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CEP Short Term Course on “Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS”, Dr.J.M.

Mallikarjuna,
Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras

3D Static Analysis of Machine Part


Problem: A cast iron hollow member used in machine tools structure is fixed at one end and
loaded at the other end. The material properties are Young’s modulus is 165 GPa (1.65x105
N/mm2) and Poisson’s ratio is 0.3. Analyze for the Von-mises stress.

GUI Solution:
1. Starting:
(a) Click → start → ANSYS → ANSYS product launcher
(b) Launch – ANSYS Multiphysics
(c) File management → browse the directory for saving and retrieving the files.
(d) Click → run

2. Preferences → tick → structural → select h-method → ok

3. Title:
(a) Utility menu → File → Change title → “Machine part” → ok.
(b) Utility menu → plot → replot

4. Element:
(a) Preprocessor → element type → add → add → structural solid → Brick 8node
(SOLID45) → ok

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CEP Short Term Course on “Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS”, Dr.J.M.Mallikarjuna,
Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras

5. Material Properties:
(a) Preprocessor → material prop → constant → isotropic → enter the material no as 1 →
ok → enter the following values: EX = 1.65e+05; NUXY = 0.3 → ok.

6. Modeling:
(a) Preprocessor → Modeling → create → areas → rectangle → by center and corner →
enter width = 1000 ; height = 250 → ok.
(b) Preprocessor → Modeling → create → areas → rectangle → by center and corner →
enter width = 200 ; height = 100 → ok.
(c) Preprocessor → Modeling → operate → subtract → areas → select base area → apply
→ select area to be subtracted → ok.
(d) Preprocessor → Modeling → operate → extrude → by xyz offset → areas → select area
→ ok → enter z value as 250 → ok
(e) Utility menu → plotctrl → pan, zoom, rotate → iso → apply.
(f) Utility menu → Work plane → display work plane.
(g) Utility menu → work plane → off set WP by increments → enter x,y,z offset as
500,0,125 → apply. Enter XY, YZ, ZX angles as 0,0,90 → apply.
(h) Preprocessor → Modeling → create → areas → rectangle → by center and corner →
Enter width = 200 ; height = 200 → ok.
(i) Utility menu → work plane → off set WP by increments → Enter XY, YZ, ZX angles
as 0,0,-90 → apply.
(j) Preprocessor → Modeling → operate → extrude → by xyz offset → areas → select area
(200x200) → ok → enter x,y,z values as -1000,0,0 → ok.
(k) Preprocessor → Modeling → operate → subtract → volumes → select base volume →
apply → select volume to be subtracted → ok.
(l) Utility menu → plot → volume.
(m) Utility menu → work plane → offset WP to → global origin.
(n) Meshing → size cntrl → smart size → basic → enter LVL as 1 → ok
(o) Meshing → mesh tool → mesh → volume → pick all → ok

7. Boundary Conditions and Loads:


(a) Utility menu → select → entities → areas → by num/pick → apply → select one end
areas which is fixed → apply → ok.
(b) Utility menu → select → entities → nodes → attached to → areas, all → apply → ok.
(c) Utility menu → plot → nodes.
(d) Main menu → solution → loads → apply → displacement → on nodes → pickall →
apply all DOF → ok.
(e) Total Load on the top line of the other end = 200x250 = 50000 N, Load on each node
of the line = 50000/no. of nodes.
(f) Utility menu → select → entities → lines → by num/pick → apply → select top line on
which load is applied → apply → ok.
(g) Utility menu → select → entities → nodes → attached to → lines → apply → ok.
(h) Utility menu → plot → nodes.

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CEP Short Term Course on “Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS”, Dr.J.M.Mallikarjuna,
Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras

(i) Utility menu → list → nodes → count number of nodes (arranged in bunch of 20)
(j) Main menu → solution → loads → apply → force → on nodes → pickall → ok → enter
Fy = -50000/no. of nodes → ok.
(k) Utility menu → select → everything.
(l) Utility menu → plot → multiplot.

8. Solution:
Main menu → Solution → solve → current LS

9. Post Processing:
Gen. post processor → plot results → nodal solution → stress → von mises → ok.

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