for legacy of valor. It impacts crucial tactical decisions. power its fleet of tanks. It found the perfect fit
vehicles or state-of-the-art, high power- And it’s the reason many battles are won. The with GM Diesel 2-Cycle engines. Since diesel
density MTU engines for modern vehicles same values that military personnel revere also fuel is less flammable than gasoline, it was
and vessels, MTU is trusted to deliver for hold true for the diesel engines and propulsion perfectly suited for battle conditions. It also
the world’s most demanding customers. systems they count on every day. provided tanks with more durable, robust power.

Over the years, MTU has garnered considerable World War II helped launch GM Diesel into a
experience—thanks to a relationship with the full-scale division of GM, and production
U.S. military that dates back to World War II. In expanded in the U.S. Soon, engine production
1937, General Motors formed GM Diesel, the grew even further, as the British and Russian
predecessor to Detroit Diesel. The first engines armies put GM Diesel engines into service.

Tedd Grulke, MTU director of governmental sales


“The products developed by MTU are in a class
by themselves. There are no commercial engines
anywhere that even come close.”

Power. Passion. Partnership.


At the Redford manufacturing facility, 2-Cycle engine production
escalated during World War II to meet rising demand for tanks
and landing crafts.

A powerful presence In the ’90s, the 2-Cycle product was phased out New tactics pay off
For the next several decades, the 2-Cycle engine for commercial vehicles and replaced by new, The new business strategy toward developing
dominated the defense industry. It powered emissions-friendly four-cycle engines. Annual specialized engines paid off right from the start.
equipment from tanks to naval vessels to ground 2-Cycle production plummeted from over In the late ’90s, the U.S. Marine Corps began the
combat vehicles. By 1965, one million Series 71 100,000 units per year to an all-time low of development phase for its Expeditionary Fighting
engines had been manufactured. That same year, nearly 3,000 units per year. Vehicle. The MT 883 engine was selected by
GM Diesel was renamed Detroit Diesel. Today, General Dynamics for this important mission.
the original Series 71 design lives on. New, Detroit and Germany join forces The selection was a major breakthrough—it was
powerful eight-cylinder versions are still A new partnership changed the 2-Cycle’s fate. the first time that the U.S. Department of
produced for the military, while remanufactured In 1994, Detroit Diesel joined forces with a Defense accepted an MTU product as the
reliabilt® models are sold by MTU for military German company—MTU Friedrichshafen. MTU principal propulsion system in one of its
and non-military applications. military engines were designed and engineered Class A programs.
solely for military applications. Unlike Detroit
The 2-Cycle engine powered most of the 20th Diesel, MTU military engines were completely The high-profile amphibious vehicle endured
century’s diesel-driven industrial history. By land different from their commercial engines, a long development process. During a 15-year
or sea, in peace and at war, a progressively more optimized for the unique challenges of today’s period, General Dynamics built about 25
powerful and efficient series of “Detroits” could military. When the two companies first started assessment vehicles. Everything was put to
be found in every industry in every corner of the working together, their different perspectives the test, and the engines performed admirably.
globe. At one time, the 2-Cycle’s three-million- and strengths became clear. MTU even had a Although the engine was up to the challenge,
square-foot diesel engine manufacturing facility separate business unit for “special purpose” the program was discontinued in 2011.
in Redford, Michigan, was producing upwards of engines. But both companies had the same
100,000 2-Cycle engines (Series 53, 71, 92 and problem—low volume. Leaner and meaner
149) per year to power a variety of applications, During the same time period, another specialized
from on-highway trucks to mining equipment, With the new partnership, Detroit Diesel MTU engine was called into duty for the U.S.
construction and industrial equipment to motor suddenly had access to specialized products Army’s Future Combat System (FCS) project.
yachts, tanks and landing craft to standby that could exceed customer expectations. The FCS program was the Army’s first use of
generators. MTU military engines were widely accepted all hybrid-electric propulsion systems for combat
over the world, with nearly 100% market share. vehicles. As a technology leader in power and
New standards, new directions Detroit Diesel made these specialized MTU propulsion systems, MTU was a natural choice
While still going strong in the defense industry, engines available to U.S. defense customers. to partner with the Army on this new initiative.
the 2-Cycle engine’s dominance on the world
stage for “civilian” use ended in the late 1980s. In 2006, the relationship reached a new level The FCS program was the centerpiece of the
With the advent of the EPA came more stringent when MTU acquired Detroit Diesel’s off-highway U.S. Army’s modernization project to develop a
emissions requirements. These standards were operations, and along with it, the Detroit Diesel highly integrated, lightweight and easily deployable
much more strict for commercial engines than 2-Cycle product line. The acquisition marked a combat force. At that time, the U.S. military had
for military engines. As a result, gradual changes significant capital investment by MTU to sharpen more than 33,000 armored vehicles in operation,
formed between emissions-compliant market focus and renew commitment to customer over half of which were powered by Detroit
commercial products and military engines. support, including millions of dollars to revitalize Diesel 2-Cycle engines. The FCS program was
As the products became more different, the the overall support of the Detroit Diesel 2-Cycle targeted to repower these vehicles, many of
volume of military engines shrank. product line with genuine, high-quality new and which were projected to be in operation until
reliabilt® remanufactured parts. the year 2050.

Power. Passion. Partnership.


Customized engines based on the Series 880 and Series 890
are being tested for the U.S. Army’s Ground Combat Vehicle.
Engines pictured are previous-generation models.

Unlike commercial hybrid vehicles, military High power density is essential for armored systems, they are superbly equipped for their
hybrid-electric vehicles are significantly more vehicle engines. In military operations, every demanding tasks. And for naval vessels that
robust and more powerful. The vehicles also inch of the vehicle must be protected by armor. require quieter engines for mine hunting or
have much greater electrical power requirements. While lighter, smaller vehicles are more nimble anti-submarine warfare, MTU has engineered
Given its high power density, the MTU Series 890 and valuable on the battlefield, any reductions systems with a low acoustic signature.
made the ideal engine. The engines were well in engine power and performance are not an
received as the vehicle underwent several option. Cutting-edge MTU engineering conserves The Coast Guard depends on MTU engines to
years of development. However, the project engine weight and cubic space without power motor lifeboats, coastal patrol boats,
changed scope and the U.S. Army cancelled sacrificing horsepower. Tedd Grulke, MTU national security cutters and fast-response
the program. Fortunately, there’s a silver lining. director of governmental sales, says, “The cutters in extreme conditions. Because these
The FCS project has led toward the development products developed by MTU are in a class by vessels often stay at sea for long periods, they
of a larger vehicle called a Ground Combat themselves. There are no commercial engines demand a lot from their propulsion systems.
Vehicle (GCV), which is presently employing anywhere that even come close. These engines With exceptional reliability, low lifecycle costs
MTU engines in its testing phase. are purpose-built and purpose-designed and fuel efficiency, MTU engines are always on
specifically for military use.” call. Presently, the Coast Guard depends on MTU
A modern superpower for all of its new patrol and response boats.
Today, robust, compact and cutting-edge Reliability at sea
engines are available in every power category High power density and exceptional reliability are MTU propulsion systems are based on MTU
and for every purpose—from light armor to heavy also critical at sea. As the largest supplier of commercial shipping engines, thousands of
combat vehicles, and from small patrol vessels to propulsion engines and systems to the Navy and which are highly specialized for marine use and
large naval ships. In addition to diesel engines Coast Guard, MTU has provided trusted and operate successfully all over the world. They are
adapted for defense applications, MTU offers proven engines as well as complete, integrated modified according to the special requirements
complete drive systems, which include engine, propulsion and ship automation systems for of military and governmental vessels. High power
gearbox, cooling and air filtration system and decades. Since 1950, MTU has—along with its density, low weight, compact design, and
monitoring and control system. MTU also predecessor companies such as Detroit Diesel— mechanical and thermal stability characterize
provides project systems—providing special delivered over 30,000 engines to almost every MTU engines just as much as simple operation
development of engines and power transmission navy in the world. and low lifecycle costs.
components for customer-specific drive units.
Today, MTU continues to power navy and Moving swiftly into the future
Why does the U.S. military, arguably the world’s governmental vessels patrolling waters all over The future of the relationship between MTU
most demanding customer, rely on MTU engines the world. For the U.S. Navy, MTU engines are and the military looks bright. MTU continues to
and parts for vehicles in applications where rigorously tested and purpose-built for all kinds develop, manufacture and service powerful,
failure is not an option? MTU engines and drive of combat missions. Mark V and Mark V.1 boats completely customized drive systems for
systems have set the standards for years with are designed to deliver special ops teams in all armored vehicles and marine vessels.
unrivaled power, performance and reliability. conditions. Their rugged MTU engines are well
Exceptional quality and state-of-the-art suited to take a pounding, powering the boat at The U.S. Navy is testing designs for its new
technology are combined with economic speeds up to 50 knots in six-foot seas. From Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) class. The USS
benefits such as high fuel efficiency, low small offshore patrol vessels to giant destroyers, Independence is a three-hull design made
operating costs and high power density to satisfy ship reliability and availability are the highest entirely of aluminum, making the vessel light
the unique demands of military operations. priorities. With MTU engines and propulsion and fast—achieving speeds in excess of 45 knots.

Power. Passion. Partnership.


Conceptual rendering of the Ground Combat Vehicle, currently
under development.

The other vessel, the USS Freedom, is a single- Both engine platforms are based on technologically The U.S. Army intends to field more than
hull, semi-hydroplaning design. Regardless of the advanced high-speed diesel engines with an 1,800 GCVs at nearly $11 million per vehicle.
design, the LCS has to meet strict requirements. unrivaled power-to-weight ratio and a broad Production is expected to begin in 2018.
According to the U.S. Navy, “the LCS must be range of capabilities. The engines can operate While the engines are usually manufactured in
capable of operating at low speeds for littoral on a multitude of military fuels, in a variety of Germany, these engines will be built at MTU’s
mission operations, transit at economical speeds extreme conditions—from hot, dusty deserts to new U.S. facility in Aiken, South Carolina. It will
and also excel in high-speed sprints.” MTU cold mountain passes. With a proven track be the first such program with an MTU branded
engines are at the heart of each propulsion record in militaries throughout the world, these military engine built in the U.S.
system, capable of propelling the vessel up engine platforms are the clear technology
to 28 knots on diesel power alone. leaders in power density for infantry and MTU has decades of experience with drive
armored vehicles. systems for U.S. land and marine defense.
A powerful new ground force The world‘s most demanding customers
Development for the U.S. Army’s newest infantry Both engines will be put to the test over the next count on MTU to deliver. Battle and weather
fighting vehicle—the Ground Combat Vehicle several years. The first stage of the program—the conditions constantly change. Technology is
(GCV)—is now under way. The program will Technology Development phase—will take two always evolving as well. But the mission has
replace 1,800 infantry fighting vehicles with years. This stage will yield the preliminary design always stayed the same: providing power,
state-of-the-art GCVs. Two MTU propulsion of the GCV and provide the U.S. Army with a technology and dependability when they’re
systems have been selected for testing, based basis for defining the direction of the Engineering needed the most.
on the proven MTU Series 880 and Series 890 and Manufacturing Development phase. Over
engine platforms. a four-year period, several “engineering pilot”
vehicles will be built and tested. Once everything
has been perfected and the technology is
production ready, serial production will begin.
The entire process will take seven years.

MTU America Inc.


A Rolls-Royce Power Systems Company

www.mtu-online.com

MTU is a brand of Rolls-Royce Power Systems AG. MTU high-speed


engines and propulsion systems provide power for marine, rail,
power generation, oil and gas, agriculture, mining, construction and
industrial, and defense applications. The portfolio is comprised of
diesel engines with up to 10,000 kilowatts (kW) power output, gas
engines up to 2,150 kW and gas turbines up to 35,320 kW. MTU also
offers customized electronic monitoring and control systems for its
engines and propulsion systems. Power. Passion. Partnership.

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