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FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

ISSN-2012-0435

REPORT No. 2016-6

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY


TERMS OF USE

Agricultural Indicators System (AIS) is a publication of the Philippine


Statistics Authority. The PSA reserves exclusive right to reproduce this
publication in whatever form. Should any portion of this publication be
included in a report/article, the title of the publication and the PSA should
be cited as the source of the data. The PSA will not be responsible for any
information derived from the processing of data contained in this
publication.

ISSN-2012-0435
OCTOBER 2016
FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

FOREWORD

The Agricultural Indicators System (AIS) is one of the statistical


indicator frameworks maintained by the Philippine Statistics Authority
(PSA). AIS has twelve (12) modules which are updated and released
annually. This is the sixth module entitled Food Consumption and
Nutrition. It provides information on per capita production, per capita Net
Food Disposable and per capita calories, proteins and fats supply of
selected major agricultural commodities. The reference years are 2011 to
2015.

The AIS hopes to cover more agricultural development indicators


to support the information needs of our data users. We encourage the
readers to give their comments and suggestions on the improvement of
the AIS, in general, and this report, in particular.

LISA GRACE S. BERSALES, Ph.D.


National Statistician and Civil Registrar General

Quezon City. Philippines


October 2016

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY i


FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD i

LIST OF TABLES iii

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

Table 1. Annual per capita production index of selected


agricultural commodities, Philippines, 2011-2015 5

Table 2. Daily per capita net food disposable (NFD) index


of selected agricultural commodities,
Philippines, 2011-2015 6

Table 3a. Daily per capita calories supply of selected


agricultural commodities, Philippines, 2011-2015 7

Table 3b. Daily per capita protein supply of selected


agricultural commodities, Philippines, 2011-2015 8

Table 3c. Daily per capita fats supply of selected


agricultural commodities, Philippines, 2011-2015 9

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY iii


FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY


FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

Per Capita Production

Per capita production refers to the volume of production of a particular


commodity available for each member of the population. Annual per
capita production index provides information on the change in the per
capita production of the commodity in a given year compared to a base
year. It measures the capacity of the country’s agriculture sector to
produce food commodities in pace with the growth of the population.

In 2015, the annual per capita production of rice slowed down to


117.55 kilograms but still exceeded the 2006 record. Its production index
dropped to 101.99 percent which means that rice per capita production in
2015 was 1.99 percentage points higher than the base year level. Similar
trend was noted for corn as annual production per person at
74.46 kilograms in 2015 registered a declining index of 106.47 percent.
Decreasing and lower than base year per capita production levels
continued for coconut, sugarcane and coffee at 145.92 kilograms,
227.04 kilograms and 0.20 kilogram, respectively, in 2015.

Among the reference fruits, banana and pineapple continued to record


increasing and above the base year per capita production corresponding
to 89.96 kilograms and 25.58 kilograms in 2015. Equivalently, production
indices were 115.15 percent for banana and 121.29 percent for
pineapple. The per capita production estimates of mango, calamansi,
papaya and pomelo in 2015 remained lower than 2006 records.

The 2015 per capita production levels of vegetables and rootcrop such as
tomato, onion, cabbage and potato were declining but remained higher
than in the base year. Despite the downtrend, bigger production index
continued for onion in 2015 at 205.41 percent with annual per capita
production of 1.79 kilograms. Production index of potato reached
146.91 percent equivalent to per capita production of 1.17 kilograms. On
the other hand, per capita production levels of eggplant, mongo and
cassava were going up in 2015 and stayed above the 2006 records.
Production of cassava at 26.85 kilograms per person exhibited higher
production index of 132.90 percent. For other crops such as garlic, peanut
and sweet potato, the 2015 production estimates were sustained below
the base year levels.

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY 1


For livestock products, beef and chevon exhibited increasing per capita
production in 2015 and continued to exceed the 2006 records.
Correspondingly, production indices rose to 105.79 percent and
109.05 percent. Lower than the base year production was recorded for
pork. Production of carabeef in 2015 dropped to 0.97 kilogram and
almost equaled the base year record. Increasing and higher than the base
year production levels were continuously reported by chicken meat and
eggs and duck meat in 2015. In this year, chicken meat production at
11.74 kilograms per person posted higher index of 155.22 percent. Per
capita production of chicken egg at 4.40 kilograms and duck meat at
0.16 kilogram had respective indices of 115.92 percent and
113.98 percent.

Declining production was noted for millkfish, tilapia and oysters in 2015,
but remained above the 2006 records. Production indices of these fish
species ranged from 106.15 percent for milkfish to 111.03 percent for
tilapia. Oyster posted a big drop in production as index slid to
108.28 percent at a per capita production of 0.21 kilogram. Per capita
production of shrimps and prawns rose to 0.58 kilogram in 2015
translated to production index of 107.87 percent. Meanwhile, below the
2006 per capita production continued for roundscad, tuna and crabs
(Table 1).

Per Capita Net Food Disposable

Net Food Disposable (NFD) refers to the volume of commodity available


in its original (unprocessed) form for human consumption. Data on NFD
are sourced from the Supply Utilization Accounts. It is the remaining
balance after all the "use" parameters are taken into account. The daily
net food disposable of a commodity of each member of the population
measured through an index indicates the movement of food available for
consumption in a specified year relative to a base year.

In 2015, the daily per capita NFD of rice dropped to 307.56 grams and
stayed lower than the 2006 level. Likewise, the NFD of corn was reduced
to 56.63 grams per day in 2015 but still exceeded the base year record as
manifested by its index which declined to 112.27 percent. This means that
daily per capita NFD of corn in 2015 was 12.27 percentage points higher
than in 2006. The daily per capita NFD of coconut and sugarcane dropped

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FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

to 19.95 grams and 6.22 grams, respectively, in 2015 and remained below
the base year levels. Per capita NFD of coffee leaped to 1.18 grams in
2015, surpassing the 2006 record at an index of 138.82 percent.

Increasing and above the base year daily per capita NFD continued for
banana and pineapple at 136.44 grams and 30.74 grams, respectively, in
2015. Banana posted higher index at 140.01 percent while pineapple had
an index of 124.10 percent. Meanwhile, the 2015 NFD of mango,
calamansi, papaya and pomelo remained lower than the 2006 records.

Among the vegetables and rootcrops, uptrends in the daily per capita NFD
were noted for garlic, eggplant, peanut, cassava and potato. An abrupt
increase in NFD was exhibited by garlic which moved up to 1.97 grams in
2015 and more than exceeded the base year record at an index of
143.80 percent. Potato indicated the biggest NFD index of 156.74 percent
at 2.79 grams per person per day in 2015. Declining but above the base
year record was registered by tomato and cabbage. In contrast, sweet
potato and mongo continuously recorded lower NFD in 2015.

The 2015 NFD of livestock products, except carabeef, remained above the
base year record. The daily NFD of beef at 6.77 grams per person in 2015
posted the biggest index at 116.52 percent. For pork, per capita NFD
reached 53.12 grams per day in 2015 and surpassed the 2006 level by
6.65 percentage points. Poultry products indicated increasing and higher
index ranging from 115.79 percent for duck meat to 170.94 percent for
chicken meat. The daily NFD of chicken meat was estimated at
37.23 grams per person in 2015.

For fishery products such as milkfish, tilapia and oyster, downtrends in


NFDs were noted in 2015 but stayed higher than their respective 2006
records. Bigger improvement in NFD was observed for tuna which surged
to 13.30 grams in 2015 surpassing the base year level by
11.67 percentage points. Shrimps and prawns had higher index at
137.27 percent equivalent to NFD of 1.51 grams per person per day.
Below the base year NFD was noted for roundscad and crabs (Table 2).

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY 3


Per Capita Supply of Calories, Protein and Fats

Information on the nutrient equivalents of the different food intake


measured in terms of per capita NFD on a per day basis will show the food
items that contributed the highest content of calories, protein and fats.

Rice was the major source of calories. In 2015, rice contributed


1,097.99 grams of calories per person per day. Corn supplied
201.60 grams of calories. High calorie content was also provided by
coconut at 36.71 grams. Banana, mango and pineapple contained
81.86 grams, 10.21 grams and 7.99 grams of calories, respectively. Among
the vegetables and rootcrops, higher calories were sourced from mongo
at 5.90 grams, cassava at 8.0 grams, peanut at 10.68 grams and sweet
potato at 12.68 grams. In the case of livestock and poultry products, pork,
chicken and ckicken eggs contained larger supply of calories
corresponding to 176.89 grams, 91.96 grams and 65.93 grams. About
17.26 grams of calories came from beef. For fishery products, about
2.54 to 8.51 grams of calories were contributed by milkfish, roundscad,
tilapia and tuna. Other agricultural commodities had minimal supply of
calories at less than 3.0 grams per person per day (Table 3a).

In 2015, the daily protein supply of rice per person was 23.07 grams and
that of corn, at 5.38 grams. More protein was sourced from pork, chicken
and chicken egg at 16.84 grams, 11.28 grams and 5.08 grams per person,
respectively. Beef contained 2.50 grams of protein while tuna provided
1.37 grams. Less than 1.0 gram of protein was obtained from other
agricultural commodities (Table 3b).

For fats supply, rice provided 5.54 grams while corn supplied 2.44 grams
per capita daily in 2015. About 3.47 grams of fats were sourced from
coconut. Pork was a major source of fats as it contributed 11.44 grams
per person per day. More than 4.0 grams of fats were provided by chicken
meat and chicken egg. Minimal supply of fats was sourced from other
selected commodities (Table 3c).

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FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

Table 1.
Annual per capita production index of selected agricultural commodities,
Philippines, 2011-2015
(2006=100)

2006 INDICES 2015


PER CAPITA (in percent) PER CAPITA
COMMODITY PRODUCTION PRODUCTION
(Kg/annum) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 (Kg/annum)

Rice 115.25 99.84 106.02 106.55 107.76 101.99 117.55


Corn 69.93 105.13 109.75 107.43 111.25 106.47 74.46
Coconut 171.98 93.48 95.57 90.92 85.55 84.84 145.92
Sugarcane 279.92 106.91 97.71 89.44 89.53 81.11 227.04
Coffee 0.34 78.00 77.00 66.91 63.12 59.86 0.20
Banana 78.12 123.72 122.38 112.71 113.87 115.15 89.96
Pineapple 21.09 112.37 117.82 118.74 119.04 121.29 25.58
Mango 10.57 78.65 75.35 78.68 83.86 84.60 8.94
Calamansi 2.26 85.17 81.84 73.93 71.20 71.27 1.61
Papaya 1.81 92.18 94.59 93.76 95.67 94.63 1.71
Pomelo 0.44 72.60 71.11 68.66 67.55 67.14 0.30
Tomato 2.02 106.34 104.48 104.75 106.41 105.34 2.13
Garlic 0.14 66.03 63.09 63.26 62.24 71.33 0.10
Onion 0.87 154.99 148.13 156.49 233.40 205.41 1.79
Cabbage 1.05 125.96 124.82 123.73 122.14 118.70 1.25
Eggplant 2.21 99.41 99.50 101.49 102.35 104.51 2.31
Peanut 0.34 93.55 90.07 88.39 88.71 86.26 0.29
Mongo 0.30 116.49 112.39 110.65 107.85 111.59 0.33
Cassava 20.20 115.36 114.04 119.06 125.91 132.90 26.85
Sweet potato 6.52 83.56 82.19 82.55 79.87 81.45 5.31
Potato 0.80 159.21 155.13 150.11 149.35 146.91 1.17
Beef 1.93 107.47 104.83 104.70 104.71 105.79 2.04
Carabeef 0.97 113.49 107.03 104.08 103.32 100.47 0.97
Pork 17.99 96.21 95.18 95.14 94.07 97.73 17.58
Chevon 0.51 113.91 109.17 107.92 107.56 109.05 0.56
Chicken (dressed) 7.57 128.24 140.51 146.00 147.53 155.22 11.74
Duck (dressed) 0.14 108.73 112.87 112.36 110.62 113.98 0.16
Chicken egg 3.80 112.03 114.88 114.69 109.58 115.92 4.40
Milkfish 3.66 108.88 110.67 112.78 109.84 106.15 3.89
Roundscad 2.99 84.49 80.91 92.23 87.26 74.55 2.23
Tilapia 2.78 115.01 114.79 116.40 112.86 111.03 3.09
Tuna 6.45 81.60 82.21 82.83 86.09 86.01 5.55
Shrimps & Prawns 0.54 111.63 111.04 111.12 106.97 107.87 0.58
Crabs 0.45 106.95 99.56 96.43 98.57 94.38 0.43
Oysters 0.19 116.91 110.51 125.37 123.06 108.28 0.21

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY 5


Table 2.
Daily per capita net food disposable (NFD) index of selected agricultural commodities,
Philippines, 2011-2015
(2006=100)

2006 INDICES 2015


PER CAPITA (in percent) PER CAPITA
COMMODITY NFD NFD
(grams/day) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 (grams/day)

Rice 325.21 98.11 100.14 97.41 96.33 94.57 307.56


Corn 50.44 86.64 95.32 104.06 119.11 112.27 56.63
Coconut 23.53 93.16 95.58 90.82 85.59 84.79 19.95
Sugarcane 7.67 106.78 97.91 89.31 89.70 81.10 6.22
Coffee 0.85 109.41 131.76 109.41 68.24 138.82 1.18
Banana 97.45 145.44 132.27 106.27 102.05 140.01 136.44
Pineapple 24.77 115.70 114.70 110.82 111.83 124.10 30.74
Mango 26.44 78.74 75.64 80.22 85.17 85.78 22.68
Calamansi 5.81 85.37 82.10 74.01 71.26 71.26 4.14
Papaya 4.55 92.75 95.16 92.75 95.16 95.82 4.36
Pomelo 1.15 71.30 71.30 68.70 66.96 66.96 0.77
Tomato 4.30 106.98 104.42 105.12 106.98 105.81 4.55
Garlic 1.37 57.66 32.12 21.90 67.88 143.80 1.97
Onion 3.51 88.32 100.00 100.00 149.86 150.71 5.29
Cabbage 2.63 127.00 125.10 123.95 122.81 119.77 3.15
Eggplant 5.56 99.46 99.46 101.44 102.52 104.50 5.81
Peanut 2.33 103.43 91.85 70.39 103.43 110.73 2.58
Mongo 1.78 92.13 101.69 103.37 92.13 97.19 1.73
Cassava 5.53 115.91 113.92 120.43 126.76 132.73 7.34
Sweet potato 16.88 83.59 82.29 82.64 80.04 81.64 13.78
Potato 1.78 149.44 143.26 135.39 138.76 156.74 2.79
Beef 5.81 111.70 109.81 109.29 116.52 116.52 6.77
Carabeef 4.54 91.19 85.02 77.75 84.36 83.70 3.80
Pork 49.81 102.25 99.84 101.53 103.19 106.65 53.12
Chevon 1.43 111.19 106.99 106.99 106.99 106.99 1.53

Chicken (dressed) 21.78 135.58 146.92 150.83 160.38 170.94 37.23


Duck (dressed) 0.38 107.89 115.79 107.89 107.89 115.79 0.44
Chicken egg 9.56 112.03 115.17 114.96 109.73 116.11 11.10
Milkfish 6.49 108.01 110.63 111.86 108.94 105.55 6.85
Roundscad 5.32 84.40 80.83 92.11 87.59 74.62 3.97
Tilapia 7.40 114.73 114.46 114.05 111.76 110.68 8.19
Tuna 11.91 83.80 85.22 88.50 95.63 111.67 13.30
Shrimps & Prawns 1.10 134.55 147.27 137.27 127.27 137.27 1.51
Crabs 1.23 95.93 86.99 71.54 78.05 78.05 0.96
Oysters 0.52 115.38 111.54 126.92 121.15 105.77 0.55
NFD- Net Food Disposable

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Table 3a.
Daily per capita calories supply of selected agricultural commodities,
Philippines, 2011-2015
(in grams)

COMMODITY 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015


Rice 1,139.08 1,162.64 1,130.94 1,118.45 1,097.99
Corn 155.57 171.16 186.86 213.88 201.60
Coconut 40.33 41.38 39.32 37.06 36.71
Sugarcane 2.46 2.25 2.06 2.06 1.87
Coffee 0.44 0.53 0.44 0.27 0.55
Banana 85.04 77.34 62.14 59.67 81.86
Pineapple 7.45 7.39 7.14 7.20 7.99
Mango 9.37 9.00 9.54 10.13 10.21
Calamansi 1.29 1.24 1.12 1.08 1.08
Papaya 1.10 1.13 1.10 1.13 1.13
Pomelo 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.37 0.37
Tomato 0.78 0.76 0.77 0.78 0.77
Garlic 1.03 0.57 0.39 1.21 2.56
Onion 0.96 1.09 1.09 1.63 1.64
Cabbage 0.63 0.63 0.62 0.61 0.60
Eggplant 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
Peanut 9.98 8.86 6.79 9.98 10.68
Mongo 5.59 6.17 6.27 5.59 5.90
Cassava 6.99 6.87 7.26 7.64 8.00
Sweet potato 12.98 12.78 12.83 12.43 12.68
Potato 1.78 1.71 1.61 1.65 1.87
Beef 16.55 16.27 16.19 17.26 17.26
Carabeef 8.36 7.80 7.13 7.74 7.68
Pork 169.60 165.60 168.40 171.16 176.89
Chevon 3.82 3.67 3.67 3.67 3.67
Chicken 72.94 79.04 81.14 86.28 91.96
Duck 1.75 1.88 1.75 1.75 1.88
Chicken egg 63.62 65.40 65.28 62.31 65.93
Milkfish 4.49 4.60 4.65 4.52 4.38
Roundscad 2.87 2.75 3.14 2.98 2.54
Tilapia 5.43 5.42 5.40 5.29 5.24
Tuna 6.39 6.50 6.75 7.29 8.51
Shrimps & Prawns 0.70 0.76 0.71 0.66 0.71
Crabs 0.55 0.50 0.41 0.45 0.45
Oysters 0.43 0.41 0.47 0.45 0.39

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY 7


Table 3b.
Daily per capita protein supply of selected agricultural commodities,
Philippines, 2011-2015
(in grams)

COMMODITY 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015


Rice 23.93 24.43 23.76 23.50 23.07
Corn 4.15 4.57 4.99 5.71 5.38
Coconut 0.37 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.34
Coffee 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
Sugarcane 0.06 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.08
Banana 0.99 0.90 0.72 0.70 0.96
Pineapple 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06
Mango 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09
Calamansi 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Papaya 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Pomelo 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Tomato 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Garlic 0.09 0.05 0.04 0.11 0.24
Onion 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.06
Cabbage 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Eggplant 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Peanut 0.45 0.40 0.31 0.45 0.48
Mongo 0.36 0.40 0.41 0.36 0.38
Cassava 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07
Sweet potato 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.10
Potato 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Beef 2.39 2.35 2.34 2.50 2.50
Carabeef 0.92 0.86 0.78 0.85 0.84
Pork 16.14 15.76 16.03 16.29 16.84
Chevon 0.45 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44
Chicken 8.95 9.70 9.95 10.58 11.28
Duck 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.12
Chicken egg 4.91 5.04 5.03 4.80 5.08
Milkfish 0.72 0.74 0.75 0.73 0.71
Roundscad 0.46 0.44 0.50 0.48 0.41
Tilapia 0.87 0.87 0.87 0.85 0.84
Tuna 1.03 1.05 1.09 1.17 1.37
Shrimps & Prawns 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.14
Crabs 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.09
Oysters 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06

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FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

Table 3c.
Daily per capita fats supply of selected agricultural commodities,
Philippines, 2011-2015
(in grams)

COMMODITY 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015


Rice 5.74 5.86 5.70 5.64 5.54
Corn 1.88 2.07 2.26 2.58 2.44
Coconut 3.81 3.91 3.72 3.50 3.47
Sugarcane 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Coffee 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Banana 0.43 0.39 0.31 0.30 0.41
Pineapple 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06
Mango 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
Calamansi 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Papaya 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Pomelo 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Tomato 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Garlic 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Onion 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Cabbage 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Eggplant 0.55 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.58
Peanut 0.87 0.77 0.59 0.87 0.93
Mongo 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Cassava 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Sweet potato 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Potato 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Beef 1.40 1.37 1.37 1.46 1.46
Carabeef 0.39 0.36 0.33 0.36 0.36
Pork 10.97 10.71 10.89 11.07 11.44
Chevon 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19
Chicken 3.43 3.71 3.81 4.05 4.32
Duck 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.14
Chicken egg 4.48 4.60 4.59 4.38 4.64
Milkfish 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.15
Roundscad 0.10 0.09 0.11 0.10 0.09
Tilapia 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18
Tuna 0.22 0.22 0.23 0.25 0.29
Shrimps & Prawns 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Crabs 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
Oysters 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01

PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY 9


MODULES OF THE AGRICULTURAL INDICATORS SYSTEM

1. Agricultural Structures and Resources

2. Agricultural Credit

3. Output and Productivity

4. Economic Growth: Agriculture

5. Food Sufficiency and Security

6. Food Consumption and Nutrition

7. Agricultural Exports and Imports

8. Population and Labor Force

9. Redistribution of Land

10. Gender-based Indicators of Labor and Employment


in Agriculture

11. Prices and Marketing of Agricultural Commodities

12. Inputs
FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITION

Design and Layout


Knowledge Management and Communications Division (KMCD)

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